2021年11月10日星期三

Common questions of hemorrhoid surgery are answered in detail by Changsha Dongda anorectal experts.

1. Is it really that painful after hemorrhoid operation?

Sheriza said that any type of hemorrhoid surgery will have a certain degree of discomfort and pain after hemorrhoid surgery. However, with the development of medical technology, the pain after hemorrhoid surgery is controlled within an affordable range, so it is not as terrible as the legend. General hospitals have a series of effective methods, such as intraoperative anesthetics, medium and long-term painkillers, postoperative painkillers, analgesic needles, the use of analgesic pumps, traditional Chinese medicine bag application, traditional Chinese medicine bathing, oral administration of integrated traditional Chinese and Western medicine, which greatly improve and reduce postoperative pain, bleeding and other complications.

2. Is postoperative defecation pain and bleeding normal?

Sheriza said that this is a common phenomenon after hemorrhoid surgery. Generally, it can be significantly relieved in about 7 ~ 10 days after operation. Anatomically, there are abundant blood vessels and nerves around the anus, with high postoperative pain and frequent bleeding. In addition, one of the characteristics of anorectal surgery is wound opening. Pain and bleeding are inevitable when feces contact the wound or exert outward force during defecation, but the amount of pain and bleeding is within the allowable range.

If blood flow stops or severe pain is found, inform the doctor immediately. In order to avoid pain and bleeding, it is necessary to prevent constipation and diarrhea. Don't use too much force when defecating. Defecation time should not be too long. If you have a history of habitual constipation, you can add warm and stool medicine every day to assist in defecation.

3. Will hemorrhoids recur after operation?

Sheriza warned that if you don't develop good living habits after hemorrhoid surgery, such as not cultivating long time, sitting, eating too spicy food, staying up late and so on, the disease won't come again. Therefore, maintaining good defecation and living habits can avoid the recurrence of hemorrhoids.

4. Will anal incontinence and defecation difficulty not appear after hemorrhoid operation?

Sheriza said that the part of hemorrhoid surgery is only excess mucosa and skin, so the operation will not damage the anal muscle, so in theory, the anal size will not change due to hemorrhoid surgery.

However, in patients with particularly serious hemorrhoids, even if doctors cut the perianal tissue and reduce hemorrhoids to the minimum, many perianal skin will also have scars, so the possibility of small anus after operation is higher than that of ordinary people. David Asher, northern exposure (American television). In addition, patients with scar constitution are less likely than normal people after operation, because the scar hardens and the elasticity decreases. If this happens, it can be gradually relieved by anal dilatation.

On the other hand, for patients with anal stenosis, intraoperative doctors seek ways to expand the anus to normal size. In this way, the anus after operation will be more relaxed than before operation, resulting in the illusion of anal incontinence. But it is actually temporary and returns to normal before the patient adapts to normal anal size.

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