The folks say "ten men and nine hemorrhoids" and "ten women and ten hemorrhoids". This indicates that the incidence of hemorrhoids is high. On the other hand, it also shows that people lack correct knowledge and understanding of the disease.
Traditionally, the three mucosal masses located in the front right, back right, and middle left of the anus are abnormal structures, which are the so-called "ten males and nine hemorrhoids" and "ten females and ten hemorrhoids". With the continuous in-depth research on the anatomy, histology and pathology of hemorrhoids, it has been confirmed that this kind of anal bulge tissue is an anal cushion (a vascular cushion formed by arteriovenous anastomosis), which is the normal tissue structure of the anal canal It can close the anus and finely control the stool. Hemorrhoids only occur when the anal cushion moves down and there are symptoms such as bleeding and prolapse, which requires treatment.
In China in 2010, the Colorectal and Anal Surgery Group of the Chinese Medical Association Surgery Branch and the Anorectal Disease Professional Committee of the Chinese Society of Chinese Medicine formulated new guidelines for hemorrhoids, which clearly pointed out that asymptomatic hemorrhoids (anal pads) do not require treatment. The purpose of treatment is to eliminate and relieve the symptoms of hemorrhoids. Relieving the symptoms of hemorrhoids is more meaningful than changing the size of hemorrhoids, and should be regarded as the standard of treatment effect.
In fact, in China, the latest epidemiological survey shows that the incidence of symptomatic hemorrhoids is 51%. Therefore, the correct attitude towards hemorrhoids can neither be "overcorrected", nor "ignorant", but should be scientifically understood and treated regularly.
However, in reality, many patients still believe that the so-called "special effect ointment" or "false exaggerated publicity" has caused either misdiagnosis, missed diagnosis, or "hemorrhoids must be cured". The pursuit of so-called radical cure and minimally invasive treatment is actually physiological It is a pity that the anal cushion tissue is confused with the pathological hemorrhoids, and it is a pity to endure unnecessary pain.
According to the cause and pathological changes of hemorrhoids, focusing on improving the symptoms, the treatment method of anal cushion suture repair is used in clinic, and the prolapsed tissue is sutured and fixed with absorbable thread to restore it to normal Functional, short surgical healing cycle, less pain, no need for expensive materials such as staplers, relatively low cost, and obvious clinical advantages. The project won the 2015 Pudong New Area Science and Technology Progress Award.