External hemorrhoids are born below the tooth line of the anus and can be found in general appearance. External hemorrhoids are divided into four types: thrombotic external hemorrhoids, varicose external hemorrhoids, connective tissue external hemorrhoids and inflammatory external hemorrhoids.
(1) Health care of thrombotic external hemorrhoids
Thrombotic external hemorrhoids are usually caused by dry stools, excessive defecation, or rupture of small blood vessels after the anus is squeezed by friction, and blood stasis is formed by coagulation under the skin. The prevention of thrombotic external hemorrhoids is mainly to keep the stool soft and smooth discharge, and pay attention to exercise anal function. This disease mostly occurs suddenly. There is a raised round bead on the anus, which is hard, looks purple in color, and has obvious tenderness. It is easy to recognize. It is not advisable to use hot water to sit in the bath at the beginning, so as not to increase the bleeding and increase the hemorrhoids, while lying in bed to reduce friction. Apply heat only after 2 to 3 days to promote absorption and dissipation. If it does not disappear after a few days, ask a doctor to remove it to avoid the formation of connective tissue external hemorrhoids.
(2) Health care of varicose external hemorrhoids
Varicose external hemorrhoids are caused by external hemorrhoids with varicose veins and blood stasis. The disease progresses slowly, mostly secondary to the third stage of hemorrhoids. In mild cases, it is usually not obvious. The anal margin tissue bulges when the abdominal pressure is increased by forced defecation or squatting. In severe cases, there are usually purple-brown tissue bulges in the anus, which is soft by pressing, and the bulging phenomenon can be reduced or disappeared after strong massage, and it can appear again after the anus is hard. Varicose external hemorrhoids are generally painless when they are not inflamed, and there may be anal discomfort. After the formation of varicose-type external hemorrhoids, attention should be paid to prevent infection, often use hot water to bath or compress, massage the anus with soft paper after defecation, and strengthen anal contraction exercises, usually do more anal qigong exercises, pay attention to work and rest, stay in bed Rest to help the blood flow back from the anus. At the same time, it can properly strengthen physical exercise, pay attention to nutrition, increase muscle contraction strength, accelerate blood circulation, and help stabilize and improve varicose external hemorrhoids.
(3) Health care of connective tissue external hemorrhoids
Connective tissue external hemorrhoids, also known as skin hemorrhoids and skin tag hemorrhoids, are most common in lesbians. External connective tissue hemorrhoids are caused by chronic inflammation of the connective tissue in the anus (such as women’s vaginal discharge, pus from anal fistula, etc.), which blocks lymphatic drainage and causes tissue swelling and skin folds. This hemorrhoid tissue has no obvious varicose veins and shows hyperplasia of connective tissue. Sometimes one, sometimes several, with a broad base and a small head around the edge of the anus. But it is most common in the middle of the front and back of the anus. It varies in size and usually has no obvious symptoms. Contaminated feces and secretions of connective tissue and external hemorrhoids are easy to hide inside the external hemorrhoids, and it is not easy to wipe them off after defecation. There are often fecal stains in the underwear. The health care of this disease is mainly to keep the local area clean, and to take a bath with warm water frequently to reduce friction in the anus and prevent inflammation and cause swelling and pain. If frequent inflammation affects work and activities, it should be surgically removed as soon as possible.
(4) Health care of inflammatory external hemorrhoids
Inflammatory external hemorrhoids are caused by inflammation on the basis of connective tissue external hemorrhoids and varicose external hemorrhoids, and can also be seen in the acute inflammatory phase of thrombotic external hemorrhoids. Swelling, congestion, and obvious pain of anal tissue appeared, and the patient's walking activities were restricted.
The prevention of inflammatory external hemorrhoids is mainly to cure connective tissue external hemorrhoids and varicose external hemorrhoids in time, keep the anus clean and hygienic, prevent infection, and reduce friction in the anus. Treat related diseases (such as women's leucorrhea, anal fistula, etc.), often use hot water to bathe and compress to increase the ability of the anus to resist diseases. When inflammatory external hemorrhoids attack, stay in bed and give anti-inflammatory treatment. You can sit in the anus with one-thousandth of potassium permanganate water. You can also use Chinese herbal decoction to fumigate. Avoid spicy and irritating foods. Keep stool unobstructed. Especially to prevent the phenomenon of delaying bowel movements due to fear of bowel movements.
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