Hemorrhoids are a common disease and can occur at any age. On the other hand, hemorrhoids are the most common anorectal disease in China, or the saying "ten people nine hemorrhoids".
There are two main theories about the causes of hemorrhoids. The first is venous fistula excretion. Because people walk upright, the pressure of rectal vein when standing upright stomach is significantly higher than that of other body positions. Rectal vein has no venous plate to prevent blood reflux, so blood reflux is relatively difficult, resulting in varicose veins. This is not only the biological basis of hemorrhoids, but also one of the incomplete manifestations of human upright walking evolution. There is also an anal pad down saying, "hemorrhoids" is an anal pad. It turned out to be the normal anatomical structure of the anal canal. The anal pad tissue is abnormal. When symptoms appear, it can be said to be hemorrhoids and need treatment.
The main inducing factors of hemorrhoids are constipation, the habit of playing hooligans for a long time, long-term drinking, eating more stimulating food, sitting for a long time, etc. Only from these aspects can we better prevent or reduce the symptoms of hemorrhoids.
First, diet prevention. Avoid spicy wine and overeating. Alcohol and strongly irritating food can dilate the congestion of hemorrhoids. In addition, the pressure rise in the abdominal cavity after overeating will hinder the blood reflux of hemorrhoid veins and worsen the condition.
Second, correct bad defecation habits. When defecating, reading books and watching mobile phones will prolong defecation time, compress rectal veins for a long time, and induce hemorrhoids. In addition, dry stool, excessive defecation force, hemorrhoids rupture, massive bleeding, pain and so on.
Third, we should do a good job in perianal management and do more anal exercise. After defecation, wipe gently with a soft paper towel or wet paper towel. If possible, each defecation can be washed with warm water. Especially for patients with massive hemorrhage, washing after massive hemorrhage can avoid hematochezia residue and repeated wound infection, which can delay postpartum. In leisure time, properly do the exercise to improve the anus, shrink the anus and relieve the anus, 50 times a time, 1-2 times a day. Long term adherence can increase blood circulation, reduce pelvic congestion, improve hemorrhoid venous reflux and prevent hemorrhoid recurrence. In addition, please be careful not to keep the same posture for a long time. In particular, avoid longevity or longevity.
Hemorrhoids are a common disease, but you can't see a doctor where surgery is needed. Rational drug use in the early stage of the disease improved living habits. This concealment that can not be expressed in words can still be controlled.