In the long-term evolutionary process, our hematopoietic system is very complete, with various mechanisms to protect ourselves from harm, and to provide protection for all organs in the body. But we should also understand some of the characteristics of the blood system, self-regulate in life, and stay away from blood system diseases.
Anemia or abnormal blood cells caused by the lack of trace elements are very common in clinical practice. It includes iron, folic acid, vitamin B12, etc. They provide raw materials for the synthesis of hemoglobin. If it is lacking, it will lead to anemia, and even a total decline in the number of blood cells. These trace elements are very abundant in a normal diet, and those who are picky eaters are prone to deficiency. For example, vegetarians who do not like meat, eggs, milk and other foods are prone to iron deficiency anemia; long-term vegetarians can develop vitamin B12 deficiency anemia. People who like to overcook the vegetables (the elderly have bad teeth) are prone to folic acid deficiency. The pregnant women have a fetus and they have an increased demand for nutrients. If they do not pay attention to supplements from the diet, they are prone to malnutrition anemia . In daily life, we should try to have a balanced diet, not picky eaters, cook reasonably, and avoid the loss of nutrients. For some disease states, such as poor appetite, or chronic diarrhea, hemorrhoid bleeding, menorrhagia and other diseases that can cause insufficient hematopoietic materials, seek medical attention in time.
Here are some misunderstandings:
1. Expensive food is nutritious. In fact, our daily whole grains already contain the nutrients we need. Food that is too finely processed loses many nutrients. Iron deficiency anemia has a high incidence rate in economically developed areas such as Zhejiang. An unreasonable diet is often one of the causes of anemia.
2. Frequent eating of health products and nutritional products can prevent anemia: With the increase of health awareness, many people are eager for health products. In recent years, the health care products in the health care market in the name of blood enrichment are dazzling and expensive. Such as donkey-hide gelatin, Cordyceps, Ganoderma lucidum spore powder, etc., the advertising is deeply rooted in the hearts of the people. In fact, these health care products do not have the effect of curing diseases. If it is really nutritional anemia, just taking health care products is not enough; if you do not have anemia, if you eat a normal diet, you can prevent anemia without having to pay for it. There are also various trace element health products. In fact, the content of trace elements is very low. It may be harmless to use for health care, but treatment is not enough. It is necessary to supplement nutrients in sufficient dosage and full treatment under the guidance of a doctor.
3. Red dates and peanut skins can enrich blood: certain foods have high iron content, such as lean meat, eggs, seafood, etc. The iron content of red dates and peanut skins is not the highest, if it is indeed iron deficiency anemia It may not be enough to just eat these foods. As for some patients using the above-mentioned foods to treat leukopenia or thrombocytopenia, there is no basis, just comfort.
In fact, the closest relationship between nutrients and diseases of our blood system is nutritional anemia. While supplementing the lack of nutrients through drugs, it is helpful to add some foods rich in these nutrients in the diet.
But not all blood system diseases can be adjusted through food. I have a patient who has acute leukemia. I talked to him about a lot of chemotherapy treatment options. When it came time, the patient's family said, "Doctor, what can I eat to treat leukemia?"
In fact, for chemotherapy and many hematological diseases, as long as you eat well, eat some digestible, nutritious, and clean foods, the treatment of diseases requires drugs instead of "diet therapy."
Smoking, drinking, overwork, nervousness, staying up late and other bad habits can directly and indirectly affect the blood system. Under bad living habits, the normal metabolism of the hematopoietic system is affected, and the immune system such as lymph is imbalanced. Over time, various diseases, including blood diseases, are prone to occur. On the contrary, maintaining a good mood and exercising properly can improve our immunity and make our blood system healthier.
Radiation exposure is often the most harmful to the blood system. In daily life, long-term close contact with various electrical appliances, exposure to radioactive minerals or gems, long-term iatrogenic exposure, and accidental exposure to radiation sources should be avoided as much as possible.
Chemical substances: Excessive decoration, close contact with gas stations, air pollution, occupational exposure, poor quality clothing or daily necessities, toxic food or tableware, hair dyeing, etc., can cause our blood cells to be unintentionally damaged, and even hematopoietic failure or cancer .
Infection: Various viruses, including Epstein-Barr virus, cytomegalovirus, parvovirus and many unnamed viruses, can invade the body, causing clinical symptoms, but also causing genetic mutations in blood cells, and even serious blood system diseases . Therefore, enhancing your body's fitness and avoiding repeated "colds" can reduce the chance of viruses invading the human body.
Avoid drug abuse: As the saying goes, "the drug is three points of poison", the use of drugs should be under the guidance of a doctor. Avoid eating health care products, Chinese medicines, or imported medicines. I have a patient with chronic anemia and an unknown cause. Later it was discovered that it was lead poisoning. The reason was that he had taken Chinese medicine brought back from Hong Kong for a long time and was said to have health benefits. Of course, this is an extreme example. Before using various drugs, be sure to ask your doctor carefully.
Regular physical examination
General routine physical examination items include blood routine, liver and kidney function, etc., which can help us identify some blood system diseases early. Of course, if you are unwell, or have a family history of blood system diseases, you should seek medical treatment at any time to diagnose the disease as soon as possible.