Perirectal abscess refers to an infection in or around the anal canal tissue that develops into an abscess. Most abscesses form anal fistula after puncture or incision. Perianal abscess is mostly caused by anal gland infection, and can also be secondary to perianal skin infection, injury, anal fissure, internal hemorrhoids, drug injection, sacrococcygeal osteomyelitis and so on.
1. Exercise and enhance physical fitness. People who sit for a long time and stand for a long time are prone to obstruction of local blood circulation in the anus, which reduces local disease resistance and is prone to infection. Therefore, sedentary people should actively participate in sports to increase the disease resistance of the anus.
2. Keep the anus clean. There are more sweat glands and sebaceous glands in the anus, which often secrete glandular fluid. This is a place where bacteria can easily grow and multiply. To prevent infection, wash them frequently and change underwear frequently.
3. Don't sit on the wet ground for a long time. Sitting for a long time on the grass and wet soil, the anus gets cold and wet, which reduces the disease resistance. The evil of cold and damp easily penetrates the anus and causes infection.
4. Adjust your diet to prevent constipation. Improper diet can lead to dry stools. Dry and hard stools can tear the anal flap and scratch the anal skin, destroying the first line of defense against diseases. Bacteria can easily enter the wound and cause infection and form abscesses. This is the reason why many patients with anal fissure have secondary abscesses. So usually eat more cellulose-containing foods, such as sweet potatoes, celery, eggplant, bananas, corn, etc. to promote smooth stool. The nursing of patients with abscess is to reduce activities, stay in bed, and focus on light and easy-to-digest foods, and avoid eating soy milk, tofu, and fresh fish. Wash the anus more frequently and don't soak it in hot water. Do not puncture the abscess by yourself. The topical ointment should be changed twice a day. Elderly and infirm people who suffer from abscess due to poor resistance and easy to spread, should go to the hospital for treatment as soon as possible.