The treatment of ulcerative colitis should be based on the condition of the disease. Severe and acute types require hospitalization. Many scholars believe that this disease is closely related to mental and neurological factors. Therefore, in the treatment, it is emphasized that patients should rest and treat in a quiet environment with dark light, and diet should be restricted during the active period. People with a history of food allergies should try to avoid practical causes. Allergic foods, such as dairy products, fish and shrimp, etc. Patients with blood in the stool should use hemostatic drugs, and those with co-infection should use appropriate antibiotics. The basic treatment of ulcerative colitis is sulfasalazine and its similar drugs such as 5-aminosalicylic acid preparations. When using such drugs for treatment, sufficient amount of treatment should be used under the guidance of a doctor. Generally, the medication should be taken for 3 months to half a year. During the medication, the number of white blood cells should be regularly tested to prevent leukopenia caused by the drug. After the symptoms are completely relieved, the dose is gradually reduced until the drug is stopped. Some severe and recurrent patients require hormone therapy. In addition, Guben Yichang Tablets can be taken orally.
Retention enema has a good effect in the local treatment of ulcerative colitis. Generally, the traditional Chinese medicine decoction enema should be treated according to the syndrome differentiation. Prescriptions such as heat-clearing and dampening, cooling blood to stop bleeding, softening the liver and stopping diarrhea, and nourishing the middle and replenishing qi, etc. . Tin powder can also be used. Yunnan Baiyao and other proprietary Chinese medicines. 5% sodium humate solution has a certain hemostatic and anti-inflammatory effect. The use of sulfasalazine and certain hormone suppositories and drug spraying through endoscopy are also effective.
The disease can be treated with surgery after an acute outbreak and improvement in physical fitness after medical treatment. When intestinal perforation and cancer are complicated, partial colon resection should also be performed in time.
In the prevention of ulcerative colitis, attention should be paid to exercise, strengthen physical fitness, maintain a broad mind and feel comfortable. In daily life, attention should be paid to regulating diet, avoiding irritating food and drinking alcohol. Patients with a history of allergies should pay attention to food choices, prevent chronic constipation, and actively treat various intestinal infectious diseases and various intestinal parasitic diseases.