1. What is constipation?
Constipation refers to a common clinical symptom in which stool is difficult to pass and the time of bowel movement is prolonged. It is often accompanied by prolonged defecation intervals, or dry stool, or incomplete defecation, or a feeling of falling. If the clinical situation is simply prolonged defecation intervals or dry stools, but the stools are discharged smoothly and the defecation time is normal, it does not belong to the category of constipation.
2. What is habitual constipation?
The clinical manifestation of this disease is characterized by simple constipation, without abnormal findings such as intestinal tumors and intestinal stenosis. X-ray examination of gastrointestinal barium meal found that the emptying of barium was delayed, the colonic bag became shallow, and other features of low intestinal tension. Clinically, it is common in old age, frailty, chronic illness, postpartum, nutritional deficiencies, endocrine disorders, hypotension, and insufficient food intake.
3. How do patients with constipation perform self-massage therapy?
As an economical and simple method of treating constipation, massage therapy has attracted more and more attention from patients with constipation. Here is the introduction:
After lying in bed every night and before getting up in the morning, lie on your back, press your left hand with your right hand, start from the right lower abdomen according to the direction of the sun, and slowly massage upwards with a little pressure, until you reach the right costal border and horizontally left to the left costal border. Down and then down to the left lower abdomen. Do this repeatedly for 5 minutes.
4. How should people with habitual constipation perform self-massage?
Physician Gao Zongming of the Affiliated Hospital of the Third Military Medical University designed a massage method of abdominal luck around the navel for patients with habitual constipation to treat constipation. The introduction is as follows:
First abdomen luck: lying supine, eyes slightly closed, tongue licking the palate, aiming at the umbilicus (thought is concentrated on the umbilicus), calm abdominal deep breathing for 3 minutes, breathing 6 times per minute. The greater the abdominal breathing, the better the effect.
Massage around the umbilicus again: continue deep abdominal breathing based on the luck of the abdomen. At the same time, overlap your hands with your right palm down and apply even force. Starting from the right lower abdomen around the umbilicus, press the abdomen clockwise. The speed is about 1 week around the umbilical cord and 1 breath for about 10 minutes. After 5 minutes of massage, 2 minutes of luck is over. Massage yourself as much as possible 3 times a day. When it is really difficult, it can be assisted by others. 14 days is a course of treatment.
5. How much do you know about folk prescriptions for constipation?
The folk prescriptions are very popular among patients because of their simple medication and good curative effect. They are economical and affordable. Here are some introductions to the uniqueness of folk prescriptions for constipation:
①Plum plums are well known as the best food for curing constipation. Soak dried plums in water or apple juice or orange juice overnight, then eat them and drink the leached water. It is best to eat before breakfast.
②We are all familiar with peanuts to cure constipation. Take 500 grams of peanuts, 10 grams of salt, add 500 milliliters of water, cook on a slow fire, and put in the refrigerator for later use. The patient takes 25 to 50 grams of peanuts orally every night 2.5 hours before going to bed, and the effect can be seen after taking 7 days. After the effect is seen, you can reduce the amount and times as appropriate, and take it continuously.
③The laxative effect of traditional Chinese medicine rhubarb has always been recognized by people. Take 500 grams of traditional Chinese medicine rhubarb powder, warm boiled water, a small amount of sesame oil and 10 grams of borneol, mix into a paste, and stir well. Apply externally to the anus, once a day, 15-20 grams each time, the effect is good.
④10 grams of raisins (lightly fried) and 10 grams of black sesame seeds (raw). Chew and take 3 times a day, 10 days as a course of treatment. Generally, 1 to 2 courses of medication can be completely cured.
⑤ Everyone knows the laxative effect of bananas. As long as we eat moderate amounts of bananas every day, we can prevent and treat constipation.
⑥ The laxative effect of honey can not be ignored, if it is combined with bananas, the effect is better. Drink 200 ml of honey water every day and eat 2 bananas. If you persist for a period of time, constipation will not affect you.
6. What should be paid attention to in the diet of elderly patients with chronic constipation?
The thing that the elderly feel distressed is that the stool is often blocked, the stool is dry, and it cannot be solved. This is the constipation we usually talk about. It will affect work and life and affect physical and mental health over time. This is a problem that cannot be ignored. So what is the cause of constipation in the elderly? What should be paid attention to in diet? Now introduced as follows:
The cause of constipation in the elderly is due to the frailty of the elderly, lack of blood, blood deficiency, and lack of motivation to defecate. There are many treatment methods, such as diet therapy, western medicine laxatives, traditional Chinese medicine enema, and traditional Chinese medicine differentiation treatment. Here are a few ways to treat constipation with diet: ① Eat foods rich in pantothenic acid. Pantothenic acid is the main substance for the body to synthesize acetylcholine, which has the function of stimulating the intestinal wall and accelerating peristalsis. Foods that contain more pantothenic acid include crude rice, tempeh, apples, citrus, and animal liver. ② Eat more foods rich in cellulose. Because cellulose can stimulate the peristalsis of the intestinal wall when passing through the intestinal tract, it can also encapsulate excess cholesterol and intestinal harmful substances, so that it can be excreted in time. Foods rich in fiber include barley, potatoes, sweet potatoes, celery, leeks, bananas, peaches and so on. ③ Chixiaodou is served with pickles or coarse rice and milk. Crude rice contains dietary fiber, Chixiaodou contains saponin, which can stimulate the peristalsis of the intestinal wall; pickles and milk contain lactic acid bacteria, which can promote bowel movements and prevent constipation. ④Sweet potatoes, lemon or plums, and coarse tea are combined. The citric acid in lemons and other fruits can stimulate the intestinal wall; sweet potatoes and crude tea can absorb the salt contained in the fruit, helping citric acid to better play a laxative effect. ⑤ Eat black sesame and japonica rice porridge. Black sesame moisturizes the intestines, and japonica rice invigorates the spleen and enhances fluids, which have a laxative effect.
7. Why do you say that eating sweet potatoes can be laxative?
Sweet potato, also known as sweet potato and sweet potato, is a specialty of southern China. It is rich in sugar, rich in fiber, and contains a lot of vitamin A and vitamin C. It has the functions of invigorating deficiency and cold, strengthening the spleen and stomach, and strengthening kidney yin. Dietary fiber is a powerful tool for the human body to eliminate waste and eliminate toxins, because cellulose can retain water, promote the increase of stool volume, peristalize the intestinal wall, and facilitate defecation. Vitamin C and B are the two best antioxidants rich in carrots, and they are the best substances for eliminating free radicals in the body. No wonder eating sweet potato porridge or carrot porridge can cure constipation. This kind of porridge does not have any side effects, and can also relieve hunger and thirst. Sweet potatoes can be eaten in various ways, either roasted or boiled, or cut into cubes after peeling the sweet potatoes and making porridge with rice. Among them, sweet potato diced and rice are cooked into porridge, which has a good laxative effect. When the sweet potatoes are eaten, they are replaced with carrots, or tomatoes and bananas are eaten raw, which has the same effect.
8. What is the magical effect of rhubarb in promoting bowel movements?
Rhubarb is a traditional Chinese medicine that blindly tastes bitter cold to relieve stool, but if rhubarb is used magically, it can be called a "tonic".
Astragalus and Codonopsis are not the only tonic medicines. In Chinese medicine, there are six fu-organs that use general purpose as a supplement. The properties of rhubarb are used for general purpose. It excites the large intestine, increases the peristalsis of the large intestine, stimulates defecation, and has no obvious effect on the small intestine. A small dose of rhubarb can have a laxative effect, can eliminate corruption and contaminants in the intestines, reduce the effect of toxins, and relieve the symptoms of abdominal distension and stuffiness. It makes people feel light and restores their physique. Over time, it will be effective. For the role of complement. The summer heat and dampness in the south makes people feel poor in diet and uncomfortable. If you take 3 grams of rhubarb and soak in boiling water once a day, you will have diarrhea and feel relaxed and comfortable. In addition, rhubarb has the power to rejuvenate the intestines, invigorate the stomach and calm the viscera, which is good for the summer season. There are also reports that take 3 grams of rhubarb, soak in boiled water and drink it 3 times a day for 2 months as a course of treatment. During the treatment, stop taking other hypolipidemic drugs. As a result, after 1 to 3 courses of treatment, patients with hyperlipidemia, cholesterol and Triglycerides all fell to normal levels. In addition, single-flavored powder, take 3 grams before going to bed, and defecate slowly after 8 to 12 hours. It is especially suitable for children with constipation and frail patients. It can also cure stomach heat and constipation.
9. How to prevent constipation in the elderly?
Constipation is a thing that bothers many elderly people. In order to prevent constipation, the elderly should do the following: ①Defecate regularly. ②Adjust your diet and eat more vegetables and fruits. ③Increase drinking water. ④ Eat more sesame, honey and vegetable oils that have a laxative effect, and eat less irritating foods. ⑤ Keep exercising.
Here, two simple therapies that do not require drugs are introduced.
①Press the Tianshu point method: use your left index finger or middle finger when you have a bowel movement, press firmly on the left Tianshu point (about 3 cm next to the belly button, and then 1 cm down), press there when you feel soreness Do not move. After 10 seconds, there will be a feeling of wanting to relieve the stool. At the same time, combined with holding the breath, increasing the intra-abdominal pressure, the stool can be discharged.
②The waist-turning exercise: the posture is upright, the feet are separated and shoulder-width apart in a figure eight shape, the hands are akimbo, the knees are slightly bent, and the knees should not exceed the toes. Turn your waist while practicing. The sequence is left→front right→rear for one circle, starting 15 circles clockwise, and then 15 circles in the reverse direction. Adhere to 1 to 2 times a day, preferably one and a half hours after a meal, if it is done in the early morning or before going to bed, it is also effective.
10. How is the function of dredging and laxative?
Require the whole body to relax and calm down naturally. There is no limit to the posture of the exercise, sitting, lying, and standing are all right. The mental activity is to imagine that there is a small air mass in the center of the abdomen behind the navel, and then let this small air mass circle the abdomen 36 times in a clockwise direction, and then return the qi to the Dantian. Do this for 1 time, 3 times in a row. In the end, the intention was to keep the pubic area for about 4 minutes. Each practice time is about 20 minutes, once in the morning and once in the evening. After the stool is smooth and consolidated, stop practicing.
11. How much do you know about dietary prescriptions for pediatric diarrhea?
Here are five prescriptions for diarrhea:
① Stir-fry glutinous rice or millet on a slow fire until it becomes brownish yellow (scorched evenly), then add water and boil for 1 to 2 hours to make rice soup. Suspend breastfeeding, feed 40-60ml rice soup a day, once every 2 hours, feed 4-6 times, the general watery will disappear, then feed the rice soup and whole milk half and half until the stool is normal Feed them with regular milk.
②Take the yolks of 10 hard-boiled eggs, put them in a casserole and bake them over a slow fire. Use a spoon to scoop out the oil at any time, and discard the remaining black residue. Take the oil in 3 days and take it once a day in the morning, noon, and evening, or several times. The lighter one will heal with one dose, if not heal, you can take another dose, just use 7 eggs.
③Taro contains a natural polysaccharide polymer plant colloid, which has a good antidiarrheal effect and can enhance the body's immune function. The method is: take a big and strong taro, boiled or cooked, peeled and dipped in sugar to eat. Regardless of how many, 1 to 2 times a day (other drugs can be stopped for simple diarrhea). Stool can be formed after 1 to 2 days and the diarrhea stops.
④Cut 1 piece of fresh ginger and cover it on Shenque point (navel), apply heat on the ginger, or use moxa sticks to moxibustion
12. What effect does constipation have on the human body?
Regardless of the cause of constipation, if it is resolved in a short time, it will not have much impact on health, but long-term constipation, especially if the interval between stools is too long (more than 3 days), is different.
The first is gastrointestinal symptoms: in addition to difficulty in defecation, abdominal pain, especially lower abdominal discomfort or dull pain, bowel, nausea, nausea, loss of gas, loss of appetite, belching and other symptoms. These symptoms are caused by the fact that food residues stay in the intestinal cavity for too long, which are easy to ferment and spoil, and produce gases such as nitrogen, carbon dioxide, hydrogen sulfide, etc. These gases accumulate in the intestinal cavity in large quantities, which can cause the intestinal tract to swell and prevent venous blood return. , Causing digestive function to be affected.
The second is systemic symptoms: symptoms such as headache, dizziness, fatigue, mouth pain, heart palpitations, upset, irritability, and apathy, and even mild anemia and malnutrition.
Finally, the local manifestations: The main harm of constipation to the local area is dry and hard stools, which damage the anus, cause anal bleeding, pain and other symptoms, leading to anal fissures and hemorrhoids. If you have anal fissures, hemorrhoids and other anal diseases, constipation will increase the degree of pain and bleeding. For patients suffering from heart disease and cerebrovascular disease, constipation is a great threat. Excessive force during defecation can sometimes induce heart failure or cerebral vascular rupture and bleeding, which can endanger the patient's life in severe cases. Therefore, these patients should take active measures to try to get rid of constipation.