Hemorrhoids refers to the swelling of veins inside or outside the anus, which is caused by excessive pressure of pelvic and rectal veins, and is related to constipation, diarrhea and excessive defecation. The most common symptom is bloody stool. You may find blood in toilet paper or toilet. Hemorrhoids may be itchy and painful, mostly caused by excessive defecation.
Hot compress: put a clean cotton towel into warm water (not hot water) and apply it directly on hemorrhoids for about 10 to 15 minutes. Repeat 4 to 5 times a day, which should have a soothing effect.
Cleaning after defecation: clean up thoroughly after defecation to avoid stimulating hemorrhoids. Instead of directly cleaning your body with dry toilet paper, you might as well use a baby wet tissue or wet the toilet paper first. Or it is more convenient to install intelligent toilet!
Don't defecate too hard: with the help of gravity, but mainly by rectal peristalsis. If not, try again after an hour or two. Most importantly, don't defecate too hard, just let it happen naturally.
Keep plenty of water. Increase the amount of water you drink and drink at least 1900 to 2400 ml of water a day. Feces contain a lot of water. The more water, the softer the feces and easier to excrete.
Get more fiber from your diet: fiber retains fecal moisture, increases fecal volume, and makes it easier to pass through the rectum and anus. If you have hemorrhoids, eating more fiber can also reduce the pain of defecation. Fiber rich foods include:
Whole grains, including brown rice, barley, corn, rye, bugle, buckwheat and oats.
Fruits, especially those with shells or skins.
Vegetables (especially green leafy vegetables, such as Swiss chard, cabbage green, spinach, lettuce and beet leaves)
Kidney beans and legumes (note that some people will flatulence after eating beans)
Regular exercise: the idea is that body movements can massage internal organs and promote intestinal peristalsis. We don't usually think of this, but when the body is moving, the organs move and are massaged.
Topical gel or emulsion coated with analgesic and antipruritic effects: gently clean the anal part with warm water and wipe it carefully. Then rub a small amount of aloe gel or hemorrhoids ointment (e.g. triantan hemorrhoids ointment) to reduce the pain and / or discomfort caused by hemorrhoids. Use as needed.
Take painkillers: if the symptoms persist for a long time, take over-the-counter painkillers, such as paracetamol, aspirin or ibuprofen. They make you feel more comfortable and may also reduce swelling. It's best to consult your doctor first to make sure you can safely take these infrequent drugs.
If hemorrhoids do not heal, you can consider seeking medical treatment. If you use the above method for 7-30 days. If the situation does not improve or becomes more serious, please contact your doctor.
If rectal bleeding is not caused by hemorrhoids, your doctor may recommend a more comprehensive sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy, because one of the symptoms of colon cancer is rectal bleeding.