2021年2月19日星期五

hemorrhoids diagnosis,Self-discrimination, diagnosis and treatment of blood in the stool

    As an anorectal disease that occurs in humans, it does occur frequently and easily. Isn't there a saying among the people that "ten people have nine hemorrhoids"? With the development of society, people's living standards have improved and their pace of life has accelerated. At the same time, environmental pollution, the abuse of food hormones, poor eating habits, living habits, and various anorectal diseases caused by the accelerated pace of life have also increased. The increase in colorectal cancer, enteritis, constipation, colorectal polyps, hemorrhoids and other anorectal diseases has increased dramatically, which makes the prevention and treatment of anorectal diseases increasingly important.

    Bleeding is one of the main signals of anorectal diseases and the primary factor that prompts patients to seek medical treatment. Many patients do not receive timely diagnosis and treatment of anorectal diseases due to work tension, busyness, or avoidance of medical problems, or believe the folk remedies, home remedies, and the elderly to deal with them on their own. This brings opportunities for disease delays and misdiagnosis and treatment. There are many reasons for anorectal bleeding, such as bright red blood. Most of them should take into account the bleeding in the anus or the rectum and sigmoid colon near the anus. If the blood is purple or dark, or resolve black stools (excluding dietary factors, such as eating pig liver, blood Etc.) Most people should consider bleeding in the descending colon or even higher parts far from the anus. Sometimes eaten fish bones, bone fragments from chickens, ducks and geese, and melon seed shells can also cause damage to the anus or intestinal wall and bleeding. Common diseases of bleeding near the anus are probably internal hemorrhoids, anal fissures, anal papilloma, anal eczema, rectal polyps, proctitis, sigmoid colitis, etc.; if the bleeding time is short, the blood color is bright red, and there is no pain or slight pain, the blood will not be bloody. Mixed, in most cases, internal hemorrhoids, anal papilloma, and rectal polyp bleeding should be considered. Sometimes the bleeding is still a lot and fierce, even into a jet. Don't panic at this time. Try to stay in bed and rest for a while. At the same time, drink some sugar water or beverages to prevent hypotension and hypoglycemia. Then ask your family to accompany you to the hospital. If the bleeding is accompanied by severe pain, the occurrence of anal cracks should be considered, especially for pregnant women, children with poor bowel habits, and adolescents who study nervously. Of course, the two diseases of hemorrhoids and anal fissures are not excluded. The merger occurs. In this case, you can generally stay in bed for half an hour until the pain is relieved before going to the hospital. If the pain is not relieved after half an hour, you can take a bath with warm water for ten minutes to relieve the spasmodic pain of the anal muscles or take some painkillers Then go to the hospital for better treatment. If the bleeding lasts for a long time (usually more than one month), or accompanied by irregular stools, mucous stools, frequent times and symptoms such as abdominal pain, lumbosacral soreness, labored defecation, and anal swelling, most of them should consider enteritis, large intestine Polyps or intestinal tumors have occurred. In this case, it is more appropriate for patients to undergo fiber colonoscopy, so that the cause can be identified and treated as soon as possible. There is also a kind of bleeding that is often mistaken for hemorrhoid bleeding by patients and misses the treatment. This is the occurrence of rectal cancer or anal cancer. Perhaps it is "talking about cancer discoloration". People are often unwilling to associate blood in the stool with "cancer", and would rather link it with "hemorrhoids" kindly, thus complicating the diagnosis and treatment of the disease. stand up. In fact, it is very simple to distinguish this disease. The main principles are as follows: 1. Whether the shape of the stool changes; 2. Whether the stool is jam-colored; 3. Use your fingers to reach into the anus and feel whether you feel the lumps. 90% of rectal tumors can be detected by digital examination. If you are still not sure, go to the hospital and ask a doctor to check it for you. Then you can rest assured.

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