Autumn is a transitional season from hot summer to cold winter, when people’s resistance is relatively weak. Therefore, in autumn you should eat more foods that can enhance human resistance and immunity; at the same time, the autumn climate is relatively dry, and people tend to There are different degrees of dryness in the mouth, nose, skin and other parts, so you should eat foods that are nourishing, nourishing, and moisturizing, and eat less spicy and fried foods.
Qiuzao consumes yin and damages the essence, plus lamb and dog meat are warm-drying foods, which can easily cause symptoms such as getting angry, oral ulcers, insomnia, and constipation. Therefore, autumn tonic may wish to eat more cold foods.
The most suitable meat for autumn is duck. Jujube, wolfberry, lily, and sweet potato are the four treasures of autumn tonic. In addition, taro, lotus root, sweet potato, and cabbage are also the four treasures of autumn tonic vegetarian food. There are also some fruits and vegetables such as: eggplant, white radish, wax gourd, pumpkin, loofah, rape, spinach, amaranth, tangerine, apple, pear, chestnut, loquat, orange, water chestnut, and mushroom are also suitable for autumn consumption.
1. Chrysanthemum, jujube and wolfberry porridge:
The chrysanthemum is the "fairy in the flower" of autumn. China has a long history of eating chrysanthemums. As early as the Warring States period, the patriotic poet Qu Yuan chanted the chant of "Drinking magnolia in the morning and falling down in the autumn chrysanthemum". The scent of chrysanthemum is fragrant and can cook a variety of delicious dishes. Chrysanthemum can well help the human body to replenish qi, replenish strength, remove dryness and detoxify. Modern medicine has proved that chrysanthemum has a good conditioning effect on chronic diseases such as high blood fat, high blood pressure and sub-health of modern people.
Lycium barbarum has antipyretic, treats diabetes, relieves cough and reduces phlegm, etc. The root of Lycium barbarum can lower blood pressure after being decocted. Lycium barbarum tea has the effects of treating physical deficiency and cold, invigorating the stomach, liver and kidney diseases, tuberculosis, constipation, insomnia, hypotension, anemia, various eye diseases, hair loss, stomatitis, skin care and so on. People with weak physique, common cold, and poor resistance are best to consume it every day. Wolfberry has a strong warming effect, and people who suffer from high blood pressure and have too impatient temperament are best not to consume it.
Jujube is sweet and smooth in nature, and it can nourish qi and blood when entering the spleen and stomach. It is a good product for strengthening the spleen and qi. Chinese medicine commonly uses jujube to treat symptoms such as weakness of the spleen and stomach, lack of Qi and blood, and insomnia. Jujube can protect the liver and reduce blood lipids. Although jujube is sweet and non-toxic, it is hot and humid in nature, so you should not eat more, especially if you eat too much, such as cold and heat, thirst, and stomach bloating.
2. Mung Bean Coix Seed Duck Soup
The coldness of duck meat can not only invigorate fatigue, nourish yin and nourish the stomach, but also sterilize heat, facilitate urination, and relieve sores and boils. This is rare in most warm meat and poultry. Therefore, eating old ducks in early autumn has the best effect of nourishing yin, clearing heat, diminishing swelling. However, experts reminded that duck meat is cold, so the spleen and stomach are insufficiency, cold and painful in the abdomen, diarrhea due to stool, and dysmenorrhea due to cold should not eat more.
3. Steamed pork ribs with taro flour
Taro is rich in starch and nutritious, mainly containing protein, calcium, phosphorus, iron, and many vitamins. It has a soft texture, is easy to digest, and has a stomachic effect. It is especially suitable for patients with weak spleen and stomach, intestinal diseases, tuberculosis and recovery period. It is a good food for infants and the elderly.
4. Bean Paste Sweet Potato Cake
Sweet potatoes are rich in starch, vitamins, cellulose and other essential nutrients for the human body. They are also rich in mineral elements such as magnesium, phosphorus, calcium and linoleic acid. They can maintain the elasticity of blood vessels and are very effective in preventing and treating habitual constipation in the elderly. In addition, sweet potatoes are an ideal diet food.
Five, garlic and eggplant
Modern medicine believes that because of the gradual aging and hardening of blood vessels in the elderly, there will be "life spots" (age spots) on the skin, and eating eggplant in autumn will significantly reduce the age spots.
Eggplant is rich in vitamin A, vitamin B1, vitamin C, vitamin D, protein and calcium, which can soften human blood vessels. Eggplant can disperse blood congestion, so it can reduce the chance of vascular embolism. In addition, eggplant has the following effects:
First, it can prevent bleeding diseases. Purple eggplant is rich in vitamin P, which can improve the fragility of capillaries, prevent small blood vessel bleeding, and have certain preventive effects on hypertension, arteriosclerosis, hemoptysis, purpura, etc.
Second, it can prevent and treat hypercholesterolemia. The saponin contained in eggplant fiber has the effect of lowering cholesterol.
Third, prevent cancer. Eggplant contains solanine, which can inhibit the proliferation of gastrointestinal tumor cells, especially gastric cancer and rectal cancer.
Fourth, it can prevent internal hemorrhoids and blood in the stool. Eggplant has the effects of clearing heat and promoting blood circulation, reducing swelling and relieving pain.
Six, sweet-scented osmanthus glutinous rice and lotus root
From summer to autumn, the digestive function of the human body gradually declines, and the ability of intestinal disease resistance is also weakened. The cooked lotus root is beneficial to the spleen and stomach, can nourish the spleen and stomach, nourish yin and moisturize dryness, nourish the stomach, nourish yin, nourish blood, and stop diarrhea Efficacy: Dryness is the main qi of autumn, easy to produce dry cough, and lotus root can clear heat and nourish the lungs. So autumn is especially suitable for eating lotus root.
Seven, winter melon meatball soup
Winter melon contains more protein, sugar and a small amount of minerals such as calcium, phosphorus, iron and vitamin B1, B2, C and niacin. Vitamin B1 can promote the conversion of starch and sugar in the body into heat instead of fat. So winter melon helps to lose weight. Winter melon is different from other melons in that it does not contain fat, has low sodium content and low calories. The seeds of wax gourd contain urinary alcohol, adenine, histidine, trigonelline, etc., and the flesh contains adenine and histamine.
8. Spinach vermicelli
Spinach can improve iron deficiency anemia. It can make your complexion ruddy and radiant, so it is recommended as a good product for beauty.
Spinach leaves contain chromium and an insulin-like substance, which is very similar to insulin and can stabilize blood sugar.
The abundant B vitamin content makes it possible to prevent the occurrence of vitamin deficiencies such as angular cheilitis and night blindness.
Spinach contains a lot of antioxidants such as vitamin E and selenium, which has anti-aging and cell proliferation effects. It can not only activate brain function, but also enhance youthful vitality, help prevent brain aging and prevent Alzheimer's disease.
A Harvard University study also found that middle-aged and elderly people who consume spinach 2 to 4 times a week can reduce the risk of retinal degeneration and protect their eyesight due to intake of vitamin A and carotene.
Nine, sweet pear double wire
In autumn, the weather is high and the air is refreshing, and the moisture in the air is reduced. At this time, people are prone to "autumn dryness" phenomena such as dry throat and nose, dry lips and thirst, cough without phlegm, and dry skin. Known as the "Sect of Hundred Fruits", pears are unique to Qiuzao
Pear is slightly cold and sweet in taste, can produce body fluid to quench thirst, moisturize dryness and resolve phlegm, moisturize intestines, etc. It is mainly used for fever and body injury, upset and thirst, dry lungs, dry cough, dry throat, dry tongue, or choking, nausea, stool Symptoms of dry knots and excessive drinking. Consistently eating two pears daily in autumn can prevent autumn dryness to a certain extent. Pear also has the effects of clearing heat and calming nerves. It has a good auxiliary effect for patients with high blood pressure, heart disease, thirst, constipation, dizziness, insomnia, and dreams. Pear is also a health-care fruit for patients with hepatitis and kidney disease.
Eating radishes in early autumn can get rid of the fire in the heart of summer. There is a farmer saying that "the first is a radish and the second is a vegetable". There is also the proverb that "radish is tea, and the doctor is so angry that he crawls on the floor".
Radish has many medicinal values. For example, its seeds can eliminate food and relieve phlegm, relieve breath and relieve asthma; the leaves can relieve diarrhea; the root of radish knotted and dead is called Dioscorea chinensis, which can diuresis and reduce swelling. The folk saying that "radish can relieve cough and smooth the gas, dissipate food and transform water", is because of this. It is rare that this kind of medicinal effect of radish is compatible with tea. Eating some radish in autumn and drinking some good tea is medically based on eliminating the toxic heat accumulated in the human body during summer and refreshing the body. . It’s also worth mentioning that one of the “Eight Monsters of Yangzhou” in Zheng Banqiao’s health association also mentioned radishes and tea: “greens, radish, brown rice, earthenware chrysanthemum tea”. This old gentleman is probably leaning on The eloquence of "radish is tea" can live a long life!
10. Shacha pork ribs in pumpkin pot
In the dry weather in autumn, eating more foods rich in vitamin A and vitamin E can enhance the body's immunity and improve the symptoms of autumn dryness.
Pumpkin contains sugar, protein, cellulose, vitamin C, vitamin A, vitamin B1, vitamin B2, and mineral salts such as calcium, potassium and phosphorus. There are 7~17% pectin in pumpkin fruit, which has strong adsorption power, can bind and eliminate bacteria and toxic substances in the human body, protect the mucosa of the digestive tract, have a certain effect on digestive ulcers, and can also bind cholesterol , Prevent arteriosclerosis. There is a special substance in the pumpkin pulp, which can promote insulin secretion, lower blood sugar levels, and have special effects on the prevention and treatment of diabetes. The rich vitamins in the fruit have the effect of protecting the mucous membrane, and have certain effects on protecting eyesight, preventing eye diseases, beauty and weight loss.
What needs to be reminded is that when you eat too much pumpkin and take too much beta carotene, you are prone to carotene xanthosis. Therefore, eating pumpkin should not exceed the amount of one staple food per day.
11. Braised chestnut chicken
Chestnuts, also known as chestnuts, not only contain a lot of starch, but also rich in protein, fat, B vitamins and other nutrients. They are also high in calories. They have nourishing functions for the human body, including nourishing the stomach, invigorating the spleen, and invigorating the kidneys. It has the effects of strengthening waist, strengthening tendons, promoting blood circulation, stopping bleeding, and reducing swelling. But don't eat too much every time. Too much raw food is difficult to digest; too much cooked food hinders the stomach.
12. Loofah fried shrimp
The various nutrients contained in loofah are higher in melon foods, and special substances such as saponins, bitterness, mucus, xylon, citrulline, xylan and interferon have certain special effects. Loofah contains vitamin B1 to prevent skin aging and vitamin C to whiten skin. It can protect the skin, eliminate plaques, and make the skin white and tender. It is a rare beauty product, so loofah juice has "beauty water". Called. Pay attention to eat more loofah in your diet, which is helpful for regulating menstrual irregularities. Loofah is sweet and flat in nature and has the functions of clearing heat and cooling blood, detoxifying and laxative, expelling wind and phlegm, moisturizing and beautifying, clearing the meridians, promoting blood circulation, and lowering breast milk.
The autumn diet should follow the principle of “nourishing yin and preventing dryness”. The diet should be nourishing yin, nourishing and juicy. The specific plan is as follows:
1. Nourish the lungs
Qiuqi should respond to the lungs.The lung is an important respiratory organ of the human body and the source of the human body's true qi. The rise and fall of lung qi is related to the length of life. The dry weather in autumn can easily damage the lungs and yin, causing people to suffer from respiratory diseases such as dry nose and sore throat, coughing and chest pain. Eat more foods that nourish yin and dryness, such as white fungus, sugar cane, bird's nest, pear, sesame, lotus root, spinach, turtle meat, silky chicken, pig lung, soy milk, caramel, duck eggs, honey, turtle meat, olives. Eat more sesame, walnuts, glutinous rice, honey, sugar cane, etc., can play the role of nourishing yin, lungs and blood. In addition, some medicinal foods can be properly consumed, such as: sammai tuan fish, honey steamed lily, olive and sour plum soup, etc.
Second, less pungent and acid
In autumn, the function of the lungs is relatively strong, and eating too much spicy food will make the lung qi more vigorous, which will damage the liver qi. Therefore, eat less spicy foods in the autumn diet, such as onions, ginger, garlic, leeks, peppers, etc. . On this basis, eat more sour foods to replenish liver qi, such as: apples, pomegranates, grapes, mangoes, cherries, grapefruits, lemons, hawthorns, tomatoes, and water chestnuts.
3. Eat more porridge
In the early autumn, the weather is still hot, the air is humid, the air is sultry, and the fruits are ripe in autumn. It is difficult to guarantee that people will not overeating. These will damage the spleen and stomach. Therefore, eat more porridge in the autumn morning to strengthen the spleen and stomach. It can bring refreshing one day. Commonly eaten porridge in autumn are: hawthorn rice porridge, Yali rice porridge, rabbit rice porridge, white radish rice porridge, almond rice porridge, orange peel rice porridge, persimmon rice porridge, etc.
Four, should supplement fitness soup
The autumn diet is based on the principle of nourishing yin and moisturizing dryness. On this basis, drinking some fitness soup at lunch and dinner can on the one hand infiltrate dampness and invigorate the spleen, nourish yin and prevent dryness, on the other hand, it can also nourish and strengthen the body. The soups often eaten in autumn are: lily and winter melon soup, pig skin tomato soup, hawthorn ribs soup, carp and haw soup, silver carp head soup, eel soup, red bean crucian carp soup, duck frame tofu soup, wolfberry leaf tofu soup, oyster mushroom tofu Soup, oyster mushroom and egg soup, mushroom and seaweed soup, etc.