2021年10月28日星期四

Hemorrhoids: 8 common causes, simple and quick treatment and prevention methods

Hemorrhoids are the expansion of anal veins. The bulge formed under the skin around the anus is called external hemorrhoids, and the bulge formed under the inner layer of anus and rectum is called internal hemorrhoids. It may be caused by increased venous pressure, resulting in congestion or dilation.

Although hemorrhoids can be unpleasant and painful, they are easy to treat and usually preventable. As hemorrhoids usually worsen over time, doctors recommend treating hemorrhoids as soon as possible.

Hemorrhoids: 8 common causes, simple and quick treatment and prevention methods

Facts about hemorrhoids

Women are more likely to suffer from hemorrhoids during pregnancy.

The possibility of hemorrhoids increases with age.

Hemorrhoids occur when the veins around the anus are congested or dilated.

Sometimes, the treatment of hemorrhoids requires drugs and surgery.

There may be the following reasons:

Pregnancy: they are more common in pregnant women because when the uterus expands, it compresses the colonic veins, causing the colon to expand.

Age: hemorrhoids are most common in adults aged 45 to 65. However, this does not mean that young people and children will not suffer as a result.

Hemorrhoids: 8 common causes, simple and quick treatment and prevention methods

Diarrhea: hemorrhoids may appear after chronic diarrhea.

Chronic constipation: forced defecation will exert additional pressure on the blood vessel wall.

Sedentary: Sedentary can cause hemorrhoids, especially going to the toilet.

Heavy physical labor: repeatedly lifting heavy objects may cause hemorrhoids.

Obesity: diet related obesity can lead to hemorrhoids.

Heredity: some people inherit hemorrhoids.

Symptoms of hemorrhoids usually include:

Painless bloody stool.

Itchy or inflamed anus.

Tumors and swelling in the anal area.

Fecal leakage

Anyone with these symptoms should see a doctor. When diagnosing hemorrhoids, doctors need to check for other diseases, including warts, proctitis, anal fissure, abscess, rectal prolapse and rectal and anal varices caused by increased portal vein pressure.

Colorectal cancer and anal cancer can also cause rectal bleeding. Some people, especially those over 45 years old with a family history of colorectal cancer, need further examination to rule out colorectal cancer. Although hemorrhoids and some forms of cancer may have similar symptoms, hemorrhoids do not cause cancer, do not cause cancer, and do not affect other conditions of the anus, rectum or intestine.

Doctors can perform physical and other examinations to determine the presence of hemorrhoids. These may include digital rectal examination. This is a manual examination performed by a doctor wearing gloves to lubricate his fingers.

In case of massive bleeding, dizziness and fainting, seek medical attention immediately.

Possible tests that doctors may perform when evaluating hemorrhoids and other anorectal diseases include:

Colonoscopy, blood test, sigmoidoscopy, anoscopy or rectoscopy. Stool occult blood, infection and / or inflammation were tested.

therapeutic method

In most cases, simple measures can reduce symptoms and improve without treatment. However, sometimes drugs or even surgery may be required.

Fanglingtang horse ointment

Fanglingtang horse ointment is mainly composed of horse oil, realgar, bupleurum, glycerol, phellodendron, Sophora flavescens, etc. it can relax blood vessels, promote blood circulation, reduce swelling and relieve pain. Initial hemorrhoids can be eliminated by smearing meat balls for 3-5 days.

Hemorrhoids: 8 common causes, simple and quick treatment and prevention methods

Ice packs and cold compresses: applying them to the affected area may help relieve swelling.

Warm water bath: it can relieve the symptoms of burns or itching.

Wipe with a wet tissue: dry toilet paper may aggravate the problem.

Analgesic

Minimally invasive treatment options.

The most common non-surgical hemorrhoidectomy is rubber band ligation.

This is an internal hemorrhoid operation. An elastic band is placed at the bottom of hemorrhoids to cut off the blood supply. Hemorrhoids shrink or fall off.

Another method is sclerotherapy, which injects sclerosing agent into internal hemorrhoids. This can cause scars and cut off the blood supply to hemorrhoids.

Infrared coagulation and electrocoagulation are two other options.

Surgical selection

Surgery may require complete removal of hemorrhoids, called hemorrhoidectomy.

It may also involve sutures in which prolapsed hemorrhoids are nailed back in place. These operations were performed under general anesthesia.

complication

Hemorrhoids can usually be treated successfully without complications, especially if treatment begins earlier. However, the following rare complications may occur:

Hemorrhoids colic: if the blood supply of hemorrhoids is cut off, it may be colic. This can cause severe pain.

Anemia: severe long-term blood loss caused by hemorrhoids can lead to anemia.

Blood clot: sometimes, blood may clot in the anus, which may be painful. This area will swell and inflame.

Keeping stool soft can greatly reduce the risk of hemorrhoids.

Nutrition: eat more fiber rich foods, such as fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Similarly, drinking plenty of water can help keep your stool soft and relieve constipation.

Avoid overwork: this can put pressure on the veins in the lower rectum.

Go to the bathroom as soon as you need to defecate: if you need to defecate, don't wait. The longer you wait, the drier your stool will be.

Exercise: sitting or standing still for a long time will bring pressure to the veins. Physical exercise can also help bowel movement, so defecation is more regular.

Maintain a healthy weight: being overweight can greatly increase the risk of hemorrhoids.

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