Hemorrhoids can be itchy, uncomfortable, and completely painful. Although it may not be comfortable now, you should know that they are harmless and common, bothering more than half of pregnant women.
What is hemorrhoids?
Hemorrhoids are varicose veins under the skin at the end of the rectum and around the anus, which expand to form soft hemangioma like lesions. They are neither skin diseases nor cancer. They are often manifested as prominent masses around and inside the anus, and there will be bleeding after defecation, dripping blood and blood on toilet paper. Its susceptible population is relatively wide, both men and women, old and young, but it does not have heredity and infectivity.
Why does pregnancy grow hemorrhoids?
It is very easy to get hemorrhoids during pregnancy. Hemorrhoids during pregnancy are related to the increase of pelvic and abdominal pressure during pregnancy, the change of body hormone level and the change of living habits.
First, as the uterus gradually increases, squeezing the pelvic cavity and abdominal cavity, the abdominal pressure gradually increases, the inferior vena cava reflux is not smooth, and the blood vessels become relatively loose. In particular, the hemorrhoid vein reflux is more difficult. The hemorrhoid vein is easy to expand, tortuous and congested, which will aggravate the occurrence of hemorrhoids.
Second, the hormone level changes during pregnancy, progesterone increases, reduces the elasticity of venous vessels, and is easy to cause the relaxation and expansion of veins, which makes hemorrhoids more prone to disease.
Third, changes in hormone levels during pregnancy, changes in living and eating habits, causing gastrointestinal dysfunction, easy to cause constipation. When defecating, squeeze the rectum and anus hard, so that the hemorrhoid venous reflux of the anus is blocked, which further aggravates the occurrence of hemorrhoids.
Fourth, the possibility of suffering from hemorrhoids in daily life is relatively large. There are hemorrhoids before pregnancy, and the symptoms of hemorrhoids will worsen after pregnancy.
What is the most important thing to prevent hemorrhoids during pregnancy?
1. Adjust the diet, eat reasonably, don't overeat, and eat more food containing more dietary fiber.
2. Avoid sedentary or prolonged inactivity and exercise appropriately.
3. You can properly do the anal lifting exercise, put away the anus, keep it for 2S, and then put it down. Of course, this exercise is done when the fetus is relatively stable in the second trimester of pregnancy.
4. Keep local clean, adhere to clean the anus with warm water every day, and promote the blood circulation around the anus.
Warm tip: if you get hemorrhoids during pregnancy, you must not use drugs casually. You must consult a professional doctor before using drugs.