In addition to the sound of firecrackers, the family reunite and welcome the New Year. The Spring Festival is the most important festival for people, and eating is the "main theme" of the Spring Festival. There is a dazzling array of delicious dishes, special snacks are overwhelming, and relatives and friends gather constantly. Many people forget the "moderate diet" under the background of the joyful atmosphere. Data show that during the Spring Festival every year, patients with acute gastroenteritis, alcoholism, and gastric bleeding are 10%-20% more than usual. This is mainly related to improper diet and irregular life. Therefore, it is necessary to remind the readers to keep the three barriers of festive food.
The first hurdle: Eat moderately, avoid overeating. New Year's Day is always the busiest time, you pick a chopsticks, I add a spoonful, plus the rich dishes and delicious flavors, it is difficult to control to 80% full. Eating a few meals together will inevitably overload the stomach, causing gastrointestinal discomfort, chest tightness, shortness of breath, diarrhea or constipation, etc. In severe cases, it will induce acute gastroenteritis and stomach bleeding. If abdominal pain occurs, especially severe pain in the upper abdomen and upper left abdomen, which spreads to the back and chest, and reaches the peak after a few hours, beware of acute pancreatitis.
The second hurdle: diet should prevent disease and avoid excessive cholesterol. During the Chinese New Year, the "photographing rate" of fried food is very high, and the cooking oil puts more oil than usual. Northerners like to use fried noodles as holiday snacks. Southerners often make fried rice cakes, fried fish, and croquettes. In addition, there is always a layer of oil floating in the soup made from meat. As a result, fat and calories in the diet are easily exceeded, which can cause high cholesterol and induce cardiovascular disease. The easiest and most effective way to combat high cholesterol is to have a reasonable diet and nutrition. On the one hand, do not be greedy for high cholesterol foods, such as crab yolk, egg yolk, animal liver, etc.; on the other hand, supplement foods rich in plant sterols. Phytosterol is a natural active ingredient in plants. It is recognized by the US Food and Drug Administration as a new natural health food material that "reduces the body's absorption of cholesterol, lowers blood lipids, and prevents arteriosclerosis". Compared with cereals, beans, vegetables and fruits, vegetable oil has a higher content of phytosterols, and corn oil is one of the best. Data shows that the content of plant sterols per 0.1 kg of crude corn oil is equivalent to the content in 5.9 kg of bananas, 13.6 kg of tomatoes, and 7.9 kg of apples. Therefore, cooking food with corn oil is an effective way to supplement plant sterols. When visiting relatives and friends, choosing two bottles of corn oil rich in plant sterols with a natural ratio of 10000ppm is also a comfortable and suitable gift. It is a gift of care and can also spread the concept of healthy life.
The third hurdle: the diet should be balanced, avoid the imbalance of meat and vegetables. The Spring Festival diet is based on meat dishes, especially animal meat, and there are few cereals and vegetables. Especially in some northern areas, according to tradition, vegetables are almost difficult to serve as a noodle for New Year's Eve dinner. The result of this is a serious shortage of dietary fiber intake and serious excess of fat and protein. Eating more meat and less exercise can cause many people to experience dry skin, dry stools, constipation, and even hemorrhoids. This will also make the liver and gallbladder overloaded, and the condition of cholecystitis and hepatitis will also get worse. Therefore, the combination of meat and vegetables for the Spring Festival meals should be controlled between 1:2 and 1:3, eat more beans and seafood, and replace snacks such as melon seeds with yogurt and fruits to clear heat and relieve intestines, moisturize the throat and relieve dryness.