Because of our special physiological factors, the incidence of anal diseases such as mixed hemorrhoids and anal fissures is higher than that of men. However, many women, especially young girls, are ashamed of seeing a doctor due to privacy. . Let me introduce to you how to "protect the chrysanthemum" during the special period of women. I hope it will be helpful to you.
1. Menstrual period:
During menstruation, pelvic congestion can cause internal hemorrhoids to aggravate or even prolapse. At the same time, the stimulation of menstrual blood and the friction of sanitary napkins can cause moist and itchy skin on the anal margin, pain in the anus, or edema of external hemorrhoids. Therefore, it is recommended to wash the perineum and anus with hot water during menstruation to promote local venous return, and use soft, absorbent, and disinfected sanitary napkins, and pay attention to timely replacement to ensure that the anus is clean and dry, and reduce irritation to the anus . At the same time, keep your mood at ease and avoid depression and impatience. Eat less spicy and irritating foods and develop good living habits. It is worth noting that stool bleeding during menstruation can be easily covered by menstruation, and blood flowing from the anus is often mistaken for menstrual blood and not treated in time.
2. During pregnancy
In the late pregnancy of women, as the fetus grows, the uterus gradually increases, which creates pressure on the pelvic cavity, which makes the blood flow in the anal veins not smooth, resulting in the formation of hemorrhoids. In addition, pregnant women have little activity, especially in the middle and late pregnancy due to the enlarged fetus Compress the rectum, the stool is prone to constipation, and the need to exert force during defecation will increase the abdominal pressure, which leads to the expansion of hemorrhoidal veins and also promotes the occurrence of hemorrhoids. Secondly, because of a series of physiological changes during pregnancy, the ability to resist diseases is reduced, and there is also the risk of perianal abscess and anal fistula caused by perianal infection.
Therefore, pay attention to the following points during pregnancy: ①Dietary habits: To prevent constipation, you should develop the habit of drinking more water, not eating too much spicy and ignorant products, and eating more fresh fruits and vegetables which contain more fiber If the stool is dry, take timely measures to soften the stool and smooth the discharge. If necessary, take the medicine to soften the stool or use the open-seal anus to help defecation. Do not force defecation. ②Life care: pay attention to activities and rest. Combine and promote appropriate outdoor activities. Avoid prolonged squatting during defecation, and usually pay attention to the cleanliness of the anus. ③If there is serious discomfort such as prolapse of hemorrhoids, anal pain, perianal discharge, and other serious discomforts, seek medical advice in time.
Due to the prolonged labor process, excessive force during delivery, and prolonged compression of the fetal protruding part, the local blood circulation in the anus is impaired. Coupled with hard work during delivery, hemorrhoids can be prolapsed and anal margin edema. In order to prevent the occurrence or aggravation of hemorrhoids, anal retraction exercise can be done twice a day in the morning and evening, which is beneficial to strengthen the strength of the pelvic floor muscles and the anal vein reflux, which is beneficial to defecation and prevent the occurrence of hemorrhoids. If symptoms such as prolapse of hemorrhoids, anal pain, edema of the anal margin, and bleeding in stools have occurred, suppositories, ointments and other external use may be appropriate. If symptoms continue to worsen, seek medical attention in time and consider surgical treatment.