Anal papilloma refers to the anal papilla enlargement and hardening due to long-term stimulation of stool and chronic inflammation. It is one of the common benign tumors of the anorectum. The onset of this disease is insidious, the disease progresses slowly, it is a benign tumor, and the effect is good after cure. It is more common in young adults, with more women than men. Clinically, in addition to prolapse of anal papilloma, bleeding after defecation, unclean defecation, and anal itching are sometimes present.
1. Pathological changes caused by infection, trauma or irritation in the anal canal, such as chronic intestinal inflammation, habitual constipation, have stool accumulated in the rectum for too long, or dry and hard stools.
2. Bacterial infection caused by injury during defecation.
3. Due to the hyperplasia of part of the anorectal ectoderm and subcutaneous tissue, there are individual differences in the number, shape and size of anal papilloma.
4. Most patients with anal papillary hypertrophy have anal cryptitis.
1. Feeling of incomplete defecation. After defecation, the patient still has excrement left in the anus and the feeling of falling. This is the feeling of incomplete defecation. Some female patients feel this feeling more intense during menstruation.
2. Anal itching, papilloma repeatedly protrudes out of the anus during defecation, friction on the anus leads to inflammation, causing the anal secretion to flow out, irritating the perianal skin, and causing itching.
3. Incarceration, the volume of the anal nipple increases. After prolapsed from the anus, it can easily cause incarceration, which can cause swelling, pain, and restlessness in the anus.
4. Anal discomfort, anal itching, swelling, pain. Sometimes inflammation occurs.
5. Bleeding and pain. When the excrement is dry and hard, it will rub or abrade the anus, sometimes the stool will be bloody, and in severe cases there will be bleeding.
Non-surgical treatment: For patients with relatively small diameters and not severe symptoms, hemorrhoid ointment, suppository, and traditional Chinese medicine bath can be inserted into the anus to promote inflammation.
Surgical therapy: It is an effective method to completely remove the tumor. At present, there are ligation and electrocautery in clinical practice.