Popular science of colorectal cancer
1. Incidence of colorectal cancer
The latest data released by the National Cancer Center show that colorectal cancer has ranked third in the number of malignant tumors in China and fifth in the number of deaths.
2. Different diseases in different ages
In the past hard years, the incidence of esophageal cancer was high, which can be said to be a disease of poverty. Now people are richer, eating more big fish and meat, and the incidence of esophageal cancer is low, but with that, the incidence of colorectal cancer has increased significantly. , So colorectal cancer is a disease of wealth.
3. The 2 most important causes of colorectal cancer
Habitual constipation caused by long-term eating of meat foods, cancerous changes in intestinal polyps.
4. Prevent colorectal cancer
It requires the joint efforts of a family, prevention is greater than cure, and the unhealthy lifestyle and eating habits in the family must be changed. Everyone must realize that their physical condition is not only related to the individual's health and longevity, but also to the happiness of the whole family.
5. Changes in bowel habits may be abnormal signals from the body
Under normal circumstances, there is a certain regularity in defecation, usually once a day, which can expel toxins in the intestines in time. When there is a significant change in bowel habits, such as: changing from once a day to several times a day or once every few days, stool changes from formed soft stools to irregular loose stools or significantly thinner, often trying to solve the stool but unable to discharge, or There is always a sense of inconvenience, which should arouse our vigilance. When everyone sends an abnormal signal, we must pay enough attention to it. Some symptoms may be early manifestations of colorectal cancer. Therefore, we should receive the signals from the body in time and pay attention to our body.
6. Differentiation of early bleeding from bowel cancer and hemorrhoids
Ten people have nine hemorrhoids, so when blood appears, you need to see a doctor in time. As the disease progresses, patients with colorectal cancer usually have blood in the stool, abdominal pain, abdominal distension, and falling stool. However, many patients with colorectal cancer mistakenly believe that they have hemorrhoids when they have blood in the stool, and do not pay attention to them, and take drugs to relieve their symptoms by themselves, so that the early tumors are not diagnosed and treated in time. In clinical work, 70%-80% of patients with rectal cancer have been misdiagnosed as hemorrhoids and mistreated.
7. How to distinguish whether it is hemorrhoids or blood in the stool caused by bowel cancer
There is a self-identification method: if a few drops of blood drip from the anus after going to the toilet, the possibility of hemorrhoids is higher. But if there is blood and mucus mixed in the stool, this situation should be particularly alert to bowel cancer. If you find that you have blood in your stool or have significant changes in your bowel habits, you should go to the hospital for examination in time.
8. It is best for high-risk groups to have colonoscopy as early as possible
The early symptoms of colorectal cancer are not obvious, and regular screening becomes very important. If you have the conditions, you should have a colonoscopy as soon as possible in adulthood to know your intestinal condition. An annual fecal occult blood test is simple and easy. If there are people with colorectal cancer patients in the first-degree relatives, people with a history of intestinal polyps and adenomas, they should have a colonoscopy regularly.
9. Colonoscopy is very important in colorectal cancer screening
The doctor can find polyps, adenomas, ulcers and other abnormalities in the intestine through the microendoscope that enters the intestine. If polyps are found, they should be removed in time, and follow-up review should be done based on the pathological results.
10. Treatment of colorectal cancer
Colorectal cancer is dominated by surgical treatment. Including endoscopic resection surgery, traditional laparotomy, laparoscopic surgery, robotic surgery and other minimally invasive surgery, as well as more cutting-edge natural cavity specimen removal surgery (NOSES), etc.
In the past, open surgery was performed, and patients had to endure both the physical and psychological pain caused by the wound after the operation. Nowadays, various minimally invasive surgeries make the surgical trauma experienced by patients become smaller and smaller, the body can recover as soon as possible after the operation, and the complications after various operations such as intestinal adhesions and intestinal obstruction are also decreasing.
The most likely occurrence of colorectal cancer is liver metastasis. Chemotherapy is the first choice. After the liver tumor shrinks or disappears, it can be transformed into a patient who can be cured by surgery, so don't give up lightly.
11. Traditional Chinese medicine can play a great role in the comprehensive treatment of colorectal cancer. It can reduce the side effects of chemotherapy and radiotherapy, can effectively prevent the occurrence of intestinal adhesions and intestinal obstruction, can strengthen the body and eliminate evil, and actively prevent tumor recurrence and metastasis. It is recommended to everyone Both are treated with traditional Chinese medicine orally for a period of time.