For patients who come to the anorectal department for surgery, whether they have to choose surgery for diseases such as abscesses or take the initiative to "say goodbye" with hemorrhoids, the problem immediately after the operation is how to eat. Some people think that anorectal surgery is a minor operation, which does not interfere with the problem, and how to eat and how to eat; but some people say that after the operation, it will hurt the vitality, and you should eat more tonic to make the wound heal faster. .
Principles of postoperative diet
·Prevent constipation and diarrhea. During early postoperative constipation, the dried stool stimulates the wound, which not only aggravates the pain, but may also cause serious complication—hemorrhage. This is due to the fragile tissues after the operation and easy tearing. Easy to slip off. Therefore, prevention and treatment of constipation is very important for patients after anorectal surgery, but it is also important to avoid diarrhea. Excessive stool frequency can also cause wound infection, edema, bleeding and other complications. It is ideal to adjust the diet to keep the stool soft and shape once a day. Postoperative patients should eat more vegetables and fruits that are rich in fiber, eat more foods that produce gas, eat more foods rich in vitamin B, and eat dry fruit foods that contain more oil appropriately. Drink plenty of water and eat more foods with high water content such as soups and porridges.
·Hemostasis After hemorrhoids, wounds are often partially open without sutures. A small amount of bleeding is normal. Properly eating foods that have hemostatic effect can reduce symptoms. Such as shepherd's purse, eggplant, lotus root, pig intestine, and vitamin C-rich vegetables and fruits.
·Enriching blood Because the wounds after hemorrhoids are often open, the healing time is longer, and the bleeding time is also longer, usually about a month or even longer. Therefore, supplementing some iron-rich foods can prevent and treat iron-deficiency anemia, and can also avoid gastrointestinal side effects caused by iron supplementation and increase intestinal absorption. Such as amaranth, spinach, black rice, pork liver, carrots, crucian carp, etc.
·Enhancing nutrition and paying attention to invigorating Qi. Patients after anorectal surgery should pay attention to nutrition in their diet. Because after undergoing surgical trauma, repairing the wound requires protein, calories, vitamins, and various trace elements. From the perspective of traditional Chinese medicine, postoperative patients, especially those who are older and weaker, have different degrees of Qi deficiency, so they should eat more nutritious foods such as meat, eggs, poultry, aquatic products, and yam. , Japonica rice, black fungus, red dates, broad beans, peaches, pumpkins and other foods.
·When to eat soft-shelled turtles and pigeons after hemorrhoids, the first week after hemorrhoids is the period of inflammatory tissue fluid exudation. The secretions are more exuded and tissue edema can occur. At this time, if you eat soft-shelled turtles, pigeons, fish and shrimps and other high-protein foods, Inflammation can be intensified, exudates increase, edema is difficult to eliminate, and granulation proliferation is too fast, so it is not suitable for eating. After one week to ten days, the wound tissue is in the stage of absorption, proliferation and repair. At this time, eating soft-shelled turtles, pigeons and other foods can promote the growth of epithelial cells and accelerate wound healing. But also pay attention not to eat too much, lest the granulation tissue grows higher than the skin surface, which will affect wound healing.
These foods cannot be eaten after surgery
·Pepper and other irritating foods should not be eaten after anorectal surgery, such as chilli, strong tea, garlic, ginger, star anise, fennel, pepper, wine, etc. These foods can easily stimulate the intestinal tract and cause intestinal congestion and edema. In addition, foods that taste very sour should not be eaten, so as not to cause slow wound healing.
·Greasy foods The diet should be light for recovery after anorectal surgery, and greasy and heavy foods should not be eaten, so as not to increase the burden on the intestines and stomach, affect intestinal absorption, and cause diarrhea or constipation. In addition, raw and cold foods should also be avoided.
·Digestible foods after anorectal diseases, especially during the recovery period, try to avoid eating indigestible foods, such as chocolate, soy products, whole grains, etc.
·Damp-heat foods Chinese medicine believes that many anorectal diseases, such as perianal abscesses, hemorrhoids, perianal inflammations, polyps, etc., are related to intestinal damp and heat. Therefore, foods that are prone to damp and heat should be eaten less, such as lamb, dog meat, donkey meat, etc. Chili, longan, durian, lychee, mango, etc.
In general, whether it is during the recovery period of the operation or the maintenance and prevention of recurrence after the operation, it is necessary to pay attention to a light diet under the premise of ensuring nutrition, especially to avoid the intake of spicy food. In addition, it is necessary to strengthen exercise, pay attention to local hygiene, avoid sitting for a long time, and keep the mood relaxed.
Develop a good habit is the key to staying away from anorectal diseases, usually pay attention to dietary conditioning, try to eat less spicy food, quit smoking, do not drink too much, do not overeating, eat a light diet, try to eat more fruits and vegetables with high fiber content; pay attention to rest , Try not to stay up late; drink plenty of water to develop good bowel habits; appropriate outdoor exercise, avoid sedentary standing, it is best to sit for 45 minutes and get up for 5 minutes, combining activity and rest, combining work and rest. If symptoms such as constipation, blood in the stool, and anal pain occur, go to the Anorectal Department of Yunnan Red Cross Hospital (the Second People's Hospital of Yunnan Province) for examination, diagnosis and treatment in time.