2021年11月25日星期四

Common hemorrhoids treatment

Hemorrhoids is a common anorectal disease, and the treatment is also very complex. Due to its pathological characteristics, it causes its repeated attacks. It is difficult to cure without surgery. Hemorrhoids (commonly known as hemorrhoids) are common diseases located in the anus, which can be found at any age. But with the increase of age, the incidence rate is increasing.

There are two main theories about the etiology of hemorrhoids. The first is the varicose vein theory, which holds that hemorrhoids are the venous mass formed by congestion, expansion and flexion of the venous plexus under the mucosa of the lower rectum and the skin of the anal canal. However, at present, the widely accepted theory is the expert's theory of anal pad downward movement, which holds that hemorrhoids are originally the normal anatomical structure of anal canal, that is, vascular pad, which is a circular sponge like tissue band 1.5cm above the dentate line. Only when the anal pad tissue is abnormal and combined with symptoms, it can be called hemorrhoids and need treatment. The purpose of treatment is to relieve symptoms, not hemorrhoids. There are many predisposing factors for hemorrhoids, among which constipation, long-term drinking, eating a lot of stimulating food and sedentary standing are the main predisposing factors.

Because hemorrhoids are located in the inconspicuous anorectal part, most patients do not care about hemorrhoids and believe that treatment has no impact on their own health.

It is this "indulgence" mentality that makes hemorrhoids toss repeatedly for many years, resulting in not only no improvement of hemorrhoids, but also delay from mild hemorrhoids to severe hemorrhoids. People who know a little about hemorrhoids know that hemorrhoids have stages in the degree of disease, and the most serious stage will lead to incarceration, necrosis and even infection of hemorrhoids.

As we all know, the heme of normal human body needs to be maintained at a balanced value. Once too much blood is lost, it will lead to anemia. Hematochezia is common for patients with hemorrhoids. The more patients delay hematochezia, the more they will have. Long term hematochezia will cause the body to lose a lot of iron and iron deficiency anemia, resulting in pale complexion, fatigue, loss of appetite, palpitation, edema, shock and other related symptoms.

In addition, long-term prolapse of hemorrhoids will lead to relaxation of rectal mucosa and affect the normal defecation function of patients. At present, with the increasing incidence of intestinal malignant transformation, according to the data survey, nearly 60% of "hemorrhoids" patients coexist with intestinal malignant transformation, or the condition is delayed because hemorrhoids cover up intestinal malignant transformation.

Hemorrhoids complications attack or the disaster caused by long delay

According to the normal operation of human function, as long as you eat, you will basically have the behavior of defecation, and the related symptoms of hemorrhoids during defecation will also be obvious. Clinically, many hemorrhoids patients complained that they did not find the condition in the early stage, resulting in untimely treatment. In fact, this is not the case. If patients defecate, they will find bloody stool, prolapse, pain and other related symptoms, but because patients do not know much about the harm of hemorrhoids, they only take it as a simple fire, or they don't think it is hemorrhoids, which eventually leads to more and more serious hemorrhoids.

It is understood that anal fissure, intestinal polyp, anal fistula, anal papilloma and other complications caused by hemorrhoids are common in patients. Some complications have a high malignant transformation rate. Because it is difficult to distinguish the types of diseases, patients often know after the malignant transformation of the disease. It can be seen that although hemorrhoids are not serious diseases that endanger the lives of patients, long-term delay will still lead to great disasters. Therefore, early treatment and monitoring the development of the disease through examination are key.

What are the common hemorrhoids treatment' target='_blank'>hemorrhoids treatment methods

1. Drug treatment of hemorrhoids: all hemorrhoids drugs treat symptoms but not root causes. They can only play the role of anti-inflammatory, analgesic and hemostatic when hemorrhoids occur, and can not guarantee that they will not recur in the future. Therefore, this method can only alleviate symptoms and can not be used as a method to cure hemorrhoids.

2. Surgical treatment of hemorrhoids: surgical treatment of hemorrhoids is the best method for the treatment of hemorrhoids at present. The reason is that hemorrhoids is an organic lesion. No matter internal hemorrhoids, external hemorrhoids and mixed hemorrhoids are solid, real "things" can not disappear by themselves. Conservative treatment is only to alleviate symptoms and avoid surgical damage to a certain extent. If hemorrhoids develop to a certain extent, surgery is necessary and the best treatment.

3. Injection therapy for hemorrhoids: injection therapy is the frequently heard treatment method of "one needle for hemorrhoids". This method mainly treats mild hemorrhoids. At the same time, it needs multiple injections. Improper operation is easy to cause more sequelae.

没有评论:

发表评论