Recently, a patient engaged in management in a bank was sent to the hospital ICU for rescue because of long-term hemorrhoids bleeding, which eventually led to severe anemia and sudden shock.
Xie Lizi, a distinguished expert of Changsha Dongda anorectal Hospital, said that hemorrhoids are soft venous masses formed by the expansion and flexion of submucosal and subdermal venous plexus at the end of human rectum. They can generally be divided into internal hemorrhoids, external hemorrhoids and mixed hemorrhoids, of which internal hemorrhoids are the most common. One of the main symptoms of internal hemorrhoids is bloody stool. Repeated bleeding during defecation can cause iron deficiency anemia. In the early stage of iron deficiency anemia, there can be no symptoms or mild symptoms. When the anemia is severe or progresses rapidly, there will be pale complexion, fatigue, loss of appetite, palpitation, accelerated heart rate, shortness of breath and edema after physical activity. Some patients can also have nervous system symptoms, such as irritability, excitement, irritability, etc.
In addition, Xie Lizi introduced that another main symptom of internal hemorrhoids is prolapse of hemorrhoids. Internal hemorrhoids prolapsed outside the anus are clamped by sphincter. When prolapse of hemorrhoids cannot be returned, Incarcerated Hemorrhoids will appear, which is called Incarcerated Hemorrhoids. For a long time, hemorrhoids incarcerated, there will be a series of pathological changes.
1. Infection: after the incarceration of hemorrhoids, there are many different degrees of infection. The patients will have symptoms such as urgency and heaviness, obvious sense of anal distension and so on. At this time, the infection is mostly limited to the anus. If the strong reduction is easy to spread the infection and cause submucosal perianal or sciatic rectal fossa abscess.
2. Necrosis: hemorrhoids come out of the anus. Due to the continuous aggravation of local edema and ischemia, necrosis will eventually occur. If the necrosis extends to the rectal wall, it will cause severe sepsis.
Changsha Dongda anorectal Hospital reminds that although hemorrhoids are a common disease in life, it does great harm if they are not treated in time. Light cases affect daily life and heavy cases affect physical health. Therefore, if there are obvious hemorrhoids symptoms, such as bloody stool, prolapse of hemorrhoids, long flesh pimples at the anal door, pain, etc., attention should be paid to go to a professional hospital in time for active treatment to avoid complications such as anemia, incarceration, infection and necrosis.More recommended