Causes of constipation during pregnancy
There are a lot of troubles during pregnancy, and expectant mothers will have all kinds of discomfort, but constipation is the most distressing thing, and sometimes they are ashamed to say it.
According to statistics, constipation afflicts 11~38% of pregnant women, especially in the first and second trimesters. Functional constipation accounts for 35% to 39%; the third trimester accounts for 21% and the postpartum 17%. The most common causes of constipation in pregnant women are mainly the following factors:
1. Many women suffer from constipation when they are not pregnant. After pregnancy, they are inconvenient to move, especially not accustomed to squatting toilets, and the pain of hemorrhoid attacks makes pregnant mothers have a fear of defecation and consciously reduce them. Defecation makes the constipation worse.
2. After pregnancy, if the pregnant mother eats a lot of high-protein and high-fat foods and ignores the intake of vegetables, the fiber content in the gastrointestinal tract will be insufficient, which is not conducive to the decline of chyme and stool.
3. Too little activity is also a reason. After many women become pregnant, they fear that their fetal gas will be hurt by their activities. Coupled with the special "care" of their family members, they often reduce their activities and sit or lie all day long. This reduces the ability of gastrointestinal motility to digest food and worsens. The occurrence of bloating and constipation.
4. After pregnancy, the late pregnancy is the most serious, mainly because of the large amount of progesterone secreted during pregnancy, which can relax the smooth muscle of the uterus and weaken the peristalsis of the large intestine.
5. As the uterus continues to enlarge and increase its weight, it compresses the large intestine, resulting in poor blood circulation, thus weakening the function of defecation. Food residues stay in the large intestine for a long time, and water is absorbed by the intestinal wall too much, resulting in the final formation Feces are dry and hard; coupled with low muscle tension in the abdominal wall and insufficient contractility, pregnant mothers are prone to constipation, often two or three days, or even once a week. Constipation is often accompanied by abdominal pain and bloating. Frequent constipation will cause hard fecal masses to accumulate in the rectum, which will inevitably compress the veins of the intestinal wall and affect the return of blood, resulting in the formation of "hemorrhoids."
How to improve constipation during pregnancy
So, how can expectant mothers improve constipation during pregnancy?
1. Regular bowel movements in the morning. Get in the habit of having regular bowel movements in the morning or after breakfast. Since colonic propulsion activities are more active in the morning, it is helpful to start defecation. One hour after breakfast is the best time to defecate. You must go to the toilet in time when you have a bowel movement, don't ignore the bowel movement, let alone resist the inconvenience. However, expectant mothers should pay attention to the toilet time not too long, otherwise it will easily lead to increased abdominal pressure and difficulty in lower limb reflux.
2. Pay attention to drinking skills. Expectant mothers who are troubled by constipation usually drink plenty of water, and at the same time they must master the skills of drinking water. For example, drink water at a fixed time every day, and drink big mouthfuls, but not binge drinking. This method of drinking water allows the water to reach the colon as soon as possible, and can make the stool soft and easy to pass out of the body.
3. Increase the amount of physical activity. Lack of exercise or prolonged inactivity can make constipation worse. Therefore, expectant moms should exercise properly. Appropriate activities can enhance gastrointestinal peristalsis, make adequate sleep, happy mood, and relieve mental stress. It is also a good way to relieve constipation. Walking is one of the most suitable exercises for expectant mothers.
4. Diet conditioning. For expectant mothers with constipation, they should avoid spicy foods and eat more foods rich in fiber and vitamins, such as apples, radishes, celery and other vegetables, bananas, pears and other fruits, honey, beans, etc. Food helps to promote the peristalsis of the intestinal tract, soften the stool, thereby promoting defecation.
When should I see a doctor? Constipation is generally not too serious, but occasionally it can cause other problems. If you have the following conditions, please seek help from your doctor immediately:
1. Changes in bowel habits for more than six weeks; 2. Hematochezia;
3. Have a history of gastrointestinal dysfunction, such as inflammatory bowel disease; 4. Have a family history of colorectal cancer; in addition, difficulty in defecation can cause hemorrhoids or make hemorrhoids more serious. Hemorrhoids are swollen venous plexuses in the rectal area. Although hemorrhoids do not cause serious problems in most cases, they can make you feel very uncomfortable. Most women have hemorrhoids that disappear soon after giving birth, but if your pain gets worse or you bleed in the anal area, please consult a doctor for evaluation.