1. Severe abdominal pain: Abdominal pain caused by some intra-abdominal diseases will undergo sudden changes in a short period of time. Improper handling can be life-threatening and often requires emergency surgery. This type of disease is medically called "acute abdomen", such as gastrointestinal Perforation, torsion or rupture of organs, acute intestinal obstruction, etc. Special attention should be paid to abdominal pain caused by this type of disease and actively treated.
2. Vomiting and diarrhea: Sudden vomiting and diarrhea are mostly acute gastrointestinal infections, which can cause dehydration and electrolyte disturbances in severe cases. Bacterial toxins can also cause shock. You should go to the hospital for treatment immediately. Chronic diarrhea can cause nutritional disorders, vitamin deficiencies, weight loss, and even malnutrition edema due to the large amount of diarrhea. You should also seek medical attention in time.
3. Hematemesis or blood in the stool: no matter how much bleeding is, go to the hospital as soon as possible. Some diseases start with a small amount of bleeding, and then will have heavy bleeding, so don't ignore it because of the lack of bleeding.
4. Unexplained anemia: Normal adult male hemoglobin is 120-160 g/l, and female is 110-150 g/l. If the patient’s complexion and nail bed are pale, and feel weak and weak, and the hemoglobin is lower than normal, the doctor will treat the anemia, and the effect of long-term use of blood tonics is not obvious. Some tests should be done to see if there is gastrointestinal blood loss. Fecal occult blood test. Chronic blood loss caused by gastrointestinal tumors can cause anemia, which should be taken seriously.
5. Progressive weight loss: weight loss can be caused by mental and emotional factors and overwork, but most weight loss caused by this reason is temporary. Once the cause is removed, the weight will gradually recover. If you lose weight significantly in a short period of time, you must go to the hospital for examination.
6. Dysphagia: Progressive dysphagia is a typical symptom of esophageal cancer. At first, there was only slight discomfort behind the breastbone when swallowing things, and it did not affect eating. As the disease progressed, there was progressive dysphagia, that is, difficulty in swallowing solid food and then developing to liquid diet (ie, porridge, milk food). Therefore, if dysphagia occurs and the symptoms persist and gradually worsen, you should seek medical attention as soon as possible. Esophageal lesions can be found through gastroscopy.
7. Changes in bowel habits: Some people have long-term constipation, and they have a bowel movement every three or four days or longer; some people often have diarrhea, which has been so for many years. This type of situation is less likely to have tumors. If the bowel habit has always been normal, the bowel movement is suddenly not smooth in a short time, or the stool becomes thin and deformed, and there is visible bleeding during the stool. The amount is not large and is not caused by hemorrhoids. Especially for older people, consider the colon The possibility of cancer.
8. Pus and blood in the stool: Be vigilant if the following conditions occur: the onset is not in the epidemic season of infectious diseases, the effect of inflammation treatment is not obvious or the symptoms recur soon after the improvement, and the fecal occult blood test continues to be positive.
9. Abdominal masses: Abdominal masses are mostly formed by enlarged or abnormally located organs, tumors, cysts or enlarged lymph nodes. If you find a swelling in your stomach that is gradually increasing, seek medical attention immediately.
10. Jaundice: Jaundice is mostly caused by diseases of the liver, gallbladder and pancreas. Acute jaundice is accompanied by abdominal pain or chills and fever. It is usually hepatobiliary system diseases, such as acute cholangitis, liver abscess, etc., which should be treated in time. If jaundice occurs gradually, even the color of stool becomes gray and white, and the abdominal pain is not obvious, consider the lower end of the bile duct or cancer of the head of the pancreas. Jaundice accompanied by paroxysmal right upper abdominal colic is often biliary stone obstruction and biliary ascariasis. All of the above must be treated at the hospital as soon as possible.