2020年12月8日星期二

hemorrhoids and anal fissures,Precautions after anal surgery

    Health education

    Precautions for postoperative care of anal diseases

    Why is self-care after anal disease surgery important?

    Surgery is one of the important treatments for anorectal diseases, but because of its special location, after the operation, the blood and lymphatic circulation in the anus may cause local tissue edema. At the same time, the mucous membrane may be damaged when stool passes. In addition, the anal tissue is extremely rich in nerve endings, and pain is very sensitive. The operation and stool stimulation make the patient unbearable pain and bring great pain to the patient's body and mind. Good postoperative self-care can significantly improve the incidence of postoperative complications (anal edema, infection, bleeding, etc.), reduce pain or anal swelling, and speed up wound healing and recovery.

    What are our common anal surgeries?

    What are the important aspects of self-care?

    1 relieve pain

    2 Prevent wound infection and edema

    3 Maintain good stool habits and stool characteristics

    4. Observe whether there is a lot of blood in the stool

    Specific measures for self-care

    Finally the highlight

    Mainly around the following aspects:

    Step 1. Sit bath

    What are the benefits of sitz bathing-----sitz bathing can promote local blood circulation, eliminate edema, and relieve pain; warm water sitz baths can relax anal sphincter, relieve spasm, relieve pain and urinary retention; sitz baths can also drain to clean wounds. The role of substances can reduce the chance of wound infection (a frequently cited example: should the hands be wiped clean or washed clean).

    Sitz bath timing ---- You can sit in the bath from the second day after surgery. It is recommended to take a bath after going to bed and before going to bed.

    Sit bath method:

    Step 2. Self-dressing

    Why do you need to change the dressing since the bath is clean? Because sometimes, the residual feces after defecation are not caught in the folds of the wound, at this time, you need to wipe it off with a cotton swab. The other is fortress hemorrhoids suppository, the following is a brief description of the dressing process

    Step 3. Food

    The purpose is to keep the stool soft, shape, and smooth defecation, frequency 1 day/time

    Step 4. Stool habits

    Step 5. Treatment of complications

    When there are complications (infection, edema, bleeding, anal stenosis) of course, go back to the doctor, but in some cases you can still take care of yourself.

    ①Pain (the most common situation)

    ② When there are complications (infection, edema, bleeding, anal stenosis) of course, go back to the doctor, but in some cases you can still take care of yourself.

    ①Pain (the most common situation)

    ② Anal swelling and tenesmus (I want to pull after pulling): These are symptoms of anal canal irritation

    Treatment: Tell yourself that you have no bowel movements, leave the toilet immediately, take a bath with warm water, and then plug the hemorrhoids suppository, the symptoms will be relieved quickly

    ③ Edema

    ④Hematochezia, stricture and anal incontinence

    Anal swelling and tenesmus (I want to pull after pulling): These are symptoms of anal canal irritation

    Treatment: Tell yourself that you have no bowel movements, leave the toilet immediately, take a bath with warm water, and then plug the hemorrhoids suppository, the symptoms will be relieved quickly

    ③ Edema

    ④Hematochezia, stricture and anal incontinence

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