Pigs are one of the five animals. In the Yellow Emperor's Classic of Internal Medicine, there is a saying that "five grains are for nourishment, five fruits are for aid, five animals are for benefit, and five vegetables are for supplement". The "grains" in "five grains for nourishment" are: japonica rice, adzuki beans , Wheat, soybeans, yellow millet and other grains. The so-called "five grains for nourishment" means that grains are the basic food or basic nutrition that sustains the organism. The "Five Fruits" in "Five Fruits for Help" are: jujube, plum, apricot, chestnut, peach and other fruits. The so-called "five fruits for assistance" refers to the five fruits as a supplement for the nutrition of the living organism. The "five animals" in "five animals for benefit" are: cattle, sheep, dogs, pigs, chickens and other livestock and poultry. The so-called "five animals for benefit" refers to the nourishment of the five animals as life and body nutrition. The "five dishes" in "five dishes for filling" are: sunflower, scallion, green onion, leek and other vegetables. The so-called "five dishes as a supplement" means that the five dishes serve as a supplement to the body's nutrition.
The pig is also known as "Wujin", "Black Face Lang" and "Hei Ye". According to the "Morning and Wildlife", the people of Hongzhou in the Tang Dynasty raised pigs to get rich and called pigs "Wujin". "Miscellaneous Notes of Yunxian" of the Tang Dynasty quoted "Chengping Jiuzhui": "Hei Mian Lang is called a pig." On the land of China, as early as the matrilineal clan commune period, domestic animals such as pigs and dogs have been raised. The figure of the pottery pig unearthed at the Hemudu Neolithic Cultural Site in Yuyao, Zhejiang Province is very similar to the current domestic pig shape, indicating that the domestication of pigs at that time has taken shape.
Pigs are omnivorous animals. Pig generally refers to livestock. The pig is the end of the Chinese zodiac, also known as the Hai. Mammal, fat body, short limbs, long nose and muzzle. The meat is edible, the skin can be tanned, the body is fat, the limbs are short, the sex is gentle, the adaptability is strong, it is easy to raise, and reproduce quickly, in black, white, sauce red or black and white Flowers and other colors. Pigs can be bred 5-12 months after birth, and the gestation period is about 4 months. The average life span of a pig is 20 years. It is a kind of domestic fat animal that is used for food. It was cute when he was a child, grows up very scary, big nose, big ears, eat a lot, and get fat quickly. Pig raising in China has a history of at least 5600-6080 years. The pig’s neck is very short. Pigs are not stupid. They are actually very clever animals. They seem simple and honest, but they have a little temper.
Pig is one of the five animals and is beneficial to the human body. Braised pig's feet, stewed pork knuckle, twice-cooked pork, and sweet and sour tenderloin are all famous dishes related to pigs, and they are also an important part of Chinese medicine diet therapy. Chinese medicine believes that the whole body of pigs is treasure, and pork and pig bile have high medicinal value:
Medicinal use of pigs
Pork This product is sweet and salty, has a mild nature, has the effects of nourishing yin and moisturizing dryness; it can be used to treat fever and body fluid, reduce thirst and weakness, dry cough, and constipation. Indications: fever and body fluid injury, diminished thirst and lean, weakened kidney, postpartum blood deficiency, dry cough, constipation, tonic, nourishing yin, moisturizing dryness, nourishing liver and yin, moisturizing the skin, promoting diuresis and quenching thirst. Pork boiling soup can quickly replenish irritability, dry cough, constipation and dystocia caused by insufficient body fluid.
Pig's Heart This product is sweet and salty, has a flat nature, has the effects of supplementing deficiency and nourishing blood, sedating and soothing the nerves; it can be used to treat heart and blood deficiency, palpitations, insomnia, and spontaneous sweating.
Pig liver This product is sweet and bitter, warm in nature, has the effect of nourishing the liver and nourishing blood, and improving eyesight; it can be used to treat blood deficiency, chlorosis, edema, vision weakness and night blindness.
Pork belly This product is sweet in taste, warm in nature, has the effect of invigorating the spleen and stomach; it can be used to cure fatigue, thinness, thirst, diarrhea, malnutrition, frequent urination and other diseases.
Pig intestines This product is sweet in taste and has a mild nature. It has the functions of invigorating and moisturizing dryness, quenching thirst and hemostasis; it can be used to treat weakness, thirst, prolapse, hemorrhoids, blood in the stool and other symptoms.
Pig kidney This product is salty, flat in nature, has the effects of nourishing the kidney, stopping emesis, antiperspiration, and diuresis; it can be used to treat kidney deficiency and deafness, low back pain, spermatorrhea, night sweats, and body edema.
Pig Lung This product is sweet in taste, flat in nature, has the effects of invigorating deficiency, relieving cough, and stopping bleeding; it can be used to treat lung deficiency cough, chronic cough and hemoptysis.
Pork bones This product has the effect of treating diarrhea and ringworm.
Pig brain This product is sweet, cold in nature, and can treat headwind, dizziness, migraine, and mental failure.
Trotter This product is sweet and salty, and has the effect of nourishing blood, clearing milk, and removing sores; it can be used to treat postpartum milk, carbuncle and sore.
Pork marrow This product is sweet, cold in nature, and has the effect of nourishing yin and marrow; it can be used to treat heat-exertion bone steaming, diminish thirst, and sores.
Lard This product is sweet, cool in nature, has the effects of tonic and moisturizing dryness; it can be used to treat dry cough and less phlegm, dry skin and chapped skin, dry intestines and constipation.
Pigskin This product is sweet, cool in nature, has the effect of nourishing yin and throat; it can be used to treat yin deficiency, fever, sore throat and diarrhea, etc.
Names related to pigs:
Baitongjia Pig Bile Soup "Treatise on Febrile Diseases" Alias Baitongjia Pig Bile Soup
Medicine composition: 4 stems of green onion, 1 tael of dried ginger, 1 piece of aconite (raw, peeled, broken) 8 pieces, 5 pieces of human urine, 1 piece of pig bile.
External use of pig bile:
50 grams of pig bile (fresh product), 25 grams of dried alum, and 5 grams of borneol.
First grind the borneol and dry alum into very fine powders, shrink the bile pus to 1/3, cool it slightly, pour it into a mortar with dry alum, grind it evenly, dry or dry naturally, then add the borneol powder Grind uniformly together, dry or dry naturally, then add borneol powder and grind together uniformly, and get it through a 100-mesh sieve. When using, first disinfect according to the routine, and then gently blow the powder into the ear with a wheat (grass) tube or a small paper tube, once a day or every other day, with a dosage of 0.1 g each time.
Zhu Zao Fa Jian "The Synopsis of the Golden Chamber", also known as Gao Fa Jian ("Treatise on Treatise on Febrile Diseases) Volume 5).
Its composition is 250 grams of pig ointment, 3 pieces of chaotic hair like a chicken. The usage is the two flavors, and the decoction in the ointment, the hair and the elimination of medicine are divided into two servings. Illness comes out of urine. Its function moistens the intestines and eliminates blood stasis. Indications of jaundice, abdomen, constipation. The argument of each family: 1. "The Second Note to the Jade Letters of the Golden Chamber": Yangming can not rise to the rising of the Qi, turn into turbid evil, vents to lower the benefits, the uterus is suppressed, and the qi is unable to pass, so the voice is from the vulva Blow out. Pig fat replenishes coke, produces blood, moisturizes the body; When the law is on, and the grid is off, the Zhongjiao will rise and fall, and the qi will return to the old way. 2. "Golden Chamber Synopsis Heart Code": After a long period of damp heat, it becomes hard and dry, such as a song, and after a long period of heat, it will become wet and dry. "Materia Medica": Pig fat helps blood vessels, relieves wind and heat; Switch the grid to improve the waterway; therefore, the disease comes out from urine. 3. "Summary Notes on the Synopsis of the Golden Chamber" cited Shen Munan: This is a prescription for jaundice and blood separation. Cold and dampness enters the blood, causing heat for a long time. The stagnation of steam and blood is not good, the syndrome is dry and dry, and the skin is yellow and dull, which is yin yellow. When pig fat is used to moisturize the dryness, graying into blood and yin, so that the yin of the spleen and stomach can be balanced, the qi and blood will not stagnate, and the dampness and heat will disappear from urine. The jaundice is caused by damp heat, stagnation, and prolonged phase. Yin and blood will be consumed. Regardless of the dichotomy of qi and blood, it is suitable to nourish the yin at the same time. 4. "The Suspended Solution of the Golden Chamber": the front yin qi blows and the yin is screaming, this valley qi is solid, and the back orifice is blocked. The pig ointment is fried, the pig ointment, messy hair diuretic and smooth the large intestine, draining dampness and clearing the bladder.
The H1N1 subtype swine influenza virus strain, which contains the gene fragments of three influenza viruses of swine flu, avian flu and human flu. It is a new type of swine flu virus that can infect humans. The World Health Organization has repeatedly stated that although this new virus has evolved from a swine flu virus, so far this virus has only made people sick, and no cases of pigs have been infected. The WHO announced that from April 30, it will begin to use "A (H1N1) influenza" instead of "swine flu" to refer to the current epidemic. WHO spokesperson Thompson said that the reason for changing the name of the current epidemic is because the term "swine flu" can easily mislead consumers. The agricultural community and the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization have expressed concern about this. There are three types of influenza viruses: Type A (Type A) influenza virus infects mammals and birds; Type B (Type B) influenza virus only infects humans, and the disease is usually milder than that of Type A virus; Type C (Type C) influenza The virus only infects humans and does not cause serious diseases.
Therefore, regardless of the latest results of Chinese medicine or the WHO, people do not have to stay away from pigs. They should have a reasonable attitude towards these cute animals.
1. "China Health World Net" Baitongjia Pig Bile Soup https://www.39world.com/formula/121G9211200719211.html
2. Porcine Bile-Chinese Medicine Formula Database https://www.chemdrug.com/databases/5_0_islawmbtffhkpfcu.htm
3. Baidu Encyclopedia https://baike.baidu.com/view/3724.htm