Anal fissure is a common and frequently-occurring disease. This disease is mostly caused by constipation. The main clinical manifestations are pain in the anus and blood in the stool during defecation. It often recurs and seriously affects people's daily life and work. The disease is more common in young and middle-aged people, especially during pregnancy. The incidence is highest after delivery.
The cause of anal fissure is mainly caused by mechanical damage, such as dry stools that are difficult to discharge, excessive force during defecation and anal fissure. Chronic inflammation in the anal canal is also a major cause of anal fissure. Anal fissure is a longitudinal fissure of the skin of the anal canal. Because the muscles surrounding the anal canal are weak in the front and rear positions of the anus, these two parts are most likely to be torn by dry and hard feces, so anal fissures tend to occur in the anus. The front median and rear median of the squad, especially the later median. When the anal margin is pulled during the examination, a shuttle fissure can be found in the posterior median or anterior median anal canal. Generally, the base of the fresh anal fissure is bright red and the fissure is neat. If you have been sick for a long time and have repeated attacks for a long time, a skin tag will protrude in the front or back center of the anus. This skin tag is called sentinel hemorrhoids, which is a typical sign of chronic anal fissure. Sometimes this skin tag will also swell and become inflamed, and the patient suffers abnormally.
Anal fissure is mild, painful, easy to treat, and easy to relapse. As long as we grasp these characteristics, treat in time when anal fissure occurs, and pay attention to daily self-care, the recurrence of anal fissure can be effectively controlled. How to self-regulate?
The first thing to do is to keep the stool smooth. Since most of the anal fissures are caused by constipation, it is necessary to actively prevent and treat constipation and develop a daily bowel habit. Most patients with anal fissures are afraid of anal pain caused by defecation and deliberately control their bowel movements. As everyone knows, stool remains in the rectum. Over time, the water is absorbed, which worsens the constipation, and the constipation aggravates the anal fissure, causing a vicious circle. To maintain smooth stools, one is to pay attention to the combination of diet. Those who are less and dry should eat more fiber-rich foods, such as corn, sweet potatoes, celery, spinach, etc. These foods contain more crude fiber, and the fiber is in the intestines. Can not be absorbed, can retain part of the water, and can stimulate bowel movements, without constipation. Eat less irritating foods in daily life, such as wine, pepper, mustard, etc. These foods will increase the local congestion of the anal canal and induce anal fissure.
Furthermore, patients can take intestinal laxative drugs, such as laxative, maren pills, and Huaijiao pills. When the stool is dry and clumpy, it can be injected into the anus to soften the stool before being discharged.
After defecation, you can use proper amount of pepper, salt and boiled water to fumigate and wash the anus, and use pp powder or a traditional Chinese medicine for activating blood and pain, clearing heat and expelling wind to decoct the anus, and then apply Jiuhua ointment and hemorrhoid ointment in the anus, generally fresh Anal fissure can be healed by the above methods for several times.
If not treated in time, and not paying attention to the usual self-care, anal fissures will occur frequently. After prolonged, complications such as sentinel hemorrhoids, anal papilla hypertrophy, and anal fistula will occur.