Abdominal pain-minor symptoms have university questions
"Stomach pain" is a discomfort that everyone encounters. It is common and is the easiest to be ignored by people. If it is taken lightly, it will cause serious consequences. Acute abdomen often comes suddenly, with severe pain, profuse sweating, or even fainting shock. This kind of abdominal pain is often a sign of intestinal obstruction, ulcer perforation, and acute appendicitis. Chronic diseases often have abdominal pain, lower abdomen pain, and inability to perform physical activity. However, some patients were paralyzed and careless when the condition was relieved, thinking that it was not a major problem anyway, so they did not seek medical attention. In fact, abdominal pain will not be unreasonable. Although the symptoms are relieved, the cause is not clear, and the focus is not eliminated. Inattention will only delay diagnosis and treatment, and eventually make it harder to return, making treatment more difficult, more expensive, and even life-threatening.
Tips: 1. Abdominal pain and vomiting suggest esophageal and gastrointestinal diseases. Beware of intestinal obstruction when the amount of vomit is large and there is abdominal distension
2. Abdominal pain first occurred in the upper middle abdomen or around the umbilicus, then transferred and fixed in the left lower abdomen, suggesting acute appendicitis
3. Abdominal pain after trauma, accompanied by paleness and other anemia symptoms, be alert for rupture of abdominal organs (such as liver and spleen)
4. Myocardial infarction can also be the first symptom of abdominal pain. Patients with chest tightness, chest pain, or a history of myocardial ischemia, please be extra vigilant
5. Regardless of acute abdomen or chronic abdominal pain, please seek medical attention as soon as possible
The misunderstanding of "ten people and nine hemorrhoids"
The common people often say that ten people have nine hemorrhoids. The most prominent symptom of hemorrhoids is blood in the stool, and this is precisely the clinical manifestation that intersects with colorectal cancer. Colorectal cancer, especially rectal cancer, has no other discomfort except blood in the stool in the early stage, and it is easy to mistake it for hemorrhoids. In addition, the tumor easily compresses the rectal veins, which hinders the return of blood from the rectal veins and causes hemorrhoids. Under the current medical conditions, some malignant tumors are not terrible, but the terrible thing is that they cannot be detected early. Many malignant tumors that occur in the colon or rectum, if they can be diagnosed and treated early, the effect is very satisfactory. Therefore, patients with blood in the stool, whether they have hemorrhoids or not, should go to the hospital regularly for rectal or colonoscopy. When you find symptoms such as bloody stools that are common with hemorrhoids, you must consider eliminating other diseases of the intestine. In the treatment of hemorrhoids, attention should also be paid to symptoms such as long-term no significant improvement in symptoms or recurring blood in the stool.
Tips: 1. Change bowel habits. Including: increased stool frequency or alternating constipation and diarrhea, and a feeling of incomplete bowel movements. Symptoms such as thinning or deformed stool, bloating, etc.
2. Changes in stool characteristics. Including: loose stool, blood and mucus in stool
3. Once the patient finds the above symptoms, he should go to the hospital for examination immediately
4. Take it seriously, and don't avoid medical problems. Don’t be ashamed to check or be afraid of pain, so as not to delay the early detection
Illness comes from the mouth-a reminder that will never be outdated
"Illness comes from the mouth" is usually to remind everyone to pay attention to food hygiene to prevent infectious diseases of the digestive tract. In fact, it is not only infectious pathogens that enter by mouth. "Illness enters by mouth" also reminds everyone that "eating" and "not eating" can cause diseases. The high-paced life makes many office workers too late to eat breakfast. The body needs energy supplementation in the early morning. If you do not eat breakfast, your brain will not function normally due to insufficient nutrition and energy, resulting in reduced work efficiency and memory loss. The concentration of cholesterol in the body's bile is particularly high when on an empty stomach. If you skip breakfast, the gallbladder will not shrink, and it will be easy to get stones in the long term. In addition, it can also cause gastritis, gastric ulcer, premature aging of the body and so on. At the same time, urban life inevitably has a lot of entertainment. Drinking a lot of alcohol leads to excessive secretion of gastric juice, leading to peptic ulcers. Prolonged gastric ulcers can even become malignant tumors. Drinking a lot of alcohol and eating greasy food can easily cause acute pancreatitis, which will bring great pain and even life threats to patients.
Tips: 1. Regular diet, reasonable diet, balanced nutrition
2. Choose foods that are easy to digest, absorb and have high fiber quality for breakfast to ensure the intake of protein and vitamins. Lunch requires a complete range of foods that can provide various nutrients. Dinner should be light, choose foods that are less fat and easy to digest, and be careful not to overeat
3. Do not drink excessively, eat moderately, and do not overeating
Modern surgery is no longer equal to "surgery"
In the past, people often talked about "knife" discoloration. When it comes to surgical treatment, people always see bloody scenes and long surgical scars. With the rapid development of medical standards, the concept of clinical treatment is constantly changing from invasive to minimally invasive, and from minimally invasive to non-invasive. Since the application of laparoscopic technology in clinical practice, from simple cholecystectomy to complex radical treatment of gastrointestinal tumors, the scope of surgery has been continuously expanded and the quality has been continuously improved. Compared with traditional open surgery, laparoscopic surgery has the advantages of good lighting, wide field of vision, flexible operation, short operation time, light pain, and quick recovery. Many clinical studies have shown that in the surgical treatment of malignant gastrointestinal tumors, laparoscopic technology can achieve the same radical cure effect as traditional open surgery. The tumor recurrence rate is the same, and the lymph node clearance rate is even better than the latter. At the same time, endoscopy technology (gastroscopy, colonoscopy, etc.) continues to develop, and many benign diseases of the digestive tract and early malignant tumors can be removed under endoscopy. An experienced endoscopist can allow patients to achieve radical treatment of tumors while checking.
Old people have "medicine"
With the development of aging society, the number of elderly surgical patients is increasing. Due to the decline of organ function in elderly patients, surgical tolerance is significantly reduced, and the recovery of elderly patients after surgery is slow. Long-term bed rest can cause serious complications such as lung infection, respiratory failure, intestinal adhesion obstruction, and deep vein thrombosis. Treated as a contraindication for surgery. Nowadays, with the improvement of physicians' professional quality and the continuous advent of advanced medical equipment, surgical techniques have greatly improved, and postoperative patient management has become increasingly sound, and advanced age is no longer an insurmountable gap in surgical treatment. At the same time, with the continuous development of laparoscopic technology, such as radical gastrointestinal tumor surgery, which previously required a 20cm incision, and was bedridden for several months after the operation, it now only needs a few keyhole-sized openings to complete, two days after surgery. You can get out of bed, and statistics show that laparoscopic radical cancer surgery will not reduce the radical cure rate, on the contrary, it can get a prognostic effect that cannot be achieved by open surgery. These are tantamount to a gospel for elderly patients, so that the people can truly "medicate" the elderly.