Cancer makes many people feel terrible, but it is not completely impossible to escape from its clutches. The US "Network Doctor of Medicine" website recently published "15 cancer symptoms that men and women are most likely to ignore" summarized by experts from the American Cancer Society, reminding everyone to catch the clues of cancer. This is because surveys have shown that compared with the 5-year survival rate of more advanced patients who are only 10%-30% after treatment, the 5-year survival rate of early-stage cancer patients after regular treatment can be as high as 70%-95%.
Among these 15 signs, men and women should pay attention to two respectively, and there are 13 things that should be paid attention to:
Men should pay attention to:
1. Testicular changes. The most common age group for testicular cancer is 20-39 years old. The American Cancer Society recommends that men should self-check their testicles every month, including changes in testicular size, obvious swelling or shrinkage, masses in the scrotum, and scrotal pain. If there are any problems, they should seek medical attention. Especially when the scrotum feels swelling, it feels like a briquettes have been placed in it, and it lasts for more than a week, so you should consult a doctor immediately. This is the most typical precursor to testicular cancer and requires blood testing and scrotal ultrasound testing.
2. Urinating problems. As men age, urinary problems become more common in men, and frequent urination, urgency, or dysuria are more common. If the symptoms worsen, especially when you have a strong sense of urgency to urinate, you should be alert to prostate cancer. Usually a digital rectal exam should be done, and the doctor will tell you if the prostate is enlarged, which is the main symptom of prostate cancer.
What women should pay attention to:
2. Irregular bleeding. American oncologist Dr. Daly said that abnormal vaginal bleeding and bleeding from urine and feces between menstrual cycles are easily ignored by women. They are likely to be a sign of endometrial cancer, a common cancer in gynecology. At least 3/4 of women have this sign and are diagnosed with endometrial cancer. Stool bleeding may be a sign of colon cancer.
Men and women should pay attention to:
1. Lump in the breast. Breast cancer is not a woman's patent, and both men and women should actively prevent it. If women find breast skin redness and lumps, they must be very careful. "Especially if the breast has a rash, and it lasts for several weeks, it must be checked." Oncologist Dr. Hannah Linden said. In addition, she pointed out that women who are not breastfeeding have sunken nipples and often leak fluid, which is also a bad sign. For men, if the breast skin is wrinkled, the nipples are shrunk or asymmetry, the size and shape of the nipples are changed, the breasts are red and swollen, and the appearance of lumps, etc., they are all signs of mastitis and symptoms of breast cancer. Liu Juntian further explained that such breast lumps are generally not painful, but will gradually become larger.
2. Pain. The American Cancer Society stated that as age increases, body pain increases. However, when a certain part of the body has pain inexplicably and lasts for more than a week, the cause should be investigated as soon as possible, because unexplained pain may be a sign of cancer. For example, long-term abdominal pain is a symptom of colorectal cancer, chest pain may be caused by lung cancer, and bone soreness may be a symptom of cancer metastasis. Liu Juntian pointed out that pancreatic cancer will manifest in the upper abdominal area, such as obstinate dull pain or colic around the umbilical cord or right upper abdomen, which can be paroxysmal or continuous, usually gradually worsening and radiating to the lower back.
3. Changes in lymph nodes. Dr. Linden said that no matter which part of the body, especially the armpit or neck, there is swollen lymph nodes, it must not be taken lightly. If the lymph nodes continue to increase for more than 1 month, it is likely to be a symptom of breast cancer or brain cancer.
5. Inexplicably weight loss. It’s nice to be able to lose weight without strenuous effort, but if you do not increase your exercise volume or reduce your diet within a month, but you lose 10% inexplicably, you should seek medical attention. Rapid weight loss, anorexia, recurrent diarrhea and constipation are the most common symptoms of lung cancer, stomach cancer, kidney cancer, and colorectal cancer. For women, it may also be hyperthyroidism.
6. Persistent abdominal pain and depression. The American Cancer Society official, Dr. Leonardo Lichtenfield, said that if the abdomen continues to be painful and accompanied by depressive symptoms, it is most likely to have pancreatic cancer. Because experts have found that depression is extremely related to pancreatic cancer. Other symptoms include: jaundice or abnormally gray stools.
7. Fatigue. Generally speaking, feeling tired is a sign that cancer has developed, but for leukemia, bowel cancer, and stomach cancer, you may feel fatigue at the beginning of the onset. What is the difference between cancer fatigue and ordinary fatigue? Experts from the American Cancer Society said that ordinary fatigue will disappear after a rest, but cancer fatigue will find it difficult to improve no matter how you rest.
8. Coughing ceaselessly. Dr. Ranet Micheli of Georgetown University School of Medicine said that if an inexplicable cough persists for more than 3-4 weeks, you should see a doctor in time. It may be a sign of lung cancer or throat cancer.
9. Difficulty swallowing. Dr. Richtonfield said that long-term dysphagia may be a sign of cancer of the larynx, esophagus, and stomach, and should undergo chest X-ray or gastroscopy as soon as possible. The so-called dysphagia, Liu Juntian introduced, generally refers to the pain behind the sternum and the sensation of foreign body in the esophagus when eating. Even if some people do not eat, they will feel like vegetable leaves, fragments or rice-like objects attached to the esophagus wall. You will feel the food descend slowly and even stay in the esophagus.
10. Skin changes. Dr. Mary Daley, an oncologist at the Fox Chase Cancer Research Center in Philadelphia, USA, reminded that the sudden appearance of lumps or pigmentation and obvious changes in the skin may be a sign of skin cancer. See a doctor immediately after a few weeks of observation. In addition, regardless of age, if the skin suddenly bleeds or peels off, you should also see a doctor.
12. Oral changes. The American Cancer Society pointed out that smokers should pay special attention to the white plaques on the mouth and tongue, which may be a precursor to oral cancer-mucosal leukoplakia.
13. Indigestion. Men (especially elderly men) and women (except during pregnancy) have unexplained persistent indigestion for a long time, which may be symptoms of esophageal cancer, throat cancer, and gastric cancer.