1. Actively exercise to enhance disease resistance
Anorectal disease is related to whether the body's viscera, qi and blood function is normal. Active physical exercise and enhancement of disease resistance are fundamental measures. Traditional Chinese medicine believes that "the righteousness is stored in the body, and the evil is not allowed." People can participate in some sports according to their specific conditions, such as doing exercises, boxing, walking, playing ball, swimming, climbing, etc. Those who have the conditions can exercise with the help of sports equipment. Can also use boxing exercises, guidance and other methods to enhance physical fitness. For people who sit and stand for a long time, try to arrange time to exercise the lower limbs and buttocks muscles to make the blood flow unblocked and reduce local blood stasis.
2. Avoid emotional stimulation and keep your spirits happy
People are in complex interpersonal relationships, and many external events can cause emotional changes and disease. Those who are good at health preservation attach great importance to psychological cultivation and emotional adjustment. To keep the anal function in a normal state, we must also pay attention to avoiding or diminishing emotional stimulation, less anger and less thinking, open-minded, strengthen the psychological endurance, smile often, keep the spirit in the best state, and prevent illness Before it happens.
Three diet conditioning
As the saying goes, "Illness comes from the mouth", and anal disease can also be caused by improper diet. The great Chinese medical scientist Sun Simiao recorded in "Prescriptions for Emergency and Qianjin": "Eat irregularity, drunk and full time, gluttonous food, spicy pepper... Five hemorrhoids." Most patients with anorectal disease have first-hand experience. Anal disease often occurs after drinking heavy alcohol or eating spicy food. Daily diet, such as simple selection of fine grains and high-protein foods, can easily cause dry stools with a small amount, which will cause the stools to stay in the intestines for a long time, which is extremely harmful to human health and can also cause anal diseases. Foreign reports use bran to treat hemorrhoids, which is based on the principle that there are many residues after the digestion of bran, the resulting stool is soft, and easy to discharge. Therefore, in your usual diet, you should eat more vegetables with a lot of fiber, drink plenty of water, and don't eat a partial diet. If you have the conditions, eat more fruits, such as persimmons, bananas, and pears. Patients with loose stools can eat yam, black dates, white lentils and so on. Special attention should be paid to chewing slowly and speaking less when eating, to prevent swallowing foreign objects such as fish bones and causing infection in the anus. In short, to prevent anal disease, we must first check a good diet.
Four pay attention to work and rest
The ancients once pointed out that carrying heavy burdens can cause hemorrhoids, and we often find in clinical practice that hemorrhoids attack when patients are overworked. This is because after overwork, the body's muscle tissue becomes elastic and fatigued, its tension is reduced, and its resistance is reduced. The blood vessels in the anus expand to produce congestion, which can cause hemorrhoids congestion, edema, and pain. Therefore, pay attention to changing positions and rest when working. Workers who often stand, such as farmers and teachers, should pay attention to proper bed rest. People who sit and squat for a long time, such as drivers, office workers, etc., should pay attention to increasing activities such as standing and walking. When riding a bicycle for a long time, due to the pressure and friction of the anal area, it is easy to cause thrombosis and external hemorrhoids. Pay attention to relaxation and reduce friction. In addition, sexual life should not be excessive, nor can you tolerate sperm without ejaculation, so as to avoid muscle spasm and contraction around the anus, affecting the blood circulation of the anus, causing hemorrhoids or aggravating the condition. If someone plays mahjong all night, hemorrhoids will develop the next day. This is because after a day's work, they sit for a long time at night and are stressed. The anus must not relax, blood stasis and reflux are affected, so hemorrhoids will attack. Therefore, resting supine at night can reduce or prevent the onset of hemorrhoids.
Five develop good bowel habits
Some people do not understand the physiological process of defecation, do not pay attention to anal health care, dry stools and do not want to try to soften them, they only work hard when defecate and cause anal injury. It is also a bad habit for some people to go to the toilet vigorously whenever they want to defecate, regardless of whether they actually have stool, or to sit in the toilet for a long time, which will increase the burden on the anus. A good bowel habit is: regular bowel movements a day, the minimum effort required to defecate, the shortest time required, the smooth discharge, and a relaxed feeling after the bowel movement. To do this, you must first establish a good habit of regular bowel movements , To keep the stool soft and easy to pass; secondly, do not artificially control the bowel feeling, do not squeeze out the prescribed stool time, and go to the toilet immediately when the bowel feeling is obvious; thirdly, hurry up and end as soon as possible when defecation Reading newspapers and smoking in the toilet. Before and after breakfast is the best time to defecate, because it conforms to the physiological laws of the human body. After eating, food can accelerate gastrointestinal motility due to the stimulation of food, and this kind of gastrointestinal reflex motility can easily produce stool sensation. Colon movement can occur even after getting up in the morning, so many people have to go to the toilet after getting up. In short, maintaining a normal bowel movement has certain significance for anal health care and physical fitness.