2017-09-14Department of Spleen and Stomach Diseases, Wangjing Hospital, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences
There are many folk sayings about ginger, for example: "Eat radish in winter and eat ginger in summer, and the doctor prescribes prescriptions without labor." There is such a statement in "Treatise on Febrile Diseases": "In May, Yang Qi is on the surface, and the stomach is cold and empty. Because the yang qi is weak inside, it can’t overcome cold, so I want to rehabilitate.” In short, for people with weak stomach, eating ginger can warm the stomach and invigorate the spleen. Another example is "three slices of ginger and one green onion, not afraid of colds and colds", "three slices of ginger in the morning, better than ginseng soup", etc. It can be seen that ginger is not only an important seasoning in the kitchen, but also in beauty, health, It also has a unique effect in curing diseases, which has been passed down since ancient times.
"Shen Nong's Materia Medica" says: Take a long time to get rid of the odor and communicate with the gods. There is also Zhen Quan who said: return to the five internal organs, eliminate wind, evil, cold and heat, typhoid fever, headache, nasal congestion, coughing up qi, stop vomiting, remove phlegm and reduce qi. Go to full of water and gas, and treat cough. He Pinellia, the Lord's heart is anxious. Cheng Wuji said: ginger and jujube are pungent and sweet, specialize in spleen body fluid and harmonize with Yingwei. It is used in medicine, not only for divergence. Li Gao said: There are four uses of ginger: the production of pinellia and the poison of thick pau, one is; the second is to disperse wind and cold; the same is used with jujube, the spleen and stomach are strengthened, the spleen and the stomach are warmed, and the third is used with peony Warming the meridian and dispelling cold, four also. Li Shizhen in the Ming Dynasty described in "Compendium of Materia Medica": ginger is a vegetable, fruit, and medicine. The raw use diverges, the familiar use and the middle. Take a long time to remove filthy qi, clear the spirit, dispel wind and cold, relieve vomiting, relieve phlegm and saliva, appetite, and relieve poison. ". "Materia Medica Congxin" said: Acting Yang Qi to dispel cold, publish, clarify lung qi and relieve depression and adjust middle, smooth appetite and relieve illness.
Modern pharmacological research shows: ①The active ingredient of ginger contains volatile oil 0.25%—3.0%, which contains gingerol, gingerene, etc., and also contains the spicy ingredient gingerol. Ginger is an effective medicine for the treatment of hydrochloric acid-ethanol ulcer. It is gingerene, which protects gastric mucosal cells. ②Ginger can act on the sympathetic nerve and the vagus nervous system, and can inhibit gastric function and directly excite gastric smooth muscle. ③The mixture of gingerone and gingerenone isolated from ginger also has an anti-vomiting effect. The minimum effective dose is 3mg, which is not effective for dog vomiting caused by the central emetic drug apomorphine and pigeon vomiting caused by digitalis. Therefore, it is believed that ginger has a peripheral antiemetic effect. ④ Ginger has a mild stimulating effect on the digestive tract, which can increase intestinal tension, rhythm and peristalsis, and sometimes decrease it. It can be used for intestinal colic caused by flatulence or other reasons. ⑤ Effect on the circulatory system and respiratory system. Ginger alcohol extract has an excitatory effect on the vascular movement center and respiratory center of anesthetized cats, and also has a direct excitatory effect on the heart. Normal population chewing 1g of ginger (without swallowing it) can increase systolic blood pressure by 1.489kPa (11.2mmHg) and diastolic blood pressure by 1.862kPa (14mmHg) on average. There is no significant effect on the pulse rate.
Past for the present
→ "Diet Therapy Materia Medica" Stomach deficiency and wind heat cannot be eaten: Use half a cup of ginger juice, a little raw rehmannia juice, a spoonful of honey, two combined water, kimono.
→ "Materia Medica Yanyi" Those who start with cold and heat, phlegm and cough: burn a piece of ginger with swallow.
→"Bixiaofang" coughing more than ever: five liang of ginger, half a rise of ginger. Slightly fry until cooked and eaten up. Duan Shi Queen is effective.
→"Waitai Secret Recipe" chronically suffering from cough: half of ginger juice, a spoonful of honey, fried, warm and sip for three servings.
→ "A Thousand Gold Prescriptions" Children's cough: ginger four liang, decoction and bath. Retching Jueni: Frequent chewing of ginger, the holy medicine for vomiting. Agkistrodon stinging people: apply powdered ginger, dry and easy. Spider bites: sliced ginger and paste it, good.
Ginger: pungent and warm. Return to lung, spleen and stomach meridian. Relieve the appearance and dispel cold, warm the middle to stop vomiting, warm the lungs and relieve cough, relieve fish and crab poison. Antidote to poison. It is suitable for exogenous wind-cold, headache, phlegm, cough, stomach cold and vomiting; after being attacked by ice, snow, wetness, and cold, drink ginger soup urgently to increase blood circulation and dispel cold evil.
Usage and attention: ginger is mostly used as a kitchen utensil, but the medicinal methods include: decoction, twisting juice, shredded orally; now there are more evolved methods of taking, everyone should pay attention to proper amount, appropriateness and suitability during use. .
Note: For people with yin deficiency, internal heat, or hemorrhoids. Long-term service accumulates heat, damages yin and eyes. Patients with hypertension should not eat more.
Li Sumin,Yang Xiuling,Zhao Zhi,etc..Progress in pharmacology of dried ginger and ginger[J].Chinese Herbal Medicine,1999,30(06):471-473.
Text: Zhao Pengcheng
Editor: Yin Lu
Review: Shi Haixia
Thanks for attention