2021年2月6日星期六

hemorrhoids and anal fissures,Understanding and prevention of anal fissure

    Anal fissure-----the disease is small, painful, easy to cure, easy to relapse.

    Anal fissure refers to a small fusiform or oval split formed by longitudinal splitting of the skin and subcutaneous tissue of the anal canal. It often occurs in the posterior and anterior center of the anus, and is more common in the back of the anus. Patients often have constipation. When the stool is relieved, the anus may feel like tearing, and there may be a small amount of blood dripping or staining of blood on the toilet paper after stool. It is one of the common diseases of anorectal department. It has a high incidence and severe pain and can be cured. But it is prone to recurrence. Among the anal diseases, its incidence is second only to hemorrhoids, and it is listed as one of the three major diseases of the anus. Traditional Chinese medicine believes that "blood heat, dry intestines and constipation" are the main causes of anal fissures. Therefore, unobstructed stools, pain relief and promotion of fissure healing are the treatment principles. According to different syndromes and severity of the disease, oral administration, fumigation, and compresses are used. There are many effective methods such as medicine, anus enlargement, and surgery.

    For the prevention of anal fissures, you should keep your stool unobstructed and develop the habit of defecation regularly. Stool once a day. The stool will not be dry and the pain can be relieved. At the same time, drugs and food can be used to soften the stool, reduce the expansion and stimulation of defecation to the anus, and reduce the pain during defecation. If hard and dry feces are formed, do not discharge them forcibly. You can use warm salt water enema or paraffin oil enema, or inject it into the anus with kaisai lotion for smooth defecation.

    Sit bath with warm water after defecation is a simple and effective method to prevent and treat anal fissure. The long-term pain after defecation is mainly caused by internal anal sphincter spasm. After taking a bath with hot water, the physical effect of warming can make the spasm. The sphincter is relieved and the pain is eliminated, and medicine can also be used to fumigate and wash the sitz bath, the effect is better.

    Women should pay attention to hygiene during menstruation and do not participate in heavy physical labor. Eat more fruits and vegetables during pregnancy to prevent constipation. Pay attention to protect the perineum and anus during delivery to avoid tearing injuries.

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