2021年11月3日星期三

There is a fatal carelessness called "treating anal cancer as hemorrhoids". These six symptoms can be recognized

Marcia Cross, who plays Bree in desperate housewives, was diagnosed with anal cancer in 2017. After more than a year of treatment, she made the news public in the media for the first time.

In an interview with people magazine, Marcia Cross said: admitting that she has anal cancer is to reduce people's shame about cancer. During the anti-cancer period, cross read many successful anti-cancer cases. She found that many people, especially women, are often difficult to speak about their cancerous parts, especially anal cancer.

"There's nothing to be ashamed of," she said. "Does getting cancer mean we've done something wrong? Should I feel guilty just because my anus has a tumor?"

Marcia Cross used her story to encourage more women to eliminate their "Prejudice" against some cancers and overcome them.

So, what is anal cancer? Let uncle Jiu take you to know about this disease today.

Anus is a morphological concept, which commonly refers to the outlet located at the end of the digestive tract and excreting feces and gas, which is also known as "Chrysanthemum" in our folk.

There are five common pathological types of anal malignant tumors: acupoint anal protocarcinoma, basal cell carcinoma, epidermoid carcinoma, mucoepidermoid carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma and malignant melanoma.

The incidence rate of anal malignancy is low in gastrointestinal tumors, but its incidence rate has been increasing slowly in the past decades. According to statistics, in the United States, there are more than 5000 new cases and more than 700 deaths every year. In China, anal malignant tumors are relatively rare.

With the current medical technology, people can not determine the clear cause of anal cancer, but it is clear that anal cancer is related to some risk factors——

1. Anal condyloma: about 90% of anal cancers are related to human papillomavirus (HPV).

2. Anal sex behavior: people who have participated in anal sex.

3. People with incomplete immunity: their immunity is lower than that of ordinary people, or their immune system is incomplete due to diseases. AIDS patients are also a risk group for anal cancer.

4. Patients with long-term anal inflammation: Patients with long-term anal fistula or open wound.

5. pelvic radiotherapy: Patients with rectal cancer, prostate cancer, bladder cancer, and uterine cancer need pelvic radiotherapy.

Many patients are still in a confused state after being diagnosed with anal cancer. In fact, anal cancer can be detected very early, but most patients treat it as hemorrhoids. In fact, there are some differences between anal cancer and hemorrhoids. Generally, they often show the following six symptoms:

If the tumor is located around the anus and less than 2cm, the surgical treatment will not affect the anal function, and local resection can be selected.

According to the situation of most patients with anal cancer, the best treatment is still a comprehensive treatment scheme combining radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Radiotherapy and chemotherapy can preserve the anus, improve the quality of life, and obtain better local control than surgery.

"Why is my anus targeted?" many patients do not know where to find the answer after being diagnosed. In fact, many habitual habits in life are the risk factors of anal cancer. To prevent anal cancer, we can start from the following points:

First, find "hemorrhoids" and seek medical examination as soon as possible. As mentioned above, many patients will treat anal cancer as hemorrhoids in the early stage. If they want to distinguish hemorrhoids and anal cancer as soon as possible, the most effective way is to go to the hospital for digital rectal examination. It only takes more than ten yuan to accurately judge the condition. Don't refuse because of shyness.

Secondly, HPV vaccination. Human papillomavirus is the main carcinogen of anal cancer. HPV can infect cells on the surface of skin and cells on the inner walls of genitalia, anus, mouth and throat. How to avoid being attacked by HPV? Easy, a few stitches. HPV vaccine is the most effective "Golden Bell Jar". It can help prevent HPV infection, but it should be clear that it can not help existing infected people.

Finally, take safety measures when x behavior occurs. Popping is the main way of HPV transmission, and safe and guaranteed x behavior is responsible for the health of partners. Condoms can provide some protection against HPV (and HIV). In addition, after refreshing, pay attention to the cleaning of anus and perianal area.

Anal cancer is a rare cancer, but if it can be diagnosed early, its survival rate is very high. For most patients with anal cancer, the effect of comprehensive treatment of radiotherapy and chemotherapy is good, and even the treatment of recurrent tumors is quite successful.

#Qingfeng plan# # Rumor zero plan# # 39 Health Super Group# 

[1] "Have you heard of anal cancer?" Shanghai Cancer Hospital, Suzhou science and Technology City Cancer Center. September 26, 2017

[2] "Discover these symptoms and guard against anal cancer...". Anorectal circle. 2020-05-02

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