2021年1月31日星期日

hemorrhoids early pregnancy,"Zhuan" physiological changes during pregnancy

    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Peking University First Hospital

    1. Basic concepts

    The first is fertilization. Fertilization is the process by which sperm penetrates the egg to form a fertilized egg. Pregnancy is the process of embryo and fetus growth and development in the uterine cavity. Egg fertilization is the beginning of pregnancy, and the fetus and placenta are delivered from the mother, which is the end of pregnancy. The gestation period refers to the time before the sperm and egg combine to form a fertilized egg, the pregnant egg is implanted in the uterine cavity, and the placenta and fetus grow and mature before being discharged from the body. The entire pregnancy period is about 280 days, also known as 40 gestational weeks, which can be divided into 3 periods: early pregnancy, middle pregnancy and late pregnancy.

    Early pregnancy refers to menopause to 12 weeks + 6 days of pregnancy, middle pregnancy refers to 13 weeks of pregnancy to 27 weeks + 6 days of pregnancy, and the third trimester is after 28 weeks of pregnancy.

    2. Local changes during pregnancy

    (1) Changes in the vulva and vagina

    Changes in the reproductive system include changes in the vulva and vagina. First, the extensibility of the vulva is enhanced, local hyperemia, thickened skin, pigmentation of the labia majora, increased blood vessels in the labia majora, and soft connective tissue. Second, the vaginal stretchability is enhanced, the vaginal mucosa is colored and thickened, the folds increase, and the connective tissue becomes soft. Third, the defense function of the vagina is enhanced. There are more exfoliated cells in the vagina, and the secretion is mushy. The pH of the vagina also changes. Due to the influence of a large amount of estrogen and progesterone, the glycogen in the vaginal epithelial cells accumulates and is decomposed into lactic acid by Lactobacillus, which increases the pH in the vagina and helps prevent bacterial infections.

    (2) Changes in the uterus

    The first is menopause. The uterus gradually enlarges and softens. At 12 weeks of pregnancy, the uterus enlarges beyond the pelvic cavity. In the third trimester, due to the sigmoid colon on the left side of the pelvis, the uterus has different degrees of dextrorotation. The second is the increase in uterine cavity volume, from 10ml in non-pregnancy to 1500ml in term pregnancy. The cheeks of the uterus are also elongated and thinned, gradually elongated at 12 weeks of gestation, from 1cm in non-pregnancy to 7-10cm in term. There are more blood vessels in the cervix, the edema changes in purple-blue color, and the glandular secretions of the cervical canal increase to form mucus plugs to prevent the invasion of bacteria.

    (3) Changes in the ovaries

    The ovary stops ovulating, and its volume increases slightly. Before 10 weeks of pregnancy, the corpus luteum produces estrogen and progesterone to maintain pregnancy. After 10 weeks, the function of the corpus luteum is replaced by the placenta.

    (4) Changes in breasts

    During early pregnancy, the breasts are obviously enlarged and congested, the nipples are colored and darkened, and the sebaceous glands on the areola form sprout nodules. The large amount of estrogen secreted by the placenta stimulates the development of mammary ducts, progesterone stimulates the development of mammary glands, pituitary hormone, Placentapoietin and others are involved in the development and perfection of mammary glands and prepare for breastfeeding. During the third trimester, the breasts will have light yellow and thin colostrum outflow. At this time should pay attention to breast care, avoid excessive stimulation of the nipple, so as not to cause contractions.

    3. Systemic changes during pregnancy

    (1) Changes in the circulatory system

    1. Heart changes during pregnancy

    The position of the heart has changed. Due to the elevation of the diaphragm, the heart shifts to the left, up, and forward. The increase in heart volume increases by about 10% from the first trimester to the end of pregnancy. At the same time, the blood flow and the speed of blood flow also increase. The heart rate in the third trimester can generally increase by 10-15 times per minute.

    Increase in cardiac output and blood volume. First, the increase in cardiac output peaks from the 10th week of pregnancy to the 32nd and 34th weeks of pregnancy, and the peak continues until delivery. After labor, especially in the second stage of labor, the cardiac output has a significant increase. The increase in blood volume begins at 6 weeks of gestation and reaches its peak at 32 to 34 weeks of gestation. The increase in blood volume is 1500ml, which is about 35% increase. Among them, plasma increases by 1000ml, and red blood cells increase by 500ml, making it easy to develop physiological anemia during pregnancy.

    2. Changes in venous pressure

    Pregnancy increases the blood volume of pelvic blood flowing back to the inferior vena cava, and the right circumflexion of the uterus compresses the inferior vena cava to obstruct the blood return, which is prone to lower limbs and perineal varicose and hemorrhoids. When lying on the supine position for a long time, it can also cause a decrease in the amount of blood returned to the heart, a decrease in cardiac output, and a drop in blood pressure, which is called supine syndrome or supine hypotension syndrome.

    3. Changes in blood composition

    The first is the change of red blood cells. During pregnancy, the bone marrow continuously produces red blood cells. The red blood cells increase slightly, but the increase in blood volume is less. Due to blood dilution, iron-deficiency anemia is prone to occur during pregnancy. In order to meet the growth and development of the fetus and the physiological changes of the mother's various organs and to adapt to the increase in red blood cells, in the middle and late pregnancy, attention should be paid to increasing the intake of iron-rich foods. The second is the change of coagulation factors. The coagulation factors are increased, the platelets have no obvious changes, and the blood is in a hypercoagulable state, which helps prevent postpartum hemorrhage. The change of plasma protein during pregnancy is mainly due to the decrease of albumin. Due to blood dilution, it begins to decrease from the first trimester. In the second trimester, the plasma protein is about 60-65g/L and remains until delivery.

    (2) Changes in the urinary system

    Renal plasma flow and glomerular filtration rate have both increased. During pregnancy, the increase in metabolites increases the burden on the mother’s kidneys. Renal blood flow increases by 35% compared with non-pregnancy. The glomerular filtration rate is higher than Increased by 50% during non-pregnancy. Due to the influence of renal plasma flow and glomerular filtration rate, urine output increases in the supine position, so nocturia during pregnancy increases.

    During early pregnancy, due to the enlarged uterus compressing the bladder, pregnant women often experience frequent urination. As the gestational age increases, the uterus enlarges beyond the pelvic cavity. Generally, the above symptoms disappear at 12 weeks of pregnancy. In the third trimester, due to the fetal presentation dropping into the pelvis, pregnant women may again experience frequent urination and urine overflow, mainly caused by the fetal presentation re-pressing the bladder. Because the glomerular filtration rate increases and the renal tubule reabsorption of glucose cannot increase correspondingly, about 15% of pregnant women have urine sugar, which should be differentiated from gestational diabetes. Under the influence of progesterone during pregnancy, the smooth muscle tension of the urinary system is reduced, and the renal pelvis and ureter are slightly dilated in the second trimester, and urine reflux can occur. Pregnant women are prone to acute pyelonephritis.

    (3) Changes in the respiratory system

    During the first trimester, the rib cage widens and increases, the diaphragm rises, and the diaphragm activity during breathing also increases. The increase in lung ventilation in the second trimester is greater than the oxygen consumption, which is beneficial to provide oxygen for pregnant women and fetuses. Pregnant women in the third trimester of pregnancy are mainly chest breathing, and the gas exchange remains unabated. As the diaphragm rises, pregnant women breathe deeply and have difficulty breathing after lying down. They should choose a lateral position or raise their head to relieve symptoms.

    (4) Changes in the digestive system

    Pregnant women in early pregnancy will experience various degrees of nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite and other early pregnancy reactions, which usually disappear at 12 weeks of pregnancy. In the second and third trimesters, due to the influence of estrogen, the smooth muscle tension of the digestive tract is reduced, the bowel movement is reduced and weakened, and the time for gastric emptying is prolonged. Pregnant women often experience fullness in the upper abdomen. Due to the rise of the diaphragm, the stomach is compressed and the pylorus When the dilator muscles relax, the contents of the stomach will also flow back to the lower part of the esophagus, causing a burning sensation in the stomach; bowel movements are weakened and constipation occurs.

    (5) Other changes during pregnancy

    1. Weight change

    Weight gain during pregnancy includes fetus, placenta, amniotic fluid, uterus, breast, blood, tissue fluid, and fat accumulation. The ideal average gain during pregnancy is 12.5 kg.

    2. Increased demand for minerals

    The growth and development of the fetus requires a large amount of calcium, phosphorus, iron and other minerals. Therefore, attention should be paid to mineral supplementation during pregnancy.

    3. Skin changes

    The effect of increased progesterone causes increased melanin, skin pigmentation, and pregnancy spots.

    Four, summary

    The entire gestation period is 280 days, that is, 40 gestational weeks. Various maternal systems have undergone a series of physiological changes and functional adjustments, in order to meet the needs of fetal growth and delivery, and to prepare for postpartum breastfeeding. In order to adapt to these physiological changes, nutrition management during pregnancy should be done to ensure the health of mothers and babies.

what does a hemorrhoids look like,Doctor Xin Xuezhi visits Dazhong.com to answer questions from netizens on the harm of blood in the stool

    Moderator: The first question is hello, the expert. My name is Zhao Lan. I am a farmer. I often have blood in my stool. What should I do? I want to ask what is this disease?

    Xin Xuezhi: There is a lot of blood in the stool. For details, please refer to our interview and seek medical treatment in time.

    Moderator: Hello, Professor Xin, I sometimes itchy anus and blood in the stool. What is the reason?

    Xin Xuezhi: As I have just mentioned, it may be anorectal eczema. If the elasticity of the skin decreases, blood in the stool can occur.

    Moderator: Zou Cheng’s friend, hemorrhoids, have been surgically removed for two months, but it’s not good up to now. He often has blood in his stool. What is the reason?

    Xin Xuezhi: It has been two months after the operation, and there is still blood, which is ulcerative. It is an immune disease of unknown cause. The cause of its disease is not known originally, so it is very troublesome to treat. It is divided into several stages, one is the acute stage, the acute high-incidence stage, with pus and blood, and the other stage of remission. This disease is plain, and Psychology has a great relationship. The more you are anxious and sulking, these will all affect. Keep a happy mood during the remission period. In addition, do not overeating or eating raw food. The decline in our immunity will also affect it, and its recurrence season is regular. Generally, this autumn and spring are multi-method seasons.

    Moderator: Another question, he said hello director, sometimes he has blood in the stool and sometimes no, he asked whether this kind of surgery needs surgery?

    Xin Xuezhi: This question is too general, so the first cause of blood in the stool is to find out, and the second is whether it is an operation. This has to be specific. If you want a heavy external hemorrhoid, you need an operation.

    Moderator: There is another lady. She said that as soon as she ate too much spicy food, a piece of meat came out of her anus. She asked if it was hemorrhoids and how to prevent and treat it?

    Xin Xuezhi: First of all, you have to reduce or not eat hot peppers. Whether the second one is surgery, or that sentence, must be checked. In this case, it may be hemorrhoids, and the other one cannot rule out polyps.

    Moderator: Another gentleman said that stools are often disc-shaped. He asked what should I pay attention to when eating?

    Xin Xuezhi: Some patients commit suicide by jumping off the building due to poor defecation. If there is no toilet on a business trip, the toilet is not clean, and there are plainclothes, and you can’t use it anymore. If you control it today, you will control it tomorrow. Dietary fiber, then exercise more, sit on the desk for a long time, the other is the patient during pregnancy and after childbirth, we must prevent this dry stool, so if her stool is hard, we must use medicine, and do not use irritating medicine. It contains rhubarb and tomato leaves, because it will reduce the nerves of the intestines, so she should use drugs that nourish yin and clear away heat. Western medicine should use drugs that increase intestinal water and increase intestinal probiotics. . As long as it is due to excessive water in the bowel, it will become soft.

    Moderator: This netizen said that eating chili caused pain in the anus, and it was bloody. He is only 30 years old and is a male. What is the reason? He said he had anal fissure before.

    Xin Xuezhi: He has an obvious incentive to eat chili. He should quit chili. If he eats too much chili, capillary congestion will cause excretion disorders. Whether you have anal fissure or ulcer, it will definitely get worse.

    Moderator: There is another question for his mother. There is fluid retention in the stomach and indigestion. I want to ask what is going on.

    Xin Xuezhi: He should have emptied the stomach, it should be your first not to empty, which shows that your stomach motility is poor. Then the motility of the intestines will also be very poor. In this case, to maintain gastrointestinal motility, you should not have emotional changes, and exercise more. A drug that can take a little gastric motility.

    Moderator: In addition, what are the good ways to treat anal fistula?

    Xin Xuezhi: Speaking of anal fistula, our Qianfoshan Hospital is also catering to some international things. For example, some operations can cure the anal fistula, but it also has limitations. One is the recurrence rate, and the other is more expensive.

    Moderator: In addition, this is a breastfeeding mother with anal fissure for several years. Now it is breastfeeding. How to use the medicine?

    Xin Xuezhi: There is a certain tendency to self-heal after anal fissure, but not necessarily. If you have three months after childbirth, we will have a seal and it will be completely fine. If you have polyps, we can do simple contact sutures. Yes, it basically does not affect the baby's breastfeeding.

    Moderator: This is a student. He said he has had hemorrhoids for half a year, and now he has no time to cure hemorrhoids in school, so he said what should be done? Does it take a long time to treat hemorrhoids?

    Xin Xuezhi: Because hemorrhoids are not in the acute phase, they will not affect your quality of life. If you want to take the college entrance examination or when you are busy at work, you can use a little medicine to maintain local hygiene, but when you choose the right time, especially For pregnant women, this thing must be cured before, otherwise it will affect many, many things.

    Moderator: This is a 50-year-old woman. She said that she often itch in the anus in the past month, and washing with salt water does not work. Ask what's the situation?

    Xin Xuezhi: Itching in the anus can be a kind of bacteria similar to athlete's foot, that is, bacterial infection. These bacteria like damp places. This patient should not wash too much, keep it dry, and use some drugs. Two can be washed with some Chinese medicine, and then simply washed with a little pepper salt water.

    Moderator: In addition, he is a 27-year-old man. As long as he stands for a long time, his tail hurts. Does he say this has anything to do with it?

    Xin Xuezhi: As I said just now, the pain in the low tail and the anal drop are gradually increasing. There are many diseases in this basin. The basin is mainly composed of muscles. It is like a net bag, with spasms in one of its muscles. In the case of, it will have a series of pain. One patient is like this patient. I think he has spasticity syndrome. He is manifested as a pain at the level. In addition, he will manifest as aggravated pelvic bleeding. .

    Moderator: This friend said that when he wipes with paper after going to the toilet, he will often have polyps. What is going on?

    Xin Xuezhi: This may be a mixed hemorrhoid, which can be operated on.

    Moderator: This friend, he said hello to the expert, there will be a faint pain in the lower left of the stomach, and frequent diarrhea. What is the reason?

    Xin Xuezhi: This is because the left side is often painful, and the left side is the colon. Many people will feel swelling and pain. You don't care about it.

    Moderator: There is also a friend. There will be many small lumps on the lower abdomen by hand. Is there a knot in the intestines?

    Xin Xuezhi: The average lower abdomen does not exist for gay men. This can be done as an abdominal ultrasound.

    Moderator: This is an audience from Qingyun County. He said that he had internal rectal mucosal hemorrhoids in a hospital in Jinan last year. This disease can be cured. It is said that he usually feels uncomfortable in stool.

    Xin Xuezhi: This patient is a rectal mucosal hemorrhoid. At present, the cause of poor bowel movement is very complicated. If a type of operation is strictly evaluated, it will often bring undesirable consequences and the effect is not satisfactory. It should be developed and controlled before the operation. diagnosis.

    Moderator: This is a paraplegic patient. He said that urination is very laborious and the anus is not contractile. How can this be treated?

    Xin Xuezhi: Paraplegia, high paraplegia or low paraplegia, the anus and urethra are incontinent, this kind of very headache, the operation is very headache, there are nerves, and the healing is very slow. If he wants to do the operation, he can do minimally invasive, but Healing is much slower than others, and you must be psychologically prepared, because you can't get out, you can only do surgery, but the healing is very slow.

    Moderator: This is a mother who just gave birth to a baby. It was two months after the baby was born. The stool was very dry and bleeding. Is this because of the lack of vegetables and fruits?

    Xin Xuezhi: The woman who has just given birth to the baby caused a lack of water in her intestines. Also, to see if there is an anal fissure, you can use some ointment.

    Moderator: This friend is Li Ming. He said that the left lower abdomen and the lower part of the belly button often hurt, and he will have diarrhea after drinking. Is this colitis?

    Xin Xuezhi: It should be, like a colitis, a colonoscopy can be done.

    Moderator: This friend said that he had healed blood in the stool for two years. He went to the hospital to check the doctor and said that he was quite angry and prescribed a medicine of Mai Zhiling. He said that this happens almost every day. It is used continuously.

    Xin Xuezhi: You can use some medicines for clearing heat and purging fire if you have a hot air. If you are bleeding predominantly, you can take this medicine, if you want to vent the fire, don't take it.

    Moderator: Another netizen named Wang Yanfei. He asked if he would have blood in the stool when he drinks. Is this stomach bleeding?

    Xin Xuezhi: There is a long, long distance between the stomach and the anus. If you drink and bleed, you should come out from the top and the bottom, like if you are bleeding from drinking, or is your rectal problem, what kind of situation is it? Still have to check.

    Moderator: This is a friend from Texas. He said it was because of rectal cancer that he had received pre-rectal surgery. After half a year, a CT scan showed that the pelvic lymph nodes were enlarged. What is going on without ejaculation after the operation?

    Xin Xuezhi: The biggest thing about this rectal cancer operation is nerve injury. Another transfer of his pelvic cavity, he has this problem after surgery and during radiotherapy, and some inflammation may be affected by radiation. In this case, it should be that this pelvic radiotherapy has affected this gonadal.

hemorrhoids essential oils,Overview of the treatment of constipation

    1. The concept of constipation: Foreign scholars Drossman and others believe that constipation can be regarded as constipation if the time of defecation is more than 25% of normal or/and 2 times a week or less. But in fact, due to differences in diet, lifestyle, bowel habits and food composition, the time between bowel movements is very different. Although it takes a long time to defecate,

    1. The concept of constipation:

    Foreign scholars Drossman and others believe that constipation can be regarded as constipation if the time of defecation is more than 25% of normal or/and 2 times a week or less. But in fact, due to differences in diet, lifestyle, bowel habits and food composition, the time between bowel movements is very different. Although the defecation time is long, as long as the bowel movement is smooth and there is no discomfort, constipation cannot be considered. Therefore, it is generally believed that constipation refers to those who have uncomfortable constipation, prolonged defecation time, or difficulty in defecation despite the intention of defecation, or feeling of incompleteness or discomfort after defecation, or accompanied by full abdominal distension or other discomfort. If you have the above symptoms, even if you have one or more bowel movements a day, it should be considered constipation.

    2. The harm of constipation:

    Long-term constipation, because the harmful substances produced in the body cannot be discharged in time, and the blood is collected, causing anorexia, nausea, belching, bitter mouth, bad breath, upset and irritability, sore mouth and tongue, swollen gums, red eyes, swelling and pain, mouth and nose A series of poisoning symptoms such as bleeding, acne and dizziness, fatigue or apathy, depression, and strange personality. Some even cause anemia, malnutrition, fecal stone disease, fecal incarceration, anal fissure, hemorrhoids, colorectal ulcers, induce rectal cancer, and can also cause asthma, emphysema, pulmonary heart disease, high blood pressure, coronary heart disease, gastrointestinal disease Aged or chronic diseases such as illnesses are exacerbated, and even sudden death from defecation. Constipation causes the retention and absorption of toxins in the intestinal tract, and can also induce premature aging or premature aging.

    3. Classification of constipation:

    (1): Outlet obstructive constipation

    1. Organic outlet obstructive constipation

    2. Functional outlet obstructive constipation

    1): Rectal protrusion

    2): Puborectal myopathy

    3): Internal rectal prolapse/intussusception

    4): Perineal descent syndrome

    (Two): colonic constipation

    1. Organic colonic constipation

    2. Functional colonic constipation

    1): Colon lengthy syndrome

    2): Colon paralysis (chronic colonic transit syndrome)

    (1) Decreased neurological activity

    (2) Thinning of intestinal muscles

    (3) Mixed constipation:

    Four, the performance of constipation:

    (1) Outlet obstructive constipation

    (2) Colonic constipation

    (3) Mixed constipation

    5. Diagnosis of constipation:

    (1) Detailed medical history

    (2) Defecation imaging

    (3) Colon transport test

    (4) Barium enema

    (5) EMG

    (6) Rectal pressure measurement

    6. Treatment of constipation:

    (1) Conservative treatment

    1. Increase exercise

    2. Drinking water

    3. Diet

    4. Medication

    1) Western medicine:

    (1) Dilatant laxatives, whose main function is to increase intestinal contents to promote bowel movements. Commonly used are Metamucil, agar, Isogel, and methylcellulose.

    (2) Stimulant laxatives, commonly used such as phenolphthalein, anthraquinone drugs such as rhubarb, senna standard preparation Senokot and Cascara. These drugs are absorbed in the small intestine, decomposed in the body into the active substance emodin, and discharged into the colon, which stimulates the intestinal muscular plexus to cause bowel movement. After oral administration, castor oil is hydrolyzed into ricinoleic acid and glycerol by pancreatic lipase. The former has a stimulating effect on the small intestinal mucosa, causing intestinal reflex peristalsis to increase.

    (3) Salt laxatives, such as magnesium sulfate, sodium sulfate, etc., are not absorbed in the intestines and will work for three hours.

    (4) Stool softeners, such as Di-octyl sodium sulphasuccinate (DSS) is a surfactant that softens the feces, reduces the surface tension of the feces, and allows water to penetrate into the feces. Lactulose is a synthetic disaccharide that is fermented in the colon to produce soft stools. The side effect is gas production and abdominal distension, which is often related to dosage. Polyoxyethylene propylene and Poloxalkal can be used alone or in combination with stimulant laxatives.

    Glycerin suppositories and Beog-ex are commonly used in rectal colon medicines. The latter produces CO2 gas in the rectum, causing the intestinal cavity to swell and cause defecation.

    But whether lubricating laxatives such as liquid paraffin, olive oil, glycerin, or irritating laxatives such as phenolphthalein, rhubarb, or swelling laxatives such as agar, methylcellulose, etc., all have side effects that interfere with normal intestinal activity and absorption Long-term use can reduce the responsiveness of nerve sensor cells in the intestinal wall. Even if there is a sufficient amount of stool in the intestine, normal peristalsis and defecation reflex will not occur, so that it is difficult to defecate without taking laxatives or enema, making it addictive and forming laxative-dependent Intractable constipation. Long-term use of diacetin can cause liver dysfunction; long-term use of liquid paraffin can hinder the absorption of fat-soluble vitamins A, D and K, calcium and phosphorus, and may cause lipoid pneumonia; the stimulating effect of laxatives It can also reflexively cause congestion of the pelvic organs, causing women to have menorrhagia and abortion in pregnant women.

    Traditional Chinese medicine believes that regular use of bitter cold laxatives such as rhubarb, fanxie leaves, morning glory seeds, maren nine, bezoar detox tablets, and Shangqing nine will damage the air and body fluid, and the more diarrhea, the more secret.

    2) Traditional Chinese Medicine: Syndrome Differentiation and Treatment

    Constipation is generally divided into two types of deficiency and excess. Regulating Qi and moisturizing the intestines are always the treatment methods.

    1. Empirical constipation: more common in new diseases or temporary intestinal dysfunction. Most of the patients are physically strong and the course of the disease is short. Proper dialectics often heals by rubbing hands. However, the diarrhea is bitter and cold, which can easily hurt the stomach.

    ① The same disease on the outside and inside: gastrointestinal fever and both symptoms. The main symptoms are constipation, irritability and thirst, red face and lip scorching, irritated heat in the chest and diaphragm, and slightly aversion to cold in the body. The tongue is red, the coating is yellow or white, and the pulse is floating. Prescription Lianggesan addition and subtraction: raw rhubarb 6g, Glauber's salt 12g, gardenia 12g, scutellaria 12g, Yinqiao 15g, mint 10g, bamboo leaf 10g, licorice 3g.

    ② Internal knot of dryness and heat: The main symptom is dry stool, short red urine, abdominal distension, dry mouth and bad breath, and body heat and irritability. Red tongue, yellow dry fur, slippery and firm pulse. Cure to clear heat and moisturize the intestines. Add and subtract with Maziren Pills: Maziren 18g, raw rhubarb 6g, white peony 12g, magnolia officinalis 12g, apricot red 12g, and Citrus aurantium 12g. For those suffering from body damage, add Scrophulariaceae and Habitat to nourish yin and nourish body fluid; if the liver fire is too strong and the eyes are red and easy to onion, add gentian grass or other clothes pills (aloe, vera) to relieve the liver and relax the bowel movement.

    ③Yangmingfu organs: incapable of constipation, or pure water is stinky, full of abdominal distension and pain, body heat does not go away. The tongue is red, the fur is yellow and dry, and the pulse is dense. Cure to attack the vent pad. Use Tiaowei Chengqi Decoction: 12g raw rhubarb, 15g Glauber's salt, 6g licorice. Ruoyangmingfu organs, attacking bosses, hot flashes and whisperers can use Xiaochengqi Decoction, 12g of raw rhubarb, 12g of Citrus aurantium, and 6g of Magnolia officinalis to relieve the heat. If the tongue is more dry and hot, if you are faint and delirium, you can use Dachengqi Decoction, 12g of raw rhubarb, 15g of magnolia, 15g of citrus fruit, and 12g of Glauber's salt. For those with Yangming Fu organs, severe body injury, dry mouth and cleft lip, and dry tongue coating, use Tiaowei Chengqi Decoction with Scrophulariae 15g, Shengdi 15g, and Ophiopogon 15g to relieve heat and promote body fluid. Two servings of Qi and Jin, with dry mouth and throat, fatigue, fatigue, yellow or scorched black, and weak pulse, use Zengye Chengqi Decoction to add flavor: raw rhubarb 6g, Glauber's salt 10g, licorice 6g, Scrophulariaceae 15g, Shengdi, Ophiopogon japonicus, Each 15g of sea cucumber, 10g of ginseng, (or 30g of Codonopsis) is used to relieve the viscera and promote fluids. If the yangming fu organs are solid, accompanied by yellow, red and astringent urine, and body heat and polydipsia, you can use Tiaowei Chengqi Decoction with 15g of Habitat, 10g of red peony root, 6g of Coptis chinensis, and 10g of Fructus chinensis.

    ④coldness internal knot: stool obstruction, abdominal pain or pain under the thigh, or accompanied by aversion to cold, cold limbs, and fever. The tongue coating is white or sticky, and the pulse is tight. The treatment is to warm yang to lax, dispel cold and relieve pain, and use warm spleen decoction: 12g of attached tablets, 10g of raw rhubarb, magnolia, dried ginger, cassia twig 10g, asarum 3g, licorice 5g. The weak can add Codonopsis and Angelica to nourish the blood. The secret of the internal knot of coldness is to observe the tongue and veins carefully. Although fever is seen, it is caused by the internal knot of coldness, stagnation of yang, and imbalance between camp and health. If you see constipation and abdominal pain, you will often fall into the cold, not only will the more secretion become more secretive, but the syndrome may become rushed, so the clinical syndrome has to be checked carefully.

    ⑤ Failure of Qi stagnation: symptoms of constipation, lack of desire, belching and eating less, full chest and abdomen, and even abdominal pain and bowel. Thin moss, stringy pulse. This is often caused by emotional injury and relapses or worsens due to mood swings. The treatment is to induce stagnation of qi and relax bowel movement, and use Liumo Decoction to add and subtract: raw rhubarb 6g, Citrus aurantium 10, betel nut 10, black medicine 10, agarwood 6, Guangxiang 12g. For those with a bitter mouth and dry throat and a few pulse strings, gentian, scutellaria, paeonol, etc. can be added to clear away heat and relieve fire.

    ⑥Damp-heat complication: Symptoms: obstructed stool, hard abdomen, or loose stool but hard to get out, or pain in the anus, dizziness, red tongue, yellow greasy coating, pulse number. The treatment is to clear heat and promote dampness, guide turbidity and stagnation, use Xuanqing Daozhuo Decoction to add and subtract: Polyporus umbellatus, Yunling 12g, 30g silkworm excrement, 15g acacia, 20g cold water stone, and 10g each of Citrus aurantium and apricot. This symptom is more common in people who are addicted to strong tea and who have been drinking liquor. In functional outlet obstructive constipation, most patients with puborectalis muscle spasm or pelvic floor muscle spasm syndrome belong to this syndrome. 30g of Radix Paeoniae Alba, 15g of Licorice, Yuanhu, and Taohong can be added to relieve spasm, relieve pain and promote blood circulation.

    ⑦Gastrointestinal stagnation: symptoms can be seen with constipation, abdominal distension and fullness. Use Zhi Hu Daozhi Decoction to add and subtract: raw rhubarb, coptis, and Atractylodes macrocephala each 10g, citrus aurantium, Yunling, scutellaria, each 12g, Alisma 6g, haw song each 15g.

    ⑧ Blood stasis internal knot: Symptoms of constipation, abdominal pain and refusal to press. Dark purple tongue or petechiae, strong or astringent pulse. To cure the bowel movement, use Xuefu Zhuyu Decoction: Angelica, Red Peony, Chuanxiong, Chuanxiong, 12g each, Pink 15g, Bupleurum, Citrus aurantium, Yuanhu, Rhubarb, Glauber's salt each 10g, Guizhi 3g, If the stasis heat internally, the night heat and early cool, or irritable, such as mania, faint and delirium, it is advisable to use Taohe Chengqi Decoction: peach red, raw rhubarb 12g, mirabilite 10g, cassia twig, licorice each 6g to break blood Blood stasis, wash away heat evil. This is more common in those who suffer from trauma or typhoid fever and suffer from heat transfer.

    2. Deficiency constipation: It is more common in patients with chronic illness or habitual constipation, most of them are old and weak, and the course of the disease is longer. Therefore, the treatment only needs to slow the recovery of the function, and it is not necessary to make up for the problem.

    ①Yin deficiency and less blood: constipation, hard work, weak lips, sore waist and knees, dizziness, restless heart palpitations, pale tongue, thin pulse. The treatment is to nourish yin and nourish blood, moisten the intestines and lax, use Wuren pill to add and subtract: Baiziren, pine nut, Yuliren, Lycium barbarum each 12g, Shengdi, raw Shouwu each 15g, Cistanche 10g, hemp seed 20g, tangerine peel 10g , Licorice 5g. The prescription is mild in nature and can be used as a long honey pill. If the qi is weak, add 20g of Astragalus and 10g of Platycodon.

    ②Yin deficiency and fire: constipation, dizziness, tinnitus, five upset fever, or hot flashes and night sweats. Red tongue with little coating, fine pulse. The treatment is to nourish yin and reduce fire, increase water and move boats, and use Zengye Decoction and Baihe Dihuang Decoction to add flavor: 30g of raw land, 12g of lily, 12g of Ophiopogon japonicus, 15g of Scrophulariaceae, 10g of white peony root, and 5g of licorice. If the stool is dry and hard, add 3g of rhubarb and 10g of Glauber's salt.

    ③ Deficiency of qi and unlucky: The main reason is that the bowel movement is not smooth, and the stool is not necessarily dry. Stool is solved for several days or counted for a day, or stool is not easy to pass, or the time of defecation is prolonged, or there is a feeling of incomplete defecation after defecation, or the anus is swollen all day long, or despite the intention to defecate, the toilet is weak and sweating Short breath. His complexion was pale, tired and timid. Pale tongue, thin and weak pulse. This is more common in the elderly, frail, prolific and chronically ill. Functional outlet obstructive constipation such as rectal protrusion, rectal mucosal prolapse, and perineal descent syndrome are mostly of this type. The treatment is to invigorate the spleen and invigorate the qi, moisturize the intestines and relax the bowels. Use Buzhong Yiqi Decoction to add or subtract: Astragalus 30-60g, Codonopsis 30g, Angelica 15-30g, Gastrodia, Bupleurum, Platycodon, Citrus aurantium, Atractylodes atractylodes each 10g, Cistanche 20g , Shenqu 18g, licorice 6g, hemp seed 20g. For those with kidney-yang deficiency, cold limbs in shape, and more pain in the waist and knees, add 15g of attached tablets, 12g of dried ginger, and 3g of asarum to warm the spleen and kidney.

    ④ Deficiency of Qi and dampness: poor bowel movements, swelling of the anus, chlorosis, fatigue, faintness, anorexia. The fur is white and greasy and the pulse is fine. Treat the spleen and reduce dampness and relax the stool, use Shenlingbaizhu powder to add flavor: soaking, astragalus, silkworm excrement, cistanche each 20g, atractylodes, yunling, lentil citrus husk, array peel, almond 12g each, columbine 15g, sand 10g each of kernel and platycodon, 30g rice bran.

    ⑤ Deficiency of Qi and Yin: Constipation, difficulty in passing out, or incomplete defecation. Physical fatigue, laziness, thirsty, sweating or spontaneous sweating, dry mouth and tongue. Red tongue, less coating, fine pulse. The treatment is to replenish qi and nourish yin, moisturize the bowel, and use Sijunzi Decoction and Zengye Decoction to add and subtract: Codonopsis pilosula, Shouwu, hemp seed, 20g each, Atractylodes, 12g, Radix Scrophulariaceae each 15g, Scrophulariaceae 15g, Licorice 5g. If the secret knot is severe, add yellow and thenardite.

    ⑥ Condensation of moisture: Constipation, palpitations and chest tightness, dizziness, shortness of breath, or see edema, thirsty and not drinking too much or vomiting when water enters, short and astringent urine, complexion, dark complexion, slippery tongue, sinking pulse. The treatment is to warm the yang and transform the qi, diure and relax the bowel movement, and use Wuling San to add 12g each of Poria, Polyporus, and Atractylodes, 15g of Alisma, 10g of Guizhi, and 20g of Cistanche. This syndrome is rare, mostly due to the deficiency of spleen and kidney yang and the lack of steaming, so that moisture condenses, body fluid is not distributed, and the large intestine is not moisturized. Professor Liu Duzhou believes that the water disease of this syndrome seems dry, and it is all caused by the non-distribution of body fluid. If you mistakenly treat dryness and throw in a product that nourishes, greasy and femininity, it will help the yin to reduce the yang, make the moisture uncontrollable, often have abdominal distension, swelling of the limbs, eating and drinking, and death due to panting, so don't be careful!

    ⑦Yin and cold stagnation: stools are difficult to resolve, clear and long urination, cold limbs, or bloating or pain in the abdomen, which reduces the temperature and pain. The tongue is pale, the pulse is slow and weak. The treatment is to warm Yang to lax, and use Jichuan decoction to add and subtract: Cistanche and Angelica 20g each, Gastrodia and Citrus aurantium each 5g, Cynomorium 12g, Hemp 15g. Add 30g of attached tablets and 15g of dried ginger for severely yang deficiency; add Codonopsis 30g and astragalus 20g for obvious qi deficiency; add Radix Scutellariae 10g for deficiency of fire; add Rehmannia glutinosa, Lycium barbarum, and Eucommia 15g each; Decoction: 6g of raw rhubarb, 12g of ginseng, dried ginger, attached tablets, 3g of licorice.

    In addition, adding 30~60g of rice bran to the above certificates is more effective. Cover with rice bran and Xinganping, start with Yangming Sutra of Hands and Feet. It is rich in oil, oryzanol and a variety of glycerides, free fatty acids, vitamins B and E, etc., and has anti-tumor effects, "can eliminate the accumulation in the stomach." The author has realized that it has the functions of opening the spleen and stomach, eliminating food and promoting stagnation, clearing the turbid and decayed gas in the stomach and intestines, and moistening the intestines and laxatives.

    5. Acupuncture

    6. Qigong

    (2) Single proven prescription treatment

    There are many single proven prescriptions for treating constipation in the folk, among which the effective ones are:

    1. Take 2~5g of raw rhubarb or 5~10g of senna leaf in boiled water to treat constipation.

    2. Decoction of 15g betel nut, 9g magnolia leaf and 9g tangerine leaf each, mainly treats qi stagnation and constipation.

    3. Appropriate amount of sesame oil or beehive can be taken orally to cure the secret of deficiency of Yin and blood.

    4. Decoction of 30g of Astragalus and Hemp seed and 15g of Suzi to treat the secret of Qi deficiency.

    5. Tremella decocted with 30g water daily and appropriate amount of sugar, or decocted with 30g raw shouwu; or decocted with 20g of angelica and cistanche in water instead of tea. Can cure habitual constipation.

    (3) Surgical treatment

    1. Protrusion of the rectum

    1) Transvaginal repair

    A: Purse-string repair

    B: overlap repair

    2) Transrectal repair

    A: overlap repair

    B: Sclerotherapy

    C: PPH incision

    2. Removal of the rectum/inner sleeve

    1) PPH incision

    2) Suture fixation

    3) Sclerotherapy

    4) PPH incision + suture fixation

    5) Mucosal incision

    3. Puborectal muscle sign

    1) Transanal amputation

    2) Transcaudal sacral resection

    3) Transcaudal partial resection

    4) Transcaudal sacral cut and reverse embedding

    4. Colonic redundancy:

    Partial colon excision and anastomosis

    5. Colon paralysis (slow colonic transit)

    1) Total colon resection, back-straight anastomosis

    2) Partial colectomy

    3) Subtotal colonectomy

    4) Selective colectomy and anastomosis

what does a hemorrhoids look like,No matter what anorectal diseases, you should seek medical treatment in time to prevent minor illnesses from becoming serious

    In the outpatient clinic, surgical treatment is often recommended for patients with mixed hemorrhoids, perianal abscess, anal fistula, anal fissure, and anal papillary hypertrophy, but patients always refuse surgery for various reasons. As everyone knows, if some anorectal diseases are not operated in time, it will bring more serious consequences, increase their pain and the number of operations. If mixed hemorrhoids are not operated in time, severe anemia may be caused by repeated bleeding, which requires blood transfusion treatment, and clinically even patients with hemorrhoids who need to be rescued; if the internal hemorrhoids are prolapsed and cannot be received in time, it may be caused by congestion, edema, thrombosis, etc. Suffering from hemorrhoids, the patient will have severe pain in the anus and restlessness, increasing the difficulty and cost of the operation. Another example is the perianal abscess if it is not operated in time, it can change from a simple and simple abscess to a complex high abscess. The pain can be relieved by one operation, and it may take two, three or more operations to be cured; there is another possibility , Perianal abscess recurring, may form "perianal necrotizing fasciitis", this disease is very difficult to treat, not only the treatment cost is high (at least 100,000 yuan), but also has a certain risk of death; perianal If the abscess is not treated in time, it may cause sepsis, sepsis, etc., or it may be life-threatening. If anal fistula is not treated in time, the original simple anal fistula may become a complex and high-level anal fistula, which increases the number of operations and the difficulty of the operation. Moreover, the anal fistula recurs and may become cancerous.

are hemorrhoids hard,I want to live to be 150 years old!

    To live is to live healthy! To live healthy is to live truly.

    Everyone is not an independent existence, we are concerned about and we are all concerned.

    Only living healthy and healthy is the greatest support to parents and children.

    Because of the following tips, I think I might live over 100 years old and sprint towards 150 years old!

    ①First of all, "don't brush your teeth" after getting up early, rinse your mouth with 500~1000ml of "Cool Baikai" and swallow; then, jump and take a few steps; then, big! Then "flush" the ass. →This first step is all done!

    So, for me, "butt" may be cleaner than "face"!

    ②Adhere to the "Mediterranean diet": eat a lot of vegetables, fruits, and nuts (already done); one egg a day, 1-2 servings of yogurt (can do); eat red meat once a month, white meat once a week (not yet done) To).

    ③Persist in exercise: Strive to walk at least 10,000 steps a day to make the bottom, or three times a week "elliptical machine" exercise for 30 minutes each time; and strive to "brush your hair" once in three days and "comb the top of your hair" from front to back, at least every time 15 minutes. "Comb your hair" can massage "acupuncture points on the top of the head", relieve "head muscle tension" and have the effect of treating "tension headaches"! I wish to develop an "automatic combing machine", which is still being tested.

    After completing these three steps, you are sure that you will not get hemorrhoids, and that you will not have the "three highs". Do everything well to ensure that you can live healthy and healthy to 150 years old!

hemorrhoids bleeding treatment,Introduction to the Anorectal Department of Xuzhou Central Hospital

    [Professional Features]

    1. Continue to carry out defecography examinations to deepen the understanding of outlet obstructive constipation. Through cooperation with the Department of Radiology, the defecography examination was successfully carried out, which played an important role in the diagnosis and treatment of various outlet obstructive constipation such as rectal protrusion, rectal mucosal prolapse, and rectus hypertrophy. In 2009, we completed the diagnosis and treatment of nearly 30 cases of outlet obstructive constipation. The diagnosis and treatment compliance rate was 100%, and the effective rate was 100%. We also opened constipation specialist clinics.

    2. Carrying out hemorrhoids stapler incision and closing surgery, a total of nearly 80 cases were completed throughout the year, with good results and leading the province.

    3. Carrying out ultrasound-guided arterial ligation, which has minimally invasive treatment for hemorrhoids that are dominated by blood, greatly alleviated the pain of patients, and was awarded a provincial-level project. Hemorrhoids are a common and frequently-occurring disease in clinic. The main clinical manifestations are blood in the stool and exudation. At present, it is recognized that the most thorough and long-term treatment is still surgical therapy. The understanding of the nature of hemorrhoids has undergone a major turning point: In the past, traditional textbooks called hemorrhoids as the venous mass of anal varicose, but after many theories and practices, the modern concept of hemorrhoids has been clear. Hemorrhoids are not varicose veins. It is the anal cushion that is hypertrophy and moves downward. British scholar Thomson first proposed in 1975: "Hemorrhoids are a normal anatomical structure that everyone has.... Hemorrhoids are not a disease and should not be removed unless they have exact surgical indications." Hemorrhoid surgery held in the United States in 1980 At the symposium, Professor Marino, the chairman of the conference, concluded: “The most important conclusions of this conference are: (1) Do not treat symptoms without anal signs; (2) Do not treat symptoms without anal signs. This famous saying has become anorectal The gold standard in professional therapy. The surgical treatment of hemorrhoids should conform to the development trend of minimally invasive, precise and painless. According to the American Journal of Gastroenterology, in 1995, Professor Morinaga of Japan used hemorrhoid artery ligation for the first time ( Haemorrhoidal Artery Ligation HAL) method for the treatment of hemorrhoids. In Europe, this new, safe, effective and painless treatment method is very popular among patients and surgeons, and has been promoted and applied in hundreds of hospitals. Treatment 2 , The success rate of stage 3 hemorrhoids is 95%. The operation process and postoperative are almost painless. The operation only takes about 5-20 minutes. It has an excellent effect on hemorrhoids.

    Now, the hemorrhoid artery ligation Doppler ultrasound instrument can accurately determine the position of the hemorrhoid artery, and then use the ligation window of the special probe for ligation. Hemorrhoid artery ligation Doppler ultrasonography is a new painless and minimally invasive method for the treatment of hemorrhoids at home and abroad. It can be completed in the inpatient and outpatient departments of hospitals. It uses a specially developed side-view Doppler ultrasound probe, guided by Doppler ultrasound, to identify the submucosal artery near the anal canal from above the anus, and at the same time, through the window above the Doppler ultrasound probe, Suture or ligate these arteries. After the artery was successfully ligated, the blood supply of the hemorrhoids was reduced, the hemorrhoids began to shrink, bleeding and pain were alleviated significantly, and the prolapse of hemorrhoids was significantly improved. After the tension of the hemorrhoid lesion is reduced, the connective tissue in it begins to regenerate, which further promotes the contraction of the hemorrhoids, and finally makes the hemorrhoid prolapse disappear. Its advantages of "minimal invasiveness, painlessness, precision, and low recurrence rate" will become the most ideal treatment for hemorrhoids.

    4. Application of photon therapy in postoperative recovery of anorectal department: It can reduce the secretion of the surgical wound, reduce the edema and pain of the wound, and promote the early healing of the surgical wound.

    5. The treatment of obstructive constipation by anal endoscopic cutting and stapling of rectal protrusion repair has good curative effect, leading domestically.

    ★ 6. The new transanal stapler technology (TST starr+) has good curative effect in the treatment of severe hemorrhoids, rectal protrusion, and rectal prolapse, leading domestically.

    Medical guide

hemorrhoids external causes,Clinical case---External stripping and internal ligation of mixed hemorrhoids

    The patient Luo, male, 50 years old, was admitted to the hospital with "mixed hemorrhoids" because of repeated prolapse of anal contents for more than 10 years. The patient's anal contents can be relapsed, accompanied by a little blood and pain, and loose stools. Specialist examination: Take the left decubitus position, the prolapse of hemorrhoids in front of the anal margin can be seen at the anal margin, about 3*3cm in size, the pedunculated polyps in the rectum can be palpable on digital anal examination, and the internal hemorrhoid mucosa at 3, 7, and 11 points can be seen under anoscope Congestion and bulge, of which the hemorrhoids protrude larger at 11 o'clock, and prolapse outside the anus with anoscope. After admission, he was diagnosed with mixed hemorrhoids and rectal polyps (as shown in the picture below).

    After completing the relevant examinations, the patient underwent combined hemorrhoid external dissection and internal ligation under lumbar shu anesthesia combined with local anesthesia. Routine anti-inflammatory and hemostatic treatments were given after the operation, and the specialists were given dressing changes. The postoperative recovery was good.

    discuss:

    Mixed hemorrhoids are a common disease in clinical practice. There is a folk saying that "nine hemorrhoids in ten people" is enough to explain the high incidence of it. The incidence of hemorrhoids is distributed in all age groups, and the difference in sexually transmitted diseases between men and women is not very obvious. The most important cause is still related to living habits. Squatting for a long time when defecation, usually like to sit for a long time, addiction to spicy food (wine, pepper) is the main cause of the disease. The main clinical manifestations of hemorrhoids are blood in the stool and prolapse. Depending on the degree of blood in the stool, dripping or jet-like bleeding may occur; depending on the degree of prolapse, it can be manifested as reversible prolapse, necessitated prolapse and hemorrhoid incarceration. Due to blood in the stool and prolapse, other related symptoms can be derived, such as perianal dampness, anal swelling, pain, anemia, etc. These symptoms of hemorrhoids can seriously interfere with the daily life and work of the patients. After repeated conservative treatments, some of them eventually have to undergo surgery.

    In order to avoid the troubles caused by hemorrhoids, we should usually pay attention to prevention. Regular bowel movements, proper activities, and a light diet are the three magic weapons to prevent hemorrhoids.

hemorrhoids early pregnancy,"Tips" for "small" pain (2)

    1. Sunburn

    Excessive ultraviolet radiation causes cell damage and stimulates the pain caused by the subcutaneous nerve.

    Suggestion: Use sunscreen or vitamin AE mixture to coat exposed parts of the skin to prevent sunburn. If you have sunburned, apply scald cream.

    2. Heartburn

    Heartburn is what the common people say. It is caused by the backflow of stomach acid to the lower esophagus to stimulate the mucosal epithelium, causing a burning sensation.

    Recommendations: Oral drugs that inhibit or neutralize gastric acid, such as Daxi.

    3. Oral pain

    A variety of reasons (mouth ulcers, hard object scratches, burns) lead to oral mucosal damage, causing pain, and it often takes about a week to heal itself.

    Suggestion: Eat more light foods rich in vitamins, and topically apply ice boron powder or watermelon frost powder.

    Four, hemorrhoids

    As the saying goes, ten people have nine hemorrhoids. It can be seen that the incidence of hemorrhoids is still very high. Internal hemorrhoids do not cause pain. Only external hemorrhoids cause pain. If hemorrhoids are incarcerated, the pain will be very severe.

    Suggestion: People with mild illness can take a bath for 10-15 minutes every night. Adjust the diet and eat more foods rich in dietary fiber.

what does a hemorrhoids look like,Good habit can change four books

    I recently met a 12-year-old boy in the clinic. His mother brought it. The main symptom was that in the past year or so, he had a lot of bowel movements, 3-4 times a day. The family was very anxious and felt very abnormal. I have seen it in other clinics, but I took the medicine for a week, but the effect was not obvious.

    Indeed, it seems abnormal to have a bowel movement 3 or 4 times a day. After asking carefully, I found the details. The child likes to read books, and his mother is also very supportive. It is unambiguous to buy books for several hundred dollars at a time. As a result, every time the child goes to the bathroom, he never misses the opportunity to read. Staying in the toilet lasts 20 to 30 minutes. In fact, this habit is very bad. Under normal circumstances, most of us need 2-3 bowel movements to empty the stool. If after finishing a bowel movement, the rectal irritation is reduced after part of the stool is discharged, and then the attention is diverted, and the remaining part of the stool is not discharged. It may not take long, plus a certain amount of stimulation, to defecate. After a long period of time, the consciousness of defecation will be lost, which will cause constipation. By then, there will be no bowel movements for a few days, and the reading will also be unintentional.

    I have told them the truth, and the child admitted that sometimes the bowel movement is not too strong, but it has become a habit. As long as you have eaten and want to relieve your bowels, you will squat with your book in the toilet. Sometimes I have relieved my stool in the morning and my classmates ask me to go out to play for a day. Recognizing the reason, the instruction given to him is to concentrate on defecation every morning after getting up or after breakfast, and make quick decisions. Never read books and play games in the toilet. At noon and night, if you want to solve it, but not strong, try to control it. This may gradually correct it.

    The child's mother felt that she always had to prescribe some medicine when she came to see the doctor. I asked the child to do some calculations and asked him how much he spent on the medicine last time. He said more than sixty yuan. I happened to buy a few storybooks for my child yesterday, one for about 15 yuan. Ask him if he can stick to the method I said, save the medical expenses this time, let his mother buy him books. The child can buy four books as soon as he counts, and looks at his mother blankly. His mother readily agreed, and he went to buy a book immediately after seeing the illness. The child is happy, and I promise to have the confidence to change the bad habits according to my requirements. Then the mother and son left the consulting room easily.

    In fact, it is more important to develop good habits than to get sick from bad habits and come to the hospital. Everyone may know that eating "more" peppers, drinking "more", barbecue eating "more", sitting "more" is prone to anal diseases such as hemorrhoids, why don't we care about ourselves, "less"? Good habits can not only exchange four books, but also a lifetime of health.

hemorrhoids treatment cream,Hand clinic (below)

    Palms and health

    Disease prevention starts from looking at and touching hands

    Ten years ago, when I was reading an ancient book of Chinese medicine, I saw that the hand diagnosis method introduced in it was very simple and easy to learn. Even people who have no medical knowledge can diagnose themselves according to the methods mentioned in it. Disease, the accuracy rate is quite high. After I read it, I often read the book and read palmistry for myself, my family, friends and patients. At the beginning, you must first know what disease the other party has, and then look at the corresponding part of his hand. As time goes by, you will summarize some rules by yourself, and then use these rules to push other people's hands, you can say accurately The lesion is.

    After getting hooked on hand diagnosis, I often go to bookstores to buy all kinds of modern hand diagnosis books, including handprint diagnosis, nail diagnosis, second metacarpal holographic diagnosis, and facial diagnosis. , Ear diagnosis, head diagnosis, foot diagnosis, etc. I combined ancient methods with modern medical methods, and my vision suddenly became wider. The diseases that were originally hidden in the various organs of the human body can be easily found in specific parts of the human body. In particular, a human hand is like a display screen. The organs and limbs and joints of the whole body are like small miniature landscapes, which are vividly reflected in the hands. By looking at handprints, not only can you understand the health of the various organs in your body in an all-round way, you can also know the changes in the color, texture, and veins of the hand itself, and you can know the disease of the corresponding viscera; you can see the innate quality of the human body. For example, what kind of illnesses you had when you were a child, how well your nutrients were absorbed, and many other things; you can also roughly predict the future situation of your body. These three-dimensional, transparent, and time-traveling information is placed in front of you. As long as you conduct a correct comprehensive analysis, the treatment of the disease will reach the focus of the disease, and you will not be able to treat the disease from the root cause of the disease. Make mistakes made by quack doctors who don't know the cause of the disease but are still using drugs.

    Since ancient times, there has been a saying that "the patriarch must be a good doctor." The information reflected by palmistry can make you jump out of the thinking of seeing the disease through the local and detailed aspects, stand on a higher level, and master the path of medical treatment.

    Next, I will teach Daweng the methods of palmistry diagnosis that I have summarized in the past ten years. They are the simplest and most intuitive methods, which are convenient and practical.

    The second metacarpal bone most intuitively tells you the good and bad of your body

    The second metacarpal holographic reflection zone was discovered by Professor Zhang Yingqing, the former director of the Institute of Holographic Biology of Shandong University.

    When I consult a patient, I first touch the person’s second metacarpal bone. This is different from other facial examinations, tongue examinations, ear examinations, handprints, etc. These are all specific organs, and when you touch the second metacarpal bone, a person’s overall condition and physical nature will be all Appear clearly in front of you.

    When you gently push down along the base of the back of your index finger to close to your wrist, you can clearly feel a hard bone, which is the second metacarpal bone. If there is no extra meat on this bone, no bumps and depressions, no calcium deficiency, and strong bones, it means that this person did a good job in physical exercise when he was young, and now he has great physical fitness. If this type of person suffers from physical discomfort, I will tell him that your physical foundation is very good, and the symptoms in your body are only caused by the interference of external factors, such as smoking, drinking, and irregular life? Have you been busy lately and severely lack of sleep? Is it in a bad mood, career and family problems? At this time, as long as he reminds him to eliminate the interference of external affairs, and at the same time teach him some diet and massage methods, and let him exercise more outdoors, his body will recover quickly.

    If you feel lumps everywhere on the bones, it means that this is a person who has been sick since childhood. When you meet this type of person, you don’t care about which of them is severely ill or which is lighter. Just go to regulate his spleen and stomach and tell him not only to arrange nutritious three meals a day, but also to make the food as soft as possible. , Thin and rotten, so as to facilitate digestion and absorption, and asked him to soak his feet with hot water every night before going to bed to increase blood circulation. Only by replenishing qi and blood in a timely manner is the foundation of curing his illness and protecting his life. This kind of person must not let him exercise more, just take a walk. At the same time, do some simple sleep-friendly massages before going to bed, such as ear massage, combing hair, patting shoulders, and patting. Arm, lift up the qi, this is very practical for people with weak health. After a long period of time, the qi and blood are replenished, and his sleep is better, many of his problems can slowly disappear without knowing it. You did not treat him alone, but improved his physical fitness and increased his resistance. As long as he persists in diet and massage for many years, he can also live healthy to a hundred years old.

    There are people in between. This is the one I have seen the most. Their bones are clear to the touch, but one or several bulges will still be felt. Then you can look for it according to the position marked in the second metacarpal picture to see which organ it corresponds to. For example, the midpoint of the connection between the head acupoint and the foot acupoint is the stomach point, and the midpoint of the connection between the stomach acupoint and the scalp acupoint is the Feixin acupuncture point. The points are the neck point and the upper limb point in sequence, and the midpoint of the connection between the lung heart point and the stomach point is the liver point. The connection between the stomach acupoints and the foot acupoints is divided into 6 equal parts. The 5 points from the stomach acupoints are duodenum, kidney, waist, lower abdomen, and leg points.

    After grasping the specific positions of these organs on the second metacarpal bone, you will know which organ is sick with a touch, and if you press hard on these raised areas, the patient will immediately feel very painful; and If the disease is mild, the disease has a short time, and the bulge on the bone is not obvious, you can press it while walking down. If there is obvious numbness, swelling, heaviness, soreness, and pain somewhere, it means that this corresponds The organs are sick. In addition, touch the second metacarpal bones of both hands. When the tenderness at the second metacarpal acupoint of the left hand is stronger than the acupoint of the same name in the right hand, it indicates that the left side is seriously ill or the disease is on the left side; when the corresponding acupuncture point on the second metacarpal side of the right hand When the tenderness response is stronger than the acupoint of the same name on the left hand, it indicates that the right side is seriously ill or the right side is ill.

    For beginners, it is best to find a healthy young man, touch his second metacarpal bone, and then find an old man to touch it, and then find a weak and sick person to touch it, and slowly you can experience the different physiques. Characteristics, and then ask them what they are sick with, find the tenderness point of his second metacarpal bone, and repeatedly figure out. This simplest method of diagnosis is easy to learn. At this time, it is more accurate to learn other diagnosis methods, such as hand examination, ear examination, face examination, etc., to make comprehensive judgments.

    The softness and hardness of the second metacarpal bone is related to physical exercise during bone development (between 6 and 20 years old) (those who love sports, the bones are very strong), different regions The second metacarpal bone of a person is also very different. In the south, hard bones are rarely felt, while in the north, there are more hard bones. This is related to the local water quality and the length of sunshine. The south is rainy for many years and the sunshine time is short, while the north is full of sunshine for many years, which is good for calcium absorption, which makes the bones strong.

    The second metacarpal bone also has a very practical advantage, that is, it can not only diagnose but also cure diseases. As long as you feel tenderness or bulge on your second metacarpal bone, it means that the corresponding part of your body is sick. When you have time, you often press and rub. Do not use the pad of the thumb to press, because the area of ​​this acupuncture point is relatively small, and the area is too large when pressed by hand, and it is not easy to press accurately. Use the joints of the thumb to dial, so that the stimulating effect is concentrated and strong. You can also use the dull part of a hard object such as a pen or comb to press the painful part, which can have a good effect.

    If there is a sudden stomach pain, press 100 times at the midpoint of the second metacarpal bone, pressing both hands, and soon the stomach no longer hurts. If the cervical spine is uncomfortable for people who often face the computer, press the second metacarpal part corresponding to the cervical spine at any time The acupuncture points of the second metacarpal bone can be relaxed and relieved; when a headache, directly press the acupoints on the head corresponding to the metacarpal bone, the effect is very good; if a woman has a gynecological disease, you can press the acupoints on the upper waist and lower abdomen of the second metacarpal bone every time At least hundreds of shots are required, and there must be enough stimulation. Persist 2-3 times a day; people with high blood pressure can apply moisturizing oil on the skin of the second metacarpal bone, and then push from the scalp to the foot acupoints. After pushing 200 times with both hands, there will be a significant blood pressure reduction effect. , But this method cannot be used commonly, it is commonly used for diarrhea and can only be used for emergency. For example, if you suddenly feel high blood pressure and dizzy, you can push quickly, and slowly you can feel that your head relaxes and your heart is not dry; pressing the acupoints of the heart and lungs when chest tightness can also relieve discomfort.

    After eating something uncomfortable, the stomach is uncomfortable. You push down from the stomach point of the second metacarpal bone to your feet. You only need to push for 2 minutes. The stomach discomfort and vomiting can disappear. Continue to push two Pushing with both hands, pressing hard while pushing, will soon feel like having a bowel movement. When you expel the indigestible food in time, people will soon feel comfortable. In the past, my gastrointestinal tract was very bad, and I didn’t dare to eat anything outside. Sometimes I ate indigestible food, and my stomach and intestines were uncomfortable for a long time. After mastering this method, as long as I feel unwell, I will push this In less than half an hour, the indigestible food can be discharged in time, and it will not be uncomfortable soon. Someone asked, can this prescription be used to treat constipation? I said that it is only for temporary use, not for more use, the same as if you use more.

    The half-moon shape on the nails---an alarm for human diseases

    Observing the half-moon shape of the nail can determine whether a person's physique is cold, severe, or severe. People with severe cold in the body must have poor blood circulation. Just like a piece of clothing, it is light when dry, and heavy when wet. Therefore, if the body is severe in cold, blood flow will become slow and stagnant. , This will put a lot of pressure on the heart, so people who are cold and heavy will have heart problems over time. In addition, severe cold leads to poor blood circulation, and blood cannot easily reach the nerve endings of the human body, such as limbs and skin. It will cause cold hands and feet, making the skin dark, prone to spots and wrinkles. The nail is the end of the human body. If the blood flow is not smooth for many years, the half moon shape cannot be formed in the lower part of the nail. In addition, the severity of cold in the body will cause the digestion and absorption capacity of the stomach and intestines to decrease, and the production of qi and blood will decrease. Therefore, this half-moon shape can not only judge the severity of cold and dampness in the body, but also the amount of qi and blood in the body.

    Generally speaking, the half moon shape of the thumb of a healthy person should occupy 1/4 of the entire nail, and other fingers (except the little finger) should also occupy 1/5 to 1/6. If only the thumb has a half-moon shape, it means that the body is cold; if there is no half-moon shape on the 5 fingernails, it means that the body is cold and the nutritional status and qi and blood are not good. The half-moon shape on the fingernails of some people is too big, indicating that they are in a good health when they are young, with enough blood, high internal heat, large appetite, not afraid of cold, restless, and tireless. In middle age, because of the high internal heat, so The temper is easy to be irritable, and blood pressure tends to be high. Such people are also particularly greedy for cold, and are more likely to cause cold and heavy in the body and blockage of the meridians. They often show yin deficiency and fire, and they are also prone to diabetes and high blood lipids. They always feel good about themselves, but their body is exhausted. If you don’t pay attention to protecting your body, it can easily cause major diseases such as cerebral hemorrhage and myocardial infarction.

    Also pay attention to the color change of the half-moon shape. If the half-moon shape is round and smooth, it is light pink on the nails, while the milky white of the half-moon shape is very clear, indicating that your physical condition in the past and present is very good. If the half-moon shape is good , But the milky white on it is a little darker and grayish, indicating that you were in good shape before, but your physical condition has dropped significantly now.

    Also, it depends on whether there are vertical lines on the nails. If you look at the nails of the elderly, there are few flat, smooth and shiny nails. If you look at the children, you will know how big the difference is on the nails. The older the person, the less nutritious the nails and the vertical lines. It will be longer and more, longer and deeper. The number and depth of the vertical stripes reflect the degree of aging of your body. At this time, if we adjust the body in all directions, it will get better.

    The palm is a barometer of human health

    The palm of a healthy person should be pink, moist, and elastic. When you see a dull, dry palm with a yellow or white color, it is a person who is suffering from both blood loss and malnutrition; the palm area is obviously white, indicating that this person is usually gluttonous and cold. , The body is cold; if the color of the palm is obviously reddish, it means that this is a person with yin deficiency and fire, heavy internal heat, short temper, and irritability; if only occasional redness, it is mostly because of the high calorie of the food or the more supplements. , Internal heat is large, and nutrition is excessive; if it is just the big thenar redness in the thumb root area, it generally means that the upper body is fiery, prone to high blood pressure, heart disease, and temperament; if it is reddish in the small thenar, it is mostly the stomach The intestinal body has a large amount of virtual fire, which is prone to diabetes; if the hand is stretched out, the color of the finger will become darker than the color of the palm after a while. When it becomes purple or dark, it means that the person’s body is severely cold and the blood flow has become slow , The blood has a high viscosity.

    Several blue veins can be seen on the fingers and palms, indicating that the bowel movement is not smooth for a long time.

    Blue veins on the thumb side indicate insufficient blood supply to the head, often headaches and dizziness.

    There are blue tendons at the base of the thumb, which represents hardening of the heart arteries. The thicker the veins, the longer and more severe the disease. The green tendons are thinner and shallower, which means that the disease duration is short. At this time, the patient's heart will not have obvious discomfort, but there will be some chest tightness when tired and in a bad mood, and it will get better after rest.

    There are blue veins on the outer side of the thenar, which means that the heart rate is irregular, and the heart beats at different speeds. Sometimes there are premature beats, palpitations, and palpitation.

    There are blue veins on the bottom of the thumb, which means that the body is cold and wet and has an impact on the heart. It will also be accompanied by backaches and joint pain.

    There are green tendons on the outer side of the index finger. The longer the green tendons and the darker the color, it indicates that the patient was in poor health when he was a child, with heavy chancre, weak digestion, malnutrition, often sickness, and weak physique.

    There are blue veins in the middle of the middle finger, which means headaches and dizziness. If the person also has blue veins on the outside of the thumb, it means that the patient has suffered from headaches and dizziness since childhood, which is caused by the lack of blood supply to the brain.

    There are blue veins at the base of the middle finger, which represents cerebral arteriosclerosis. If it is only on the left side (the one on the side of the thumb is left), the left side cerebral arteriosclerosis and meridian blockage are more serious, and the left head often has discomfort; if It appears on the right side, indicating that the cerebral arteriosclerosis and meridian obstruction on the right side are more serious, and the right side is prone to head discomfort. If there are both sides and the color of the blue veins is heavy, it means that the arteriosclerosis of the brain is very obvious.

    Blue veins appear on the outer side of the little finger, which means that the kidney qi is insufficient. When I was young, I was prone to enuresis, and when I was older, I also suffered from kidney problems, and the waist and legs were weak and sore. Similarly, the longer and deeper the blue veins, the more severe the condition.

    On the thenar, the green tendons appearing in the lifeline indicate that the person has allergic feet and is prone to drug and food allergies, and is prone to skin diseases such as eczema and psoriasis.

    All diseases are hidden in the handprints

    There are mainly 3 striped roads in human hands.

    1. Lifeline: It originated between the index finger and the thumb, and is parabolic, extending to the wrist line. The longer the line, the better, and the longer it means the longer the life span.

    2. Mind line: also known as the wisdom line. The starting point and the lifeline are together. It is a line that walks in the middle of the palm and ends on the small thenar. As long as the person is mentally retarded or demented, the stripes are very shallow, thin, and chaotic. , Cannot be a clear line.

    3. Emotional line: The emotional line starts from the palm side of the little finger, bends in the direction of the index finger, and reaches the gap between the index finger and the middle finger. The handprints on both hands are generally the left hand represents the body information from birth to before the age of 40, and the right hand represents the body information after the age of 40. If there are the same information on both hands, it indicates that the course of the disease has been It is very long, and some handprints are divided into male left and female right, or separated left and right. No matter how they are divided, as long as the following handprints appear, it means that they are sick.

    1. Insufficient handprints

    In the online division of the mind, whether it appears in the left hand or the right hand, it means congenital insufficiency, weak heart function, and is not suitable for strenuous exercise. This kind of people prefer to do some manual work because of their congenital weakness and weak heart function. Handy, smart and delicate.

    Island lines appear on the mind line (the main lines of the hand lines appearing in hollow lines such as fusiform, olive, eggshell, etc. are called "island lines". The more complete the island lines, the more harmful to health>, if it is on the left hand Occurrence, which usually means that the congenital brain development is affected. For example, the mother reacted badly in the early pregnancy, fell down, or the person suffered head trauma when he was a child; appearance on the right hand also indicates that the head will have obvious headaches, dizziness, etc. Unwell.

    The island pattern that appears on the emotional line represents a congenital insufficient blood supply to the head. It often indicates that the mother’s nutritional status during pregnancy is not good, and the child’s head and face organs are not fully developed. After growing up, he is prone to myopia, tinnitus, otitis media, rhinitis. The island pattern appears under the ring finger of the left hand's affection line, indicating that the left eye is prone to myopia or various eye diseases. The island pattern on the same part of the right hand indicates that the right eye is prone to myopia or various eye diseases. The affection line under the ring finger of both hands has islands. Patterns mean that both eyes have myopia or various eye diseases. The same is true for the island pattern appearing under the little finger of the emotional line. It appears on the left hand, the left ear is prone to otitis media or tinnitus, and when it appears on the right hand, the stone ear is prone to otitis or tinnitus. Some people are prone to hearing loss and auditory hallucinations.

    2. Handprints of acquired malnutrition

    If there are lines under the palm, it usually means that the person was malnourished, digested, and absorbed poorly when he was young. It appears on the hands of men, which means that he is prone to gout and prostate problems; when it appears on women’s hands, it is easy to suffer from gynecological diseases, and the lines are heavy. It means that this lady is extremely difficult to conceive. . If the lines are thin and chaotic, it means the condition is relatively mild. If there are blue tendons on the outer side of the index finger, the person's malnutrition is caused by illness when he was a child. If there is no obvious blue tendons, the person's malnutrition is caused by poor living conditions in his childhood.

    3. Rheumatic lines

    There is a split at the lower end of the lifeline, which means that the body is cold and wet. If both hands have it, it means that the cold and wet body was very heavy when I was a child. If it only appears in the right hand, it means that it is only caused by the acquired coldness.

    4. Weak handprints

    If there is a diagonal line at the bottom of the lifeline inserted into the lifeline or crossing the lifeline, it means that the person is weak and has poor resistance.

    5. Handprints of myocardial ischemia

    A triangle pattern appears at the lower end of the lifeline, which represents myocardial ischemia. If there are both left and right hands, it means that the person has been sick for a long time. If it is only on the right hand, it means that the person has symptoms of myocardial ischemia after middle age, and after the person has gone through the cold and replenishing blood, the triangle pattern will become shallow, and finally it will be disconnected and no longer closed. As the body gets worse, it will deepen and close again. Therefore, people with this kind of handprint can know at any time whether their heart is ischemia or not by observing the changes in this triangle pattern.

    6. Hand prints prone to gynecological diseases

    Women who have obvious island patterns at the lower end of their lifeline or in the middle of the upper wrist are prone to gynecological diseases such as uterine fibroids.

    7. Handprints that often suffered from colds and coughs when I was young

    Random lines appear at the junction of the lifeline and the mind line, which means that the respiratory system often has problems when I was young, and I am susceptible to colds, coughs, and rhinitis.

    8. Handprints of cervical spondylosis

    Lines appear in the downward position between the index finger and the root of the middle finger, which means that the cervical spine is not good, and symptoms such as neck and shoulder pain, headache, dizziness, etc. often occur. The more severe the lines, the more severe the condition.

    9. Handprints for low back pain

    On the palm side of the little finger, the area below the emotional line represents the entire back, waist, and sacrum. You can judge where the person is sick by the number of lines in this area, such as back pain. It is low back pain in the middle and lower part, and the lower part is the lumbosacral area. The lines are only thin and shallow, which means that they are only sore and tired. The lines are deeper, which means you have very obvious low back pain or lumbosacral pain. This part is on the side of the palm, so you have to turn it sideways to see accurately.

    10. Fatigue lines

    If lines appear in the area above the base of the index finger and the beginning of the lifeline, it means that the person's body has weak resistance, fatigue and lack of energy. If it is a "well" pattern, it means that you have been fatigued for a long time. In addition, people with low and flat areas but with lines generally do not work and play too much, because they do not have this energy, so their physical consumption is relatively small. Although these people are always sick and crooked, they can live a long life.

    The fleshy people in this area are full of energy all day long, tireless, able to eat and sleep, and they often find that their bodies are sick during physical examinations, and they have not yet noticed them. The alarm system in the body of such people has been slow to respond and cannot alert them in time. When I show palmistry to this type of person and say which part of his body has a problem, most of them answer "no." Such people must often go to the hospital for physical examinations, only in this way can they be more vigilant to avoid accidents.

    11.Handprints of kidney deficiency

    In the area under the little finger and above the emotional line, if it is low and flat, with small lines, it means kidney deficiency and insufficient kidney qi.

    12. Handprints of endocrine disorders

    There are many and disordered lines on the knuckles of the thumb near the root, which means that the person has an endocrine disorder. People suffering from diabetes and menopausal syndrome have a lot of random lines here.

    13. Look at the size of lung capacity through handprints

    Generally speaking, the distance between the emotional line and the mind line is 1 cm or more, which means that the lung capacity is large, and people who are significantly less than 1 cm have small lung capacity, poor physical fitness and physical fitness, and are very susceptible to colds and coughs. ,asthma.

    Hand clinic

    1) Look at the big and small hands and fat and thin hands

    It is normal that the size of the hand is proportional to the height and weight. If you are a little beauty but have big hands that are uncoordinated, you must be careful of sudden illnesses ---cardio-cerebrovascular diseases and osteoarthritis; if you are a woman with small hands, small hands and small hearts are also small. Weak function does not necessarily mean heart disease, but it can bring Coming with low blood pressure, dizziness, palpitations, fatigue, weak uterine function, easy dysmenorrhea, irregular menstruation, unsatisfactory sex life.

    Thin hands and thin people are normal. If the jade hand is thinner than a human, and the fingers are still leaking, it means that the digestive system is weak, the character is weak, and the nerves are weak. For example, the hand muscles are thin and cold, mostly due to lack of qi and blood or Yang deficiency; the hand muscles are thin and feverish, mostly due to Yin deficiency and fever or internal injury and fever.

    Fat body and fat hands are normal. If you are a slender beauty with fat and swollen hands, you must be careful of kidney and heart disease; if you have thin hands but fat hands, it is fat accumulation, and there is a possibility of high blood pressure and high blood fat.

    (2) Look at cold and warm hands and hand sweat

    Cold as the palm of the hand is the initial manifestation of flaming heart, damp-heat content, gallbladder and stomach disturbance; if the back of the hand is warmer than the palm, it is mostly in the acute phase of fever and inflammation; if the temperature of the palm is higher than the temperature of the palm, it is mostly due to high blood lipids or blood pressure High; such as palm fever and dryness, hyperthyroidism; such as palm red and hot, mostly inflammation, blood heat. Cold hands are usually a sign of illness or poor health. If the whole hand is cold, it is mostly due to yin deficiency or deficiency of qi and blood; if the hand is cold in patients with high fever, it is a dangerous sign of impending convulsion and coma; if the temperature of the palm of the hand is lower than the temperature of the face, it is mostly due to heart failure or cardiac insufficiency.

    Hand sweat, such as hot palms and frequent sweats on the palms, is caused by deficiency of yin and blood; cold sweats on the palms, not warm hands and feet, this is caused by qi deficiency or yang deficiency; such as sweating on one palm, mostly qi and blood Arthralgia, poor meridian; such as palm sweating like beads, continuous dripping, cold limbs, it is a sign of Yang Qi collapse; such as palm sweating and fever, mostly caused by internal heat.

    (3) Look at the color change of palm fingers

    People who are physically and mentally healthy have pink palms. If the red color becomes dark, it means that the heart function is not good; if the red line appears on the hand, high blood pressure, rheumatism or heart disease; if the fingertips are pale, it indicates blood flow disturbance; if the palm is changed to red tea color, it may be a sign of cerebral hemorrhage; If there are red spots on the palms, hepatitis or diabetes; if the palms are yellow or brown, you may suffer from liver disease; if you find congestive red or dark purple patches in the large and small thenar and fingertips in the yellow palms, There may be liver cirrhosis or liver cancer. If you have kidney disease or anemia, your palms are easy to turn blue; if the palms are obviously blue, it is also called venous swelling, which means stool stagnation in the intestines; if the palms are wilted and yellow, it indicates that the large intestine is abnormal, including abdominal distension, belching, etc. Symptoms; such as pale yellow palms, haggard, spleen and stomach qi deficiency, lack of qi and blood; such as yellow and blue, stomach cold with pain; such as small white papules on the back of the hand, suggesting high cholesterol.

    (4) Look at finger length

    The ratio of the two fingers is determined in the fetus and will remain the same for life. Scientific experiments have proved that inferring the probability of adult heart disease is more accurate than the waist circumference, hip circumference ratio, and body mass index that are affected by age.

    Men with a longer ring finger have relatively high levels of the sex hormone testosterone propionate. Testosterone propionate can prevent men from developing heart disease. Young heart disease patients with a shorter ring finger have lower testosterone propionate levels.

    The difference in the ratio of finger length is related to the level of sex hormones in the body, and even the influence and growth of sex hormones before birth. The proportion of fingers is related to women's reproductive ability and the incidence of breast cancer; men with asymmetric hands secrete fewer sperm; the ring finger is longer than the index finger or there is a musical talent.

    The index finger is longer than the ring finger. Women have higher fertility, are more modest, more sensitive, are relatively susceptible to breast cancer, and do not like to take risks; males have weaker fertility, stronger verbal skills, weak aggressiveness, and poor orientation .

    Fourth, break health from the changes in the lines of the hands

    The texture on each person's hand is formed in the fourth month of embryonic development. The finger ridges (that is, the lines on the inner side of the fingers) remain the same for life, and the palm folds (that is, the three main stripes on the palm) have changes, but they are very stable. Diagnosis with the palm of the hand mainly draws conclusions from the observation of some of the smaller lines in the changes of human health.

    When a person's body is poor, the color of the hands, fine lines and muscle elasticity will all change. For example, when the function of the heart is weakened, the muscles in the middle of the large thenar of the hand (the protruding muscle between the thumb and the wrist) near the outer palm will feel loose and sinking. Massage this part will reflexively improve the heart condition , To relieve the patient's chest tightness and palpitations.

    People with abnormal personality, temperament, and psychological activities often have several barrier lines on their palms, and the lines are disordered and complex, and even leave marks on the skin and nail color.

    Normal people with concise and clear handprints rarely get sick in the young and middle-aged, but are prone to sudden illness or tumors in old age; people with many and disordered handprints may be sick in the young and middle-aged, but rarely die in old age. Or malignant tumors occur; if there is a "well" pattern on the palm of the hand near the index finger, it indicates that the excessive intake of chicken, duck, fish and other diseases that cause fat metabolism disorders.

    "Tongguanshou" is a larger proportion of long-lived elderly, but it is not a "good luck". The opposite "sickness" is that some genetic diseases such as congenital ignorance, trisomy B, and other patients are more common, and the incidence of "tongshou" is as high as 31%-62%. These patients are accompanied by obvious intelligence. Developmental disorders. Longevity can only be possible with the "tong penetrating hand" with normal intelligence. The conditions are such as a regular life, proper diet, and a happy spirit.

    Most of the ten fingers have dustpan-shaped fingerprints on the side facing outward (ie little finger), and more people suffer from Alzheimer's.

    5. Perceive health and disease from the fingertips

    According to the meridian theory of traditional Chinese medicine, the five fingertips of the human body each have meridian points, which are closely related to internal organs. If you get up early in the morning, the swelling of your fingers may be related to cervical spondylosis; if your finger joints are swollen, it may indicate high urine glucose and gout; if a fingertip feels particularly painful, it indicates that there is something in the internal organs related to this meridian Such problems; such as arthritis in the fingers, prompting attention to heart disease and premature death.

    Five-finger pain is a disease. You might as well pinch the root of the nail, then press and rotate it hard, starting with the little fingers, pinching one by one to feel for any particularly painful fingers. Pain in different parts of the body indicates something wrong with a different part of the body.

    (1) People with little finger pain

    The internal organs govern the kidney and bladder. There is Shaochong acupoint on the little fingertip of one side of the ring finger, and Shaoze acupoint on the other side. Shaochong acupoint is closely related to the heart. Therefore, when a heart attack occurs, press hard on the fingertip of the little finger to ease the attack. Shaoze is the meridian of the small intestine. When the small intestine is in poor condition, you can press this fingertip hard.

    (2) Ring finger pain

    The internal organs govern the liver and gallbladder. The pain is a sore throat or headache. There is a Guanchong point on the Sanjiao meridian of the ring finger. Rub this part when you have a cold and fever.

    People with the same length or shorter ring finger and index finger are more likely to have a heart attack between the ages of 30 and 40. People with long ring fingers are more likely to get heart disease when they are older.

    (3) Middle finger pain

    The five internal organs govern the pericardium meridian and the heart. The Zhongchong point on the middle finger is located on the pericardial meridian surrounding the heart. When the heart can't stand it due to heat, you will feel pain here.

    (4) Pain in index finger

    The internal organs govern the spleen and stomach. There is a point of Shangyang related to the large intestine on the index finger, and if there is constipation and the finger is deeply painful, the large intestine may have problems.

    (5) Thumb pain

    The internal organs dominate the lungs. The Shaoshang Meridian points in the thumb are closely related to the lungs. If the lungs have disease and pressure this part, they will jump up with pain.

    (6) Finger numbness

    Finger numbness or swelling of 5 fingers together, suggesting cervical spondylosis; suggesting carpal tunnel syndrome, long-term operation of the computer, typing on the keyboard, dragging the mouse, and feeling back pain and fatigue; suggesting one of the symptoms of stroke, requiring special attention ; If it is accompanied by face swelling or leg swelling, it indicates heart and kidney disease; if it is accompanied by joint swelling and pain, it indicates the early manifestations of rheumatoid arthritis; if there is hard skin on the face or the back of the hand, it may indicate scleroderma.

    Finger arthritis predicts early heart disease in men and one of the signs that women and men die early. Studies have shown that men with finger osteoarthritis are 40% more likely to die of heart disease than ordinary people; women are 23% more likely to die early than ordinary people.

    During kneading, if the painful part is noticed, even if it is a slight pain, it is related to the acupuncture point of that finger, indicating that the part of the finger is abnormal. At this time, you need to carefully rub the sore fingers to promote the improvement of the disease as soon as possible. Not only do it with both hands, but also knead your feet every day with corresponding methods. To develop the habit of kneading hands and feet, over time, it will promote blood circulation and make the internal organs, especially the heart healthier.

    Six, yin and yang, five elements and five internal organs are in the palm of your hand

    Chinese medicine examines the subtle pathology of the human body by hand, so the world is in one palm, and the internal organs are all in the hand.

    People have two hands, each with a Tai Chi. The left and right hands are divided into yin and yang, the palm fingers are used to distinguish yin and yang, the face and back are used to distinguish yin and yang, the texture and complexion are used to distinguish yin and yang, and the shape and god are used to distinguish yin and yang.

    The four fingers are divided into three sections, and there are three talents; the sky, the earth, and the human pattern are also three talents. The five fingers are the five elements, setting east, west, south, north and four directions, matching the four seasons of spring, summer, autumn and winter.

    Among the five fingers, the thumb is soil, the index finger is wood, the middle finger is fire, the ring finger is gold, and the little finger is water. In addition to soil, the five elements have the three ways of talent, which are divided into growth, prosperity and decline. The soil only divides yin and yang (luo yin and sun).

    The principle of the transportation and transformation of all things can be present in the palm of the hand. If the principles of yin and yang can be achieved, the world will be in one palm. The palm corresponds to the hologram of the astronomical human body and represents the distribution of the field state of the small universe centered on itself. Positioning of the five-finger system to glimpse one of the medical treasures.

    1. Thumb: The five elements are gold, dominate the lungs, dominate the soul;

    2. Index finger: The five elements belong to the soil, dominate the spleen and stomach, and think;

    3. Middle finger: the five elements belong to fire, dominate the heart, dominate the spirit;

    Fourth, the ring finger: the five elements are wood, dominate the liver and gallbladder, dominate the soul;

    5. Little finger: The five elements are water, dominate the kidneys, and dominate the will.

    The five fingers are transformed by the five elements, the end of the five internal organs, and the state of the five wills. Knowing what the palm belongs to is widely used in medicine and qigong.

    In the pediatric massage of TCM Tuina, soil is transported into water to stop diarrhea, and water is transported into soil to nourish the spleen, which is based on this principle. The mudra in qigong and the pinching tactics of Taoism are also inevitable related to the systemization of the five elements of the palm.

    In one word, the world is exhausted. One of the differences between humans and animals is that humans have hands. The hand is the product of labor and the creative tool of labor. The hand is transformed by the five elements, so it is also the spirit of the heaven and the earth, and contains the opportunity of the heaven and the earth. Scholars who want to explore the opportunities of heaven and earth should first know their own hands

    Finger inspection

    Fingers-main head, main cardiovascular system. Palm-the main internal organs. Back of the hand-the main back. Toes-have a greater relationship with the head.

    Thumb-related to the lungs and spleen, the main headache

    Look: Too strong: extreme mood, easy to get angry; too flat and weak: poor physique, neurasthenia, insomnia, stress at work, lack of patience in doing things, and do not want to work as long as there is work; in the middle of the two is better. Refers to the appearance of blue veins, prone to coronary atherosclerosis. There are many horizontal lines in the knuckles, early heart disease is easy to occur, and the absorption function is poor. The palm joints are thick at the top and thin at the bottom, with poor absorption and weak body; thick at the top and thick at the bottom.

    Press: Press with your finger, and the libido will be normal when you get up immediately after you let go; if you can't get up, premature ejaculation, spermatorrhea, and females will have apathy.

    Big Thenar-the heart, the heart cannot be pushed up, and the blood supply to the heart is insufficient.

    Index finger-the main joint stomach, the main headache

    The underside of the knuckles belongs to the absorption system. The three knuckles are normally transformed and absorbed well; they appear blue, white, weakness, bending, fatigue, and lack of energy. The child's index finger has blue veins and is in a serious condition. The adult has blue veins and frozen shoulder.

    Middle finger-connected to the heart, the main head has a headache

    The middle finger is the pericardium sutra, the master's sentiment. Feeling weak, thin, small, curved, uneven, with stripes, irregular life, prone to cerebrovascular disease. Blue veins appear, prone to cerebral arteriosclerosis; blue veins are twisted and severe, easy to stroke, insomnia and dreaminess.

    Ring finger-related to the liver and gallbladder, the main triple burnt meridian, the membrane system, the secretory system, and the main migraine

    Too long, bad life rules, affect health; too short, lack of congenital vitality; bending, more horizontal stripes, endocrine disorders, and an uncomfortable feeling that can’t be mentioned.

    Little finger-related to heart, kidney, testicles, uterus (male and female reproductive system)

    Fingers, dominate the heart meridian; finger roots, dominate the small intestine meridian. Compared with the ring finger, it is lower than the second segment, and the curved heart and kidney are not good. Especially kidney and genitourinary system, sexual function is also related. Small, small and short, women have irregular menstruation, especially small, making it difficult to give birth. Men with kidney deficiency and backache. It is better to knead frequently. The little finger has passed the three passes, and people will survive every desperate situation, with surprises and no dangers. It’s not long enough to make up for it to grow nails.

    View finger shape:

    Strong, good five internal organs, otherwise bad. Five fingers close together, straight, straight personality, more self-confident, firm in doing things, strong in action, more persistent, sometimes stubborn, sleep well, but irritable; bend, think a lot, easily mentally weakened, insomnia, dreams, and money leakage. The long one likes to use the brain, is flexible, and turns quickly, and directs others to do it; the short one, very hard, works physically, and does it personally. The blood is white, the blood is insufficient, the body is thin, and the hands and feet are afraid of cold; the red is relatively hot; the blood gas that is too red compensates and is easy to fatigue; the fingers are red, the roots of the fingers are not red, the blood lipids are high, and the blood is sticky; the fingers have purple hair, Represents cerebral arteriosclerosis of the head, insufficient blood supply to the heart, prone to stroke and myocardial infarction; if the entire palm is dim, consider the tumor.

    The law of finger shape:

    Thick, big, short and strong. Good physical strength, quick response, outspoken personality, athletes, manual workers, love to move, strong blood, irritability, high blood pressure, diabetes, stroke, and cerebrovascular disease. This is especially the case if the back of the hand is bulging. Very stubborn and rude. Ideas to do Tai Chi and sit quietly. Pointy, long, thin and weak. Slow blood return, poor respiratory system, do not like to use force, like to sit still, brain is smart, willing to think about problems, easy to do office, art and other tasks, the more obvious the thinking, the more likely to be horny, easy to be mentally stressed, weaker, thinking transition, The spleen and stomach are not good. It's better to be somewhere in between.

    Wrists-the five internal organs; arms and wrists-the six internal organs. Also called four levels.

    The fingers and toes are soft, so you don’t have to worry about insomnia and headaches; rubbing the thumb is good for the brain, often rubbing the index finger to improve the stomach and intestines; often rubbing the middle finger can strengthen the heart; often rubbing the ring finger liver is safe; often rubbing the little finger to strengthen the kidneys.

    The ten fingers are strong on the heart, the hands are on the plug, the brain is clear, the joints are rotated to pass the meridians, the palm is stretched to relax the muscles and bones, the ten fingers are rubbed to remove headaches, the nails are cut and refreshing, massage the four points to promote blood, shake the shoulders and turn the waist to relax the cervical spine.

    Yin Yang and Five Elements Facial Inspection

    Liver and gallbladder-the triangle area (temple) and the middle of the bridge of the nose is the liver area, and age spots grow in this area. The position on both sides of the bridge of the nose is the bile area. People with poor gall bladder will have spots or sarcomas on both sides of the bridge of the nose, indicating liver and gallbladder problems. If there are red blood filaments, acne, or bitterness in the mouth after getting up in the morning, it means that the gallbladder has a slight inflammation; if there are spots, there may be cholecystitis. If there are vertical folds in this part, or vertical folds when laughing, it means that the person has a problem with the gallbladder. If there are moles or scabs in this area, it proves that the biliary function is insufficient. Gloomy bags under the eyes also prove that they are not courageous. If the liver and gallbladder are blue, dark or spotted, or uneven, it may also be fatty liver. If there are pimples (pimples) in these two parts or one of them, it proves that the person is irritable, emotionally unstable, menopausal, etc. If there are obvious spots in these two places, and the face is dull, looks ugly, and the person is thinner, it means that the person has liver disease (hepatitis or cirrhosis).

    Large intestine system-where the outside of the eyes is drawn down to the nostrils. Such as women's butterfly spots can also cause constipation. If there are red blood streaks, acne, spots, moles, and scum in this area, it means that the person has a large intestinal dysfunction, usually dry stool, constipation or loose stools. If there are semi-month-shaped spots in this area, it proves that the person is constipated Or hemorrhoids.

    Rectal-The intersection of the lower line of the nose and the sagging line of the outer corner of the eye is where the spot is hemorrhoids. If there is redness or white spots, the rectum may become cancerous. The inside of the large intestine represents the small intestine. The small intestine is mainly responsible for absorption. People who have a bad spleen and stomach will naturally have a bad small intestine. If there are pimples, spots, moles or constrictions in this area, it proves that the absorption function of the small intestine is not good, and most people will be thin. There are obvious red blood streaks in the small intestine area, many of which may be caused by low blood pressure, or the family has genetic genes for abnormal blood pressure.

    Respiratory system (lungs)-the eyebrows are divided into two sections, the middle one. If the pores in this area are enlarged or red, it means that there is a problem with the respiratory system. People who smoke for a long time will have spots and pigments. If the middle of the forehead is concave, and the color is dull, or blue, or spots, it means that the person has lung disease and breathing is not smooth; if there is acne, it proves that the person has a recent cold or sore throat. If there are moles, scabs or whitish or obvious Sichuan pattern on the brows, it proves that the person is prone to pharynx. Laryngitis, tonsillitis, chest tightness, shortness of breath, or lung disease can also be passed on to one's own children. People with poor lung function generally have poor bowel excretion.

    Heart system-the upper third of the forehead (the edge of the hairline), where pimples (pimples) appear, or the forehead color of the face is different, indicating that the person is under heavy psychological pressure. If there are spots, it means that there is a heart disease (such as: myocardial weakness); there are moles, scabs, it means that the heart function is insufficient.

    Heart-at the bridge of the nose between the corners of the eyes, horizontal lines or horizontal lines are more obvious here, which may be arrhythmia or poor heart conditions; if the horizontal lines appear deep and there are deep vertical lines (groove) on the tongue ), it may be a serious heart disease. People with heart disease generally have poor intestinal function; they can also cause diseases such as blood vessels, brain, thyroid, and parathyroid glands. Wrinkles in the lower ears and lips are coronary heart disease, and purple lips are heart disease.

    Brain-between the two brows, vertical lines appear here. If the vertical lines are deep and the part is red, it proves that the person has insufficient blood supply to the blood vessels of the heart and brain, headache, neurasthenia, dreams, poor sleep, heart palpitations, irritability, etc. , The eyes are dark, which proves that the blood supply to the brain is insufficient or the sleep and rest are not good.

    Chest (breast)-between the corners of the eyes and the bridge of the nose. If this part of a man is dull or blue, it means he has chest tightness and shortness of breath. If a woman is dull or blue in this area, it means that her breasts are tender and painful during menstruation. There are moles, scabs on the inner part of the upper eyelid, or powdery acne-like protrusions on the inner part of the upper eyelid, indicating that female breasts have lobular hyperplasia and male pleurisy. If there is a small bag at the corner of the eye of a woman, it means that the female breast hyperplasia or tumor.

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