(1) Preoperative diet
It is best to have a nutritional assessment before surgery. If it is found that the cancer patient who needs surgery is already malnourished, nutritional support must be given to improve the nutritional status before surgery. Even if the surgery is delayed because of this, nutritional and energy support should be given priority. Otherwise, not only will there be a greater risk of surgery, but it is also not conducive to postoperative incision healing and physical recovery.
Usually, patients are encouraged to eat more high-calorie, high-protein, and vitamin-rich foods before surgery, such as cereals, lean meat, fish, shrimp, eggs, milk, soy products, fresh vegetables, and fruits. For patients with diabetes, hyperuricemia, hyperlipidemia and other comorbid diseases, it is necessary to properly control the type of food and calories in order to avoid aggravation of the disease, which is not conducive to the smooth operation of the operation.
Preoperative nourishment is mainly to prepare for better recovery after surgery. Although meat, eggs, milk and other nutritious foods are the mainstay, the patient's digestive function must be taken into consideration at the same time. Traditional Chinese medicine believes that the spleen and stomach are the foundation of acquired nature, the source of qi and blood biochemistry, and those with strong spleen and stomach can better obtain nutrient essence through diet therapy after surgery, and nourish qi and blood through the spleen and stomach. Therefore, the preoperative diet and nourishment should be carried out at the same time as the method of strengthening the spleen and stomach. For those with weak gastrointestinal and stomach, spleen deficiency, phlegm dampness, damp-heat internalization, or deficiency of qi and yin, they can provide symptomatic food tonic.
1. N Bao Porridge
The porridge is mainly made of various cereals, which can be freely matched according to the economic conditions of the family and the convenience of the choice of ingredients. Traditional Chinese medicine believes that grains have a good effect on strengthening the spleen and protecting the stomach, and they are most suitable to be taken frequently. Usually you can choose red beans, mung beans, barley, corn, black rice, japonica rice, millet, oats, etc., with yam (to nourish the lungs, spleen, kidney), lotus seeds (to nourish the spleen, nourish the heart, soothe the nerves), wolfberry (to nourish the liver and kidney, To protect eyes), red dates (to invigorate qi and blood), lily (to nourish yin and nourish the lungs), cook until the bean porridge sticks. It is recommended to eat plain porridge, that is, no need to add sugar, honey and other flavors. Patients with heavy phlegm and dampness can see from their tongue: if the tongue is fat and large, and the tongue is white or thick, you can add 6-9 grams of tangerine peel to the porridge and cook together. Tangerine peel strengthens the spleen, regulates qi and reduces dampness, has a delicate smell and a good taste.
2. Bo Ziren stewed pig heart
Ingredients: 15 grams of baiziren, 1 pig heart, regular seasoning for stew
Preparation method: Put baiziren into pig's heart, add scallions, ginger, aniseed and other condiments in water, stew in water, slice, add a little soy sauce to taste.
Efficacy: nourishes blood, nourishes yin, moisturizes the intestines, and relaxes the nerves. It is suitable for patients with constipation, insomnia and heart palpitations before surgery.
3. Fried shrimp with lily cashew nuts and walnuts
Ingredients: appropriate amount of fresh lily, cashew nut, walnut, appropriate amount of shrimp, a little green onion and ginger
Production method: Put cashew nuts and walnuts in the oil after warming up. When golden, take it out and put it on the plate for later use; stir-fry the green onion and ginger with a little oil, add shrimp and lily and stir fry quickly, add the fried cashew nuts, walnuts and a little salt before serving
Features: Rich in animal protein and plant protein, with a delicate taste. Nuts are rich in oil and have a laxative effect. Lily nourishes the lungs, nourishes the yin and calms the nerves.
4. Stewed pork ribs with figs/trotter/chicken
Figs are sweet in taste, flat in nature, enter the lung, spleen and stomach meridians. It has the functions of invigorating the spleen and stomach, moistening the lungs and throat, moistening the intestines and laxative. It is especially suitable for patients with weak spleen and stomach and indigestion. It can also be used for dry heat in the lung meridian, sore throat, cough; dry intestines, constipation, or bleeding from hemorrhoids, prolapse of the anus, etc. It can be eaten raw, fried in soup, or stewed. 60 to 120 grams of figs, stewed with ribs or lean meat or trotters or chicken, just eat meat and soup. Put as little salt as possible. The serum of immature fruits contains active ingredients such as psoralen and bergamot lactone, and an aromatic substance, benzaldehyde, can be extracted from the juice of mature fruits. Both of them have anti-cancer and anti-cancer capabilities and enhance the body's ability to resist diseases. The role of. Cancer patients can often make various foods with figs as ingredients.
(2) Postoperative diet
After the operation, the method of intravenous feeding is usually taken first, that is, through the intravenous supplement of nutrients such as fluids, sugars, salts, and amino acids. After the digestive tract function is restored, the easy-to-digest foods such as lotus root powder, steamed custard, and noodle soup can be taken by mouth. , Porridge, soft tofu, milk, chopped vegetables, etc., and then gradually transition to a normal diet.
The best source of nutrition is food. Patients who can eat normally, do not need to consume too much health products such as protein powder, and can obtain sufficient protein and calories from food. The function of the spleen and stomach after surgery is a prerequisite for a good recovery of the body. If the spleen and stomach are weak, no matter how valuable supplements are, it is useless if they cannot be absorbed and utilized by the body. Unsuitable supplements will even increase the burden on the stomach and intestines, which is not conducive to physical recovery. The principle of postoperative medicated diet needs to take into account the strengthening of the spleen and the stomach and the qi and blood. The main foods such as soups and porridges are more water-containing liquids, rich in nutrients and easy to absorb, and less salt and less oil are better.
1. Yam Soup
Ingredients: fresh yam, japonica rice, wolfberry, sesame
Preparation method: Peel the fresh yam, cut into pieces, and smash into a paste with a crusher. Wash the japonica rice, add water, goji berries, and sesame seeds to a boil. After the rice is rotten, add the yam paste and continue to cook until it is overripe. You can leave it alone or add a little salt.
Efficacy: Chinese yam has the effects of nourishing the lungs, spleen and kidney; japonica rice can nourish the spleen and stomach; wolfberry nourishes the liver and kidneys and nourishes blood. This soup has a smooth taste and is very suitable for patients who are eating and drinking after the operation. When you just resume your diet, make the porridge thinner and drink more soup; after a little recovery, it can be thicker. For patients with postoperative constipation, spinach or celery can be added to the porridge, plus a little salt and ginger.
2. Stewed black-bone chicken with ginseng and jujube
Ingredients: one black-bone chicken, 15g ginseng, 6~8 jujubes, shredded ginger and a little salt
Preparation method: chop black-bone chicken into pieces and wash away blood stains with water; wash fresh ginseng and jujube with water separately; boil water in a pot, blanch the washed black-bone chicken pieces; blanched black-bone chicken pieces, fresh ginseng and jujube Put the ginger slices into the stewing pot, add water, boil, and skim the surface foam; switch to a low heat and simmer for about 2 hours, until the chicken pieces are cooked, add salt to adjust the taste.
Efficacy: Ginseng nourishes vitality, nourishes the spleen and lungs, promotes body fluids and quenches thirst. It is the best supplement for postoperative patients with qi and blood deficiency. Not suitable for people with yin deficiency and hyperactivity (consult a Chinese medicine physician).
3. Stewed Turtle with Cordyceps Polygonatum
Ingredients: one soft-shelled turtle, 30 grams of Asparagus, 30 grams of Polygonatum odoratum, 6 grams of Cordyceps, shredded ginger and a little salt
Preparation method: After cutting the turtle into pieces, wash off the blood stains, run it with boiling water, and remove it. After the water is warm, put the turtle, asparagus, polygonatum, cordyceps, ginger, etc. into a simmer for about 2 hours, and add a little salt.
Efficacy: Nourish the kidney and lungs, nourish lung yin It can be eaten for patients with deficiency of Yin and fluid after various types of cancer operations, especially suitable for patients after lung cancer operations.
4. Ganoderma lucidum fresh asparagus pigeon soup
Ingredients: 1 pigeon, 10 grams of Ganoderma lucidum, 200 grams of fresh asparagus, 6 grams of tangerine peel, shredded ginger and a little salt
Production method: Wash the pigeon with boiling water and pick it up for use. Add water to a boil, add pigeon, Ganoderma lucidum, tangerine peel, ginger shreds and simmer for about 90 minutes. Add the cut asparagus and simmer for another 30 minutes. Add a little salt.
Efficacy: Ganoderma lucidum is sweet and calm in nature, treats asthenia, cough, asthma, insomnia, and helps digestion. According to modern pharmacological research, Ganoderma lucidum has certain hepatoprotective, anti-tumor and immune regulation effects. This soup is suitable for postoperative consumption of various types of cancer. It has the effects of nourishing qi and blood, strengthening liver and stomach.
The postoperative diet and recuperation is often the most concerned issue of the patient's family. Pay attention to the combination of meat and vegetables in the nursery, avoid continuous use of meat soups such as broth, bone soup, chicken soup, duck soup, etc., so as not to get tired of the stomach, it should be alternated with various types of porridge, vegetable soup (can be accompanied by shrimp, eggs, etc.) It is advisable to observe the patient's bowel movement and tongue coating. If the tongue is thick and greasy and the appetite is poor, consider using Chinese medicine decoction to regulate gastrointestinal function, replenish qi and blood, and promote physical recovery.