hemorrhoids and anal fissures,Painless and minimally invasive anorectal surgery

    Since the first in our province to carry out the [Painless and Minimally Invasive Surgery for Anorectal Diseases], Gastro-Colon Surgery has brought real gospel to the majority of patients with anorectal diseases, turning the extremely painful surgery and the recent painful postoperative pain into a dream Enjoy the treatment process as usual. At present, we not only carry out painless hemorrhoids, anal fistula, lordosis, and outlet obstructive constipation surgery, but also combine our innovative technology TEM surgery to provide patients with painless and minimally invasive perfect treatment. The patients who received [Painless and Minimally Invasive Surgery for Anorectal Disease] reported extremely well. Because our technical characteristics are not only painless, but also minimally invasive and rapid recovery. Most of the postoperative dressings do not need to be changed, and no auxiliary treatment such as sitz bath fumigation is needed. In this way, the patient's hospital stay is extremely short, and many operations can be discharged within 24 hours. These patients sincerely said, "It is really lucky to choose to come to the First Hospital of Jilin University for painless anorectal surgery", and our doctors really feel: It is happiness to be able to use advanced technology to solve the pain perfectly for patients.

    Below: Associate Professor Sun Donghui and Professor Li Yongqi, the founder of Painless Anorectal Surgery, at the second conference of the National Painless Anorectal Surgery Alliance

    Bottom: The old man after hemorrhoid surgery said in surprise, “It’s been three days since the operation, and I have had bowel movements. Why doesn’t it hurt at all?” (An old man who has suffered from hemorrhoids for many years has not dared to operate because he is afraid of postoperative pain. Painless anorectal surgery to relieve pain

    Bottom: A 9-year-old girl suffering from congenital anal fistula. She has been afraid of pain and dare not to operate. Painless anorectal surgery without pain

    Bottom: After painless anorectal surgery, the patient can walk off the operating table with a smile like this and walk back to the ward by himself

    Below: Academic leader Professor Sun Donghui and his performance report.

hemorrhoids essential oils,Talk about the treatment of constipation

    Constipation is a common disease. About 10% of healthy people have experienced constipation of varying degrees. According to incomplete statistics, chronic constipation in Beijing and other large cities in China is as high as 15%-20%. Women are significantly more harmful than men. Constipation can cause many cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases and aggravate the primary diseases, such as uremia and hepatic encephalopathy. ; Lead to colon cancer, Alzheimer's disease, memory loss, affective mental disorders, hemorrhoids, anal fissures, etc.

    General constipation can be divided into secondary constipation and primary constipation. Secondary constipation is caused by intestinal tumors and inflammation, metabolic and endocrine diseases, neurological and mental diseases, systemic diseases or drug factors. The primary disease is also called functional constipation. From the pathogenesis, it can be divided into three types: slow transmission type, outlet obstruction type, and mixed type. Slow transit type decreased gastrointestinal motility, also known as colonic weakness. Mostly manifested as reduced bowel movements and dry stools. Outlet obstruction refers to the abnormal function of the rectum or anal orifice, which leads to temporary anatomical obstruction of the rectum and anus, and poor stool outlet. Most of the manifestations are that the defecation time is significantly prolonged, the defecation is abnormally laborious, and even the stool is still difficult to defecate, and there is a feeling of incomplete defecation. The hybrid type has both. It can be used for identification such as digital rectal examination, total gastrointestinal transmission test, defecography, anorectal pressure measurement, colon pressure measurement, and balloon discharge test. If the patient is over 50 years of age, acute onset or progressive constipation, or stool with fresh blood or mucus, or anemia, melena, weight loss, etc., be alert to the presence of organic diseases, especially tumors, as soon as possible For related examinations, such as colonoscopy and barium enema, the causes of obstructive constipation are usually diagnosed with defecation imaging.

    Poor export habits are related to it, such as squatting for too long, long-term forcefulness, and inattentive reading and newspaper reading when going to the toilet. It is also related to the patient's physical state, such as weak physique, and maternity. Pelvic floor spasm syndrome or other types of outlet obstructive constipation can be resolved by biofeedback and behavioral therapy in mild cases, but in severe cases it must be resolved by surgery. Biofeedback therapy is to establish people's normal bowel behavior through sound or image feedback. At present, Jingzhou Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine has developed this technology.

    So what exactly is biofeedback therapy? what is the purpose? What diseases can be treated? Under normal circumstances, humans cannot perceive various physiological activities in the body, such as the digestion of food, the contraction of smooth muscles, etc., and biofeedback treatment can allow patients to observe their own physiological activity information. In short, biofeedback therapy is a biological behavior therapy method, which is to use special equipment to collect information about one's own physiological activities, process and amplify it, and display it with familiar visual or auditory signals, so that the cerebral cortex can establish a relationship with these organs. Feedback connection; enable the patient to "know the self", and under the condition of self-knowledge, through countless feedbacks, continuous positive and negative attempts, learn to control physiological activities at will, correct physiological activities that deviate from the normal range, and make the patient achieve " The purpose of changing yourself.

    Generally, the treatment of constipation should be a comprehensive treatment. First of all, you should adjust your diet and drink a lot of water. The daily drinking amount is about 2000-3000ml. In the morning, it should account for 1/4 to 1/3 of the whole day drinking. Eat more crude fiber Vegetables and fruits, eat less high-fat, high-calorie, low-fiber foods, followed by improving life and bowel habits, defecate regularly every day, preferably in the morning after getting up. Do not defecate too long or too hard each time, otherwise it will cause prolapse in the rectal mucosa and aggravate constipation. Massage the abdomen 200 times in a clockwise direction before going to bed every night. The primary disease should be treated for the primary disease, such as diabetes and hypothyroidism. For slow transit constipation, you can usually drink porridge with raw atractylodes, raw astragalus, lily, etc., or use cassia seed and raw rhubarb to soak in boiled water instead of tea, but note that these laxatives are irritant laxatives and cannot be taken for a long time, otherwise they will Cause melanosis of the colon. Constipation is an independent disease and a clinical symptom of many diseases. Most of the onset takes a long time, with intermittent onsets, with light and heavy periods, which are related to people's diet, living habits, and mood changes. Syndrome differentiation of TCM is based on the deficiency of the underlying evidence. Essential deficiency refers to weakness of the spleen and stomach or deficiency of both spleen and kidney, or deficiency of liver and kidney yin, while the sign of solid refers to stagnation of liver and qi, stagnation of food and phlegm, and stagnation of qi and blood. The treatment should be based on the specific conditions to invigorate the spleen and qi, warm the kidneys and help yang, or nourish water and nucleus, combined with the treatments such as regulating qi and relaxing the liver, eliminating food and promoting stagnation, resolving phlegm and reducing stress, and promoting blood circulation and stasis. Usually rectal protrusion, rectal mucosal prolapse, pelvic floor hernia, perineal descent syndrome, most of which are weak spleen and subsidence of qi, can be treated with Buzhong Yiqi Decoction during treatment; pelvic floor spasm syndrome, internal anal sphincter Most patients with achalasia have psychological disorders. The treatment focuses on soothing the liver, regulating the qi, calming the nerves, and can be treated with Chaihu Shugan powder; puborectalis syndrome has muscle cell degeneration, which can be treated by promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis, or reducing abdomen Treatment with Zhuyu Decoction or Dahuang Mudan Decoction; isolated rectal ulcer syndrome, which is mostly damp-heat betting, can be treated with Baitouweng Decoction, Gegen Qinlian Decoction, etc.; if the rectal protrusion is caused by puerpera or elderly physical weakness, It can be treated with Sijunzi Decoction and Zengye Decoction or Bazhen Decoction. The young people's constipation is mostly caused by abnormal bowel habits, which can correct bad bowel habits. Chinese medicine is given to Chaihu Shugan Powder and Didang Pills.

what does a hemorrhoids look like,This early self-treatment of anal fissure has a certain effect

    Egg butter for external application: Cook 10 eggs, remove the shells and egg whites. Put the egg yolk in the pot and stir fry continuously over medium heat. After about 15 minutes, the egg yolk was carbonized and turned black. Continue to fry for 5 minutes, dark brown thick egg butter will appear. Remove the residue and leave the oil, clean the anus after defecation every day, and use a cotton swab to apply egg butter to the anal crack. Use twice a day for 10 days.

    Inner drink Huaiju drink: 10g Sophora rice, 10g chrysanthemum, wash away the floating dust with water, add 500ml of boiling water to brew. Add proper amount of Sophora japonica nectar when drinking, several times a day, and drink frequently when tea.

    On the second day of treatment with this method, more stools can be discharged smoothly and pain is reduced. Seven days later, stool was normal and the anal fissure wound healed.

    Note: In daily life, patients should eat more vegetables and fruits, and often drink Huaiju drink to prevent dry stools.

    Anal fissures are small ulcers parallel to the longitudinal axis of the anal canal formed after laceration of the skin layer of the anal canal below the dentate line. The length varies from 0.5 to 1.0 cm and is fusiform or oval. Pain, blood in the stool, and constipation are the main clinical manifestations. At present, treatment mainly adopts eating more vegetables and fruits, increasing drinking water, and correcting constipation; taking a bath with warm salt water; taking Fu loose, lactulose or paraffin oil to make the stool soft and lubricating to facilitate defecation; topical use Taining suppository and Taining Ointment, indomethacin suppository, musk hemorrhoid cream and other anti-inflammatory and analgesic ointments relieve internal sphincter spasm to relieve symptoms. If necessary, use anal fissure resection, internal sphincterotomy, laser, electrocautery treatment, etc.

    The self-treatment of this kind of early anal fissure mentioned above is to apply egg butter externally, and drink Sophora japonicum (containing Sophora japonicus and chrysanthemum) and Sophora japonicus nectar inside. There is a certain reason and you can use it with confidence. This is because:

    ① Egg butter is an oil made from the yolk of an egg. It is rich in vitamins A, D and lecithin. These substances play an important role in the regeneration and metabolism of human skin. Traditional Chinese medicine believes that egg butter has the functions of clearing heat and moisturizing skin, reducing inflammation and relieving pain, astringent muscle growth and protecting the sore surface. Egg butter is a good medicine for treating water and fire burns, which can promote early healing of the wound. In addition, external application of egg butter can cure eczema, dermatitis, frostbite, aphtha, surface ulcers, lip breeze, nasal vestibulitis, otitis media, nipple chapped, cervical erosion, ringworm, corns, anal fissure, hemorrhoids, etc.; internal administration can cure stomach ulcers , Chronic gastritis, whooping cough, etc. For external use, apply it to the affected area, and take 15-20 ml a day for internal use.

    ③Chrysanthemum has a sweet and bitter taste, cool and slightly cold in nature, and can enter the liver and lungs. It has multiple functions such as dispersing wind and heat, calming liver and suppressing yang, clearing the head, detoxification and swelling, eliminating irritability and thirst, relieving heat and calming nerves, etc. It is often used as a medicine to treat wind-heat cold, liver-yang headache, red eyes, swelling and pain, sore throat, sore throat, heatstroke and polydipsia. In the folk, fresh chrysanthemums are mashed into mud and used for external application to treat bruises, carbuncle sores, mumps, and swelling and pain at the injection site. The usual amount of decoction is 3-9 grams per day.

    ④ Sophora japonicus honey has the effects of purging fire and improving eyesight, clearing the throat, moisturizing the stool, cooling blood and stopping bleeding. Modern pharmacological studies have found that Sophora japonica honey has the effects of relaxing blood vessels and lowering blood lipids and blood pressure. The usual amount is 5-10 ml per day.

    It can be seen that this prescription is positive for the treatment of early anal fissure, and there are no obvious side effects, so it can be used with confidence. As for the prevention and health care of anal fissure and life adjustment, the following points should be done:

    First, develop the habit of defecation regularly every day to keep the stool smooth and prevent constipation.

    Second, eat more fresh fruits, vegetables and crude fiber foods, avoid tobacco and alcohol and greasy, hot, spicy foods.

    Third, keep the anus clean and hygienic. Specifically, clean the anus after defecation, take a bath frequently, and change underwear frequently to prevent secondary local infections.

    Fourth, wear looser cotton underwear. Too tight underwear not only affects the blood circulation around the anus and delays the healing of the wound, but also increases the growth of bacteria and aggravates the condition. The poor air permeability of chemical fiber underwear is easy to breed bacteria, and it is easy to cause local skin allergies, which is not conducive to the prevention and treatment of this disease.

    Fifth, it is necessary to promptly treat intestinal diseases such as anal sinusitis, Crohn's disease, ulcerative colorectitis, and anal tuberculosis to prevent concurrent anal fissures.

    Sixth, after defecation, take a bath with warm water to keep the anal fissure wound clean, reduce inflammation and relieve pain and promote wound healing.

    [Fu Xinshun Unit: Qinghai Provincial Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine; Address: No.338 Qiyi Road, Xining City, Qinghai Province; Zip Code: 810000]

hemorrhoids early pregnancy,The anus bulged for five months, but the treatment was not effective

    Patient: Description of the condition (time of onset, main symptoms, hospital visits, etc.): I have been suffering from this disease for about 5 months. The main symptom is that the anus swells like stool (the stool is normal every day). I have done digital examination, colonoscopy, anoscopy , The test result is hemorrhoids (inconvenience blood and pain), but according to the treatment of hemorrhoids, the effect is almost no. According to the doctor, it may be "functional anal pain." What kind of disease is "functional anal pain" and how should it be treated?

    Hello there:

    Patient: Thank you Dr. Li for taking the time to reply! I just had a gynecological examination about ten days ago and there is no gynecological disease. You said that anal sinusitis has "increased defecation frequency". Does it mean the frequency of defecation is indeed the number of defecations or just the feeling of wanting to defecate? I have a bowel movement once a day. Can anal sinusitis be ruled out? What you said, "If you have conditions, you can do anal He-Ne laser irradiation. If necessary, you can go to the hospital for local sealing treatment." Are these two types of functional anal pain?

    The latter treatment is mainly for functional anal pain, you can try it.

    Patient: Thank you! Can it be cured with these two methods? Do I need to be hospitalized?

what does a hemorrhoids look like,Medical knowledge of anorectal diseases

    Anorectal disease refers to a series of diseases related to the anus and colorectal. There are more than 100 common anorectal diseases, with a total incidence of 59.1%. There are more women than men in China and more men than women abroad. The common ones are hemorrhoids, anal fissures, perianal abscesses, anal fistulas, anal papilloma, rectal polyps, rectal prolapse, constipation, colorectal tumors and inflammatory bowel disease.

    1. Classification and common symptoms of anorectal disease

    Hemorrhoids: Hemorrhoids are masses formed by pathological hypertrophy, displacement of the anal cushion and stagnant blood flow in the subcutaneous vascular plexus around the anus. It is called hemorrhoids when it has clinical symptoms such as prolapse, blood in the stool, and pain. Hemorrhoids is the most common anorectal disease in China. Hemorrhoids can occur in people of any age, and it is more common in people between 20 and 40 years old, and the incidence gradually increases with age. Hemorrhoids are divided into internal hemorrhoids, external hemorrhoids, and mixed hemorrhoids. Internal hemorrhoids are divided into stage I hemorrhoids, stage II hemorrhoids, and stage III hemorrhoids; external hemorrhoids are divided into: inflammatory external hemorrhoids, thrombotic external hemorrhoids, varicose external hemorrhoids, and fibrotic external hemorrhoids. Different types of governance are different.

    Anal fissure: Anal fissure means that the skin of the anal canal splits and forms ulcers. Clinically, it is dominated by periodic pain in the anus, blood in the stool, and constipation. It has the characteristics of repeated attacks, difficulty in healing, and gradually becoming chronic. Generally seen in young adults between 20 and 40 years old, the occurrence of anal fissure is usually closely related to anatomical defects of the anal canal, excessive force during defecation, dry stool and other factors, but it can also be secondary to ulcerative colitis and granulomatous colon Inflammation, tuberculous ulcer, syphilis, hematological malignancy, etc.

    Perianal abscess: Perianal abscess refers to acute purulent infection and abscess that occurs in or around the soft tissues around the anorectum. This disease can occur at any age, but for young adults between 20 and 40 years old, males are higher than females. It has the characteristics of sudden onset, severe pain, accompanied by fever, and anal fistula often formed after ulceration or incision and drainage of pus.

    Anal fistula: Anal fistula refers to an abnormal passage formed by the anal canal or rectum due to pathological reasons with the adjacent skin or tissues around the anus. It is generally composed of a primary internal opening, a fistula, and a secondary external opening. The main clinical manifestations of this disease are recurrent pus discharge, swelling and pain near the anus. It mostly occurs in young adults, and the male to female incidence ratio is 5:1. Most of the causes are related to anal gland infection. If long-term treatment does not heal, complex anal fistulas or cancer can occur.

    Anal papilloma: It is inflammation and edema of the anal mastoid at the lower end of the rectal column, which grows and grows over time, forming a tumor-like mass. Generally benign, but can become cancerous.

    Rectal polyp: It is a bump that protrudes from the mucosal surface of the large intestine into the intestinal cavity. It mostly occurs in the rectum and sigmoid colon. More than 90% of adenomas are distributed in the rectum and have a high tendency to become cancerous. Statistics show that 40%-50% of cases can be transformed into adenocarcinoma.

    Rectal prolapse: Rectal prolapse refers to a disease in which the rectal mucosa, full thickness of the rectum, anal canal and even part of the sigmoid colon move downward and prolapse outside the anus. With the improvement of people's living standards, this disease is less common in cities. The disease can occur in all ages, but it is more common in young children, postpartum women, and the elderly and infirm.

    Constipation: Constipation is a group of symptoms that can be caused by a variety of diseases, including low stools, hard stools, difficulty in defecation, prolonged defecation, anal swelling and blockage, feeling of incomplete stool, with or without abdominal pain, bloating, nausea, Symptoms such as blood in the stool and irritability. From the etiology can be divided into organic and functional. At present, according to the location and motility disorder of defecation difficulty, it is recognized internationally that it is divided into three types, namely slow transmission type, outlet obstruction type, and mixed type.

    Inflammatory bowel disease: Inflammatory bowel disease is a chronic non-specific intestinal inflammatory disease for which the etiology is not well understood, including ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease. The former is a chronic non-specific inflammation of the colon. In severe cases, ulcers and cancer can occur. The main clinical manifestations are diarrhea, abdominal pain and mucus pus and blood in the stool. While Crohn's disease is a chronic granulomatous inflammation, the main clinical manifestations are abdominal pain, diarrhea, fistula, anal lesions and varying degrees of systemic symptoms.

    Colorectal cancer: Colorectal cancer is a malignant tumor that occurs in the colorectal. It is the fourth most common malignant tumor in China, and its morbidity and mortality have a tendency to increase year by year. In a sample survey of one-tenth of the Chinese population from 1990 to 1992, the average death rate from colorectal cancer was 4.54 per 100,000 population, ranking fifth among cancer deaths.

    2. The characteristics of anorectal diseases

    The incidence of anal disease is mostly adults. The incidence is related to sedentary, long standing, low activity, constipation, diarrhea, long defecation time, drinking, and a preference for spicy food. The incidence of women is higher than that of men, and the incidence of internal hemorrhoids is the highest.

hemorrhoids sitz bath,Awkward farts, awkward urine, awkward lines... There is embarrassment everywhere in life

    Life is full of embarrassment, especially after pregnancy, I want to maintain the image of a lady as always, but the embarrassing things I encounter are more embarrassing~

    01 | Awkward fart ~

    Farting is a very common phenomenon after pregnancy. A large amount of estrogen and progesterone during pregnancy will weaken the gastrointestinal activity and slow down the anal sphincter. Big farts are also a thing. Although you can't control farts, you can still work hard to control less farts.

    -Anti-Awkward Guide-

    Eat more vegetables or foods with high fiber content, such as celery, cabbage, pumpkin, spinach, apples, etc. (please write down quickly) to speed up the transportation and excretion of intestinal contents.

    Drink less carbonated drinks, beans and dried fruits and other foods that are prone to gas.

    Taking a walk after a meal can speed up gastrointestinal peristalsis. Food will move faster and fermentation will produce less gas.

    02 | awkward lines

    Stretch marks trouble countless mothers, and nearly 80% of pregnant women cannot get rid of them. During pregnancy, due to soaring hormones and insufficient belly space, when the baby grows up step by step, the skin is stretched and the elastic fibers of the cortex are broken, causing the blood vessels to dilate and form purple-red stripes.

    -Anti-Awkward Guide-

    For stretch marks, prevention is more important than treatment. Mothers who have not yet had stretch marks can control the number, density and depth of the stretch marks.

    Control the weight gain during pregnancy. The weight gain per month should not exceed 2kg, and the whole pregnancy process should be controlled within 11-13kg (except for twins).

    Ingest more protein-rich foods, eat milk, fish, red meat and other nutritional supplements every day, and eat small amounts.

    03 | Awkward sore

    Most pregnant mothers will be spotted by hemorrhoids. In such a sensitive area, many pregnant mothers are very embarrassed and are too embarrassed to go to the hospital for examination. With the development of the fetus, hemorrhoids will get worse.

    In fact, when the fetus grows up in the womb, it also squeezes the organs and blood vessels of the pregnant mother, causing swelling and swelling of the vein pressure near the anus, making it easier to form hemorrhoids.

    -Anti-Awkward Guide-

    Eat more fresh vegetables, fruits, and crude fiber foods, and eat less spicy foods and heavy flavors.

    Have regular bowel movements to avoid long-term constipation.

    Reduce the habit of standing or sitting for a long time during childbirth, and maintain smooth blood circulation with daily activities.

    Take a bath in warm water and take laxatives to relieve the pain and swelling caused by hemorrhoids.

    Pregnancy can cause many people to develop hemorrhoids, most of which do not require special treatment. If the symptoms are obvious, you can use hemorrhoid medicine that pregnant women can use under the guidance of a doctor.

    04 | Urine

    For urinary incontinence, some pregnant mothers can't control the sphincter, and even the bladder control ability has begun to weaken. Because the body bears too much weight on the abdomen, it may compress the bladder, which can easily cause the muscles and ligaments of the urethra and bladder neck to loosen. As long as there is a strong movement of the abdomen, such as coughing and laughing, it will become wet unconsciously.

    -Anti-Awkward Guide-

    When urinating in the toilet, lean forward slightly to allow the urine in the bladder to be discharged completely.

    Avoid drinking coffee, tea, cola and other caffeinated beverages daily.

    Don't hold back your urine.

    05 | Secret

    Constipation is the opposite of urinary incontinence. No matter how hard you use, they just refuse to come out.

    Why is constipation so common during pregnancy? Hormonal action, uterine compression, improper calcium supplementation, etc. are all causes of constipation during pregnancy.

    -Anti-Awkward Guide-

    Get up in the morning, drink a glass of warm water first, and develop the habit of regular bowel movements.

    Eat more green leafy vegetables and fruits. The amount of vegetables in the dinner should be at least leafy vegetables in your palm.

    Kaiserol can be used, but laxatives are forbidden to avoid miscarriage, premature delivery or premature rupture of membranes.

    When supplementing calcium during pregnancy, it is best to use calcium tablets containing calcium carbonate and vitamin D3 for easy absorption.

    Therefore, embarrassment is not terrible, it is really embarrassing if you don’t know how to prevent embarrassment, mothers-to-be, hurry up and take a small notebook to write down~

what does a hemorrhoids look like,I had blood in the stool, and the doctor gave me blood-stimulating medicine. Is the doctor crazy?

    A few days ago, I just went to work. A head nurse in this hospital took her relatives and a mother and son to see me for a doctor. His son seemed to be a filial son. When he saw me, he said loudly: "Doctor, my mother last night She had a lot of blood, you must help her look up! I hurriedly told them to sit down and ask for a detailed medical history. The old man is 68 years old this year and has a history of high blood pressure for more than 20 years. Last night, he had stomach pain, diarrhea, and then blood in the stool. Dark red, with a appearance of more than ten milliliters, without mucus, pus and blood. The patient and son are very nervous because they have never had blood in the stool. I have no signs of peritoneal irritation, and my vital signs are stable. There is no obvious bleeding under anoscope.

    Under anoscopy, the rectal mucosa is smooth, no erosive ulcers, no obvious active bleeding, and one degree of internal hemorrhoids

    The elderly, with a history of hypertension, abdominal pain, diarrhea, transient blood in the stool, and no bleeding in the lower rectum, I have a spectrum in my heart, and I will explain to the patient that I should have an enteroscope first.

    The colonoscopy result came out the next day, showing ischemic enteritis

    When the patient showed me the results, I was just too busy, and told him to prescribe some medicine. After a while, the patient’s son took the medicine and rushed into my consulting room and said: Doctor, are you crazy, my mother is bleeding, and you still prescribe blood-activating medicine for her? "I told him to stay safe and not restless, and explain the condition to him after I see the patient.

    The patient had ischemic enteritis. It was because the blood vessels supplying the intestinal mucosa were blocked, which made the intestinal mucosa insufficiently supplied with blood. The intestinal mucosa suffered from erosion and caused bleeding. The treatment needed to dredge the blood vessels, so I prescribed Xueshuantong capsules for his mother. If we use hemostatic drugs to make the blood sticky, it will be counterproductive. The more you stop the bleeding, the more bleeding. And his mother is a typical patient:

    Ischemic enteritis is more common in people over 50 years old with a history of hypertension.

    The typical symptoms are abdominal pain, diarrhea, and transient blood in the stool.

    Colonoscopy is characterized by superficial erosions and ulcers parallel to the longitudinal axis of the intestine, generally single

    Superficial ulcers and erosions of the sigmoid colon parallel to the longitudinal axis of the intestinal cavity.

    Tell his mother that it is a mild patient. Erosion only accounts for one-fifth of the intestinal cavity. Don't be too nervous. A very small number of patients will have intestinal necrosis and peritonitis. Colonoscopy is contraindicated and angiography should be performed in time. Confirmed and transferred to surgery.

    After listening to my explanation, the patient’s son was convinced and went back.

    Today, the patient came for a follow-up visit, and there was no blood in the stool. She was instructed to use Xueshuantong Capsule for another week to consolidate the treatment and control her blood pressure. The patient went back gratefully.

    In outpatient clinics, ischemic enteritis is a common disease, but it is also a disease with a high rate of misdiagnosis and mistreatment. To reduce its misdiagnosis and mistreatment rate is also the original intention of my writing this article.

hemorrhoids bleeding treatment,Postdoctoral Zhang Ye teaches you-Chinese medicine fumigation

    Postdoctoral Zhang Ye teaches you-Chinese medicine fumigation

    1. Decoction method

    1. Clean medicinal materials: remove medicinal dust, sand, etc.;

    2. Decoction container: best casserole or enamel pot;

    3. Soak medicinal materials: soak in cold water for about 20 minutes;

    4. The amount of decoction: stir while adding water, add 2-3L of water to fumigating and washing Chinese medicine at a time;

    5. Decoction heat: boil for 10 minutes and fry for 10-15 minutes on low heat

    6. The amount of decocting medicine: The amount of decocting medicine should be 2/3 of the bath utensils, and there is no need to remove the medicine residue.

    2. Operation steps

    7. Items to be prepared: fumigating medicine, bathing utensils, gauze

    8. Patient preparation: clear urine

    9. Pour the decocted medicine and medicine dregs into the bath quickly, exposing the patient's buttocks, first fumigate the affected area with medicine and hot air, when the temperature of the liquid drops to about 40℃, instruct the patient to sit in the bath and cooperate Do levator anus exercises, soak the affected area with liquid medicine for 15-20 minutes. Pay attention to the temperature of the liquid medicine to avoid burns.

    10. Wipe dry with a clean towel.

    11. Take 7-10 days as a course of treatment once a day.

    Three, contraindications

    12. Patients during menstruation and pregnancy should not use fumigation and bathing.

    13. People with gastrointestinal bleeding, acute infectious diseases, and severe cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases should not be used.

    14. Internal hemorrhoids have a large amount of bleeding and are disabled after suture wounds.

hemorrhoids healing,Minimally invasive treatment of mixed hemorrhoids

    The current treatments for mixed hemorrhoids include:

    1. Conservative treatment: It is mainly the use of drugs to relieve symptoms through oral, external application, plugging, fumigation and washing.

    1. External application of drugs or anal plug. Usually, drugs that have a protective effect on the hemorrhoid mucosa, reduce local inflammation, and promote wound healing.

    2. Oral medication. Usually use drugs that clear heat and cool blood, moisturize the bowel, and relieve inflammation and wound healing.

    3. Fumigation and washing. Usually use drugs for clearing away heat, detoxifying, activating blood and removing blood stasis, and astringent and solidifying to wash the anus or prolapsed hemorrhoids to prevent edema, incarceration, and thrombosis of mixed hemorrhoids. It is suitable for the elderly and weak, or combined with other such as heart, liver, Patients with renal insufficiency.

    2. Surgical treatment (minimally invasive treatment):

    1. PPH surgery: PPH is currently recognized as the "gold standard" for the treatment of mixed hemorrhoids by the World Anorectal Society. During the operation, a tubular stapler is used to circularly remove a certain width of the lower rectal mucosa and submucosal tissue on the top of the prolapsed hemorrhoids under anoscope. At the same time, the upper and lower mucosa of the anastomosis are nailed to suspend the prolapsed hemorrhoids. Hanging and lifting simultaneously cut off the blood supply of the hemorrhoids, achieving the therapeutic effect of hemostasis and preventing the prolapse of the hemorrhoids.

    Advantages: (1) Safety: There is no need to remove the anal cushion, the normal function of the anus is preserved to the greatest extent, and complications such as anal stenosis and anal incontinence are avoided. (2) Slight pain: Pull the hemorrhoids prolapsed from the anus back to the original position, and cut off the blood vessels that provide blood to the hemorrhoids, without damaging the perianal skin, so there is almost no pain after the operation. (3) Less trauma and quick recovery: The circular stapling of the mucosa is a non-open wound, with less bleeding, eliminating the trouble of dressing change after surgery, and returning to normal life quickly. (4) Keep the anal cushion intact: It is more in line with human anatomy and physiology. Since the operation is performed on the top of the hemorrhoid, the anal cushion is completely preserved. (5) Wide range of diagnosis and treatment: general ring hemorrhoids, multivalve hemorrhoids, huge isolated hemorrhoids, internal hemorrhoids, external hemorrhoids, mixed hemorrhoids, ring hemorrhoids, incarcerated hemorrhoids, rectal mucosal prolapse, prolapse, etc. (6) Suitable for a large number of people: due to less damage, it is especially suitable for middle-aged and elderly people, white-collar workers who pay attention to efficiency, and patients who have relapsed in traditional treatment, and patients with mild prolapse and rectal mucosal prolapse.

    2. RPH (automatic hemorrhoid ligation) The automatic hemorrhoid ligation (RPH) is developed from the traditional Chinese medicine ligation therapy of the motherland. This method is to use a special automatic hemorrhoid ligation device at the appropriate position 1.5~75px above the tooth line Will be specially made. The apron is placed on the base of the hemorrhoids or the mucosa of the hemorrhoids, through the tightening and strangulation of the aprons, blocking the blood supply of the hemorrhoids or reducing the venous backflow, reducing the hyperemia or blood flow stasis of the hemorrhoids, causing ischemia, atrophy, Necrosis, the bandage tissue gradually falls off, and the wound tissue is repaired and healed.

    Advantages: (1) The whole process of banding therapy is automated, which saves time, effort, practicality and simplicity; (2) The operation can be completed by one person, which only takes 5 to 10 minutes. (3) No need for anesthesia, no hospitalization, and low price. (4) The pain is mild and complications are rare. (5) No scars are left after the operation, and the normal structure and appearance of the rectum and anal canal are not damaged, which brings great convenience to subsequent treatment. Disadvantages: It cannot be used for the treatment of simple external hemorrhoids, external hemorrhoids of mixed hemorrhoids, anal papilla hypertrophy, and rectal polyps suspected of being malignant.

    Indications: Hemorrhoids in all phases (stages I to III have the best effect); mixed internal hemorrhoids; for hemorrhoids or anal cushion insufficiency after PPH or other treatments, RPH can be used as a supplementary treatment; others: rectal focal Diseases, such as rectal polyps, rectal hemangioma or vascular malformations.

    3. Polycinnamyl alcohol injection treatment: this method has small damage, quick onset, few adverse reactions, simple operation, light pain, quick recovery, no hospitalization, and almost all hemorrhoids healed after one injection. Suitable for hemorrhoids, varicose mixed hemorrhoids and circular mixed hemorrhoids in various periods. Contraindications: (1) Acute episode of hemorrhoid thrombosis and the following 3 to 4 weeks. Injection therapy can still be used when the thrombus subsides. (2) Accompanied by other anal canal diseases that are not suitable for injection therapy, such as anal fissure, anal fistula (anorectal fistula), tumor, etc. (3) For external hemorrhoids or mixed hemorrhoids dominated by external hemorrhoids, it is easy to inject the medicine into the skin by injection therapy, which causes severe pain for the patient. Therefore, external hemorrhoids and huge internal hemorrhoids covering the skin should not be treated by injection. (4) Patients who have received injection therapy many times. In 1986, foreign experts in Belgium provided Chinese doctors with several patients who they thought were very serious. These patients recovered well under the treatment of injection therapy by Chinese doctors. This technology It also won the Eureka Invention Award that year.

    4. Doppler hemorrhoid artery ligation: Hemorrhoid artery ultrasound Doppler examination system is a collection of Doppler ultrasound exploration and hemorrhoid artery ligation surgery, which is efficient, simple, safe, minimally painful, minimally invasive, and length of stay. Short organic system with other characteristics. The system accurately locates the hemorrhoidal artery according to the ultrasound transmitted and received by the probe, displays the depth of the stage, and performs arterial ligation treatment on the dentate line through the real window in front of the probe. It has the characteristics of precise positioning, rapid ligation, and minimal invasiveness.

    5. TST technology: also known as selective hemorrhoidal mucosal anastomosis, is a new type of technology developed on the basis of PPH operation. TST minimally invasive surgery uses a special anorectoscope to form different open-loop windows, uses an anastomosis probe to lock the hemorrhoids, adjusts the resection range of the hemorrhoid mucosa according to the size and number of the hemorrhoids, and maximizes the protection of the normal function of the anus. It is mainly suitable for patients with stage III and IV hemorrhoids with non-circular prolapse. Precise positioning: the use of a special anoscope can accurately locate the prolapsed mucosa, and successfully and safely selectively remove the prolapsed hemorrhoid mucosa, which conforms to the theory of lowering the cushion and reduces surgical trauma. Advantages: slight pain, high safety, and short recovery time. The operation time of ST operation is relatively short, there is less bleeding during the operation, the postoperative recovery time is shorter, and the incidence of postoperative anal pain and edema is lower.

lidocaine for hemorrhoids,New method of hemorrhoid treatment-LigaSure hemorrhoidectomy

    Hemorrhoids are anal pads rich in varicose blood vessels. Traditional electric knife or scalpel removes hemorrhoids, which results in heavy bleeding, long operation time and severe postoperative pain. However, the treatment of hemorrhoids by laser, freezing, injection and other therapies is incomplete and has a high recurrence rate. In 2001, LigaSure hemorrhoidectomy was first carried out abroad. In 2006, we started to carry out LigaSure hemorrhoidectomy under local anal anesthesia in China, which realized minimally invasive hemorrhoidectomy. The expert in this technology has treated more than 300 cases so far. It has achieved a very satisfactory clinical effect and has made a significant breakthrough in the surgical treatment of hemorrhoids. Compared with the current traditional method of hemorrhoidectomy, LigaSure hemorrhoidectomy has the following advantages:

    1. The surgical method has a wide range of indications, suitable for the treatment of hemorrhoids, external hemorrhoids and mixed hemorrhoids, thrombotic hemorrhoids, blunt hemorrhoids, inflammatory hemorrhoids, etc., especially suitable for third and fourth stage hemorrhoids and prolapsed hemorrhoids.

    2. The LigaSure vascular closure system can close blood vessels within 7mm in diameter, and remove hemorrhoids on the basis of blood vessel closure. There is almost no bleeding during the operation, which can be called "bloodless surgery".

    3. There is no need to ligate, suture blood vessels and bleeding points during the operation, and the wound does not need to be sutured, and the operation is performed under local anesthesia. Therefore, the operation time is greatly shortened compared with the traditional operation method. The average 7 minutes from the beginning of anesthesia to the end of the operation.

    4. When LigaSure closes the blood vessel, the heat conduction distance is short, and the local reaction after the operation is light, so the postoperative pain is much lighter than the traditional operation, which overcomes the common people's mentality of "talking about hemorrhoid surgery".

    5. Due to the application of LigaSure technology, the minimally invasive anesthesia and surgery, there are very few complications after the operation, and there is no need to change the dressing, so the patient does not need to be hospitalized, in the outpatient operation, and can walk home after the operation.

    6. The curative effect is good. After half a year after the operation, the patient's satisfaction with this operation is 99%.

    7. The cost of surgery is low. Traditional methods generally cost more than 6,000 yuan. The total cost of this technology is only about 2,000 yuan.

what does a hemorrhoids look like,Why not eat spicy while taking Chinese medicine

    Zhu Zhengyang Qufu Zhu Family of Traditional Chinese Medicine and Jihuotang 2017-10-29

    Why can't you eat spicy food with Chinese medicine?

    Generally speaking, food supplements such as chili, pepper, pepper, etc. are warm in nature and pungent in taste, and have the effects of dispelling cold, killing insects and relieving itching, and dispelling rheumatism. However, if the patient feels warm and poisonous, It is best not to eat spicy products.

    Spicy food is mostly pungent and warm, which consumes air to help heat. If you take Chinese medicines such as clearing heat and detoxifying, nourishing yin and increasing fluid, cooling blood and nourishing yin, or during the treatment of febrile venereal diseases such as sores, swelling and toxin, you must avoid spicy food. Spicy and hot products such as chili, pepper, and pepper, if over-eaten, will not only offset the effect of Chinese medicine, but also damage the yin and drain fluid.

    From the perspective of traditional Chinese medicine, people get sick because of the invasion of evil qi, the human body's righteous qi competes with it, and the result of evil prospering and declining. Traditional Chinese medicine pays attention to the balance of yin and yang. If there is no heat evil or internal heat due to yin deficiency, and the food of pungent warmth is overdone, it will help heat and damage body fluids and aggravate the condition.

    Too much chili is harmful to the body

    In winter, the climate is cold. Many people think that drinking and eating spicy food can drive away the cold, so they don’t shy away from drinking and eating spicy food. But in fact, you should not drink too much alcohol. You can also not eat more spicy foods such as peppers. Overeating can also ruin your health. .

    1. Spicy diet can cause a burning sensation in the intestines and stomach, which can easily lead to problems such as gastroesophageal reflux or constipation.

    2. In order to neutralize the spiciness, it is often necessary to increase the amount of salt. Too hot and salty will bring double harm to the body, and indirectly induce chronic diseases such as high blood pressure and hyperlipidemia.

    3. People who suffer from stomach ulcers, hemorrhoids, and conjunctivitis consume too much chili to make their condition worse.

    4. Capsaicin stimulates the stomach to increase the secretion of gastric acid, causing difficulty in bile excretion, thereby inducing cholecystitis, biliary colic and pancreatitis. Of course, peppers also have many benefits, and the intake of peppers needs to be analyzed in detail.

    -----------Zhu Hongming's business card-------------

    The first batch of famous Chinese medicine experts and well-known experts in Shandong Province;

    Founder and Honorary Dean of Qufu Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine;

    Vice Chairman of Shandong Provincial Liver Disease Professional Committee;

    Distinguished member of Shandong Provincial Nephropathy Professional Committee;

    Academic leader of integrated traditional Chinese and Western medicine in Jining City;

    Indications: Hepatobiliary disease, spleen and stomach disease, chronic kidney disease, pulmonary rhinitis, etc. Various types of infertility, irregular menstruation, fetal arrest, etc. Xiaoer cough, anorexia, poor constitution, etc., sexual dysfunction.

hemorrhoids and anal fissures,How to recognize hair objects?

    From the perspective of Chinese medicine, it is believed that the reason why food can prevent and treat diseases is due to its own unique taste, which is the "eating nature" of food. If you don’t understand food habits, then for some people or patients with special constitutions, food habits will induce old diseases, aggravate existing diseases, and weaken the power of medicine. This is the "proliferation" of food, which is what the folks call "fat".

    The so-called "hair" can be understood as "inducing, triggering, and assisting hair."

    People with chronic diseases originally have "fuxie" in their body. If they eat "fat", they may induce the original chronic disease and cause the disease to recur. And if there is no "fuxie" in the body and the body is healthy, it is harmless to eat some "hair stuff" according to one's physique.

    "Fawu" is a concept peculiar to Chinese medicine. Foods that easily induce some old diseases or aggravate existing diseases are collectively called "fawu".

    "Fa" has the effect of agitating the body's qi and blood, which can easily lead to the body's qi and blood disorders, worsening the disease or recurring attacks. It generally refers to spicy, hot, raw and cold, fat and sweet foods, which are specifically divided into the following categories:

    1. Things that generate heat

    Refers to foods that cause the human body to produce fiery phenomena, such as onions, ginger, leeks, peppers, lamb, dog meat and other warm, spicy foods that are easy to heat up.

    This kind of hair is not suitable for people with hot physique, Yin deficiency and fire; it is also not suitable for tuberculosis patients and people with wound inflammation; it is not suitable for people with fever, thirst, and constipation. People who are in love with fire are best to eat less, such as mouth ulcers or swollen gums.

    But for people with cold physique (that is, yang deficiency physique), eating these feverish foods often has the effect of expelling cold and replenishing yang, and helps to drive away the cold in the body.

    Second, the thing that blows the wind

    Such as seafood, fish, shrimp, crab, eggs, toon bud goose, and other foods that are easy to cause wind, disease spread, and aggravate skin diseases (such as urticaria, eczema, erysipelas, boils, boils, etc.).

    People with urticaria, eczema, stroke and other diseases, or those with allergic diseases should not eat it. In addition, seafood is a hairy substance for gout patients, which can easily induce diseases.

    However, shrimps and other seafood are good nutrients for people who are not allergic because they are rich in high-quality protein.

    3. Things that are hot and humid

    Refers to foods that affect the movement and transformation of the spleen and help moisturize heat, such as caramel, glutinous rice, and pork. For people with weak spleen and stomach, phlegm and damp constitution, damp-heat hair is not suitable for eating more. People with damp heat, jaundice, dysentery and other diseases should not eat.

    Traditional Chinese medicine teaches that "sweet can make you feel full", "the cream is thick, and the feet produce big diced". Sweet foods can affect the function of the spleen and stomach, and greasy foods can cause dampness and heat, which can cause boils.

    People with phlegm and damp constitution are generally fatter, prone to drowsiness, and the tongue coating is white and greasy. Because this kind of damp heat and the like are more difficult to digest, eating too much can easily cause dampness, causing spleen and stomach discomfort and other symptoms.

    However, damp and hot hair is not absolutely bad. For example, glutinous rice has a tonic effect on the weak people with insufficient breath. People who have symptoms of yin deficiency such as dry mouth, cough, dry skin, etc., can also take some appropriately.

    Four, cold accumulation

    It means that it has the characteristics of cold and cold, which is easy to damage the body's yang, causing the spleen, stomach, heart and lungs, liver and kidneys and other organs to worsen yin and cold, leading to diarrhea, cold pain, cough, chest pain and other diseases, such as watermelon, persimmon, sorbet, winter melon, Green beans, lettuce, persimmon and other foods.

    Generally, people with deficiency of the spleen and stomach and cold syndrome should not eat more. However, for people with hot physique, cold accumulation is a better way to reduce fire, especially in summer, but it is not advisable to eat more, so as to avoid excessive damage to the Yang.

    Five, dry things

    It can make the human body produce foods with insufficient dry body fluid, which not only has the fiery nature, but also has the characteristics of body fluid damage, such as fried chestnuts in fried dried fruits, fried peanuts, fried melon seeds, etc.

    Sixth, things that start blood

    Foods that can hurt the collaterals and move blood, such as pepper, chili, longan, lamb, dog meat, white wine, etc.

    Many of these foods have a warm nature and are easy to force blood to go out, such as hemoptysis, vomiting blood, hemoptysis caused by blood heat, or hemorrhoids, menorrhagia, hematuria and so on.

    Generally, it is not suitable for patients with various bleeding diseases, such as uterine bleeding and menorrhagia.

    Although eating hawthorn is an appetizer, raw hawthorn is appetizing and promoting blood circulation, which can induce miscarriage. Therefore, hawthorn is a blood-moving thing during pregnancy.

    However, these foods have a very good effect of clearing the meridians, activating blood circulation and removing blood stasis, and can be used to prevent blood stasis headache, frozen shoulder and some types of rheumatic diseases.

    7. Things that are stagnant

    Such as beans, potatoes, greasy foods, oily cakes, buckwheat noodles, noodles, ginseng, lotus seeds, taro, sweet potatoes, etc., these hair substances have the effect of blocking astringency and gas, and they are not easy to digest, which will lead to poor air engine block. , Produce stomach bloating, abdominal distension.

    Especially for those with weak spleen and stomach, it is easy to cause symptoms such as indigestion, bloating, and loss of appetite.

    However, many of these foods have the effects of invigorating the kidney and relieving essence, replenishing the spleen and stopping ejaculation. For people with spleen-deficiency diarrhea or kidney-deficiency premature ejaculation, it has a certain therapeutic effect.

    Eight, photosensitive food

    Photosensitive foods refer to foods that are prone to cause solar dermatitis. Such as lettuce, fennel, amaranth, shepherd's purse, coriander, etc.

    If these foods are not consumed in large quantities, there will be no adverse reactions, but people with allergies should eat less.

hemorrhoids essential oils,How to "protect the chrysanthemum" in women's special period

    Because of our special physiological factors, the incidence of anal diseases such as mixed hemorrhoids and anal fissures is higher than that of men. However, many women, especially young girls, are ashamed of seeing a doctor due to privacy. . Let me introduce to you how to "protect the chrysanthemum" during the special period of women. I hope it will be helpful to you.

    1. Menstrual period:

    During menstruation, pelvic congestion can cause internal hemorrhoids to aggravate or even prolapse. At the same time, the stimulation of menstrual blood and the friction of sanitary napkins can cause moist and itchy skin on the anal margin, pain in the anus, or edema of external hemorrhoids. Therefore, it is recommended to wash the perineum and anus with hot water during menstruation to promote local venous return, and use soft, absorbent, and disinfected sanitary napkins, and pay attention to timely replacement to ensure that the anus is clean and dry, and reduce irritation to the anus . At the same time, keep your mood at ease and avoid depression and impatience. Eat less spicy and irritating foods and develop good living habits. It is worth noting that stool bleeding during menstruation can be easily covered by menstruation, and blood flowing from the anus is often mistaken for menstrual blood and not treated in time.

    2. During pregnancy

    In the late pregnancy of women, as the fetus grows, the uterus gradually increases, which creates pressure on the pelvic cavity, which makes the blood flow in the anal veins not smooth, resulting in the formation of hemorrhoids. In addition, pregnant women have little activity, especially in the middle and late pregnancy due to the enlarged fetus Compress the rectum, the stool is prone to constipation, and the need to exert force during defecation will increase the abdominal pressure, which leads to the expansion of hemorrhoidal veins and also promotes the occurrence of hemorrhoids. Secondly, because of a series of physiological changes during pregnancy, the ability to resist diseases is reduced, and there is also the risk of perianal abscess and anal fistula caused by perianal infection.

    Therefore, pay attention to the following points during pregnancy: ①Dietary habits: To prevent constipation, you should develop the habit of drinking more water, not eating too much spicy and ignorant products, and eating more fresh fruits and vegetables which contain more fiber If the stool is dry, take timely measures to soften the stool and smooth the discharge. If necessary, take the medicine to soften the stool or use the open-seal anus to help defecation. Do not force defecation. ②Life care: pay attention to activities and rest. Combine and promote appropriate outdoor activities. Avoid prolonged squatting during defecation, and usually pay attention to the cleanliness of the anus. ③If there is serious discomfort such as prolapse of hemorrhoids, anal pain, perianal discharge, and other serious discomforts, seek medical advice in time.

    3. Postpartum

    Due to the prolonged labor process, excessive force during delivery, and prolonged compression of the fetal protruding part, the local blood circulation in the anus is impaired. Coupled with hard work during delivery, hemorrhoids can be prolapsed and anal margin edema. In order to prevent the occurrence or aggravation of hemorrhoids, anal retraction exercise can be done twice a day in the morning and evening, which is beneficial to strengthen the strength of the pelvic floor muscles and the anal vein reflux, which is beneficial to defecation and prevent the occurrence of hemorrhoids. If symptoms such as prolapse of hemorrhoids, anal pain, edema of the anal margin, and bleeding in stools have occurred, suppositories, ointments and other external use may be appropriate. If symptoms continue to worsen, seek medical attention in time and consider surgical treatment.

hemorrhoids zinc oxide,Guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of condyloma acuminatum-a must-read for patients with condyloma acuminatum

    1. You must go to the dermatology department of a large local hospital. Some hospitals claim to be specialized or have special effects, but in fact the treatment effect is average or not good, and the cost is quite high.

    2. The diagnosis must be clear, and it is easy for an experienced doctor to diagnose. If it is not typical, you can do an acetic acid white test, immunohistological examination, histochemical examination, pathological examination or HPV-DNA examination, but the latter can be used for the diagnosis of condyloma acuminatum , The general hospital does not.

    3. Condyloma acuminatum is easy to recur, but it can be cured as long as the method is appropriate.

    4. According to the size of the wart, the location of the wart, the number of warts, the recurrence and the patient's immunity, the appropriate treatment methods and drugs should be selected.

    5. Each medicine and method has its own advantages and disadvantages. It is not possible to say which medicine or method is the best. It depends on the situation of each patient.

    6. Many so-called unique, self-created special therapies in China are just a combination of several treatment methods, or the renaming of a certain treatment method or drug.

    7. Because of the limitations of the transmission of medical information on the Internet, and it is impossible to actually check the patient and observe the dynamic changes of the condition, online consultation cannot replace the traditional hospital visits, but can only provide general reference opinions, so you'd better go to the hospital for face-to-face consultation And treatment.

    8. Most of them are in the state of HPV carriers or subclinical infections. When the body's resistance drops, the virus multiplies in large numbers, and the disease can occur. If the body's immunity is strong, the infected HPV can be cleared, but the disease will not occur, but it will not Before, it is contagious.

    9. Local dampness, inflammation and increased secretions, pregnancy, excessive foreskin, hemorrhoids, and other venereal diseases can easily lead to disease, so pay attention to the treatment of other diseases.

    10. Individual habits such as smoking, drinking, staying up late, and eating irritating foods can easily lead to disease, so pay attention to lifestyle habits.

hemorrhoids or anal cancer,Hematochezia and rectal cancer --- Speaking of the death of Zhuang Zedong

    On February 10, 2013, at the time of the traditional Chinese New Year, Zhuang Zedong, a Chinese and American ping-pong diplomat and veteran of the table tennis world, unfortunately passed away in Beijing, ending his legendary life, shocking and regretting the world. According to industry insiders: Zhuang Lao was misdiagnosed for two years, rectal cancer has been treated as hemorrhoids.

    The incident started in 2006. Mr. Zhuang once had blood in the stool. I didn't care about it. He thought it was bleeding from hemorrhoids. After that, he went to a hospital and was also rashly diagnosed as hemorrhoids. Later, he went to two hospitals in Beijing for examinations, and both upheld the "original verdict." Because Lao Zhuang was busy giving lectures to various places before the Beijing Olympics, he didn't check it carefully. Until July 29, 2008, Mr. Zhuang came to another hospital in Beijing for an examination. After a simple digital rectal examination, he was diagnosed with rectal cancer and had metastases in the liver and lungs. Experts said that radical treatment was impossible. surgery. The next day, Mr. Zhuang rushed to a major hospital in Beijing. After some examination, he found that the rectum 7cm from the anus had been blocked by a tumor 4/5. The doctor informed him that he had been delayed for more than two years. Lao Zhuang immediately underwent surgery on August 7. However, due to the advanced stage of the tumor, palliative surgery can only be performed, and the effect is necessarily not ideal.

    This lesson is profound and painful. Therefore, we must pay attention to treating blood in the stool. Since blood in the stool is the most common early symptom of internal hemorrhoids, most people always regard blood in the stool as a hemorrhoid attack. Because of this misunderstanding, many people often use some suppositories to treat hemorrhoids when they have blood in the stool, and the symptoms will probably get better. However, for middle-aged and elderly people, blood in the stool may be a danger signal of rectal cancer, and sufficient vigilance must be aroused. In recent years, the incidence of rectal cancer has increased year by year, but the early symptoms of rectal cancer are not obvious, and it is most likely to be ignored by patients and even misdiagnosed by doctors.

    So, what is the difference between hemorrhoid blood in the stool and rectal cancer? How should we distinguish it in our daily lives? Hemorrhoids manifest as bleeding in the anus after defecation, the blood is bright red, does not mix with the stool or the stool is bloody, and then drips blood, or even spray-like bleeding, and the bleeding stops after the stool. Internal hemorrhoid bleeding is generally intermittent. Dry stools, fatigue, drinking, and overeating irritating food are often triggers for bleeding. A small number of patients can develop severe anemia due to long-term repeated hemorrhoid bleeding.

    But the blood in the stool of rectal cancer is dark red, usually mixed in the stool, with blood and mucus in the stool. Of course, it is best to go to the hospital for an examination immediately when there is blood in the stool. The doctor only needs to perform a simple digital rectal examination to make a preliminary judgment. The digital rectal examination is a necessary examination step for the diagnosis of rectal cancer. About 80% of patients with rectal cancer come to the doctor. It can be found by natural rectal examination, with hard and uneven masses that can be palpable, and late-stage intestinal stenosis, fixed masses, and dirty pus and blood containing feces on the finger cots. Assuming that the doctor in the hospital where Mr. Zhuang was visiting at that time could tighten the string of rectal cancer and do a digital rectal examination, then the result would definitely be different. Or suppose that Mr. Zhuang has some common medical knowledge, and he should see a doctor in time and get a proctoscope or colonoscopy, which will make the diagnosis easier, and will not lose the best opportunity for surgery in the future.

    It should be emphasized that hemorrhoids can cause blood in the stool, but blood in the stool is not necessarily caused by hemorrhoids. It is generally believed that blood in the stool is caused by hemorrhoids, which is incorrect. Hematochezia usually occurs during defecation, dripping or jet-like bleeding during and after the stool, and the blood does not mix with the stool. Diagnosis of hemorrhoids is relatively easy, but it must be pointed out that clinically, anorectal diseases with blood in the stool such as rectal adenoma and rectal cancer are often misdiagnosed as internal hemorrhoids. Therefore, it is recommended that patients with blood in the stool must go to the anorectal specialist clinic for examination as soon as possible. Even a small digital rectal examination may determine the type of disease, especially excluding malignant diseases, otherwise it will delay the diagnosis and treatment of the disease. Will certainly leave a lifetime regret for myself and relatives.

    Anorectal Surgery Meng Qingcheng


what does a hemorrhoids look like,Young and middle-aged people are wary of bowel cancer with blood in the stool for a long time

    Case summary

    Brief history

    Patient female, 30 years old, has no obvious cause since 1998, changes in stool habits, diarrhea, constipation alternate with blood in the stool, red blood, low volume, no mucus and changes in stool shape, no fever, cough, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain and abdominal pain Bale. The local hospital diagnosed "hemorrhoids" and intermittently used Mayinglong musk hemorrhoid suppository for treatment, and his condition improved.

    Since December 2006, the patient has experienced difficulty in defecation, irregular stools with mucus and bleeding after the stool, bright red blood, heavy volume, and other symptoms as before. The family physician considered that the symptoms were still caused by "hemorrhoids" and did not give special treatment. In June 2007, the patient's condition worsened, a colonoscopy at the local hospital revealed sigmoid colon cancer, and a "colon cancer resection" was performed.

    Postoperative pathological diagnosis: ①carcinoma of choriocarcinoma; ②sigmoid colon invasive adenocarcinoma, invading serous membrane, lymph node 2/14 metastasis, T3N1Mx (Figure 1).

    After the operation, leucovorin (CF)/5-fluorouracil (5-FU) chemotherapy was performed for 6 courses, and thereafter, the patients were reviewed every 3 months. In December 2008, the patient's CT scan at the local hospital showed multiple intrahepatic space occupations.

    Auxiliary examination

    Tumor marker examination: carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) 4.3 μg/L, cancer antigen 19-9 (CA19-9) 133 U/ml. Positron emission computed tomography (PET-CT) showed no recurrence of the anastomosis, multiple nodules in both lungs (Figure 2), multiple low-aging foci in the liver (Figure 3), uneven density of the right ilium and sacrum (Figure 2) 4, 5). A needle biopsy of the liver was diagnosed as liver metastatic adenocarcinoma, KRAS mutant (Figure 6).

    Diagnostic staging

    Multiple metastases to liver, lung, and bone after postoperative chemotherapy for colon cancer, adenocarcinoma, stage IV.


    For palliative chemotherapy of advanced colon cancer, FOLFOX (5-FU+CF+oxaliplatin) or XELOX (oxaliplatin+capecitabine) or FOLFIRI (5-FU+CF+irinotecan) combined with cetuximab Both anti- or bevacizumab can be used as first-line treatment.

    This patient is a KRAS mutant and is not suitable for cetuximab treatment, and bevacizumab has not yet been marketed in China, so the patient finally received FOLFIRI treatment and achieved remission.

    Analysis and discussion

    Young and middle-aged population-be wary of colorectal cancer

    Colorectal cancer is a common disease. With the exception of a few developed countries, the global morbidity and mortality rates are increasing year by year. In 2007, the number of new cases worldwide was close to 1.2 million, and the number of deaths was 630,000, an increase of 27% and 28% respectively over 2000, with an average annual increase of 3.9% and 4%.

    In 2008, cancer statistics in the United States showed that the number of new cases of colorectal cancer in the United States accounted for 7.5% of the total number of new tumor cases, and the number of deaths accounted for 8.7% of the total number of tumor deaths. Both males and females accounted for 10% of new colorectal cancers, both ranking third (prostate cancer first and lung cancer second in men, breast cancer first and lung cancer second in women), and the number of deaths accounted for 8 % And 9% are also ranked third.

    The incidence of colorectal cancer in China has also increased year by year. Taking Shanghai as an example, the incidence of colorectal cancer increased by 4.2% annually from 1973 to 1993, which is faster than the global average. According to the 30-year trend of mortality of major malignant tumors in cities (1/100,000), from 1973 to 2003, the incidence of colorectal cancer in the Chinese urban population (male or female) showed an upward trend. Previous studies have shown that the age of onset of colorectal cancer in China is nearly 15 years earlier than that of European and American countries, and patients under 30 account for 12%. Therefore, the young and middle-aged population in China should be highly alert to colorectal cancer. Although the age of onset of the population has an aging trend in recent years, the median age of colon cancer from 1981 to 2000 has increased to 64 years (Tianjin City statistics), but the young and middle-aged population still cannot ignore the possibility of colorectal cancer.

    Long-term blood in the stool-watch out for cancer

    The patient had regular changes in stool 10 years before admission, and there was blood in his stool. The local hospital diagnosed "hemorrhoids" and improved after hemorrhoids treatment. Therefore, in the long-term treatment, the mindset has formed, as long as there is blood in the stool, it is considered to be "hemorrhoids." Since December 2006, the patient has had previous symptoms such as difficulty in defecation, irregular stool with mucus, and a lot of blood after the stool. However, under the influence of inertial thinking, the patient and the doctor did not notice the changes in stool characteristics and did not take further After examination, the subjective insistence that a series of symptoms were caused by "hemorrhoids" delayed the diagnosis. If the patient undergoes colonoscopy in time, colon cancer may be found early, and the postoperative staging may change from stage III to stage II or even stage I. The prognosis of colon cancer patients is closely related to the stage. The 5-year survival rate of stage I is 85%-95%, stage II is 60%-80%, and stage III is 30%-60%. Therefore, the most effective way to improve the efficacy of colon cancer is early detection and early treatment.

    In clinical practice, blood in the stool is caused by various gastrointestinal diseases, which can be divided into upper gastrointestinal bleeding and lower gastrointestinal bleeding according to the anatomical part. The blood in the stool of patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding is mostly black, but when the amount of bleeding is large and fast, blood or dark red blood may also appear in the stool. A small amount of blood in the stool is more common in lower gastrointestinal diseases, including hemorrhoids, anal fissures, anal fistulas, rectal injury, colorectal tumors, colon polyps, and various inflammatory and ulcer diseases. External hemorrhoids and anal fissures are superficial, often accompanied by pain and easy to find. Rectal injury disease has a history of trauma and pain and bleeding symptoms, and it is rarely missed or misdiagnosed. In addition to blood in the stool, various intestinal inflammatory diseases are often accompanied by diarrhea and intestinal irritation such as abdominal pain, tenesmus and other symptoms, and even systemic symptoms such as fever caused by inflammation. The symptoms and signs of colorectal cancer vary according to the location of the tumor. Right colon cancer is most common with abdominal masses, abdominal pain, and anemia. Left colon cancer is more common because of increased blood, abdominal pain and defecation frequency, while rectal cancer is mainly because of blood, frequent stools and changes in stool shape. When the intestine is stimulated by the tumor and inflammation is formed locally, mucus can appear. But all these symptoms and signs are non-specific. Therefore, when the patient has blood in the stool, it is necessary to carefully distinguish whether it is hemorrhoids or intestinal tumors. Especially when there are new and special changes in stool rules and characteristics, a comprehensive examination, especially colonoscopy, must be performed in order to discover the real cause in time . (Bar One)

what does a hemorrhoids look like,What causes fecal incontinence

    There are many reasons for fecal incontinence, which can be divided into congenital and acquired factors according to the time of onset.

    1. Congenital factors: congenital absence of sphincter, incomplete anorectal ring development and spinal injury.

    2. Acquired factors:

    (1) Operational injury factors: Anorectal surgery is a part of general surgery. Although the scope of operation is relatively small and the risk is relatively low, improper operation can cause irreversible damage and cause great physical and psychological pain to the patient. Such as high perianal abscess, high anal fistula and other local anatomy is not clear, rough surgery to cut off the anorectal ring, or excision of surrounding tissues and skin too much, after healed to form a deeper scar groove, resulting in lax closure of the anus. The anus loses its sphincter function. In hemorrhoid surgery, if you inject irritating drugs, such as necrotic agents and sclerosing agents, the injection concentration is too large, the medicine is too concentrated, and the site is too deep. Or take the treatment of hemorrhoids and apply strong corrosive drugs, which can cause widespread local anorectal infection or large-scale deep burning, causing mucosal sclerosis, necrosis, or scarring of the anorectal ring, leading to varying degrees of fecal incontinence; anal fissure Anal expansion therapy under anesthesia, if excessively strong anus expansion causes a sudden rupture of the anorectal ring, or third-degree perineal tear during childbirth, it can cause the sphincter to lose its sensitive sphincter ability and cause fecal incontinence; in addition, long-term severe prolapse or internal hemorrhoids , Make the sphincter muscle fatigue, reduce the tension, relax anus and cause fecal incontinence.

    (2) Nerve injury factors: thoracic and lumbar spine decompression paraplegia or surgery and other diseases cause sacral nerve or pudendal nerve damage, which makes the muscle lose its innervation, and the sphincter cannot contract normally; stroke and sudden shock can also cause temporary fecal incontinence.

    Traditional Chinese medicine believes that fecal incontinence is caused by the decline of qi and blood, insufficient qi, sinking of qi deficiency, inability to close the anus, or "traumatic" or "incurable".

lidocaine for hemorrhoids,Introduction to Medicinal Diet


    Medicinal diet originates from traditional Chinese diet and TCM diet culture. Medicinal diet is guided by the theories of Chinese medicine, gastronomy and nutrition, and strictly follows the formula of medicinal diet, matching Chinese medicine with certain foods with medicinal value, and adopts unique Chinese diet Delicious food with a certain color, fragrance, taste and shape made by cooking technology and modern scientific methods. (In short, medicated food is a delicacy made by matching medicinal materials and ingredients.) It is the product of the combination of traditional Chinese medical knowledge and cooking experience. It "combines medicine with food", not only uses medicine as food, but also gives food for medicinal purposes. Medicine borrows food power and food aids medicine. The two complement each other and complement each other; it has high nutritional value and can prevent disease. Treat diseases, maintain health, and prolong life.

    Chinese name

    Medicated diet

    English name

    food therapy

    Main ingredients

    Old hen, rooster, Chinese herbal medicine, medicated diet


    Color, flavor

    Nutritional value

    Prevention and treatment of diseases, health care and strengthening of the body, prolonging life

    Originated from

    Chinese traditional diet and TCM diet culture


    Rizhao City, Shandong Province

    Starts with

    Shang Zhou


    Jin Tang

    development of

    Song Yuan


    Ming Qing


    Taigongwang (alias Jiang Taigong, Jiang Ziya)

    Meal representative

    Taigongwang red braised chicken, braised chicken offal, shredded chicken soup

    For people

    People who have the need for physical fitness and those who are weak and sick

    table of Contents

    00001. 1 Brief history of development

    00002. ▪Overview

    00003. ▪ Origin

    00004. ▪The period of ignorance

    00005. The budding period

    00006. ▪Foundation Laying Period

    00007. Beginning at the end of Shang

    00008. ▪Spring and Autumn Period

    00009. ▪Xin Mang Period

    00010. ▪Formation period

    00001. ▪Comprehensive development period

    00002.2 Classification

    00003. According to the form

    00004. ▪According to the production method

    00005. ▪According to function

    00006. ▪According to nourishing form

    00007. 3 Features and effects

    00008. Serving Dialectically

    00009. ▪ Both prevention and treatment

    00001. ▪Easy to take

    00002. Treatment of diseases

    00003. ▪Health care

    00004. ▪ Nourishing Yin and Activating Blood

    00005.4 Principles of Application

    00006. ▪Overview

    00007. ▪ Meals due to certificates

    00008. ▪ Varies with time

    00009. ▪ Meals for people

    00010. ▪ Varies from place to place

    00001. Notes

    00002. ▪Compatibility Taboo

    00003. Do not take medicine

    00004. ▪ Patient taboo

    00005. ▪ Cooking principles

    00006. ▪Symptomatic prescription

    00007. 5 specific applications

    A brief history



    Medicinal diet is an important part of traditional Chinese medicine. It is a unique clinical and practical discipline gradually formed by the Chinese nation after thousands of years of continuous exploration and accumulation. It is a precious cultural heritage left by the ancestors of the Chinese nation.

    The development of modern medicated diet is based on summing up the experience of the ancients, and has been further improved. Its application is more in line with the development of Chinese medicine theory, and attention should be paid to

    Medicinal diet and culture

    Taking the research and application of modern scientific theories, it has its theoretical and scientific development direction. Its development characteristics are more diverse.

    The first is to sum up and apply the experience of the predecessors without being muddled by the ancients. Guided by the theory of Chinese medicine, formulating meals from the theories of Yin and Yang and the Five Elements, the theory of viscera, the medicinal properties and compatibility of Chinese medicine has been formed for a long time. A more systematic theoretical system. For example, follow the medicinal theory of traditional Chinese medicine, emphasizing "sour into the liver, bitterness into the heart, sweetness into the spleen, pungent into the lungs, and salty into the kidneys."

    Second, focus on the combination of traditional Chinese medicine and diet. In addition to the distinctive features of traditional Chinese medicine, the medicated diet also has the general characteristics of food, emphasizing color, aroma, taste, shape, and nutritional value. Therefore, a good medicated diet should be both right The human body has a positive effect on health and disease prevention, and has a good nutritional effect on the human body. It also stimulates people's appetite and gives people an endless aftertaste.

    Third, in the technical operation and special application of modern medicated diet, "the eight immortals cross the sea, each showing its abilities". Because medicated diet is a special food, it also has its own characteristics in cooking methods, except for general food cooking methods. , The raw materials must be processed according to the theory of traditional Chinese medicine processing. For example, the lotus leaf and phoenix preserved in Chengdu Tonghuitang, the Cordyceps steamed chicken, the ginkgo chicken from Guangchuntang, the ginseng bear paw of Jilin, and the fried ginseng pheasant slices are all famous for their unique characteristics.

    Since the founding of the People’s Republic of China, the publication of monographs on medicated diet and diet therapy has been published, and there are more than 50 types. For example, the more influential authority is the "Chinese Clinical Medicine and Diet Therapy" published by People's Medical Publishing House in 80, as well as the publication of scientific and technical literature. The Chinese Medicinal Diet Book Series and the Chinese Medicinal Diet Preventing and Treating Disease Series of the Society have done a lot of work to promote the Chinese medicated diet diet culture, and made active contributions to the promotion of health-preserving medicated diet medical care.Especially in the past ten years, under the call of human beings to return to nature, medicated diet, a natural food that integrates healing and nourishment, has been popular. Medicinal diet restaurants have sprung up, and various high-quality and popular medicinal diet books have continued In Fu Zi, a special medicated diet organization was established, medicated diet has begun to move from China to the world, and medicated diet is developing towards industrialization and modernization.

    According to historical facts and existing data, the source of medicated diet can be divided into the following stages.


    In order to survive, human ancestors had to find food everywhere in nature. Over time, it was discovered that certain animals and plants not only can be used as food to satisfy hunger, but also have medicinal value. In the primitive stage of human society, people did not have the ability to separate food from medicine. This phenomenon of combining food and medicine into one formed the source and embryonic form of medicated diet. Perhaps it is based on such a situation that Chinese traditional medicine says that "medicine and food are of the same origin."

    Modern archaeologists have discovered a lot of medicinal foods from primitive times, and modern ethnology has also discovered that some peoples in primitive times will make medicinal foods. All these prove that medicated diet can indeed be said to have originated in the primitive age of mankind. Of course, this primitive medicated diet cannot be said to be a real medicated diet. People at that time did not consciously use the medicinal properties of food. The real medicated diet can only appear in the civilized era after mankind has rich knowledge of medicine and accumulated rich cooking experience. So when did the real medicated diet originate in China, and how did it develop and evolve? Since the appearance of Chinese characters, there have been medicinal characters and food characters in oracle bone inscriptions and bronze inscriptions. The word medicated diet was used in conjunction with the word "medicine" and "diet". Among them are the words "Mother adjusts the medicine and eats and thinks deeply." "Song History·Zhang Guan Biography" also has a record of "Flea Qi was offering medicated food". These records prove that at least a thousand years ago, the name medicated diet appeared in China. Before the word medicated diet appeared, there were records about the production and application of medicated diet in ancient Chinese books.

    Ignorance period

    1. "Mencius" said: "Food, color, and sex" refers to human instincts.

    "The people take food as the sky" is an old saying that refers to the importance of human beings to "fill their stomachs" in order to survive and reproduce offspring to maintain the body's metabolism.

    2. The most important thing for primitive people is to forage. The food at that time was completely dependent on the gift of nature. There are many kinds of foods, and it is inevitable to accidentally eat inappropriate foods and cause adverse reactions.

    "Han Feizi·Five Beetles" said: "In the ancient times... the people eat fruits, melons, mussels and clams, which are fishy and stench, and hurt the stomach and stomach, and people have many diseases."

    "Huainanzi·Xiuwuxun" also said: "The people of the ancients used to drink water from grass, harvest the fruits of trees, eat the flesh of worms, and suffer from many diseases and poisons." It shows that the ancestors of ancient times were indeed suffered. The torment and distress of diseases caused by harmful diets.

    3. After long-term life practice, people gradually realize which foods are beneficial to eat; which are harmful and unsuitable to eat. "Huainanzi·Xiuwu

    Shennong Taste Baicao

    "Xun" said: "Shen Nong... taste the taste of herbs, the sweets and bitters of water springs, so that the people know and avoid, at this time, they encountered seventy poisons in a day", vividly explained the ancestors in the process of searching for food , Avoid toxic, non-toxic foods. At the same time, people have discovered that there are many kinds of foods that can relieve the pain caused by diseases, and some foods have the effect of strengthening the body after eating. As a result, many foods that can be fruitful and treat diseases are valued by people. This is the theoretical basis of "medicine and food homology" in Chinese medicine. In short, when human beings discover food, they also include the emergence of dietetic medicine. The so-called "homologous medicine and food" should be understood as stemming from the same discovery process, not that food is medicine, but medicine is food.

    4. Primitive people use natural wildfires to artificially create fires (the flints drill wood to make fires). Because of "burnt meat on fire and burnt valley on stone", people can get richer nutrition, make food more in line with sanitary requirements, and improve human health and Enhanced disease resistance has positive health care significance for human health care, and fire is more significant in the evolution of humans. The above-mentioned people's choice and processing of food and some measures to ensure their health are all unconscious actions in life. There is no concept of diet therapy and medicinal food at all, so it is called the ignorance period. Although in a state of ignorance, it is a difficult and long step and an important step in the history of human development.

    Budding period

    According to the literature, the origin of Chinese medicine diet therapy can be traced back to the Xia Yu era. At this time, there are many cooking methods, such as Yiyin soup in the Shang Dynasty. His cooking skills are high and he served as the chef of the soup king.

    According to the oracle-bone inscriptions, there are a variety of food crops such as grass, wheat, millet, rice, and rice, which have been able to make large quantities of wine. Pottery wine vessels have been discovered in the Neolithic Longshan Cultural Site before Shang Tang. Alcohol is a drink and has obvious medical effects. Later generations believe that it has the effect of "the evil spirit comes in time, and you can take it well". Because it is an organic solvent, it can dissolve more effective ingredients, making it into a medicinal wine, which later developed into an anesthetic. Wine is often used in diet cooking.

    According to legend, Yi Di once made a wine and offered it to Xia Yu to taste for fitness. "The Book of Songs·Wind·July" so-called "for this spring wine, to help life eyebrows", it is said that wine has the effect of delaying aging, promoting longevity and strengthening the body. In the Shang Dynasty, Yi Yin made soup and wrote "The Classic of Soup" to treat illnesses by cooking.

    "Lu Shi Chun Qiu · Ben Taste Chapter" contains: "The ginger of Yangpu, the osmanthus of osmanthus", ginger and osmanthus are both pungent and warm products, have the effect of resisting wind and cold, and are also commonly used condiments in cooking. The soup cooked with this is not only a food but also a decoction, which shows that the Shang Dynasty has a simple diet therapy, which has the embryonic form of a dietary medicine.

    In the Zhou Dynasty, people were very particular about food. Especially in the ruling class, food-related systems and official positions have been established. Among the four types of medicine in "Zhou Li·Tian Guan", food doctors rank first among disease doctors, sore doctors, and veterinarians. The responsibilities of food doctors are "the palm and king of six foods, six desires, six foods, a hundred delicacies, a hundred sauces, and eight treasures." It can be seen that the close relationship between diet and health has been clarified at that time.

    Confucius, an educator in the late Spring and Autumn Period, put forward specific requirements for food hygiene. For example, it was written in "The Analects of Confucius · Xiangdang": "Never tired of eating essence, not tired of fine meat, eating fish is discouraged but not eating meat, not eating evil and not eating" etc. The law is based on the purpose of health care. By paying attention to diet, in order to prevent the occurrence of diseases, the purpose of health food therapy is clear and conscious psychology and behavior. It shows that diet therapy and medicated diet are early development and have entered the embryonic stage.

    "Food Medicine" is recorded in "Zhou Li". The food doctor mainly manages the taste, warmth and quantity of Zhou Tianzi’s "six foods", "six drinks", "six meals", "baid" and "baijiang". The work of food doctors is similar to that of modern nutrition doctors. At the same time, the book also involves some other food therapy content. "Zhou Li·Tian Guan" also recorded that disease doctors advocated using "five flavors, five grains, and five drugs to nourish the disease." The ulcer doctor advocates “nourishing bone with acid, nourishing muscle with pungent, nourishing pulse with salt, nourishing qi with bitterness, nourishing flesh with sweet, and nourishing pores by slippery”. These propositions are already mature dietary principles. These records show that China had a wealth of knowledge about medicated diets as early as the Western Zhou Dynasty, and there were full-time personnel engaged in the production and application of medicinal diets.

    The "Huang Di Nei Jing", which was written during the Warring States Period, contains: "Whoever wants to diagnose a disease must ask for food and abode", "Healing must be based on the basis", "Medicine is used to cure it, and food is used to follow

    Yellow Emperor's Internal Classic

    "He" and said: "People are based on five grains", "Heaven cannibalizes people with five qi, and earth cannibalizes with five flavors", "Five flavors are imported and hidden in the intestines and stomach", "Poisons attack evil, grains are nourishment, and five fruits are Helping, five animals for benefit, five vegetables for filling, and taking them together with the smell, in order to replenish essence and nourish qi".

    The "Shan Hai Jing", which is close to the time when the "Huang Di Nei Jing" was written, also mentioned the medicinal value of some foods: "Tochigi is fruitful, but not old." The records of the above-mentioned medical records show that the theory of diet therapy in China has taken shape in the pre-Qin period. There are 13 prescriptions in the "Huangdi Neijing", 8 of which are combined medicine and food. The preparation method is to grind the first three kinds of food into pellets and serve with abalone soup. Mainly used to treat blood blight. It shows that the production and application of medicated diet are also more mature at this time.

    Foundation period

    After long-term practice, the knowledge of dietary therapy and medicated diet has gradually transitioned to the theoretical stage. In the Warring States Period, there was finally a theory about diet therapy, which marked a leap in the development of diet therapy, which was specifically embodied in the relevant chapters of the "Huang Di Nei Jing". The book proposed a systematic diet therapy theory, which is important for Chinese diet, diet and medicated diet. Practice has had a profound impact.


    The important role of diet and nutrition: if the diet is appropriate, it can be healthy. "It is the reason and the five flavors, the bones are strong and the muscles are soft, the qi and blood flow, the muscles and bones are dense, and the truth is the essence. ". "Lingshu·Five Flavors" first puts forward the important significance of diet for human health: "The grain begins to enter the stomach, and the subtle ones first come from the two burns of the stomach, to irrigate the five internal organs, and do not follow the two lines of health." "Lingshu·Ying Health Association" said: "People receive qi from the valley, and the valley enters the stomach to pass it to the lungs. The internal organs and six organs are all to receive qi." It shows that diet and nutrition are important to human health. In the case of pathology, even with the help of medication, one should also pay attention to diet to regulate the disease. This is the dietary principle put forward during this period.



    The use of drugs to treat diseases should be limited in moderation, and the use of drugs should not be excessive to avoid physical damage. It should be cured by dietary conditioning. As the "Suwen·Zangqi Law Time Theory" said: "Five grains are for nourishment, five fruits are for help, five animals are for benefit, and five vegetables are for supplement, and the smell is combined, so as to replenish essence." The animal and plant foods cooperate with each other and use them comprehensively to make up for their weaknesses, so as to give full play to the positive effects of diet and nutrition on the human body, and ultimately achieve the goal of healing.



    Nature and flavor of food: "Internal Classic" points out that food also has four natures and five flavors. The four natures are cold, hot, warm, and cold; the five flavors are sour, bitter, sweet, pungent, and salty. According to different types of diseases, we choose different types of foods and carry out targeted treatments. In the five flavors, "the sweetness and sweetness diverge as yang, the sour and bitterness as yin, the salty taste as yin, and the light taste as yang". Food is also divided into two categories, yin and yang, according to the requirements of treatment, choose foods with different flavors. Treating food as medicine, the nature and taste theory of traditional Chinese medicine has an important guiding role in dietary medicine.



    Five flavors have their own biases to the five internal organs: Under the active guidance of the Five Elements Theory, the ancestors discovered that food and medicine have their own biases towards human internal organs. "Su Wen · The Most Really Important Theory" says: "The five flavors of the husband enter the stomach and each belongs to their liking, so acid enters the liver first, bitterness enters the heart, sweetness enters the spleen first, pungent enters the lungs, and salt enters the kidneys." This shows that the affinities of foods of different tastes to different viscera should be different in the treatment of visceral diseases. According to the theory of the Five Elements Shengke, "Internal Classic" analyzes the complexity of using different tastes and diets to regulate and treat visceral diseases. At this stage, according to the above-mentioned dietary therapy theory, people classify the taboos of food. As stated in "Suwen·Zang Qi Fa Shilun": "The liver is green, suitable for eating sweet, japonica rice, beef, jujube, and sunflower. The heart is red, suitable for sour food, jujube, dog meat, plum, and leeks are all sour. . Lung color is white, suitable for eating bitter, wheat, mutton, and scallion are bitter. Spleen is yellow, suitable for eating salty, soy, pig meat, millet, and scallion are all salty. Kidney color is black, suitable for eating pungent, yellow millet, chicken, peach, Green onions are pungent." These are the fruits and vegetables that are suitable for eating when the five internal organs are sick. At the same time, the "Internal Classics" clearly pointed out the food taboos of various diseases. For example, "Lingshu·Five Flavors" pointed out: "The five flavors enter the mouth, and each has its own characteristics, and each has its own disease", "acid and tendons, eating too much makes people thirsty; To lose the breath, eating too much makes one's heart; bitter away from the bones, eating too much makes you nauseous; eating away from the meat is sweet. To eat too much makes you feel heart-wrenching" "Suwen·Five Zang Formation Chapter" and pointed out that eating the five flavors The harm is: "If you eat more salty food, your pulse will weep and change color; if you eat more bitter food, your skin will be haunted and your hairs will be plucked; if you eat more pungent, you will be nervous and your claws will be dry; Eating sweet food will cause bone pain.” Although these statements contain the suspicion of mechanically applying the theory of the five elements, but in principle, it points out that any food has the advantage of smell. For example, the philosophy of overeating is not good for health. It is indeed a dietary principle that should be followed. The ancient medical silk book unearthed in the Han Tomb No. 3 at Mawangdui, Changsha, Hunan Province in 1973 is said to be a medical work before the Warring States Period. The book talks about the methods of beverage health care, and particularly emphasizes the effects of wine and leeks in prolonging life and nourishing and strengthening the body. "Drinkers, the essence of the five grains is also, it enters the middle and disperses, and it enters the rationale, and it is thorough and Zhou", "Ten Questions" "Ten Questions".


    "Shen Nong's Materia Medica", written in the Han Dynasty, is the earliest monograph on pharmacology in China. It contains 365 kinds of medicines, including about 50 kinds of medicinal foods, such as wild jujube, orange grapefruit, grape, jujube, sea clam, dried Ginger, red bean, corn, longan, crab, almonds, peach kernels, etc., including rice, vegetables, insects, fish, poultry, meat and other "food drugs", and recorded that these drugs have the effect of "lighting the body and prolonging life". It shows that attention and affirmation have been given to the medicinal value of some foods. As for the proposal of medicated diet, it has probably been recorded in the Eastern Han Dynasty. For example, in the "Hou Han Shu · Biography of Women", there is a record of family medicated diet that "mother adjusts medicated diet...sentimental and close". It can be described as the origin of the term medicated diet. Many have been used.

    Zhang Zhongjing, a famous physician of the Eastern Han dynasty, has content about diet and medicated food in "Treatise on Febrile and Miscellaneous Diseases". "The Synopsis of the Golden Chamber" has a special chapter on "food prohibition", which lists pig skin soup for treating Shaoyin sore throat and treating postpartum abdominal pain. Chinese angelica ginger mutton soup, Guizhi soup, Lily chicken yellow soup, etc. These dietary remedies are still commonly used clinically. Zhang Zhongjing said: "The taste of food is suitable for the disease and harm to the body. If the taste is suitable, it will benefit the body, and the harm will become the disease." He has already stated quite clearly the important role of food therapy in the treatment process.

    During this period, monographs on diet therapy and medicated diet appeared. According to the "Han Shu·Yiwenzhi" and the "Seven Records" of the Liang Dynasty, such as "Shen Nong Huangdi Food Forbidden", "Huangdi Miscellaneous Diet Taboo", "Food Formula", "Shi Jing", "Taoguan Shijing" and "Taoguan Shifa" show that diet therapy and medicated diet during this period have received considerable attention. Unfortunately, these monographs have been lost.

    During the Qin and Han Dynasties, the medicated diet had further development. The book Shennong's Materia Medica in the late Eastern Han Dynasty collected 365 kinds of medicines, including jujube, ginseng, wolfberry, schisandra, rehmannia glutinosa, coix seed, poria, adenophorum, ginger, angelica, almond, ebony, walnut, and lotus seed. , Longan, lily, aconite, etc., are all medicinal foods, often used as raw materials for preparing medicinal meals.

    "Treatise on Febrile and Miscellaneous Diseases" and "Golden Chamber Synopsis" by Zhang Zhongjing, a famous doctor in the Han Dynasty, further developed the theory of traditional Chinese medicine. In addition to medication, a large number of dietary conditioning methods were used to cooperate, such as Baihu Decoction, Taohua Decoction, and Bamboo Leaf Gypsum Soup, Guadi San, Shizao Soup, Ganmai and Big Date Soup, etc. In terms of diet therapy, Zhang Zhongjing not only developed the theory of "Huangdi Neijing", highlighted the nursery and preventive effects of diet, created a precedent for the combination of medicine and food to treat serious illnesses and emergencies, and recorded dietary taboos and dietary hygiene that should be paid attention to. Although there was a wealth of knowledge of medicated diet before the Han Dynasty, it was still not systematic. It was the foundation period for the theory of Chinese medicinal diet therapy.

    The dietary therapy before the Han Dynasty was a theoretical foundation period, and it had an important influence and guiding role for the development of dietetic medicine.

    From the end of Shang

    The last years of the Shang Dynasty was the most rudimentary period of the combination of medicine and diet. It was created by the famous historical figure Taigongwang (alias: Jiang Ziya, Jiang Taigong). There are related records in "The Biography of Jiang Taigong". Representative works: Taigongwang Red Braised Chicken, Yuan The Battle of Yingqiu originated and passed down to Zhaoshi today. [1]

    Spring and Autumn Period

    In the era of "Qi Huan Gong", when the country was prosperous and prosperous, people inherited Taigongwang’s dining culture and gained the essence of the traditional historical food "Taigongwang Red Braised Chicken". The main ingredient of chicken meat and the herbal medicine in Taigongwang’s ancient recipe were perfect Combined, created the traditional meal of braised chicken mixed. [2-3]

    New Mang Period

    "Lu Mu" "Today's Illumination, the first female leader of a peasant uprising in history", created a traditional dietary chicken shredded soup in the early stage of the uprising, which continued the medicated diet culture of Shang, Zhou and Spring and Autumn, and served as the medicated diet in the Jin and Tang Dynasties. The formation of food has strengthened the foundation; it has been passed down in Rizhao until now. [4]

    Formation period

    The Jin and Tang dynasties were the formation stage of medicine diet therapy. At this time, the medicated diet theory has made great progress, and some special works have appeared. Ge Hong of the Jin Dynasty

    Food side

    Writings such as "Elbow Reserve Emergency Prescription", Cui Jie's "Shi Jing" of the Northern Wei Dynasty, and "Shi Fang" of Liu Xiu in the Liang Dynasty have played a role in the development of Chinese medicated diet theory.

    Since the Wei and Jin Dynasties, diet therapy has been fully reflected in some medical works. Ge Hong, a famous doctor in the Eastern Jin Dynasty, wrote "Elbow Reserve Emergency Prescription", which contains many dietary prescriptions, such as raw pear juice to treat cough; honey water to send roasted turtle Jia San to promote lactation; red bean and white chicken stew with juice, and green male duck to treat edema disease ; Adzuki bean juice treats ascites; tempeh and wine treat beriberi and so on. He further pointed out that "if you don't have to wait for prevention, you can also take it with alcohol and soy sauce" and apply diet therapy to disease prevention. During the Southern and Northern Dynasties, Tao Hongjing wrote the Compendium of Materia Medica, which is the second milestone in the history of Chinese pharmacology. It records a large number of medicinal foods, such as crabs, fish, pigs, wheat, dates, beans, seaweed, kelp, bitter gourd, There are more than one hundred kinds of daily foods such as green onions and ginger and more rare foods. And put forward more in-depth food taboos and food hygiene.

    Sun Simiao, a well-known doctor in the Tang Dynasty, has a special chapter on "Food and Treatment" in his "Prescriptions for Emergency Preparations". So far, food therapy has begun to become a specialized subject. It contains a total of 164 types of medicinal foods, which are divided into fruits, vegetables, and vegetables. There are four main categories of rice, birds and beasts. Sun Simiao also pointed out: "Food can expel evil and calm the viscera, please feel refreshed with qi and blood", "If you want to be treated, you should use diet therapy; if diet therapy does not heal, you will use medicine for ears"; Ping 疴, suitable for the disease, can be described as a good job, a miracle of long-term bait, and an extremely healthy technique." Sun Simiao’s disciple Meng Xu compiled the predecessor's masterpiece into "Diet Therapy Materia Medica". This is China’s first monograph on dietetics that integrates food and traditional Chinese medicine. It collects 241 kinds of food. It records in detail the nature and taste of food, health benefits, side effects after overeating and partial eating, and its unique processing and cooking methods. . At this time, there were also "Diet Therapy Heart Jian" edited by doctor Zan Yin, and "Food Nature Materia Medica" by Chen Shiliang in the Southern Tang Dynasty, both of which appeared in the Jin and Tang Dynasties to discuss the efficacy of diet therapy. The diet and medicated diet were taken as specialized disciplines for details. The discussion.

    "Preparation for Emergency Medicine and Essential Prescriptions" signifies that dietetics has become an independent science and has become an independent discipline. In addition to focusing on the five internal organs, likes and dislikes, food odors, and return to the classics, the book also focuses on the status of diet therapy in medicine and points out its importance. He proposed: "Those who don’t know what to eat are not enough to survive... It’s because food can expel evil spirits and calm the viscera, delight the spirit and refresh the mind, and enrich the blood. If you can use food to calm the disease and relieve the emotions, it will be good. Work.” It is proposed that the correct application of dietary therapy and medicated diet to treat diseases is one of the important standards to measure the technical level of doctors. He also emphasized: “A husband who is a healer must first find out the source of the disease, know what he committed, and treat it with food. If the diet does not heal, then give the medicine.” He regards the diet and medicated diet as the first choice for the treatment of diseases. The importance of dietetics has been raised to a very high position. He also listed a total of 164 kinds of medicinal foods, including 29 kinds of fruits, 50 kinds of vegetables, 27 kinds of cereals, and 40 kinds of birds and animals. Detailed description of each food's taste, toxicity, therapeutic effect, meridian, taboos, and methods of administration, etc.

    In the Tang Dynasty, the earliest surviving pharmacological monograph named after dietary therapy appeared in China, "Dietary Therapy Materia Medica", and the author was criticized. The book was lost early, but its content was quoted by related works of later generations. The book contains 227 kinds of medicinal foods (including animals, plants, and minerals). It describes the nature, flavor, origin, identification, and preparation of the medicine. Under each medicine, there are prescriptions and treatment indications for the food. The book also noticed the regional differences in dietary therapy and medicinal medicine.The above description has been widely used at that time to treat diseases and regulate health. For example, Sun Simiao's mutton Huangqi soup is an essential dietary therapy for the treatment of weakness. These medicated diets have become commonly used dietary prescriptions in China and are widely used in real life. In the Tang Dynasty, there are also many dietary and medicinal prescriptions in the "Waitai Mi Yao". The food taboos in the book are particularly detailed. The treatments for most diseases list clear taboos, including cold, greasy, meaty, and alcoholic foods. These are valuable experience gained through long-term practice. In addition to the above, there were some monographs on diet therapy during the Sui and Tang Dynasties, both theoretical and practical monographs on diet therapy and medicated diet, which finally made diet therapy and medicated diet an independent subject and laid a more solid foundation for the overall development of diet therapy and medicated diet.

    Full development period

    The Song and Yuan Dynasties were the period of comprehensive development of dietary therapy and medicated diet. The official revision of "Taiping Shenghui Recipe" in the Song Dynasty specially set up "Shizhimen", which recorded 160 medicated diet prescriptions, which can treat 28 kinds of diseases, and the medicated diet appeared in the form of porridge, soup, cake, tea and other dosage forms. The rulers of the Yuan Dynasty also attached importance to medical theory, and advocated the further combination of Mongolian and Chinese medicine and the absorption of the results of foreign medicine. The "Drinking Zheng Yao" compiled by the emperor Hu Sihui of the diet is the earliest monograph on nutrition in China. There are 203 kinds of food. In addition to the treatment of diseases, for the first time from the perspective of nutrition, it is emphasized that normal people should strengthen their diet and nutritional intake to prevent diseases. It also records in detail dietary hygiene, the taboos of taking medicine and food, and The manifestation of food poisoning is quite insightful.

    Several rulers of the Northern Song Dynasty paid great attention to the development of medicine and took some positive measures, such as the establishment of the "Correction Medical Book Bureau" to sort out medical books and the "Taiping Huimin Heji Bureau", a pharmaceutical institution. Among the several large-scale prescription books of the Northern Song Dynasty, dietetics as an independent specialty has received enough attention. For example, in the two books "Tai Ping Sheng Hui Fang" and "The General Record of Sheng Ji", there are special "Shen Zhi Men", that is, a special chapter on diet therapy, containing 160 prescriptions, which are used to treat 28 kinds of diseases, including Stroke, bone steaming tuberculosis, three eliminations, cholera, deafness, five lin, weak spleen and stomach, dysentery, etc. Among the medicinal formulas, the most porridge products (such as black bean porridge, almond porridge, black bean porridge, carp porridge, coix porridge, etc.) have become the mainstream in Shizhimen. In addition, there are soup, cake, tea and other dosage forms. There are different forms of wine, cakes, noodles, drinking, and powder in "The General Record of St. Francis", and the production methods are also detailed.

    "The Principles of Drinking and Diet" written by Su Sihui, the emperor of the Yuan Dynasty, is the earliest monograph on nutrition in China. It transcends the old concept of medicinal diet therapy. From the perspective of nutrition, it emphasizes that normal people should strengthen dietary hygiene. Nutrition adjustment to prevent diseases. He emphasized in the book: "The way of peace and happiness is about maintenance... Therefore, those who care for the nature should hungry and eat first, eat not to fill up, thirsty and drink first, and do not drink too much. Many." In the contents of the three volumes of Lingshu, the first column is "gathering rare and different dishes", as a nourishing food for normal people to adjust and strengthen their bodies. In the history of the development of Chinese medicine, he first proposed the requirements of food nutrition from the viewpoint of health preservation and prevention. It introduces the preparation of a variety of daily diets, including 16 soups, 6 noodles, 8 noodles, 4 soups, and 4 porridges. As for the dietary medicine spectrum, there are also many prescriptions for the treatment of various diseases, such as peach kernel porridge, peach kernels in threes and twos with peeled tips and cooked porridge to treat cough and panty; black beef pulp is fried, with half a catty of black beef pulp, raw rehmannia Half a catty of juice and half a catty of white sand honey are boiled together as an ointment, which is a typical medicinal diet for treating kidney weakness, bone failure, and thinness. Others such as Xiangyuanjian, Chinese wolfberry tea, lychee cream, etc. are simple and easy to implement dietary remedies. The final volume also divides 203 kinds of food into 7 categories of rice, beasts, poultry, fish, fruits, vegetables, and ingredients to introduce their nature, flavors and curative effects. "Drinking and Diet" is a milestone in the history of the development of TCM diet and medicated diet. It not only marks the maturity and high level of development of Chinese diet and medicated diet, but also has two outstanding features. First, it mainly reflects the eating habits of the northern region. , Which is more in line with the needs of northern residents; second, the national characteristics are very prominent. For the needs of the ruling class of Mongolian aristocrats at that time, a lot of national food is included in the book. If the eight-yanren in the product, Bisi Da; the material has Ma Siqiji , Haxi mud, Huihuiqing, etc. It basically reflects the general level of Chinese food therapy and medicated diet at that time. In addition, there are Wu Rui's "Materia Medica for Daily Use", Lou Juzhong's "Shi Zhi Tong Shuo", Zheng Qiao's "Shi Jian", etc., all of which discuss diet therapy and medicated diet from different aspects, and raise them to a considerable level. .

    During the Ming and Qing Dynasties, TCM dietary therapy and medicated diets entered a more complete stage. Almost all books on Materia Medica have noticed the relationship between Materia Medica and dietetics. The cooking and production of medicinal diets has reached a very high level, and most of them are in line with nutrition. Claim. The medical masterpiece "Compendium of Materia Medica" of the Ming Dynasty provides abundant information for Chinese medicine diet. There are more than 300 kinds of cereals, vegetables, and fruits alone. Among them, there are special taboos on diet, medication and diet.Zhu Di’s "Famine Rescue Herbal Medicine" records 414 species of plants that can be used to save hunger in famine years, and describe them in detail, telling their origin, name, taste, and cooking methods. In addition, there are Xu Chunfu's "Ancient and Modern Medicine", Lu He's "Food Materia Medica", and Ning Yuan's "Shi Jian Materia Medica"; among them are Jia Ming's "Diet Instructions" and Wang Mengying's "Suishiju Diet" And so on, they still have great practical value in clinical and daily life. There is another outstanding feature of diet therapy in this period. The idea of ​​advocating vegetarianism has been further developed. For example, Huang Yunhu's "Porridge Book" and Cao Tingdong's "Lao Lao Heng Yan" all emphasized vegetarianism, which is important for diet therapy and health preservation. Development is helpful. Chinese medicated diet has a long history from ancient times to the present; it has been widely spread from the palace to the people. According to statistics from some scholars, there have been more than 300 books on medicated diet from the early Han to the late Ming. Nowadays, the books on diet therapy and medicated diet are even more colorful and widely used, and even some special medicated diet restaurants have appeared. In people's lives, medicated diet has also been unprecedentedly popular, and it also enjoys a high reputation and favors abroad. Medicinal diet is an important content of Chinese traditional diet and traditional medicine. Today, it has become a unique science, art and culture that has entered thousands of households and spread all over the world.

    There are also new developments in the production of dietary medicine. For example, the 90 volumes of Xu Chunfu's "Ancient and Modern Medicine" contains various diets such as tea, wine, vinegar, soy sauce, sauce, vegetables, meat, fresh fruits, cheesecake, preserves, etc. The production method of, mostly meets the requirements of nutrition. During the Ming and Qing Dynasties, special attention was paid to diet therapy and medicated diet for the elderly with special diseases and the elderly. Among them, the more famous Gao Lian's "Eight Notes of Zunsheng" recorded extremely detailed diets suitable for the elderly, such as 38 types of porridge and 32 types of soups. The "Lao Lao Heng Yan" written by Cao Cishan in the Qing Dynasty paid special attention to the application of medicated diet to prevent diseases and health preservation for the elderly. It discussed the elderly porridge in the most detailed way. "Smell is light and clear, fragrant and delicious", the middle grade is "slow" and the lower grade is "heavy turbid", claiming: "Older people can eat porridge without juicing, eat when hungry, and be healthy and prosperous." The book proposes 36 kinds of top-grade porridge, such as lotus rice porridge, gorgon porridge, almond porridge, walnut porridge, wolfberry leaf porridge, etc.; 27 kinds of middle-grade porridge, such as tuckahoe porridge, red bean porridge, jujube porridge, longan porridge; 37 low-grade porridge Species, such as rehmannia glutinous rice porridge, sheep liver porridge, etc., are common medicinal porridge products commonly used by the offspring to nourish the elderly, invigorate the spleen and kidney, and for general weakness.

    There were more than 30 books on diet therapy and medicinal food in the Ming Dynasty, some of which focused on herbal medicine, such as Shen Lilong's "Food Materia Medica", Lu He "Food Materia Medica", Ningyuan "Shijian Materia Medica", Li Shizhen's "Compendium of Materia Medica", etc.; From the viewpoint of dietary conditioning and medicated diet production

    I set off to write monographs on recipes and nutrition, among which the more famous ones are Jia Ming's "Diet Instructions", Song Gongyu's "Diet Book", Yuan Mu's "Suiyuan Food List", Wang Mengying's "Suishiju Diet Book", etc. It still has great practical value in clinical diagnosis and is a treasure in the precious heritage of Chinese medicine.

    Another outstanding feature of diet therapy at this stage is that the idea of ​​advocating vegetarianism has been further developed and received attention. The "Inner Diameter" contains: "The change of the ointment, the big boil", people have long noticed the dangers of partial eclipse, especially high fat. Overeating greasy food has attracted the attention and attention of doctors, so the Ming and Qing Dynasties emphasized Vegetarian writings have increased accordingly. For example, Lu He’s "Food and Materia Medica" pointed out: "Five grains are natural to nourish people", "every vegetables produce femininity, so they nourish yin, solid and suitable for food... Vegetables have the righteousness to dredge, and when you eat them, the stomach There is no risk of stagnation." These ideas not only deepen the dietetics and nutrition thinking, but also greatly promote the development of health preservation.



    According to the form

    (1) Fluid

    1. Juices: Juices obtained by smashing and squeezing fresh and rich plant fruits, stems, leaves and roots. Fresh products are often used in production.

    Polydipsia after fever-watermelon juice, Sydney juice

    Difficulty in eating and drinking-Qi and Yin deficiency-five juice drink

    Blood heat and bleeding-fresh lotus leaf juice

    2. Drinks: The medicines or foods used as raw materials for medicinal diets are crushed and processed into coarse powder, which can be soaked in boiling water. The production feature is that it does not need to be decocted, which is time-saving and convenient. Sometimes it can be brewed with tea leaves to make tea.

    Acute gastrointestinal disease-ginger tea

    Inner cold and cold-ginger candy drink

    3. Soups: After a certain amount of processing, the medicines or foods to be used as medicinal diets are put into a pot, boiled with water and simmered, and the juice is extracted. This is the most widely used dosage form in medicated diet applications. Most of the edible soup is made by frying, and the cooked food can also be eaten.

    Nervous breakdown, physical weakness after illness-onion and jujube soup

    Kidney deficiency, low back pain, pain, bone softness-Rehmannia glutinosa soup

    Gastrointestinal bleeding-Shuanghe Tang

    4. Alcohol: Add medicine to a certain amount of white wine and soak for a certain period of time.

    Rheumatism-Tiger Bone Wine

    Tonifying the kidney and yang-deer antler wine

    5. Soup: A thicker soup made by adding medicinal materials to meat, eggs, milk or seafood as the main raw materials.

    Tonifying the kidney and replenishing qi, dispelling cold and relieving pain-mutton soup

    Strong Yuanyang, Strong Muscles and Bone-Assorted Deer Antler Soup

    Medicated diet

    (2) Semi-fluid

    1. Creams: also known as "creams". A semi-fluid thick paste made by decoction of medicinal materials and food with water, removing the residue, and adding sugar or condensing honey after concentration. It has the power of nourishing and moisturizing dryness, and is suitable for long-term preparation and use for people who have been suffering from physical weakness for a long time, recuperation after illness, and health maintenance.

    Tonic and essence-lamb paste

    Early white hair or hair loss-Ufa honey cream

    2. Congee: rice, millet, glutinous rice, barley, wheat and other starchy foods, added with some health-care and medical foods or medicines, and boiled together with water to become semi-liquid foods. Traditional Chinese medicine has always said that "meat porridge is self-supporting", so it is especially suitable for people with weak spleen and stomach, such as the elderly and infirm, after illness, and after childbirth.

    Clear liver heat, lower blood pressure-celery porridge

    To invigorate the spleen, appetite, stop diarrhea-fresh lotus root porridge

    3. Paste: A dried product made from fine starch-rich food powder, or mixed with medicinal and edible medicinal materials, after being fried, broiled, steamed, boiled and processed by hydrolysis. It contains a lot of dextrin and carbohydrates, so it can be eaten after making a paste with boiling water.

    Tonifying the kidney and black hair-black sesame paste

    Nourish the lungs and relieve cough-almond powder

    (3) Solid

    1. Meals: Rice and pasta foods made from rice, glutinous rice, wheat flour, etc. as basic materials and added with tonic and mild medicine. Divided into rice, cakes, rolls, pancakes and other types.

    To benefit the spleen and stomach, astringent essence-yam and tuckahoe buns

    To invigorate the spleen and promote dampness-kidney bean rolls

    Kidney Bean Roll

    Nourishing Qi and Nourishing Blood-Ginseng Date Rice

    2. Confectionery: solid or semi-solid foods are made by adding sugar as raw material, adding medicinal powder or concoction, and boiling with water.

    To invigorate the spleen and stomach, expectorant and relieve cough-ginger sugar

    Clearing away heat, moisturizing lungs, resolving phlegm-persimmon cream sugar

    3. Powder powder: Add the fine powder of traditional Chinese medicine used as a medicinal diet to rice flour or flour, and rinse with warm water before eating.

    Nourishing the Middle and Nourishing Qi-Glutinous Rice Flour

    To wake up the spleen and stomach, regulate qi and stop vomiting-Amomum villosum

    According to production method

    1. Stew: This kind of medicated food is made by putting medicine and food in a pot at the same time, adding an appropriate amount of water and placing it on the fire, boiling to remove any foam, and then putting it on a slow fire and simmering.

    2. Braised food: This kind of medicated diet is to put medicine and food into the pot at the same time, add appropriate amount of seasoning and soup, tightly cover the pot, and simmer it over a slow fire.

    3. Simmering: This type of medicated diet is made by simmering medicines and foods on a simmer or in the ashes of residual heat.

    4. Steamed food: This type of medicated diet is prepared by mixing the ingredients and seasonings of the medicinal diet, putting them in a bowl, putting them in a steamer, and steaming them.

    Steamed medicine meal

    5. Boiled food: This kind of medicated food is prepared by putting medicines and food in a pot, adding water and seasonings, putting them to a boil on a fire, and then cooking them on a slow fire.

    6. Boiled food: This kind of medicated food is made by pouring medicine and food into a pot, adding water and seasonings, putting it to a boil on a fire, and then simmering it until the juice is thick, the taste is strong, and the cake is rotten.

    7. Stir-fry: This kind of medicated food is cooked in a frying pan with fire, then oiled, and then fried with raw materials.

    8. Strain: This is a kind of medicated diet similar to stir-fried, the main difference is that it needs to add starch to thicken it.

    9. Brine: This kind of medicated diet is made by processing the raw materials of the medicinal diet, putting them in the marinade, and gradually heating and cooking in Chinese to make it penetrate the marinade.

    10. Burning food: This kind of medicated food is made by processing the food through methods such as stir-frying and frying, then seasoning and toning, then adding medicine, soup, boiled with fire, and simmered until the marinade is thick.

    11. Fried: This kind of medicated food is made by deep-frying the raw materials of medicated food in an oil pan.

    By function

    (1) Health maintenance and life extension

    1. Medicinal diet for nourishing qi and blood: suitable for people who are usually weak in physical fitness or qi and blood after illness, such as Shiquan Dabutang, Bazhen cake, etc.

    2. Medicinal diet for regulating yin and yang: suitable for people with imbalance between yin and yang in the body, such as mulberry ointment with yin-tonifying effect, cordyceps duck with yang-tonifying effect, etc.

    3. Medicinal diet for conditioning the five internal organs: It is suitable for people with weak heart, liver, spleen, lungs and kidneys and low function. It uses acid, bitter, sweet, pungent, and salty to nourish the liver, heart, spleen, lungs and kidneys. Such as spleen ointment and kidney ointment.

    4. Nootropic medicated diet: suitable for elderly people with mental retardation and memory loss caused by various reasons, such as jujube porridge, boziren stewed pig heart, etc.

    5. Eyesight medicated diet: suitable for people with low vision and dim vision, such as Huanglian Yanggan Pills, Cassia Seed Chicken Liver Soup, etc.

    6. Cong Er Medicated Diet: It is suitable for people with deafness, tinnitus, and hearing loss caused by various reasons, such as magnet porridge, clear liver and cong ears, etc.

    7. Medicinal diet for prolonging life and longevity: It is suitable for the elderly who are normal and healthy, healthy, health and disease prevention, such as Qinggongshoutao pill, Fuling sandwich cake, etc.

    (2) Beauty salon

    1. Whitening and spot-removing medicated diet: suitable for people with dark spots, dark spots and pigmentation on the skin, such as Angelica dahurica and Poria porridge

    Mushroom with pearl

    And so on, with beauty whitening.

    2. Moisturizing and beautifying medicated diet: It is suitable for elderly people with aging, sagging skin and a pale complexion. It has beauty and anti-aging effects, such as Shayuan Turtle Soup and Bamboo Shoots Sea Cucumber.

    3. Weight loss medicated diet: suitable for obese people, such as lotus leaf slimming tea, Shenqi chicken silk winter melon soup, green tea, lemon tea, etc.

    4. Wufafa medicated diet: It is suitable for people with hair loss, gray hair and thin hair, such as black sesame yam rice cake, Wufa honey ointment in "Jishantang Experience Prescription", etc.

    5. Gufang medicated diet: suitable for elderly people with weak body, loose teeth and tooth loss, such as nourishing kidney and solid teeth eight treasure duck, golden marrow decoction, etc.

    (3) Eliminating pathogens and curing diseases

    1. Medicinal diet for relieving the surface: It has the effects of sweating, relieving muscles and removing evil, suitable for the initial stage of colds and exogenous diseases. Such as green onion soup, scallion drink and so on.

    2. Heat-clearing medicated diet: It has the effects of clearing heat and detoxifying, producing body fluid and quenching thirst. It is suitable for the body's internal heat toxins or the evidence of unclear residual heat. Such as Baihu Tang, Qingshu Yiqi Tang and so on.

    3. Medicinal diet for dispelling cold: It has the effect of warming yang and dispelling cold, and is suitable for diseases of cold invasion or endogenous deficiency and cold. Such as angelica ginger lamb soup, Wujiapi wine and so on.

    4. Digestion medicated diet: It has the effects of invigorating the spleen and appetizing, digesting food and resolving accumulation, and is suitable for indigestion, food accumulation, abdominal distension and other symptoms. Such as hawthorn cake, five champagne nuts and so on.

    5. Laxative medicated diet: It has the effect of moisturizing and unblocking, suitable for dry stool. Such as Maren Runchang pills, honey sesame oil soup and so on.

    6. Diuretic medicated diet: It has the effects of diuresis, dispelling dampness, and improving urination. It is suitable for oliguria, swelling, and dysuria. Such as Chixiaodou carp soup, Poria buns and so on.

    7. Huoxue medicated diet: It has the functions of promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis, reducing swelling and relieving pain. It is suitable for internal stagnation of blood stasis, bruises and other diseases. Such as motherwort paste, angelica chicken and so on.

    8. Qi-regulating medicated diet: It has the effects of promoting qi, regulating qi, and relieving pain. It is suitable for stagnation of liver qi, discomfort, swelling, pain, and qi stagnation and blood stasis. Such as tangerine peel drink, bergamot wine and so on.

    9. Expectorant medicated diet: It has the effect of expelling phlegm and relieving cough. It is suitable for coughing and phlegm in the throat. Such as pear paste sugar, gualou cake and so on.

    10. Medicinal cough diet: It has the function of promoting lungs and relieving cough, suitable for cough and other diseases. Enter Chuanbei, steamed white pears, sugar orange cake, etc.

    11. Anti-Asthma Medicinal Diet: It has the effect of relieving cough and relieving asthma, suitable for asthma and other diseases. Such as loofah nectar drink, persimmon cream sugar and so on.

    12. Xifeng medicated diet: It has the power of calming the liver, extinguishing wind and relieving convulsions, and is suitable for the symptoms of wind-heat in the liver meridian, or internal movement due to deficiency of wind. Such as chrysanthemum tea, Tianma fish head and so on.

    13. Soothing medicated diet: It has the effects of nourishing blood and nourishing the heart, calming and soothing the nerves. It is suitable for insomnia, dreaminess, heart palpitations and other diseases. Such as Bairen porridge, wild jujube soup and so on.

    14. Detoxification medicated diet: It has the function of regulating body condition, improving body function, and expelling toxins from the body. It is suitable for body discomfort, acne and other common diseases that are prone to fire. Such as astragalus sesame porridge, fresh bamboo shoots mixed with celery and so on.

    (4) Disease rehabilitation

    Cooking method of medicinal food

    1. Stew: There are two types of stew with and without water. Water-proof stewing is to add soup and ingredients to seal, put the container into the pot, and simmer for 3 hours; without water, stew directly with Wu-fire, skim the froth, and simmer until crisp.

    2. Boil: First add the bottom oil in the pot to heat up, add the main ingredients and fry for a while, then add the soup and seasonings, and then boil it over a slow fire.

    3. Stew: A soup dish made by mixing a variety of raw materials with soup and seasonings.

    4. 氽[tǔn]: Boil the soup and water with a fire, throw in the medicine and food, and add the seasoning.

    5. Stew: Put oil in the pot first, put food and medicine in at the same time, fry into semi-finished products, add ginger, green onion, pepper, soup and condiments, cover the pot, and simmer with a slow fire.

    6. Burning: Put the raw materials into a pot with a small amount of oil, stir-fry with seasonings, seasoning and toning, and add condiments and soup (or water) when the color turns darker, then burn the soup with a simmering fire, then use the fire to close the soup. Just add oil.

    Seven. Steaming: It is a method of mixing food and medicine with seasonings, putting them in a bowl, and using steam to heat them.

    8. Boil: Put the raw materials into the pot, add a proper amount of soup or water, and boil it with a martial fire, then change it to a simmer and cook.

    9. Marinade: First adjust the white or red brine, then process the raw materials, put them in the marinade, and boil it over a low heat, so that the marinade will penetrate until crisp.

    10. Frying: Use a fire to burn the oil to the seventh or eighth maturity, then put the raw materials in the pot, turn them carefully to prevent overheating and burning, usually fried to orange.

    According to nourishing form

    Ping tonic: refers to the treatment of chronic physical weakness and slower development of the disease with Gan Ping, mild tonic prescriptions. It is a slow tonic method.

    Qingbu: Qingbu refers specifically to summer nourishment. It refers to the selection of a diet with a certain effect of repelling heat and promoting body fluids to supplement the body's consumption.

    Warming tonic: A method of treating deficiency-cold syndrome with warming tonic.

    Jun Tonic: A method of using powerful tonic drugs to treat qi and blood deficiency or yin and yang storms. Because of extreme weakness and critical symptoms, non-major tonics are not enough to save the dying, so it is named.

    Features and effects


    Dialectical feeding

    1. Program

    The so-called "focus on the whole" and "dietically give food".

    2. Principles

    That is, when using medicated diet, we must first comprehensively analyze the patient’s physical fitness, health status, nature of illness, seasons, geographical environment, etc., to determine the basic symptoms; then determine the corresponding dietary principles and give appropriate medicated diet treatment .

    Three. Examples

    Such as patients with chronic gastritis, if the syndrome is stomach cold, it is advisable to take Liangfu congee; if the syndrome is stomach yin deficiency, take Yushimei Haw Drink etc.

    Prevention and treatment

    The role of medicated diet: medicated diet can not only cure diseases, but also strengthen the body to prevent diseases, which is one of the characteristics different from drug treatment.

    1. Strengthen your body and prevent diseases

    Medicinal diet can cure diseases, but also strengthen the body to prevent diseases, which is one of the characteristics different from drug treatment. Although medicated diet is a peaceful product, its effects on disease prevention and health preservation are quite significant. For example, the "Eight Treasure Foods" developed by Shandong College of Traditional Chinese Medicine based on ancient diet therapy and health care experience in the palace contains 8 edible Chinese medicines such as yam, lotus seed and hawthorn. 97% of children have an increase in appetite after 30 days of consumption, and growth and development have also improved.

    2. Treatment

    Another example is Laiyang Pear and Mushroom Supplement, which is made from Laiyang Pear Juice and Shiitake and Tremella extracts. After taking it, middle-aged and elderly patients with chronic obstructive disease can not only significantly improve various symptoms, but also reduce blood lipids in hyperlipidemia. And can improve immune function.

    Easy to take

    Due to the bitter taste of traditional Chinese medicine decoctions, there is a saying in the folk that "good medicine is bitter". Some people, especially children, are afraid of suffering and refuse to take medicine. However, medicated diets are mostly used for medicine and food. They are composed of medicines, foods and seasonings, which not only maintain the curative effect of medicines but also have the characteristics of food color, fragrance and taste; even if some medicinal materials are added, due to attention In addition to the choice of the nature and flavor of the medicine, it can still be made into a delicious medicated diet through the blending with food and fine cooking, so it is called "good medicine is delicious and easy to take".

    Curing disease

    1. Treat diseases with medicated diet

    Certain diseases or a certain stage of the disease can be treated with medicated diet or food. For example, Guizhi Decoction is the main prescription for the treatment of exogenous wind and cold, and the discord between the camp and the health; the Ganmai and Dazaotang in "The Synopsis of the Golden Chamber" is used to treat women's irritability, etc., all of which are based on the diet. Instance.

    2. Combination of medicine and food to assist in the treatment of diseases

    "Internal Classics" puts forward: "Medicine is to eliminate it, and food is to follow". Food therapy is an important and indispensable content of comprehensive therapy. The ancient physicians advocated relying on medicines during the raging stage of pathogens. Once the pathogens are decayed, the diet and nutrition must be timely and guaranteed during treatment with medicines to restore righteousness and enhance their disease resistance. Zhang Congzheng, the four masters of the Jin and Yuan Dynasties, advocated that the attack on evil should be the first, and the food and the aftermath should be taken care of. This is a typical combination of medicine and food.

    3. Treating diseases based on syndrome differentiation

    Differential diet is developed from syndrome differentiation and treatment. It is based on the diet theory,

    The four qi, five flavors, return channels, yin and yang attributes of things are guided by theories and experiences closely related to the physiology of the human body. The syndromes of the patients are guided by the principle of "the five flavors are blended, and the nature and flavor are connected", and "the cold is hot. The principle of “heat and coldness, deficiency to replenish it, and solidity to relieve it,” applies the relevant food and medicated diet to treat and nurse patients to achieve the purpose of healing. The patient's diet is basically divided into four categories: warming tonic, clearing tonic, flat tonic, and disease-specific diet.

    Health care

    1. Nourishing meal

    There are as many as 500 kinds of Chinese medicinal materials that can be used as tonics and dietary medicinal materials, which is about 1/10 of all Chinese medicinal materials. There are more than 70 kinds of Chinese medicines promulgated by the health authorities of the Chinese government. These special dietary medicine and dietary products are mostly derived from ancient books, folk experience, and modern processed and improved products. Among the most commonly used medicines and foods are: ginseng, astragalus, yam, atractylodes, gastrodia, tuckahoe, licorice, angelica, shouwu, polygonatum, walnut, jujube, coix seed, lotus seed, wolfberry, white fungus, longan meat, etc. In ancient times, the jujube ginseng soup in "The Book of Ten Medicines" has the functions of replenishing qi and blood, boosting yang and moistening the intestines. These colorful special nourishing foods and medicated diets are unique to China.

    2. Medicinal delicacies with various health functions

    There are many delicacies with multiple health effects made by combining food and medicine. Such as medicated food dishes, snacks, snacks, etc., which have the effect of diet therapy and health care, are too numerous to mention. Medicinal diet health drinks include soup, drink, pulp, tea, lotion, juice, etc. Teas are mostly made from single tea leaves or mixed with certain medicines, such as wolfberry tea, jade mill tea, ginseng qi wine, etc. These are all medicinal foods with unique processing methods and multiple health effects.

    Nourishing Yin and Activating Blood

    Sand Ginseng and Hawthorn Congee

    Efficacy: To replenish qi, nourish yin and promote blood circulation, invigorate the spleen and stomach, clear the heart and calm the nerves.

    Sand Ginseng and Hawthorn Congee

    Ingredients: 20 grams of Adenophora, yam, lotus seeds, raw hawthorn, appropriate sugar, 50 grams of japonica rice.

    Production: First cut the yam into small pieces, soak thoroughly with lotus seeds, raw hawthorn, and sand ginseng, then add all the ingredients, add water and boil over a fire, then boil the porridge over a low fire.

    Haw and Coix Seed Congee

    Efficacy: clearing away heat and promoting blood circulation, dispelling dampness and relieving heat.

    Ingredients: 30 grams of raw hawthorn, 50 grams of mung beans, 30 grams of coix seed, 100 grams of white rice, appropriate amount of rock sugar.

    Production: Wash the mung beans, coix seed, and white rice, cook the porridge, add rock sugar after it is cooked, and mix well before serving.

    Decoction for promoting blood circulation and removing dampness

    Efficacy: clearing heat and promoting blood circulation, expelling heat and dampness.

    Ingredients: raw hawthorn, rose, white lentils, red bean, raw and cooked barley, sesame leaves, bergamot each equal amount.

    Production: add the ingredients to the pot, add 10 bowls of boiling water and cook for about 2 hours, add lean meat

    Principles of Application



    Medicinal diet has many functions such as health care, curing and preventing diseases, and certain principles should be followed when applying it. Drugs are used to cure and rescue diseases. They have quick effects and focus on curing diseases; medicated diets are mostly used to maintain the body and prevent diseases, but the effects are slow, and the focus is on nutrition and prevention. Medicated diet plays an important role in health care, health preservation, and rehabilitation, but medicated diet cannot replace drug therapy. Each has its own strengths and shortcomings. The appropriate method should be selected according to the specific person and condition, and should not be abused.

    Meal by certificate

    Traditional Chinese medicine teaches syndrome differentiation and treatment. The application of medicated diet should also be based on the selection of materials and compatibility. For example, patients with blood deficiency often choose blood-enriching foods jujube and peanuts, and patients with yin deficiency often use wolfberry, lily, and Ophiopogon japonicus. Only when the ingredients are used for the certificate can the health care effect of medicated diet be exerted.

    Varies with time

    Traditional Chinese medicine believes that human beings correspond to the sun and the moon, and the movement of human viscera, qi and blood is closely related to the natural climate change. "Use cold and heat away from cold, and heat away from heat" means that when using drugs with cold nature, avoid cold winters, and when using drugs with warm nature, avoid hot summers. This view also applies to medicated diet.

    Meals for people

    People’s physique and age are different, so they should be different when taking medicated meals. Children’s physique is delicate and raw materials are not suitable for severe cold and heat. The elderly have many liver and kidney deficiency. Medications should not be warm and dry. Pregnant women are afraid of fetal gas. . This should be noted in the medicated diet.

    Varies from place to place

    Different regions have certain differences in climatic conditions and living habits, as well as different physiological activities and pathological changes of the human body. Some are in humid places, and their diets are warm, dry and spicy, and some are in cold, and their diets are hot and greasy. The Cantonese diet is more refreshing and mild, and the same applies when selecting ingredients for medicated diets.


    (1) When using medicated diet therapy, you should pay attention to the contraindications of food and drugs, such as coptis, licorice, ebony, platycodon, avoid pork, turtle meat, avoid mint, amaranth, chicken avoid eel, honey avoid onion, asparagus avoid carp, and Baizhu avoid garlic , Peaches, plums, ginseng avoid radish and so on.

    (2) For patients with edema caused by hypertension, coronary heart disease, and severe heart, liver, and kidney diseases, less salt should be added when preparing pharmaceutical meals, which should be light.

    (3) For patients with obesity and atherosclerotic disease, it is advisable to take medicated diet with low fat (especially animal fat) food.

    (4) Diabetic patients should be cautious or not use medicated food cooked with starch or sugar.

    (5) The nature and flavor of traditional Chinese medicine for diet therapy, and the relationship between the five flavors of traditional Chinese medicine for diet therapy and the five internal organs should also be paid attention to when applying medicated diet. Generally speaking, pungent enters the lungs, sweetness enters the spleen, bitterness enters the heart, sour enters the liver, and salty enters the kidneys. The purpose of nourishing the body and preventing and curing can only be achieved by rational selection of medicated diet based on nature and flavor.

    (6) Selection and processing of materials. Chinese medicinal materials and foods used in medicated diets should be carefully selected. To ensure the efficacy of medicinal diets, necessary processing of medicinal materials and foods should be carried out.

    (7) Cooking skills, good medicated diet must pay attention to cooking skills. In addition to the color, fragrance, taste and shape of general diet, medicated diet should also retain its nutrients and effective ingredients as much as possible to better play its treatment and effect.

    (8) Pay attention to utensils when making Chinese medicine, and do not use metal products.

    (9) Regardless of the purpose of the medicated diet, it must be appropriate. If too much, it may cause side effects or adverse effects.


    The contraindications of Chinese medicine and food compatibility, medication and food taboos, food taboos, and food reverse are introduced as follows:

    Pork: anti-black plum, platycodon, coptis; when combined with atractylodes, it will make you windy; when combined with buckwheat, it will cause hair loss and wind disease; when combined with pigeon meat, crucian carp, and soybeans, it will make people stagnate.

    Pig blood: avoid rehmannia, fleece-flower root; combined with soybean food, make people stagnant.

    Pig Heart: Avoid Evodia.

    Pork liver: the same as buckwheat and bean paste, it makes people sick; if it is eaten with carp intestines, it is sad; if it is eaten with fish and meat, it is ulcerated.

    Lamb: Anti-pinellia, calamus; avoid copper, dansha and vinegar.

    Dog meat: anti-Pokeweed; avoid almonds.

    Crucian carp: anti-magnolia; avoid Ophiopogon japonicus, mustard greens, pork liver.

    Carp: Avoid cinnabar and dog meat.

    Turtle meat: avoid alcohol, fruit, amaranth.

    Unagi: Avoid dog meat and dog blood.

    Bird meat: avoid atractylodes, plum, pork liver.

    Duck eggs: avoid plums and mulberries.

    Turtle meat: avoid pork, rabbit meat, duck, amaranth, eggs.


    The contraindication of drug and food compatibility is the experience of the ancients, and later generations followed it. Although some of them are not scientifically proven, they should still use traditional sayings before reaching a reliable conclusion. It is advisable to use caution. Mainly include: pork anti-black plum, platycodon, coptis, coptis, lily, atractylodes; pig blood avoid rehmannia, fleece-flower root, honey; mutton anti pinellia, calamus, avoid copper, dansha; dog meat anti pokeweed, avoid almonds; crucian anti-thick Park, avoid Ophiopogon japonicus; avoid Rehmannia glutinosa and Polygonum multiflorum for garlic; avoid Rehmannia glutinosa and Polygonum multiflorum for radish; avoid Poria with vinegar.

    There are also some taboos about the compatibility of food and food. Although the reason is not sufficient, it seems to be cautious in the application of medicated diet, and it is appropriate to take them as an important reference. These taboos are: pork avoid buckwheat, bean paste, carp, and soybeans; avoid vinegar for lamb; avoid garlic for dog meat; avoid mustard and liver for crucian; avoid soybeans for pig blood; avoid buckwheat, bean paste, carp intestines, fish meat for liver; avoid carp Dog meat; turtle meat avoid amaranth, wine, and fruit; eel avoid dog meat, dog blood; bird meat avoid pig liver; duck eggs avoid mulberry, plum; chicken avoid mustard, glutinous rice, plums; turtle meat avoid pork, rabbit meat, duck Meat, amaranth, eggs.

    The drug compatibility of medicated diet is taboo, follow the theory of Chinese herbal medicine, generally refer to "eighteen anti" and "19 fear". The specific content of "Eighteen Anti" is: licorice anti-kansui, euphorbia, seaweed, coriander flower; aconitum anti-fritillary, melon, pinellia, white cranberry, bletilla striata; veratrum anti-ginseng, adenophora, salvia, Scrophulariaceae, Sophora flavescens, Asarum, Peony. The specific contents of the "nineteen fears" are: sulfur fears simple nitrate, mercury fears arsenic, wolf poison fears mitochon, croton fears morning glory, clove fears turmeric, Sichuan black and grass black fear rhino horns, tooth fears three-sided, official Guiwei red stone fat, ginseng wulingzhi.

    Patient taboo

    It mainly includes three categories: one is a certain type of food for certain diseases.

    Such as: liver, avoid spicy; avoid salty heart disease; avoid hard salt, fried, raw and cold food for edema; avoid sour and sweet for bone disease; avoid greasy for bile disease; avoid melon and fruit for cold disease; avoid fish and shrimp for boil disease; liver yang, Patients with liver wind, epilepsy, allergies, and convulsions should not eat hair products; dizziness and insomnia should avoid pepper, pepper, tea, etc. One type refers to a certain type of disease avoiding certain foods. For example, patients with symptoms of Yin deficiency, internal heat, phlegm and fire, and body fluid consumption, should not eat warm, dry, and feverish diet of ginger, pepper, and mutton; if the exogenous feelings are not removed, throat problems, eye problems, sores, and acne, When not eating mustard, garlic, crab, eggs and other wind-driven products; those who are full of damp and heat should not eat caramel, pork, cheese cake, rice wine and other foods that help dampness and heat generation; where there is cold spleen deficiency, serious illness, Postpartum people, watermelon, plum, snails, crabs, mussels and other cold-damaged diets should be avoided; all kinds of blood loss, hemorrhoids, pregnant women, etc. should not eat Ciru, pepper and other blood-moving diets, and disabling Poxuetong during pregnancy Meridian, highly toxic, vomiting and hot, slippery products. The other is that certain foods should be avoided after taking the medicine, such as: taking sweating medicine and avoiding vinegar and cold food; taking tonics and avoiding eating tea and carrots; some of the taboos have been proved to be reasonable, and some are not practical. Can be used for reference in the application.

    Medicinal food should not be eaten casually, especially if you think of eating one by one, it has pharmacological effects. If you don't follow the actual physical condition, eating indiscriminately may cause problems.

    The introduction of medicated diet, its food is not food, medicine is not medicine, and it is used for discernment. It is not food for food, food for people, medicine for medicine, and medicine for life.

    Cooking principles

    Medicines and foods have the characteristics of cold, hot, warm and cool four qi and five flavors of sour, bitter, sweet, pungent and salty. When studying their cooking methods, it must be recognized that the "four qi" is the basis for the differentiation of medicine and food. The "five flavors" also have targeted functions on the internal organs of the human body. On the premise of giving full play to the function of medicated food, we must also take into account the delicious taste.

    Cooking ingredients

    Almost all the ingredients of the dishes can be used to cook medicated food, in addition, some medicines need to be used in combination. No matter what kind of medicated diet, it must be added with condiments, such as onions, ginger, garlic, pepper, vinegar, sugar, sesame oil, etc.

    Cooking methods

    The commonly used cooking methods of medicated diet are stewing, braising, simmering, steaming (including steaming, steaming, steaming, steaming, steaming), boiling, boiling, and stir-frying (including raw stir-fry, cooked stir-fry, smooth stir-fry, dry stir-fry) , Braised, deep-fried (including clear deep-fried, dry deep-fried, soft deep-fried, crispy deep-fried, paper-wrapped deep-fried), roasted, etc However, stewing, braising, simmering, and steaming are the main and best methods. From the point of view of the texture and taste of the cooking ingredients, the cooking time should be short for light and fragrant ones, and more methods such as stir-frying, clear-frying, and hot blanching are used; for thick and greasy products, the cooking time should be long, and stew and simmer should be used. The steaming method has better effect.

    (Scope of application)

    Medicinal diet therapy has a wide range of applications. It can be used in the adjuvant treatment of various clinical diseases, especially chronic debilitating diseases. It can also be used for health care, strengthening the body, and prolonging life.

    Symptomatic prescription

    lose weight

    Medicinal cold tofu

    Ingredients: water tofu, fleece-flower root 20g, American ginseng 5g,

    Method: Boil the water tofu with boiling water, pick it up to drain the water, then put the Polygonum multiflorum, American ginseng and appropriate amount of water in a large bowl to steam, and finally put the tofu on a plate and sprinkle it with the sauce.

    Comment: This traditional Chinese medicine diet is very effective for weight loss. It can promote gastrointestinal peristalsis, excrete excess waste in the body, and make the body consume less fat, which can achieve the effect of weight loss. It is a great Chinese medicine diet for weight loss!

    American Ginseng Chicken Feet Soup

    Ingredients: American ginseng, chicken feet, pork, salt

    Method: Wash the American ginseng and steam it softly. Cut into slices and set aside. After the chicken feet and pork are washed, put them in a pot and boil together with all the ingredients for 2 hours. Add some salt when they are out of the pot.

    Comment: This traditional Chinese medicinal diet can not only lose weight but also enlarge breasts! Chicken feet contain a lot of collagen which can supplement a lot of nutrition, can promote human gastrointestinal motility, and achieve great weight loss results.


    1. One young pigeon is about 300 grams. After killing, remove the hair and internal organs, cut open, wash clean, put 8 red dates, 10 grams of angelica, 8 grams of rehmannia, 8 grams of Chuanxiong into the pigeon body, add proper amount of water, and steam it thoroughly. Add brown sugar and eat, use 1 dose per week;

    2. A black-bone chicken is about 1000 grams. After killing, remove the hair and internal organs and wash them. Put 10 grams of Astragalus, 10 grams of Codonopsis, 6 red dates, and appropriate amount of ginger into the belly of the chicken. Add appropriate amount of water, steam over water, first fire, then Slowly cooked, ready to eat after steaming. Use 1 dose a week.

    Medicinal diet has a certain effect, but pay attention to diet and daily life.

    First, pay attention to strengthening the nutrition during puberty, and don't diet because you want to maintain a slim figure, which is very harmful to developing girls;

    Second, pay attention to hygiene during menstruation, keep warm during menstruation, avoid wading, rain, and cold, and prevent colds;

    Third, keep your spirits happy and in a good mood, and don't overwork because of study or work.


    1. Chinese wolfberry and angelica quail eggs

    【Features】This dietary therapy prescription is especially suitable for viral hepatitis with insufficient liver yin.

    [Raw materials] Main ingredients: 30 grams of wolfberry, 30 grams of angelica, 10 quail eggs.

    [Production process] Wash and slice the angelica, put it in a casserole with the selected wolfberry fruit and quail eggs, add appropriate amount of water, simmer for 30 minutes, remove the quail eggs, remove the shells, and return to the pot. Serve in 10 minutes. Take 2 divided doses in the morning and evening, and finish eating that day.

    2. Shouwu wolfberry liver tablets

    【Features】This dietary therapy prescription is especially suitable for viral hepatitis with insufficient liver yin.

    [Raw materials] Ingredients: 20 grams of Polygonum multiflorum, 20 grams of Chinese wolfberry, and 100 grams of pork liver.

    [Production process] First, wash the fleece-flower root and wolfberry berries, put them in a casserole, add water to soak for a while, fry twice, 40 minutes each time, combine the two decoctions, return to the casserole, and concentrate on low heat to 50 ml. Use water to make fungus, green vegetables, green onion, garlic slices, add appropriate amount of cooking wine, soy sauce, ginger, refined salt, monosodium glutamate, balsamic vinegar, water starch, and stir-fry pork liver (sliced) into Shouwu wolfberry liver slices. Serve as a meal, take it as you like, and finish it that day.

    3. Steamed Hairtail Ligustrum

    【Features】Suitable for people with persistent hepatitis and chronic hepatitis. It can protect the liver, improve liver function, and eliminate symptoms.

    [Raw materials] Ingredients: 1 fresh hairtail. Ingredients: 20 grams of Ligustrum lucidum.

    [Production process] Wash the hairtail, remove the internal organs and gills, cut into sections, put in a plate, and steam it in a steamer. The upper oil of the steamed hairtail is mixed with Ligustrum lucidum, steamed for another 20 minutes with water, and the juice is taken.

    4. Banlangen simmered red dates

    【Features】Suitable for this dietary therapy prescription is suitable for all types of viral hepatitis.

    Banlangen simmered red dates

    Ingredients: [Original: 30 grams of Radix Isatidis, 20 red dates.

    [Production process] First wash the isatis root, slice it, put it into a gauze bag, tie the mouth, put it in a casserole with the washed red dates, add water to soak for a while, simmer for 30 minutes on medium heat, take out the medicine bag, and serve. Two times in the morning and evening.

    5. Yunzhi powder

    [Features] This diet therapy prescription is particularly suitable for viral hepatitis with irregular liver and spleen.

    [Raw materials] The main ingredient is Yunzhi 1000g.

    [Production process] After the dried Yunzhi is slightly baked, it is ground into fine powder and put into a sealed moisture-proof bottle for use. Take 15 grams each time 2 times a day with honey water.

    6. Xiangfu dried tangerine peel and tuckahoe tea

    [Features] This dietary therapy prescription is particularly suitable for viral hepatitis with irregular liver and spleen.

    [Raw materials] Ingredients: 10 grams of sauteed Xiangfu, 10 grams of tangerine peel, 30 grams of Poria, 20 grams of hawthorn, 20 grams of brown sugar.

    [Production process] After washing the dried tangerine peel and poria cocos, dry or dry, chop, grind into fines, and set aside. Stir-fry Xiangfu and Shanzhi, wash, cut into slices, put in a gauze bag, tie the mouth, put in a casserole, soak in water for a while, and boil it over high heat. Add tangerine peel and tuckahoe powder, stir evenly, simmer for 30 minutes on low heat, take out the medicine bag, add brown sugar, simmer on low heat and simmer until boiling. Serve. Take it twice in the morning and evening to replace tea and drink frequently.



    Chinese wolfberry longan pig liver soup

    TCM believes that the spleen and stomach are the foundation of acquired life and the source of qi and blood. Although some people are young and strong, they are busy all day long, acquired loss of support, fatigue, internal injuries, physical overdrafts, injury to the lungs, spleen, and kidneys, and begin to suffer from mental fatigue, lazy talk less moving, pale complexion, and frequent urination. Poor appetite, sometimes short of breath when moving. This side is suitable for business owners and successful people.

    Shenzao Qijing porridge: 3 grams of ginseng, 10 grams of astragalus, 5 grams of Polygonatum, 5 red dates (with pits), 100 grams of japonica rice. Put the first 3 medicines in a casserole, add appropriate amount of water, fry into soup, remove the slag and take the soup, put in the cleaned japonica rice and red dates, and put it in the casserole. If the soup is too little, add a small amount of water to cook a gruel , Add appropriate amount of brown sugar and mix well, then take it for more than 15 days. This side has the effect of strengthening the body and replenishing Qi.

    In Chinese medicine, the mind, consciousness and thinking activities of human beings are attributed to the function of the "heart", that is, the brain's response to external things. The "Inner Classics" also says: "The heart is the official of the monarch, the god People who have been engaged in mental work for a long time will cause deficiency of kidney essence and loss of nourishment of the marrow sea. They need to replenish the heart and kidney and brain, and choose medicated diets that strengthen memory, enhance intelligence, and promote thinking. This method is suitable for teachers, researchers and mental workers.

    Gastrodia walnut fish

    Cordyceps yam bovine pulp soup: Cordyceps 1-2 grams, yam 10 grams, honey juice red lotus 10 grams, Bai Ziren 10 grams, appropriate amount of bovine pulp. In addition to the Cordyceps, put the other 5 herbs in a casserole, add appropriate amount of water, and cook for 30 minutes. Wash the cordyceps, put it in a bowl, add an appropriate amount of water and steam it in a steamer for 20 minutes, add the pre-drug solution and take it together. Continue serving for more than 15 days. This prescription has the effect of invigorating the brain and the heart.

    Beauty and beauty medicated diet Chinese medicine believes that if the blood is full, the complexion will be ruddy and shiny. If you stay up late for a long time and do not have a good life pattern, the complexion will be pale or chlorosis, and the skin will appear wrinkled or pigmented. Some successful women are usually busy with work and have no time for maintenance, resulting in blood deficiency, liver and kidney deficiency, stagnation of liver qi, and blood stasis blocking the collaterals. Therefore, they should take products that nourish the kidney and regulate the liver, nourish yin, nourish blood, and regulate qi and remove blood stasis. Enrich the blood, moisturize the skin, and energetic. This party is mainly suitable for ladies.

    Chuanxiong and Angelica Fish Head Soup (2 sheets)

    Cold meal

    1. When a cold starts, you can take it with brown sugar soaked in water. 2. For those with fever, use 15 grams each of scallion white and ginger, 3 grams of salt, pound it into a paste, wrap it with gauze, and rub the chest. The back, the soles of the feet, the palms of the palms and the elbows, the (moon) country nest, and then lying in bed for half an hour will sweat and reduce fever. 3. 250 grams of cabbage heart, 60 grams of white radish, decoct in water, add appropriate amount of brown sugar, eat tea and drink soup, it will heal several times. 4. 15 grams of orange peel, add 250 ml of water, decoct the water, appropriate amount of sugar, and simmer while it is hot.

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