2021年11月14日星期日

How does pregnant period commit haemorrhoid alleviate

The first choice is to apply ointment outside the hip bath to adjust diet and defecation habits

Liu Yan, chief physician of anorectal Department of Zhongda Hospital Affiliated to Southeast University

As the saying goes, "ten people nine hemorrhoids". Once pregnant women encounter hemorrhoids, they are very embarrassed. They are afraid of affecting the fetus and breast milk. If they are not treated, it will be painful.

The incidence rate of incidence of perianal diseases is higher, the incidence rate of 20~24 is 62%, 30~38 is 77%, and the incidence rate of late pregnancy is higher. Incidence rate incidence rate of hemorrhoids is also related to the number of pregnancy and childbirth. The incidence of 1 times of pregnancy and pregnancy is 62%, and the incidence rate of 3 or more is 81%.

The high incidence of hemorrhoids during pregnancy is related to the following factors. With the growth of the fetus, the uterus gradually increases, which will compress the abdominal blood vessels, and the hormone secreted by the pregnant woman is easy to relax the smooth muscle of the blood vessel wall; The increase of abdominal pressure oppresses the intestinal tract, resulting in hemorrhoids or aggravating the original hemorrhoids; Less exercise during pregnancy and changes in diet will cause dry stool, poor defecation, anal injury and external hemorrhoids, anal fissure and other diseases; Many people believe that strengthening exercise in the late pregnancy is easier to produce, but excessive exercise, especially walking too much, will increase the sense of falling and swelling of hemorrhoids. For women in late pregnancy, exercise should be appropriate and the walking time should not exceed 1 hour.

"Confinement" is also a high incidence period of hemorrhoids. Due to the continuous and severe increase of abdominal pressure during delivery, pelvic floor falling and venous stasis will induce or aggravate hemorrhoids; In addition, various tonics lead to anger, postpartum constipation, and hemorrhoids.

In the face of hemorrhoids, many pregnant women choose to endure in order not to affect fetal development. In fact, you can take hip bath, topical ointment and other methods. If you have bleeding symptoms, you can use cold compress, remember not hot compress. If there is still repeated bleeding after conservative treatment, it may lead to anemia, dizziness, shortness of breath, fatigue, poor spirit and other symptoms, affecting the health of pregnant women and fetuses, surgical treatment is needed, preferably in the third trimester of pregnancy and after delivery.

In order to prevent hemorrhoids, pregnant women should eat more fresh fruits and vegetables rich in fiber, such as apples, cooked bananas, pitaya, etc; Do not eat spicy food; Develop the habit of regular defecation. Don't play with your mobile phone or read books during defecation to reduce defecation time; Pay attention to local cleaning after defecation or before going to bed, and often do anal lifting exercise; Avoid sedentary; Sleep on your side properly to reduce pelvic vascular pressure. It should be reminded that pregnant women should not abuse irritant drugs, such as musk, borneol, Yimu paste and hemostatic. If the symptoms worsen, be sure to go to the anorectal clinic of a regular hospital in time. ▲

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