Hemorrhoids, commonly known as "ten people's nine hemorrhoids", are one of the common anorectal diseases, and the incidence rate is over 50% in China, accounting for 87.25% of all anorectal diseases.
Recently, the Journal of Gastroenterology gut published a study on hemorrhoids. The study was carried out by a team from the Spanish Institute of gastrointestinal genetics and Kiel University in Germany.
The researchers comprehensively analyzed the data of 944133 people, including 218920 patients with hemorrhoids and 725213 healthy people. They found that hemorrhoids have certain heritability, but the genetic factors are only 5%, and the rest are affected by non genetic factors. Research shows that people with type O are more likely to get hemorrhoids than people with other blood types.
Besides blood type, who likes hemorrhoids?
Hemorrhoids are venous guns that dilate and bend the veins at the end of the rectum, anal canal and anal edge. Once they happen, they often fidget and affect their daily life. According to different growth sites, hemorrhoids are divided into internal hemorrhoids, external hemorrhoids and mixed hemorrhoids.
Internal hemorrhoids grow in floss and rectum. External hemorrhoids under dental floss, growing outside the anus; Mixed hemorrhoids grow up and down through the teeth.
Rome is not a day, nor is hemorrhoids a day. Hemorrhoids will grow, most of which are related to the usual bad lifestyle.
1. I like meat and spicy food
According to the comparison of 121 hemorrhoids patients and 186 non hemorrhoids patients, the incidence rate of hemorrhoids love vegetables is significantly lower than those who love meat, and people who eat spicy food often get hemorrhoids. Spicy food capsaicin is difficult to be absorbed after entering the digestive tract. When it falls to the anus and rectum, it will become mucous membrane and anal cavity, hemorrhoids, venous plexus congestion and expansion, and hemorrhoids.
2. Bad defecation habits
Hemorrhoids are closely related to defecation. The defecation time is long, the defecation time is not fixed, and the extrusion time during defecation is too long. Long term constipation and diarrhea will cause pressure on the veins at the end of the rectum, causing expansion and bending, resulting in hemorrhoids.
3. Habitually live long, live long, or stay up late
Sitting or standing for a long time will slow down the blood flow in the abdomen, hinder the blood circulation of the rectal vein gun, dilate or bend the anal vein, and lead to hemorrhoids.
Abnormal living habits, staying up late and overwork are also important factors inducing hemorrhoids. Staying up late will disrupt the rhythm of normal work and rest of the intestine, which is not conducive to nutrient absorption and easy to constipation.
Some hemorrhoids can be treated, but if there are symptoms such as pain, pruritus, massive bleeding and escape, they need treatment, and conservative treatment is not required for surgery.
According to the severity, hemorrhoids are divided into 4 degrees.
When hemorrhoids are lost more than twice and do not shrink back after treatment with drugs and instruments, surgery is needed. At present, the effect of hemorrhoid surgery is good.
Hemorrhoids are a "hidden disease" that many people can't speak of. They don't move at the time of onset, which also has an impact on life. If you don't want hemorrhoids, you should cherish your daily life, take countermeasures against the causes of hemorrhoids and actively prevent them.
1. Develop good bowel habits
If you keep regular defecation habits, you can avoid constipation like a toilet. Defecation time shall be controlled within 5-7 minutes, reduce anal compression time, and do not read mobile phones and books. In addition, controlling high fiber vegetables and water, spicy food and fried food, and exercising also help to prevent hemorrhoids.
2. Clean around the anus.
Keeping anus clean and dry and changing underwear often can avoid hemorrhoids. After going to the bathroom, wipe your ass.
Fold the toilet paper at least twice first. Massage around the anus with a certain thickness to promote blood circulation. Second, don't rub too hard. Especially when the anus is swollen, if you rub it hard, the peripheral microvascular circulation will deteriorate.
When women rub, they notice that if they rub in front, they can "spiral friction". In order to avoid hemorrhoids caused by bacteria and dust stimulation, please rotate several times and wipe skin wrinkles.
3. Don't live too long, do more anal exercise
Sitting or standing for a long time is easy to produce hemorrhoids, so it's best to get up on time. Do yoga, walking, jogging and other relaxation exercises every day to promote blood circulation.
In addition, 1 ~ 2 groups of anal exercise are recommended every day. Each group lasts for 3 ~ 5 minutes, which helps to accelerate blood circulation, promote gastrointestinal peristalsis and reduce venous reflux such as pelvic congestion.
Hemorrhoids are common, but I'm not afraid. To prevent it, we should soften the anus, develop good defecation habits every day, pay attention to diet, be soft when wiping the anus, and don't stay for a long time or sit for a long time. Don't worry about hemorrhoids. Just follow the doctor's instructions and cooperate with the treatment.
 People with this blood type are prone to hemorrhoids! The world's first genetic study of hemorrhoids was published. Life times, May 12, 2021
 Hemorrhoids are divided into 4 degrees, requiring surgery of more than 2 degrees. Health times, December 11, 2019
 Chen Changxiang, Liu Haiyan, Gao Honghe, Yan Hong, Feng Fumin, Gao Yunhe. Study on risk factors of hemorrhoids and health education [J]. Journal of nursing education, Vol. 17, No. 5, May 2002