With the changes in people's lifestyles, the southeast coast of China has become a high incidence area for rectal cancer, with an incidence rate of about 48 per 100,000, which is close to that of western developed countries. What attracts people's attention is that this cancer, which used to be exclusive to middle-aged and elderly people, has quietly targeted young people. The latest statistics show that young patients under 40 years of age suffering from colorectal cancer account for about 20% of the total number of colorectal cancer patients.
The incidence of rectal cancer has increased significantly in recent years, and it has the following characteristics: there are a large number of patients, and the incidence of gastrointestinal malignancies is second only to gastric cancer; most patients develop the disease after the age of 40, but they are showing a younger trend. People under the age of about 15%; males are more common, the ratio of male to female is about 3:1.
Rectal cancer in young people is highly malignant
In the first half of this year, the Gastrointestinal Surgery Department of our hospital admitted 9 young patients with rectal cancer, of which 3 were under 23 years old, the youngest was only 19 years old, and 4 were in advanced stages when they were discovered. The 19-year-old was shocked when he saw the inspection report. He didn't believe that he was suffering from such a terrible "senile disease" at such a young age.
There are more and more cases of rectal cancer at a young age. What is worrying is that rectal cancer is often malignant in young people, and it is easy to metastasize in the early stage, and more than half of the patients have low tumor location, which increases the retention during surgery. Difficulty of the anus.
"Two highs and one low" eat up rectal cancer
Rectal cancer is a disease closely related to lifestyle. The pace of modern society is accelerating, and people are under long-term pressure from life, family, work, school, employment, etc., coupled with irregular work and rest, lack of sleep, lack of exercise, and decline in the body's immune function will increase the risk of rectal cancer. Especially after the gradual improvement of living standards, Chinese people are influenced by Western food culture and prefer high-fat, high-protein, and low-fiber foods, leading to a high incidence of rectal cancer.
"Jianhuo" treats hemorrhoids and detects rectal cancer
Early detection, early diagnosis and early treatment are the most effective measures to prevent and treat rectal cancer. According to Liu Zhongchen, patients with rectal cancer often have changes in bowel habits and traits in the early stages, such as blood in the stool, constipation, diarrhea, induration of stool, laborious defecation, mucus or foamy stool, soy sauce-like stool or fruit strips, etc.
There is a male patient who has repeated blood in the stool. He has been treated as "heating and hemorrhoid attacks". After taking the traditional Chinese medicine "reducing fire" for more than 2 months, the "fire" has not been reduced. When he came to the hospital, he had moderate to severe anemia. The cancerous mass broke through the serosal membrane (the outermost layer of the bowel wall), and lymph node metastasis occurred.
70% of patients with rectal cancer have blood in their stools. Therefore, patients over 40 years of age who have unexplained blood in the stool should go to a regular hospital for diagnosis and treatment. Do not treat them as ordinary hemorrhoids.
What tests should be done for suspected rectal cancer:
There are three main examinations related to rectal cancer: spend 10 yuan to check a stool occult blood test, which can basically confirm whether there is blood in the stool; spend 2-3 minutes to do a digital rectal examination, about 70% of patients are It can be diagnosed with rectal malignant tumors; the gold standard for diagnosing rectal cancer is to do electronic colonoscopy to check for tumors and to biopsy the tumor tissue for pathological examination under the microscope.
How to prevent rectal cancer
The occurrence of rectal cancer is related to lifestyle and eating habits. Liu Zhongchen pointed out that the prevention of rectal cancer must pay attention to the diversification of the diet, not a partial eclipse, not picky eaters, and do not eat high-fat, high-protein diets for a long time; eat fresh vegetables rich in vitamins and anti-cancer foods, such as tomatoes, deep Green and cruciferous vegetables (celery, cabbage, mustard greens, radishes, etc.), soy products, citrus fruits, malt and oatmeal, onions, garlic, ginger, yogurt, etc.; eat less smoked food, fried food and too spicy, Foods that are too irritating or difficult to digest. In addition, attention should be paid to the screening of high-risk groups of rectal cancer.