Due to the special physiological state of pregnancy, some discomforts often occur during pregnancy. Generally speaking, discomfort is more common in the digestive system, and good diet and bowel habits should be established; in addition, when the demand for iron and calcium during pregnancy increases, iron and calcium should be supplemented in time. Below, I will share with you some common symptoms and treatment during pregnancy:
1. Constipation During pregnancy, due to the compression of the uterus and fetal presentation on the intestines, as well as the weakening of bowel movements and bowel tension, constipation often occurs. Pregnant women can drink a glass of boiled water every morning, eat more vegetables and fruits that contain more fiber, and take appropriate exercise to prevent constipation. If constipation occurs, use kaisailu, glycerin suppository and other laxatives. Enema should not be used to avoid miscarriage or premature delivery.
2. Digestive system symptoms. Early pregnancy reactions such as nausea and vomiting often occur in early pregnancy. You should eat small and frequent meals and avoid greasy food; in late pregnancy, the enlarged uterus moves the stomach up, and the stomach contents are easy to reflux and cause heartburn. Afterwards, avoid bending or lying down, and proper activities can alleviate this symptom.
3. Anemia. Pregnant women have increased iron requirements in the middle and late stages, and dietary supplements alone are obviously insufficient. Oral iron is needed to prevent anemia. If anemia has occurred, the cause should be actively sought and treated according to the cause.
4. Lower extremity edema In late pregnant women, there is often mild edema in the ankle and lower part of the calf, which can be relieved after rest, which is a normal physiological phenomenon. When sleeping, take the left-side decubitus position and raise the lower limbs by 15° to improve the blood return of the lower limbs and reduce the edema. If lower limb edema is obvious and cannot be improved after rest, hypoproteinemia should be considered, and the cause should be actively sought for treatment.
5. Hemorrhoids Hemorrhoids can appear for the first time during pregnancy, and the original hemorrhoids can also recur or worsen. The main reason is that the enlarged uterus or constipation during pregnancy hinders the hemorrhoidal venous return, which causes an increase in rectal venous pressure. In addition to eating more vegetables and less spicy food, you can relieve the pain and swelling caused by hemorrhoids by taking a bath in warm water and taking laxatives.