As an indispensable life phenomenon in the human body, defecation is an essential part of human metabolism. It is not only the body's excretion of wastes and toxins in the body, but also the normal state of the body's qi movement. In fact, most people have experienced constipation. As the saying goes, “ten people nine hemorrhoids”, the high incidence of anorectal diseases seriously affects people’s “export health”.
Common and frequent diseases
"The anus is the opening at the end of the digestive tract that passes through the body. There will always be some problems in a person's life, but the severity is different." Due to the special structure of the anus, it is easy to hide dirt. Itching, pain, and dampness are common symptoms.
As common clinical diseases, anorectal diseases also include hemorrhoids, anal fistulas, anal fissures, perianal abscesses, perianal dermatitis, rectal protrusion, rectal prolapse and other anal diseases, as well as constipation, colorectitis, colorectal tumors and other colon diseases. "In addition to more than ten common clinical diseases, there are actually as many as 200 anorectal diseases."
"Hematochezia, swelling and pain, pus, prolapse, constipation, and itching are the main manifestations of anorectal diseases. If the above symptoms occur, you should consult an anorectal specialist in time." The introduction said.
The high incidence of hemorrhoids is the most familiar anorectal disease. "Hemorrhoids account for 87.25% of all anorectal diseases, including internal hemorrhoids, external hemorrhoids, and mixed hemorrhoids. Patients often show symptoms such as local bleeding, pain, anal swelling, prolapse of hemorrhoids, difficulty in defecation, and itching, which bring a lot to daily work and life. Pain and inconvenience.".
The frequent occurrence of hemorrhoids is also reflected in the attention paid by medical scientists to the disease in ancient medical history. More than two thousand years ago, the "Huang Di Nei Jing" recorded the cause of hemorrhoids: "Therefore, the formation of hemorrhoids is full, the muscles and veins are loosened, and the intestines become hemorrhoids." It clearly points out that the formation of hemorrhoids is related to irregular diet, irregular daily routines, and damp heat. related.
The treatment of hemorrhoids used to be to treat hemorrhoids as long as the anus is long. Now the international standard is that symptomatic hemorrhoids should be treated, and asymptomatic hemorrhoids do not need treatment. "Anorectal disease is not like the appendix, which is removed after it is cut off. Anorectal disease, especially hemorrhoids, can recur." Remind the patient that it is cured because the symptoms disappear, so even if cured, you still need to avoid spicy food.
Improve habits and prevent disease
Constipation is not only a symptom of many diseases, it is now regarded as a difficult disease.
"Constipation is divided into functional constipation and organic constipation: functional constipation refers to the constipation caused by the dysregulation or disorder of the physiological function of defecation for some reasons, resulting in difficulty in defecation; organic constipation is due to organs Genital disease or constipation, such as digestive tract disease, endocrine and metabolic disease, directly or indirectly hinders and affects the normal passage and discharge of stool."
"Usually, the main cause of anorectal diseases is diet." In summary, people who are fat and sweet, sit for a long time, and have primary diseases are prone to anorectal diseases.
Fatty and sweet taste refers to greasy, sweet and delicate foods or things with strong flavors, such as smoked, fire-roasted, and fried foods, which can easily cause heat accumulation in the intestines, accumulation of dampness and phlegm, affecting bowel movements; sitting for a long time The posture affects the local venous circulation in the anus. Teachers, drivers and other people can do levator exercises appropriately; patients with other diseases that require medication are also prone to abnormal bowel movements, leading to anorectal diseases. For this, food probiotics and conditioning Gastrointestinal, to ensure the normal function of the anus.
"Export health" needs attention
"A reasonable diet can prevent anorectal diseases." The recommended crude fiber foods include sweet potatoes, old corn, eggplant, celery, etc., "Gastrointestinal peristalsis is good, defecation is good, and intestinal diseases are reduced. In addition, the amount of drinking water should be guaranteed every day. Between 1500 and 2500 milliliters."
Once anorectal disease is found, check and treat it as soon as possible. “Anorectal disease should be treated conservatively. The treatment concept is minimally invasive. Even if the operation is painless or painless, it will have little impact on appearance.” It is recommended to choose a regular and reliable anorectal for treatment. Department to avoid serious injuries such as anal stenosis after surgery.
Due to the privacy of the part, doctors need to be accompanied by family members or nurses when examining the patient. “Building trust is especially important. Good communication can make patients pay attention to their condition and follow-up visits.” When introducing the importance of follow-up visits, he said: “The purpose of follow-up visits is to see the recovery of the condition. Follow-up treatment is required. After medication, it can be relieved. Formulate the next step, and if the effect is not obvious, early surgery is recommended."
If you find that blood in the stool is not taken seriously, it may be transferred to other organs after a long time, and even life-threatening. "Because of the similarity of symptoms, patients with suspected hemorrhoids may have tumors after examination, but early tumor rehabilitation is very effective, and once delayed, there is a risk of turning to bowel cancer." The risk of anorectal disease increases with age. keep growing.
For the daily health care of the anus, salt water, vinegar or pepper water can be used for fumigation and bathing to reduce the time of going to the toilet and do anal gymnastics frequently to promote local blood circulation.
Anal diseases seem to be small, but we should pay attention to avoid small symptoms leading to large lesions, affecting the quality of life, and even endangering life and health. "People's health awareness has generally improved. For example, the prevention of oral diseases is relatively well done, but the importance of anorectal diseases is still far behind." It is recommended that everyone should pay attention to the export as much as the entrance. "The prevention of anorectal diseases is a guarantee An important part of good health."