If benign prostatic hyperplasia is not treated in time, not only will frequent urination, urgency, dysuria and other symptoms persist and gradually worsen, it may also cause a variety of complications. Common complications are as follows:
1) Acute urinary retention: A large amount of urine remains in the bladder, and the patient has a clear urge to urinate, but it cannot be discharged by itself, which is very painful. Urinary catheter needs to be placed in emergency department to drain urine from the bladder;
2) Urinary tract infection: The bladder cannot completely empty the urine, and there is residual urine. Urine is a good bacterial culture medium, and bacteria are easy to grow and cause urinary tract infections. People with benign prostatic hyperplasia have a much higher chance of urinary tract infection than those who are not.
3) Bladder stones: Because of the long-term existence of residual urine in the bladder, salt crystals in the urine are easy to deposit and form stones. After stones are formed in the bladder, bacteria can easily breed and cause urinary tract infections. The two promote each other and aggravate the symptoms and complications of prostate hyperplasia.
4) Hematuria: The causes of hematuria caused by prostate hyperplasia are as mentioned above. Urinary tract infections and bladder stones can promote hematuria.
5) Hydronephrosis and renal function damage: The urinary tract obstruction caused by benign prostatic hyperplasia has not been corrected for a long time, the bladder gradually loses its compensatory function, and chronic urinary retention occurs, which further causes upper urinary tract obstruction and water accumulation. The persistent presence of hydronephrosis affects kidney function, and renal insufficiency and even uremia will occur when the kidney function is damaged to a severe degree.
6) Hemorrhoids and hernias: Because of prostate hyperplasia, the resistance to urination increases, and the pressure in the abdominal cavity increases when urinating forcefully. If this happens, hemorrhoids and hernias will easily form.
7) Due to long-term urinary tract obstruction, frequent urination, and difficulty urinating, the patient has a serious psychological burden and mental stress, which affects the patient’s rest and life. In addition, prostate hyperplasia mostly occurs in middle-aged and elderly people, which is more likely to induce hypertension and coronary heart disease in patients. A series of diseases such as heart failure, cerebrovascular disease, etc., which endanger the quality of life and health of patients.