These signals ≠ 100% cancer
But if left to develop
It may develop into real cancer
Once you find the following symptoms
Must be more vigilant and take measures!
Irregular breast lumps or bloody nipple discharge, be alert to breast cancer. 80% of newly diagnosed breast cancer patients are treated because they accidentally touched a breast mass.
The lumps are mostly single, mostly painless lumps. A few are accompanied by dull pain or tingling, irregular edges and uneven surface. If there are "dimple-like" or "orange peel-like" changes in the breast skin, it is recommended to seek medical attention .
Non-pregnant women's nipple discharges pus, serous, blood, etc. It may be a manifestation of breast hyperplasia, mammary duct dilatation, or breast cancer. Please consult a doctor for further judgment.
Suggestion: If a female friend finds a lumps in the breast, she should consult a doctor in time for further examination to determine the cause.
Cirrhosis of the liver may be a precancerous lesion of liver cancer. There is a typical three-step process of liver cancer, namely hepatitis→cirrhosis→liver cancer. About 70% of primary liver cancer occurs on the basis of liver cirrhosis, and in China, about 40% of liver cirrhosis is associated with liver cancer.
Patients with liver cirrhosis should receive standardized treatment in time.
Chronic atrophic gastritis may be a precancerous lesion of gastric cancer.
Most of the patients with chronic gastritis receive formal integrated traditional Chinese and Western medicine treatment in time, the effect is relatively good, and it will not cause cancer.
However, some gastric cancers coexist with certain benign lesions or become cancerous on the basis of certain benign lesions such as chronic atrophic gastritis. Most of these gastric diseases have existed for a long time, which makes it easier for patients to relax their vigilance against gastric cancer.
To confirm whether there is gastric cancer, gastroscopy must be performed.
Esophageal cancer, throat cancer?
Indigestion, difficulty swallowing, hoarse voice, be alert for cancer of the esophagus and larynx. The above two major symptoms are very common in life, and there are many causes. However, if persistent indigestion of unknown cause occurs for a long time, the possibility of esophageal cancer and laryngeal cancer should be considered.
Long-term dysphagia, pain after the sternum and foreign body sensation in the esophagus when eating. If you don’t eat, you will feel vegetable leaves, fragments or rice grains attached to the esophagus wall. After swallowing food, you will feel the food descend slowly and even stay in the esophagus. Receive a chest X-ray or gastroscopy as soon as possible. If symptoms such as hoarseness, sore throat, irritating dry cough, or blood in sputum, or foreign body sensation in the throat, etc. occur, symptomatic treatment does not improve, or the symptoms persist for more than 1 month, detailed laryngoscopy should be performed.
Kidney cancer, bladder cancer?
Painless hematuria may be an early symptom of kidney cancer and bladder cancer. In a few cases, painless hematuria may also be a symptom of prostate cancer.
As long as there is hematuria, no matter the amount is large or small, even if it is not painful, it will only take a long time. It should be a high level of vigilance. You should go to a major hospital for examination as soon as possible.
Lymphoma most often starts with enlarged lymph glands (nodes), especially in the neck, underarms, or groin.
If the lymph nodes are swollen for a short period of time, they feel soft and feel painful or tender, they are generally benign; if the lymph nodes in the neck, axilla or inguinal do not disappear for a long time, they are hard and fixed, with uneven surfaces, no pain or tenderness, and Gradually increase, you must be alert to the possibility of tumors.
If there are swollen lymph nodes in one or more places, with hard texture but no pain, it should be cardiac lymphoma, and it is best to go to the hospital for examination in time.
Most of the lung nodules are benign, and only a small part are precancerous or lung cancer. Therefore, not all lung nodules require surgical removal.
Coughing ceaselessly, blood in sputum, be alert for lung cancer. The typical signs of lung cancer are irritating cough, blood in sputum, chest pain, etc. About 2/3 have stubborn irritating cough.
Unlike colds and bronchitis coughs, this irritating cough cannot be relieved by antibiotics. It is usually intermittent hemoptysis or bloodshot sputum, or cough with a lot of foamy sputum, accompanied by throat wheezing, chest tightness, shortness of breath, etc. , The weight has dropped significantly in the short term, and there is an unexplained low-grade fever. If the above symptoms persist for 2 to 3 weeks without relief, it is recommended to seek medical attention.
If you find a lung nodule, don't panic too much and don't ignore it. Further diagnose in time to clarify the nature, observe or treat according to the actual situation. People over 40 years old or high-risk people with a family history of lung cancer should try to do low-dose spiral CT screening for early lung cancer once a year.
Intestinal polyps refer to a type of lesions in which the mucosal surface in the lumen of the large intestine is raised, leading to local hyperplasia. Among them, inflammatory bowel polyps, hamartoma polyps, and lymphoid polyps are not closely related to bowel cancer; hyperplastic bowel polyps and adenomatous bowel polyps are closely related to bowel cancer.
Long-term constipation, diarrhea, blood in the stool or dark, black, be wary of colon cancer, rectal cancer. Changes in stool shape, color and bowel regularity are the most direct early manifestations of colorectal cancer.
However, blood in the stool is a clinically more complicated symptom. Hemorrhoids and upper gastrointestinal bleeding may also be caused, but the characteristics and colors are different. If you only find blood in the stool, you don't have to panic, just follow the doctor's guidance.
Adenomatous bowel polyps are "time bombs" and require timely surgical removal. Patients with intestinal polyps should stay away from cooking methods such as frying, smoking, fire roasting, and tobacco and alcohol.
People over 40 years old, if loose stools, mucus stools, pus and blood stools, or blood in the stools, bright red or jam-colored, long-term lower abdominal discomfort, such as abdominal distension, abdominal pain, abdominal ringing or dull pain, and the cause is unknown Anemia, weight loss, weakness, lumps can be felt in the abdomen, prompt medical treatment is required.
Painless skin keratinization may be an early sign of skin cancer.
General specific symptoms include: round rash-like abnormal changes in the skin, local flatness or bulge, brown or black crust on the surface, the patient has no pain, and mostly occurs on the face and back of the hands.
If this kind of keratosis occurs on the skin, first go to a regular hospital dermatologist to see a doctor.
Junction moles may be precancerous lesions of melanoma.
Part of the skin junctional nevi and mixed nevi can become malignant melanoma under the stimulation of certain factors. Although junctional nevi and mixed nevi have been proven to have a tendency to become malignant, very few actually develop into malignant tumors.
Don't repeatedly rub and needle to stimulate the moles on the body, and don't use drugs to corrode it. These may be the incentives for the junctional or mixed moles to become melanoma.
Unexplained white plaques in the mouth, especially those who smoke regularly, may be suffering from oral leukoplakia. If they are not treated in time, they may become cancerous and even face the serious consequences of surgical bone resection. It is understood that the tongue, gums, and mucous membranes on the cheeks may be breeding grounds for oral leukoplakia.
Oral ulcers usually heal on their own within 10 days. Ulcers that do not heal for a long time may be tuberculous ulcers or cancer. If the ulcer is accompanied by repeated bleeding and unexplained numbness, burning, and dryness, and it does not heal for more than two weeks, be alert.
When leukoplakia is found, don’t mistake it for ulcers and treat it in time; don’t scratch the leukoplakia with your nails; stop smoking, otherwise it will accelerate the deterioration of the leukoplakia. The general public has a general lack of awareness of oral leukoplakia. The earlier it is detected and treated, the better it can be controlled.
Cervical cancer, endometrial cancer?
Inexplicable bleeding in the vagina, watch out for cervical cancer and endometrial cancer. Some women have a small amount of vaginal bleeding after sexual intercourse, gynecological examination, or forced defecation, which is light red or brown, which is "contact bleeding" and may be a signal of precancerous lesions of cervical cancer.
Vaginal bleeding is generally less and then more, or sometimes more and sometimes less, and the bleeding will increase significantly when the disease progresses to the middle stage. At this time, you should go to the hospital for inspection in time, and insist on re-examination for 4-6 months. Irregular vaginal bleeding or bloody leucorrhea after menopause, after excluding cervical cancer and vaginitis, endometrial cancer should be highly vigilant.
Bladder cancer, prostate cancer?
Pain in urination, hematuria, and changes in urine volume. Be wary of bladder cancer, prostate cancer, and kidney cancer.
Hematuria is the first signal from bladder cancer. 75%~78% of bladder cancer patients have hematuria, which is mostly painless or intermittent, and sometimes stops by itself. Some hematuria can be detected with the naked eye, but most of them cannot be detected with the naked eye. Routine urine examination is required.
Urinary frequency, urgency, pain and other bladder irritation, as well as urinary retention may be early symptoms of bladder cancer. The early manifestations of prostate cancer patients are mostly bifurcation, prolonged urination, frequent urination, urgency, painful urination, incomplete urination, etc. Hematuria is not the main symptom. Ejaculation pain during sex or bleeding semen should also be vigilant. The early stage of kidney cancer is not typical, and some people will have hematuria, with painless intermittent attacks.
Recommendation: All the above manifestations should be confirmed by a doctor.
Bone cancer, testicular cancer?
Pain, be alert to bone cancer and testicular cancer. Pain is a symptom of a variety of cancers. It is more common in the middle and late stages. Pain may occur in the early stages of bone cancer and testicular cancer.
The early pain of bone cancer has fixed and persistent characteristics, especially at night, and it is getting worse day by day. When you feel pain and swelling in the back, limbs, joints, etc., and cannot find the inducement of trauma, inflammation, wind and cold, you must be vigilant.
The pain of testicular cancer is often local dull pain, swelling pain, and the pain is not very strong. The testicle can be found asymmetry when touching the testis by hand. The volume of the affected side increases and there is a feeling of falling.
Source: Health Times, Southern Metropolis Daily, Life Times