The anus and its surroundings are located in the private parts of the human body. There is no sunlight all year round, and the body wastes are constantly excreted. If you don't pay attention to hygiene, it is easy to cause bacteria to grow. In addition, when walking, running and jumping, the local repeated friction, so it is very easy to cause hemorrhoids. So how to prevent and reduce the occurrence and development of perianal diseases? The following measures should be taken seriously.
Pay attention to diet
Properly eat more fresh vegetables and fruits (adults should reach 750 grams per day), and eat corn, buckwheat and potatoes and other grains regularly to ensure the intake of vitamins and dietary fiber to prevent and reduce the occurrence of constipation. Replenish water in time, no less than 1500-2000 ml per day. Drinking water in small quantities is the best method. Beer and sweetened beverages should not be used as a substitute for water. Do not drink strong tea or wait until you are thirsty.
Get rid of bad habits
Quit bad habits, such as quitting smoking, drinking less alcohol, eating less spicy and irritating foods, eating less high-fat, fried, smoked, sour, hard and other indigestible foods. Foods should not be too salty to prevent and reduce rectal prolapse, blood in the stool and rectum The occurrence of cancer.
Pay attention to perianal hygiene
After each bowel movement, it is advisable to wash the anus with warm water. It is best to take a bath with warm water for 3-5 minutes before going to bed, and at the same time wash and massage around the anus to maintain perianal hygiene, promote perianal blood circulation, and prevent and reduce perianal inflammation and erosion.
Often do levator ani exercises
Do 1-2 levator exercises a day (that is, the anal muscles are retracted and contracted, 40-60 times each time. Sitting, standing, supine, or chest and knees pressed against the bed, buttocks raised ), has a good effect on promoting perianal blood circulation, preventing hemorrhoids and prolapse.
Pay attention to exercise
Such as Tai Chi, aerobics, walking, jogging or swimming, etc., and adhere to the principle of gradual progress, perseverance, and ability to improve physical fitness. But be careful, if you find discomfort around the anus, or feel pain, itching, etc., you should stop strenuous exercise to avoid aggravating the condition due to intense friction and prevent the crack from expanding.
Pay attention to defecation hygiene
Develop the habit of regular bowel movements 1-2 times a day (it is best to get up in the morning once a day). When you have a bowel movement, you should defecate in time and do not hold back your stool. This helps to keep the stool smooth, promote perianal venous return, reduce and prevent hemorrhoids Wait for the occurrence of the disease. Prevent cold and damp invasion, soil pollution and insect bites, prevent boils, hemorrhoids, infections, ulcers and other aggravation.