Some inadvertent small habits in life are likely to bury huge health risks. According to an analysis and investigation conducted by a health management agency on the results of adult physical examinations, it was found that 10 small habits that people disagree with in life are unfortunately on the "black list" of health.
Tenth: Drinking too much coffee or tea. The right amount of coffee and tea is good for the body, but excessive amounts can stimulate the stomach and affect sleep.
About coffee: Judging from recent foreign media reports, coffee may be leading the latest trend of healthy eating. However, don't think that upgrading the coffee in your hand from a medium cup to an oversized cup will make you healthier. Most researchers agree that there is not enough evidence to show that the benefits of coffee have reached the point of encouraging those who do not drink coffee to change their habits. In addition, no one has found the daily amount of coffee that is most beneficial to health. The reaction to coffee varies from person to person: a small cup of coffee can make a person anxious and nervous, but some people can sleep soundly all night after drinking 10 cups. The relationship between coffee and health has not yet been rigorously demonstrated. Experts believe that the quality of coffee drinking varies from person to person.
About drinking tea: In fact, there are three types of tea, green tea, black tea, and oolong tea. These three kinds of tea are different in nature due to cold and heat, whether they are good or bad for the human body, depends on your physical type. Green tea is cool, black tea is hot, and oolong is between black tea and green tea, and is flat. Drink tea properly. Drinking too much tea is the same as eating a certain kind of food. Many people with yang deficiency physique drink green tea. If you drink green tea for a long time, you will suffer from asthenia cold. If you are used to drinking tea, it is recommended to drink Oolong tea, because of its peaceful nature.
Ninth place: Like to eat hot food. Eating too much heat will damage the intestines and body functions. Eating more foods that are close to body temperature can delay gastrointestinal aging and help people live longer.
Food enters the gastrointestinal, oral cavity and esophagus is the only way. The “high temperature” diet that touches the digestive tract and oral mucosa will damage the epithelium, ulcerate, and bleed. If it is repeatedly exposed to adverse stimulation, it may induce cancer. Therefore, people who are accustomed to eating hot meals and drinking hot drinks have a high risk of cancer in the mouth and esophagus.
Experts suggest that you should eat less Mala Tang after the age of 40. Oral leukoplakia caused by eating hot, spicy and hot foods is inseparable from the occurrence of oral cancer. The reason why it turns into cancer is mainly related to local physical and chemical stimulation. This is also the key to eating less spicy, spicy, and hot foods after the age of 40, otherwise these heavy-tasting foods will continue to stimulate the oral cavity and directly induce oral cancer. Therefore, people over 40 should pay attention to whether there are white rough plaques in the mouth that cannot be eliminated. If the mucous membrane is rough, foreign body sensation or taste changes, seek medical advice as soon as possible. If you have leukoplakia, you should always pay attention to the changes in the leukoplakia, such as whether there is erythema around the leukoplakia, whether the plaque becomes hard, accompanied by bleeding, ulcers and other phenomena.
Eighth: Drink too little water. Tian Xiangyang, an expert from the China Health Education Center of the Ministry of Health, said that it is best for each person to drink 2 liters of water a day, and adequate hydration should be provided between the morning and three meals.
Cautious hydration in the morning: Many women regard drinking water after waking up as their daily homework. But how to replenish water in the morning to be healthier? In fact, there is no definite rule, and breakfast hydration also varies from person to person.
People who are thin, white and have cold constitution are not suitable for drinking milk, juice or cold water below body temperature in the morning. They can be replaced with warm soup and porridge.
Freshly squeezed juice is not suitable for the empty stomach in the morning, even in summer, it should be consumed with breakfast.
Replenish water in the morning and avoid salt. The thick broth and the salty wonton soup are not suitable for the morning. This will only increase the body's hunger and thirst in the morning.
Replenishing water before meals is the most nourishing stomach: Do you still need to replenish water before meals? Wouldn't it dilute the gastric juice and affect digestion? Western food has a pre-meal appetizer step, the reason is to use soup to mobilize appetite, lubricate the esophagus, and prepare for the meal. Then, hydrating before meals also has the same meaning. Before entering solid food, drink half a cup (about 100 ml), which can be fruit juice, yogurt at room temperature, or warm rock sugar chrysanthemum water or light tea. Or a small bowl of thick appetizer soup is a good way to nourish the stomach.
Drink more invisible water: Some people seem to not drink water all day long, because the water intake from food is enough to meet the needs. Food is also watery, such as rice, which has a water content of 60%, while porridge is even more water-rich. It is not difficult to open the food composition table to see that the water content of vegetables and fruits generally exceeds 70%. Even if you only eat 500 grams of fruits and vegetables a day, you can get 300 to 400 ml of water (there are two pregnant women). In addition, the daily diet emphasizes the dry and thin combination, so it is not difficult to obtain 1500-2000 ml of water from the three meals. It is better to make full use of the opportunity of eating three meals to replenish water. Choose more fruits and vegetables and non-salty soups and porridges to replenish water.
Seventh place: Defecation hard. Excessive defecation can strengthen the contraction of the heart, the blood pressure will suddenly rise, and induce cerebral hemorrhage.
Excessive defecation in the elderly can cause changes in coronary artery and cerebral blood flow. Due to the decrease in cerebral blood flow, fainting may occur during defecation. Insufficient coronary blood supply may cause angina and myocardial infarction. Hypertension may cause cerebrovascular Accidents can also cause the rupture of aneurysms or ventricular aneurysms, the loss of heart mural thrombus, arrhythmia and even sudden death.
Hirschsprung's disease can occur due to the hypotonia of the muscularis of the colon. The increase in intra-abdominal pressure during forced defecation can cause or aggravate hemorrhoids. During forced defecation, the anal canal can be damaged and anal fissures can be caused. After fecal impaction, intestinal obstruction, fecal ulcers, urinary retention and fecal incontinence will occur, as well as reports of spontaneous colon perforation or sigmoid volvulus.
Bending to pick up and carry heavy objects is very common in daily life and work, such as workers carrying heavy objects, women holding laundry tubs on the ground, etc. In these situations, if you do not pay attention to your posture, especially mental workers or housewives who rarely have the opportunity to do heavy physical labor, it is easy to cause lumbosacral injury.
When bending over to extract and carry heavy objects, the most unfavorable posture for the lumbosacral region is to extract and carry heavy objects with straight knees and bent over. Because of this position, when the lumbar spine straightens from the flexion position, although the gluteus maximus and other muscles contract, when the waist is bent over 90 degrees, the sacrospinalis cannot maintain the position of the spine and protect the ligaments. All posterior spine The tension is borne by the ligaments. When standing up, the sacral spine must first contract with greater force to stretch the trunk above the fifth lumbar vertebra and lift the heavy objects. Therefore, it is very easy to cause lumbosacral sprain and straight knee bend Lifting heavy objects at the waist, the center of gravity of the object is far from the trunk axis, it will inevitably increase the burden on the muscles and ligaments of the lower back and cause damage to the lumbosacral muscles and ligaments.
Correct posture: First move your body as close to the heavy object as possible, then bend your knees and hips, then use both hands to hold the object, stretch your knees and hips, and the weight can be lifted. In this way, mainly rely on the contraction power of the gluteus maximus and quadriceps muscles to avoid the back muscles and reduce the chance of waist injury. In addition, when moving heavy objects, pay attention to keeping the knees in a semi-flexed state and make the object as close to the body as possible, which can reduce the burden on the back muscles and reduce the chance of injury.
Fifth place: Use the computer continuously for more than 3 hours. Using the computer for a long time can cause eye fatigue, shoulder and back pain, headache, loss of appetite, and insomnia.
Microwave hazards: low-energy X-rays and low-frequency electromagnetic radiation from computers can cause central nervous system disorders. A British study confirmed that low-frequency radiation and magnetic fields emitted by computer screens can cause 7 to 19 diseases, including runny nose, itchy eyes, neck and back pain, transient memory loss, irritability and depression. For women, symptoms such as dysmenorrhea and prolonged menstruation may also occur, and a small number of expectant mothers may also have premature delivery or miscarriage. In addition, long-term computer work, mental stress, high psychological pressure, fatigue, and electromagnetic radiation, the incidence of breast cancer in female operators is about 30% higher than the average person. Relevant studies have also found that electromagnetic radiation from computers can also cause cancer.
Vision hazard: Eyes stare at one place for a long time, blinking only one-third of the usual, thereby reducing the secretion of lubricant in the eye. In the long run, in addition to eye fatigue, double images, blurred vision, it will also cause other discomforts. The most effective way is to rest properly and eat more foods containing vitamin A to supplement rhodopsin on the retina, such as carrots, cabbage, bean sprouts, tofu, red dates, oranges, milk, eggs, animal liver, lean meat, etc.
Tissue injury: Repetitive and tense movements when operating a computer can damage certain parts of muscles, nerves, joints, tendons and other tissues. In addition to low back pain, people suffering from carpal tunnel syndrome, in addition to wrist pain or even paralysis, these symptoms will extend to the palms and fingers.
Respiratory system hazard: The gas emitted by the computer can harm the respiratory system. Researchers from the British Allergy Foundation recently published a research report that pointed out that office equipment releases ozone gas harmful to human health. The main culprits are computers and laser printers. These ozone gases are not only toxic, but may cause breathing difficulties for some people. In addition, staying in a place with high ozone gas concentration for a long time can also cause lung disease.
Fourth place: Get out of bed as soon as you wake up. Jim? Professor of Sleep Research Center, Loughborough University, UK Horn pointed out that waking up immediately after waking up is likely to cause sudden changes in blood pressure, causing diseases such as high blood pressure and stroke. You should lie down for 5 minutes and move your limbs and head before getting up.
To alleviate the damage to the blood vessels caused by changes in cardiovascular and cerebrovascular pressure before and after going to bed, experts recommend that-
1 Don't get up immediately after waking up and lie down in bed for half a minute;
2 After sitting up on the bed, sit on the side of the bed for half a minute;
3 Stand by the side of the bed for half a minute and then get out of bed. This gradual activity allows the body's organs to adapt to changes and reduces the pressure on blood vessels to get up suddenly to avoid falling and other risks, which is beneficial to the stability of the heart rhythm.
Third place: go to the toilet and read the newspaper. Sitting on the toilet reading and reading the newspaper will inevitably prolong the time of defecation, causing congestion of the anus and causing hemorrhoids. In addition, the anus congestion can also mislead the nervous system, stimulate the "defecation sensor", and make the anus feel bloated for a long time. Therefore, it is better not to "multitask" when going to the toilet.
Reading and reading the newspaper while squatting in the toilet will interfere with the brain's command of the defecation nerves and prolong the defecation time. Modern medical research has confirmed that squatting on the toilet for more than 3 minutes can directly lead to rectal varicose congestion, which can easily induce hemorrhoids, and the severity of the disease is related to the length of time. The longer you squat in the toilet, the higher the chance of illness. Because long-term squatting will increase the abdominal pressure, cause poor venous blood return, cause the superior rectal veins to expand, the venous clusters are not tightly closed, and the venous plexus walls become thinner and bulge. Often this can easily lead to the formation of hemorrhoids.
In addition, there is generally not enough light in the toilet, so I read a book inside. Reading newspapers can easily damage your eyes.
The doctor suggested that when the bathroom is "convenient", you should strive to end the "battle|fight" within 5 minutes, and continue to train the levator anus in order to effectively prevent hemorrhoids and other diseases.
Disease 1: It may cause varicose veins or thromboembolism in the legs. When swaying Erlang's legs, the cushioned knee is compressed, which easily affects the blood circulation of the lower limbs. Keeping the legs in one position for a long time can easily become numb. If the blood circulation is blocked again, it may cause varicose veins or thromboembolism in the legs. Especially for the elderly suffering from high blood pressure, diabetes, and heart disease, long-term crossing of their legs will make their condition worse.
Disease 2: Affect male reproductive health. When crossing the Erlang’s legs, the legs are usually clamped too tightly, which increases the temperature of the inner thighs and around the genitals. For men, this kind of high temperature can damage sperm, long-term so, may affect fertility. It is recommended that you don’t cross your legs for more than 10 minutes. If you feel sweat seeping from the inner thighs, it is best to walk for a while in a ventilated place to dissipate heat as soon as possible.
Disease 3: Lead to deformation of the spine, causing lower back pain. The normal spine of the human body should be in an "S" shape when viewed from the side, but it is easy to bend over and hunch when crossing the legs. Over time, the spine will form a "C" shape, causing uneven pressure distribution in the lumbar and thoracic spine. If things go on like this, it will compress the spinal nerves and cause lower back pain.
Disease 4: There is bone disease or muscle strain. When crossing the Erlang’s legs, the pelvis and hip joints are prone to soreness due to long-term compression, and skeletal disease or muscle strain may occur over time. When riding a bus, if you encounter a sudden brake, the crossed legs are too late to lie flat, which will easily cause damage to the bones, joints and muscles.
First place: lack of exercise. Two-thirds of the respondents did not reach the standard of exercising for more than 30 minutes each time 3 times a week. Hong Zhaoguang, the chief health education expert of the Ministry of Health, pointed out that insufficient exercise can cause obesity, high blood pressure, arteriosclerosis, coronary heart disease, low back pain and other diseases. People should keep exercising at least 3-5 times a week for 30 minutes each time.
Recommend "slow exercise"-slow exercise is now more and more favored by white-collar workers. Because of its functions such as body shaping, decompression, beauty, and treatment, it has become the first choice of many white-collar workers. For stressed white-collar workers, especially women, slow exercise is a more suitable exercise. Many white-collar workers often work overtime. After a busy day, if they continue to go to the gym to run on the treadmill for 40 minutes or an hour after work, they may cause some harm to the body. At this time, doing some "slow exercises", such as yoga, Tai Chi, and walking, can make people's mood from anxious to quiet.
In fact, "slow half-beat exercise" has long been popular abroad, and many people have long adhered to the "10,000 steps per day" fitness method. When there is still some distance from home, get out of the car and walk back. On weekends, go for a walk in the suburbs. While walking slowly and patiently, you will gain physical and mental health and happiness.