With the improvement of living standards, many people hope to take a reasonable diet for health care. That is, I hope to choose a healthy diet to make myself healthy and longevity. Usually books and magazines contain some knowledge of diet therapy in Chinese medicine. Here I hope to talk about some knowledge of gastrointestinal health from the perspective of western medicine. The main function of the gastrointestinal tract is to digest food and absorb nutrients, so it is important to maintain a balanced diet. The so-called balanced diet first refers to the balance of nutrients, including starch, fat, protein, water, salt (potassium, sodium, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus), vitamins and trace elements such as zinc and selenium. These nutrients are very comprehensive. To absorb. The second is that the body weight is basically maintained within the approximate range of the average weight. Too fat is not good, it will cause the heart to be overloaded, and it is easy to get diabetes, high blood pressure, coronary heart disease, etc. Too thin is not good either. The body’s immune system needs to provide adequate nutrition to maintain health. If you are too thin, malnutrition will cause the immune system to decline and be prone to diseases such as tuberculosis. There is a woman whose financial situation is very good, so she always nourishes some precious supplements such as ginseng bird's nest, but in order to maintain her figure, she does not eat well, resulting in anemia and her body becoming a recessive malnutrition. There are still many examples of this kind. Many people incorrectly diet and eat a partial eclipse, thinking that their diet is healthy, which results in hidden malnutrition. The characteristics of Chinese food are more oil and salt. Oil is fat. Excessive consumption can cause fatty liver and vascular sclerosis. Especially in Xinjiang, where agriculture and animal husbandry are developed, the people's diet cannot be separated from meat. A large intake of animal fat often leads to obesity, fatty liver and vascular sclerosis. Therefore, cardiovascular disease (coronary heart disease) and cerebrovascular disease (stroke) are more common in Xinjiang than in the mainland, so middle-aged and elderly friends should pay special attention to eating meat in moderation. Eating too much salt will promote the occurrence of hypertension. To prevent hypertension, you must restrain yourself and eat less dishes that taste strong, and gradually form a sense of lighter taste and healthier care. There is another point of knowledge that needs to be understood by everyone, that is, the pathogenic bacteria of gastritis, Helicobacter pylori, a bacteria that can survive in the strong acid of stomach acid. Doctors abbreviate it as HP. Modern medicine has been very sure that this kind of bacteria is closely related to the occurrence of gastric cancer. The positive rate of HP in China is very high. At the same time, because people’s eating habits in China are to sit together and eat a dish together, it is easy for each other through tableware. infection. HP can be wiped out with normal antibiotics, but due to eating habits, it can be infected again through tableware. Therefore, everyone should form the habit of using public chopsticks, or adopt a separate meal system, and use individual tableware separately to prevent infection. People with frequent stomachaches can go to our Bozhou People’s Hospital for gastroscopy and test for HP infection. The current painless gastroscopy technology uses small doses of anesthetics to make the subject enter anesthesia under monitoring, and then check. Many people who are afraid of gastroscopy easily accept it, so it is very popular among the masses. How to evaluate the function of the gastrointestinal tract? In fact, by observing defecation and exhaust (commonly known as spanking), you can monitor your own health. As the saying goes, belly growling, in fact, belly growling is a manifestation of normal intestinal motility. As long as belly growling accompanied by normal exhaust, it means that the gastrointestinal motility function is normal and it is a manifestation of physical health. Vegetables and fruits contain crude fiber, which can promote intestinal movement and help defecation. Therefore, those who pay attention to health care should pay attention to eating more vegetables to promote intestinal peristalsis, which is of great benefit to their health. Another point is that regular bowel movements are very important. 1-2 times a day, or once every 2 days are normal. Otherwise, diarrhea is caused more than 4 times a day, and constipation is caused by defecation more than 2 days. What is a good bowel habit? The first is to solve the problem immediately if you have a bowel movement. Don't hold it back. Some playful children, or white-collar workers who work very fast, are holding back when they have a bowel movement. For a long time, it will increase the occurrence of anorectal diseases such as proctitis and hemorrhoids. Another point is the habit of defecation. Don't read books or long-time defecation during defecation, it is easy to form hemorrhoids and prolapse, so you should train yourself to shorten the defecation time, which can prevent many anorectal diseases. People who drink for a long time with constipation can easily make hemorrhoids worse, so drinking less alcohol is also a health care for the gastrointestinal tract. Stool contains the product of fat in food that is broken down by intestinal bacteria, which is easy to induce colon cancer. Therefore, eating less fat and good bowel habits can shorten the time of stool in the body, while reducing the formation and absorption of carcinogens, which is healthy Guarantee. There are many kinds of bacteria in the intestine. Under normal circumstances, it does not affect the health of the human body, and it also helps the human body to synthesize vitamins. However, after pathogenic bacteria invade, they can inhibit the normal flora, secrete toxins, and cause illness in the human body, mainly manifested as diarrhea, fever, and so on. Therefore, supermarkets now provide a special yogurt that contains probiotics. The so-called probiotics are bacteria including yeast and bifidobacteria. After drinking, they occupy our intestines and multiply, which can inhibit pathogenic bacteria. It grows and is harmless to the human body, so it is a good health food.
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