In daily life, people often think that stool is a kind of filthy thing, and they are often ashamed to speak out, let alone turn their heads and take a look after explaining the toilet. They don’t know how important it is for you to turn your head and take a look!
The color and shape of stool are closely related to our intestinal health. First of all, you must first understand what kind of stool is a normal and healthy stool. It is said that healthy stool must be "color, fragrance" and complete. So what kind of stool is healthy?
Normal stool: ①Volume: Most normal people have a bowel movement once a day, the amount is about 100~300g, which varies with the amount of food eaten, the type of food and the functional state of the digestive organs. Those who eat fine grains and meat-eaters will have fine and small stools. Those who eat coarse grains and more vegetables will increase the amount of feces due to more cellulose; ②Color and traits: normal adult stools are yellowish-brown cylindrical soft stools. Like bananas, moderate hardness; baby stools are yellow or golden-yellow mushy stools. After long-term storage, the porphobilinogen in the feces can be oxidized, which can cause the color to darken; ③Smell: normal feces are smelly due to protein decomposition products, such as indole, skatole, mercaptans, hydrogen sulfide, etc., meat eaters have a heavy taste. Vegetarians taste light.
After understanding what kind of stool is normal stool, what kind of stool prompts us to have health problems?
1 Sudden change in bowel habits: If the regularity and frequency of going to the toilet suddenly change, and there is no recent change in eating habits, this is usually a bad sign. For example, stools are usually thick and suddenly become very thin. It is a rectal tumor; if you had a bowel movement once a day, it suddenly became several times a day, you also need to be vigilant, and you must go to the hospital for a doctor to do a comprehensive and detailed examination;
2 Changes in volume: When there is inflammation or dysfunction of the stomach, intestines, and pancreas, the volume of stool increases due to inflammation, exudation, increased secretion, hyperintestinal motility, and poor digestion and absorption;
3 Color and character:
1 Slurry or watery stools: more common in infectious and non-infectious diarrhea, such as acute enteritis, patients taking laxatives and hyperthyroidism;
2 Mucous stool: common in various enteritis, bacillary dysentery, amoebic dysentery, etc.;
3 Purulent and pus-blooded stools: It often indicates lesions in the lower part of the intestine, such as dysentery, ulcerative colitis, colon or rectal cancer, etc.;
4 Frozen stool: It is common in patients with irritable bowel syndrome that often discharge sticky or membranous objects after abdominal cramps;
5 Bloody stools: Bloody stools can be seen in rectal polyps, rectal cancer, anal fissures and hemorrhoids;
6 Black stools and tarry stools: often suggest gastrointestinal bleeding; but after taking activated charcoal, bismuth, etc., black stools can also occur, and black stools can also occur if you eat more animal blood, liver or oral iron;
7 White clay-like stool: seen in bile duct obstruction caused by various reasons; but if barium meal gastrointestinal radiography is performed, the stool can be white or yellow-white due to the discharge of barium sulfate;
8 meters swill-like stool: seen in patients with severe cholera;
9 Thin strips of stool: suggest rectal stenosis, which is more common in rectal cancer;
10 Sheep feces: common in elderly and postpartum women with habitual constipation;
11 Milk curd: It is common in infants, because of indigestion and diarrhea.
4 Odor: foul smell when suffering from chronic enteritis, pancreatic disease, colon or rectal cancer ulceration. Amoebic enteritis stool has a bloody smell; when fat and carbohydrates are digested or malabsorbed, stool has a sour smell.
5 Parasitic bodies: larger bodies such as roundworms, pinworms and tapeworms, or fragments thereof, can be distinguished by naked eyes. Hookworm bodies must be seen by washing the feces through a sieve.
6 Calculus: Gallstones, pancreatic stones, gastric stones, fecal stones, etc. can be seen in the stool, but the most common are gallstones, which are common after the application of stone-removing drugs or lithotripsy.
To sum up, stool is often an important indicator for us to remind us of the health of our body. Please remember to look back at it after you have finished defecation.