2021年11月25日星期四

Anal pain is hemorrhoids? Or the disaster caused by these five diseases, don't think "tolerance" is over

Nowadays, the number of anorectal diseases is increasing year by year, especially those who have sedentary long time and prefer spicy and irritating. The incidence rate of hemorrhoids is the highest in anorectal diseases. When anal pain, people are bound to think of hemorrhoids. In fact, it may also be other diseases, such as anal fistula, anal fissure or colon cancer.

1. Hemorrhoids

Hemorrhoids is a common and high-risk rectal disease. The lower rectal mucosa and anal skin venous plexus are congested, dilated or tortuous. Its main symptoms are tumors on the edge of the anus or in the anus, prone to bleeding, anal pain and other discomfort.

2. Perianal abscess

Perianal abscess is a common acute suppurative infection, which is mainly concentrated in the tissue space around anus and rectum. This disease is easy to occur in men aged 20 ~ 40. It is divided into perianal and perirectal abscesses, which can appear persistent swelling and pain, often accompanied by fever. Severe patients need local antibiotics and surgical treatment at the same time. Without timely treatment, the infection range will expand rapidly, and even lead to systemic infection, resulting in complex anal fistula, which not only increases the difficulty of treatment, but also improves the trauma of operation.

3. Anal fissure

Anal fissure is a full-thickness small ulcer of anal canal skin. When defecating, the anal fissure wound is stimulated due to dry feces, resulting in bleeding and long-term severe pain, less bleeding and constipation.

4. Anal fistula

Anal fistula is a pipe connecting the anal canal or rectum with the perianal skin, and the external opening is around the anus. Anal fistula is easy to occur in young and middle-aged men. If the fistula around the anus or hip does not heal for a long time, it will often overflow pus and pus blood, stimulate local skin, and then cause pain, itching and discomfort.

5. Anal fistula

The main symptoms of anal fistula are obvious burning sensation, pain and falling sensation in the anus, and a small amount of bleeding before defecation.

6. Rectal polyp

Rectal polyps refer to the lesions protruding from the surface of rectal mucosa to the intestinal cavity. The common ones are inflammatory polyps, adenomatous polyps and polyposis. The main symptoms are bloody stool and anal pain. Adenomatous polyp is a lesion of colorectal cancer, which should be removed in time to avoid canceration.

1. Keep moderate exercise

Usually, you should take part in more physical exercise. You can't keep the same posture for a long time, especially sitting and standing for a long time. Sit up for 10 minutes every hour, and have more than 30 minutes of aerobic exercise every day, such as playing ball, aerobics, walking, etc. Regular anal retraction exercise can also increase systemic blood circulation, help reconcile Qi and blood, promote gastrointestinal peristalsis, and improve hemorrhoid venous reflux.

2. Keep feces unobstructed

Develop the good habit of defecating once a day. Defecate as much as possible after getting up in the morning or breakfast. Usually eat more foods containing dietary fiber, such as cabbage, spinach, celery, leek, walnut kernel, honey, etc., which can increase stool volume and promote gastrointestinal peristalsis.

reminder

If you have persistent anal pain, you need to go to the hospital for further examination. Master the correct way of defecation. You can't squat in the toilet for a long time. You can do it in about three minutes. If there is still no sense of defecation after more than three minutes, stop immediately. Do not defecate with excessive force, otherwise it will hurt the anus. When defecating, you should concentrate. You can't defecate while playing with your mobile phone, and it's not recommended to read books and newspapers. Adhere to anal contraction after defecation, which can enhance sphincter function and relieve fatigue. Finally, it is recommended to wash the anus with warm water after each stool.

#Family doctor Super Group#

1. "Chrysanthemum Department warning: pain, not necessarily hemorrhoids, but also these diseases", life times, September 2, 2019

2. Protect your anus every day so that it won't hurt you! Zhang Shuling, director of anorectal medicine, 20-10-16

没有评论:

发表评论