From the moment the baby fell to the ground, the mothers' stomachs finally relaxed, but at this moment, novice mothers may face a new round of doubts: How long will the postpartum lochia be clean? What to do with postpartum constipation? How to care for perineal (abdominal) wounds? ...
Today I have sorted out some common problems of postpartum mothers to share with you.
1. How long does it take for postpartum lochia to get clean?
Lochia is vaginal discharge after childbirth. After childbirth, the decidua of the uterus, especially the decidua at the placental attachment, falls off, and the discharge containing blood, bacteria and necrotic decidua tissue is discharged from the vagina, called lochia. Under normal circumstances, it takes 4 to 6 weeks for lochia to drain.
With the passage of postpartum time, lochia will change from red lochia (appearing in the first week after delivery, bright red in color) to slurry lochia (one week to half a month after delivery, light red), and then to white lochia (15 days to 3 weeks) Within).
Some mothers say that the lochia disappears in about 10 days after delivery. This situation is also possible. It usually means that the mother’s uterine contraction and repair ability is strong; or there have been operations such as curettage or gauze wiping the uterine cavity after delivery, which shortened the necrotic decidua The time required for the tissue to be completely discharged.
There are also some mothers who have postpartum lochia lasting for 2 months or more, so they need to be aware of the possibility of abnormal lochia:
Normal lochia has a bloody smell, and the amount gradually decreases; while abnormal lochia has a large amount, accompanied by foul smell, and may be accompanied by symptoms such as fever and lower abdominal pain.
Therefore, the 42-day postpartum review is very important. You can check the recovery of the uterus and communicate with the doctor in time to see if there is any abnormality. Seek medical attention if necessary.
2. What should I do if postpartum constipation is severe?
As the saying goes, "ten people have nine hemorrhoids, and ten women have ten hemorrhoids." Hemorrhoids and constipation are like twin sisters, and the incidence of postpartum mothers is very high. The reason:
The first is the remaining problem of constipation during pregnancy. Intestinal peristalsis during pregnancy is affected by the compression of the enlarged uterus, and the slower intestinal peristalsis can easily cause hemorrhoids;
Second, the postpartum mother's diet is mostly based on tonics, eating less fruits and vegetables, and lack of exercise, hemorrhoids and constipation often come uninvited;
The third is the pain of the lateral incision of the perineum of the parturient women who dare not defecate, and the postpartum physique is weak, which are also common causes of postpartum constipation.
To improve constipation, you can start with the following methods:
1. Adjust the diet, drink plenty of water, eat lightly, and eat more vegetables and fruits;
2. Proper exercise. It is not recommended to stay in bed after delivery. Proper exercise can not only improve the blood circulation of the whole body, but also help rectal peristalsis and improve the embarrassment of constipation;
3. Develop the habit of defecation, empty out in time when you have the intention to defecate, do not look at the phone, read a book or use excessive force during defecation, which will aggravate hemorrhoids;
4. For wounds with obvious side cut wound pain, you can consult with your doctor to use analgesics appropriately, but more importantly, you should despise it psychologically and should not be overwhelmed by fear.
When the above methods still fail to improve constipation, you can use drugs to help defecate, such as hemorrhoid cream, Kaisai lotion, etc.
3. Is it normal for a cesarean section to have a hard wound?
It is normal for the wound to penetrate deep into the dermis of the skin during a caesarean section and the surroundings will harden. As long as the skin around the incision has no symptoms such as redness, fever, or exudation, there is generally no need to seek medical attention.
Everyone's skin condition is different. Over time, some mothers have recovered so well that they can hardly see the surgical incision. But pregnant mothers with scars may gradually grow small scars at the incision. Therefore, for mothers with scars, they can prevent them early after delivery and use anti-scar items, such as silicone anti-scar ointment.
4. Why do you always fart after giving birth?
After a caesarean section mother has gas (that is, fart) is a sign of bowel movement, which means that the intestinal function is gradually recovering. But a few months after delivery, mothers who still often have gas should pay attention to their eating habits, whether they often eat onions, potatoes, sweets, soy products and pasta that are prone to gas.
In addition, it is recommended to eat small and frequent meals and chew patiently. In addition, you should exercise appropriately.
If the flatulence is still severe after avoiding the above situation, you can consult a gastroenterologist.
5. What is the problem of back pain two months after delivery?
The causes of postpartum low back pain may include calcium deficiency, overwork, pelvic problems, labor analgesia, or ligament damage during anesthesia. Mothers should not do heavy physical labor after childbirth, bend frequently or stand for a long time, sit for a long time, etc. Always exercise the waist muscles and pay attention to calcium supplementation. For mothers with severe back pain, it is recommended to go to the relevant department of postpartum repair in a regular hospital or the orthopedics department for help from a professional doctor.
The postpartum mother’s body is weak, and while busy taking care of the baby, she must also take care of her body, adjust and restore her physical condition as soon as possible, in order to better start a new stage of life~