2021年11月3日星期三

The fatal negligence of "anal cancer and hemorrhoids" can identify these six symptoms

In desperate housewives, Marcia Cross, who plays Bree, was diagnosed with anal cancer in 2017. After more than a year of treatment, she announced the news to the media for the first time.

In an interview with people magazine, he said that Marcia Cross admitted that she had anal cancer in order to reduce her shame about cancer. During the anti-cancer period, cross read many anti-cancer success stories. She found that many people, especially women, find it difficult to tell where they have cancer, especially anal cancer.

That's what she said. "Actually, don't be shy. What did we do wrong when we got cancer? There was a tumor in the anus, but should I feel guilty?"

With his own story, joycross encourages more women to eliminate their prejudice against specific cancers and overcome them positively.

What is anal cancer? Let uncle nine know about it today.

Anus is a morphological concept, commonly known as located at the end of the digestive tract, which refers to the outlet of excreta and gas. In other words, our folk night is called "Chrysanthemum".

There are five common pathological types of anal malignant tumors: blood antigen carcinoma, basal cell carcinoma, epidermal carcinoma, mucoepidermoid carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma and malignant melanoma.

The incidence rate of anal malignancies in gastrointestinal tumors is low, but the incidence rate has been slow in the past decades. According to statistics, there are about more than 5000 new cases and more than 700 deaths each year in the United States. Anal malignancies are rare in China.

At present, there is no definite cause of anal cancer in medical technology, but the research results show that anal cancer is related to some risk factors——

1. Anogenital warts: about 90% of anal cancers are related to human papillomavirus (HPV).

Anal sex: a person who participates in anal sex.

3. people with incomplete immunity: immunity is lower than ordinary people, or because of illness, immune system is not complete. AIDS is also a dangerous population of anal cancer.

4. Patients with long-term anal inflammation: Patients with long-term dry or open wounds.

5. pelvic radiotherapy (for rectal cancer, prostate cancer, bladder cancer, and uterine cancer) requires pelvic radiotherapy.

Many patients are still ignorant after being diagnosed with anal cancer. In fact, anal cancer can be found early, but many patients regard it as hemorrhoids. In fact, there are some differences between anal cancer and hemorrhoids. Generally, the following six symptoms often occur.

If the tumor is around the anus, less than 2 cm, the surgical treatment will not affect the anal function, so partial resection can be selected.

For most patients with anal cancer, the best treatment at present is a comprehensive treatment scheme combining radiotherapy and chemotherapy. It can not only preserve the anus and improve the quality of life, but also get better local control than surgery.

"Why does my anus stand out? After many patients are diagnosed, they don't know where to find the answer. In fact, many familiar habits in life are risk factors for anal cancer. In order to prevent anal cancer, we can start from the following aspects.

First, find "hemorrhoids" and seek medical treatment as soon as possible. As mentioned above, many patients treat anal cancer as hemorrhoids in the early stage, but it is most effective to distinguish hemorrhoids and anal cancer in the early stage and go to the hospital for digital rectal examination. More than ten yuan can accurately judge the condition, so don't be shy to refuse.

Next, inoculate HPV vaccine. Human papillomavirus is the main carcinogen of anal cancer. HPV can infect cells on the surface of skin and cells on the inner wall of genitalia, anus, mouth and throat. How to avoid HPV attack? It's very simple. A few shots are over. It must be clear that HPV vaccine is the most effective "Golden Bell mask", which helps to prevent HPV infection, but it can't help existing infected people.

Finally, take safety measures when x behavior occurs. Zhuo Zhuo is the main method of HPV infection, and safe and safe x behavior is the responsibility for the health of your spouse. Condoms provide protection against HPV (and HIV). In addition, please pay attention to the cleanliness of anus and around anus after refreshing.

Anal cancer is a rare cancer. If it can be diagnosed early, the survival rate will be very high. For most patients with anal cancer, the comprehensive treatment of chemotherapy is effective, and the treatment of tumor after recurrence is also quite successful.

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[1] "Have you heard of anal cancer?" Shanghai Cancer Hospital, Suzhou science and Technology City Cancer Center. September 26, 2017.

"Discover these symptoms and guard against anal cancer...". Anal right. May 2, 2020

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