Many friends are also asking: "Why do I get stomach disease?" "Why do I get stomach cancer?" Taking this opportunity, I will tell you:
1. How does the stomach work?
If you want to know why the stomach is easily injured, you must first understand how the stomach works.
The stomach is located above the abdominal cavity of the human body, mostly in the left quarter ribs, and a small part in the upper abdomen. It connects with the esophagus upward and connects with the duodenum downward. The stomach can be divided into 5 parts, namely the cardia, fundus, body of stomach, antrum and pylorus. From the inside to the outside of the stomach wall, there are mucosal, submucosal, muscular, and serous layers. The mucosal layer has a large number of glands that secrete gastric acid and pepsin to digest food.
From the structural diagram of the stomach above, we can visually compare the stomach as a multifunctional blender. The cardia is equivalent to the feed inlet of the blender, the fundus, stomach and antrum are equivalent to the body of the blender, and the pylorus is equivalent to the blender. Outlet.
Food passes through the mouth and esophagus, enters the stomach from the cardia, the fundus of the stomach temporarily stores the food, and then is corroded and digested by the gastric acid secreted by the mucosal glands in the gastric antrum, and is ground into food by the muscle layer of the gastric antrum. Mi. After the above processing of the stomach, the food becomes chyme, and then is pushed by the movement of the gastric antrum to leave the stomach down through the pylorus and sent into the duodenum. It is further digested by the bile divided by the liver and various digestive enzymes secreted by the pancreas. Part of the nutrients are absorbed into the blood, and the food residues that have not been digested and absorbed are sent into the large intestine and excreted out of the human body to become feces.
It can be seen from this that the stomach plays a role in linking up and down, and it is an important link in turning food into nutrition, and is the top priority of the entire digestive system.
The stomach is like a dedicated mixer. It works hard. If too many objects are stuffed into the machine, or if you don’t work when you’re working, you don’t have a rest when you should rest, plus the erosion and damage of various harmful substances from the outside world, Long-term disrepair and aging of components will lead to illness and stomach problems.
2. What behaviors can damage the stomach
1. Feel external evil (Helicobacter pylori infection)
Exogenous cold, heat, and dampness can cause blockade of the gastric qi machine, and pain will result if it is blocked. In particular, cold pathogens invade the stomach. For example, blowing air-conditioning in summer, taking cold foods or cold medicines, will cause cold pathogens to invade the stomach, and coldness will attract them, causing stagnation of qi, disharmony of stomach and stomach pain. Made. Those with deficiency of Zhongyang element are more likely to get sick due to cold.
At the same time, traditional Chinese medicine regards Helicobacter pylori as a generalized poison, which is considered to have the nature of dampness and heat, and Helicobacter pylori is also the main pathogenic factor of chronic gastritis. 52.2% of people in China are infected with Helicobacter pylori, and about 1% of infected people will develop gastric cancer. (Related article: I am a type I gastric cancer carcinogen)
2. Irregular diet
The stomach has its own work schedule. The stomach meridian is most prosperous from 7 to 9 in the morning, and the stomach can digest and absorb food quickly and well. So breakfast is most appropriate at this time. If you don’t eat breakfast or don’t eat enough, it will damage your stomach. This is why I have repeatedly emphasized the importance of breakfast. (Related article: To invigorate the spleen and stomach in summer, I recommend these 3 breakfast porridges)
2-3 hours before going to bed, the stomach is about to enter a resting state. After this time, if you eat a lot of special food, the stomach will have to work hard, and the normal operation of the stomach will be confused, causing exhaustion and overwork. Become ill.
In order to strengthen exercise, some people rush to fitness and running after eating. This is not good. It may cause insufficient blood supply to the stomach and affect the normal work of the stomach.
3. Overeating or eating too cold or hot
Some people eat delicious food without restraint, which will greatly increase the burden on the stomach and damage the normal function of the stomach. A cold and hot diet can also damage the gastric mucosa. Overheated food is easy to directly damage the gastric mucosa, which can cause the spleen and stomach to accumulate heat, causing symptoms such as thirst, fullness and pain, constipation or hemorrhoids. The cold stimulus may stimulate the secretion of gastric acid through the vagus nerve reflex, and then stimulate the gastric mucosa or ulcer surface, causing the stomach to spasm, causing the stomach itself to be ischemia, hypoxia, and causing stomach pain and other discomfort.
4. Drinking strong tea, coffee, wine and eating spicy and salty food
Drinking spirits, strong tea, excessive coffee, and excessive consumption of spicy and salty foods are all important factors that stimulate the gastric mucosa. Excessive drinking or consumption can damage the gastric mucosa and cause gastritis.
5. Excessive mental stress
Stress, anxiety, depression, etc. may cause stomach upset. Traditional Chinese medicine has long known this. "All diseases are born from qi", "Sorrows hurt the spleen", "Spleen loses vitality and loses function of the stomach," is a disease of the spleen, which affects the stomach and causes discordance between the spleen and the stomach, causing stomach pain and stomach Discomfort such as bloating.
6. Weak spleen and stomach
In addition, Chinese medicine believes that the occurrence of gastric disease is mainly caused by the stagnant qi in the spleen and stomach and stagnation of qi. If the qi stagnates in Zhongjiao, it will cause bloating. If the qi is blocked, it will cause pain. Stomach pain may occur. Acute gastric disease may be caused by external pathogens invading the stomach, eating and drinking, etc., while chronic gastric disease is usually caused by external pathogens, diet, emotional damage to the spleen and stomach, or weak spleen and stomach, resulting in spleen and stomach qi deficiency, spleen and stomach yang deficiency, spleen and stomach yin deficiency, etc. Frailty.
7. Long-term medication
Many drugs have considerable side effects on the stomach. For example, some patients need to take aspirin, anti-inflammatory analgesics, glucocorticoids and other drugs to treat certain diseases for a long time. These drugs can cause gastric mucosal irritation and damage. Those who take such drugs for a long time Some drugs that protect the gastric mucosa can be taken orally at the same time. At the same time, the problem of misuse and abuse of drugs is now more serious. Many diseases that weren't a major problem in the first place have become a major problem by just taking medicine.
8. Excessive smoking
Excessive smoking is also extremely harmful to the stomach. After the nicotine in the tobacco enters the human body, it passes through the blood circulation to reach the stomach, causing gastritis. There are three main reasons for this: First, the nicotine in tobacco can constrict and spasm blood vessels in the gastric mucosa, cause mucosal ischemia, hypoxia, and destroy the integrity of the gastric mucosa. Second, nicotine easily relaxes the gastric pyloric sphincter, bile refluxes, and bile can destroy the gastric mucosal barrier, causing mucosal erosion and inflammation. Third, smoking can increase gastric motility and increase gastric acid secretion. On the basis of the destruction of the gastric mucosal barrier, gastric acid has aggravated the damage to the gastric mucosa. Therefore, it is recommended that everyone develop good habits and smokers should quit smoking.
There is a saying of "three-part treatment and seven-part nourishment" for gastric disease. Preventive conditioning should be the first choice. If you avoid the above-mentioned adverse factors in your life, improve bad habits, and add medicated diet conditioning, not only will you not come to your home for gastric problems, some Patients with mild stomach problems can also recover on their own.