What daily life behaviors may cause or aggravate constipation?
1 Tension at work and study, emotional anxiety, overwork, etc.;
2 Bad eating habits and bowel habits;
3 Unreasonable treatment and long-term bed rest, too little activity, the elderly and infirm, pregnant women, etc.
What is the harm of long-term constipation?
1 Cause or aggravate rectal and anal diseases: such as anal fissure, hemorrhoids, proctitis, ulcers, etc.;
2 Induces or aggravates cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases: Constipation is easy to induce cerebral hemorrhage, angina pectoris, myocardial infarction, and sudden death during defecation may occur in severe cases;
3 Gastrointestinal nerve dysfunction: such as upper abdomen fullness and discomfort, loss of appetite, bitter mouth, belching, abdominal pain, bowel sounds, increased anal exhaust, etc.;
4 Causes fecal ulcer and colorectal cancer: There are more fecal lumps in the intestinal cavity, which oppress the intestinal cavity, which can easily cause necrosis of the rectum and colon to form ulcers. However, the frequency of bowel movements is reduced, and carcinogens in the intestinal cavity cannot be discharged for a long time, which can lead to colorectal cancer;
5 Harm to the skin: The feces of constipated people stay in the intestines for a long time, and harmful substances are absorbed into the blood and partly discharged through the skin, causing blood circulation disorders in the skin, resulting in acne, rough skin, melasma, acne, etc.
What should patients with constipation pay attention to in daily life?
1 Eat more fiber-rich foods such as whole grains, vegetables, fruits, eat less strongly irritating foods and avoid drinking alcohol and strong tea;
2 Get enough water, keep the daily intake of about 2 liters, drink 1 to 2 cups of light saline or warm water on an empty stomach every morning, which helps to maintain the water in the intestines and soften the stool;
3 Take in an appropriate amount of vegetable oils such as sesame oil and soybean oil. Or eat hard fruits containing vegetable oil, such as walnuts, peanuts, sesame, etc.;
4 The medication should be treated under the guidance of a doctor. Do not abuse drugs;
5 Develop good living habits, keep the body and mind happy, and arrange work and life reasonably.
What principles should patients with constipation follow when exercising?
1 Appropriate participation in cultural and sports activities and physical labor, such as walking, jogging, Tai Chi, etc., can enhance gastrointestinal movement;
2 Carry out levator anus exercise: consciously contract upwards to increase, that is, contract-relax-contract anal muscles, increase the function of the anus, and promote bowel movement;
3 Abdominal massage: start from the right abdomen upwards to the left, and then downwards and clockwise massage. 2~3 times a day, 10~20 times each time, can promote digestive tract activity and prevent constipation.
4 Choose a reasonable defecation posture: The squat position is better for defecation posture, because when squatting, the angle of the anorectal increases, and at the same time, it can increase the pressure in the abdominal cavity and promote the discharge of stool. Patients with constipation can choose to perform knee-chest kneeling position 2-3 times a day to move the drooping sigmoid colon or transverse colon up, adjust the position of the sigmoid rectum and spleen area to make the angle blunt to facilitate defecation